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My question is simply how long it takes for the 7 known planets in Trappist-1 to be in the same configuration in relation to their host star, and to each-other. Those seven planets are in a 2:3:4:6:9:15:24 resonance, which is just extraordinary. I thought that they would be configured in the same manner roughly every 36 days, but I am not sure I did it right. I basically thought, "if all their orbital ratios are perfect, then I only need to see how long it takes for one of the planets to go through the amount of orbits listed in said ratio, and then I'll get my answer." I know that the answer I am looking for won't be exactly perfect, I am just wanting to know when they will be in practically the same place.

The specific calculation I did was take the orbital period of the sixth planet, say that 1/12th of that orbit was a "day"(instead of using earth days) and then multiplied it by the number of orbits that it has in the ratio (3) and got my answer. (36) I know this doesn't answer it in earth days, but since I am using that "orbit of #6/12 as the daylength in the story I am writing in this world, I am using the measuring stick that matters to my situation. So, am I right? Does it take 36 "days" for Trappist-1 to reconfigure itself, or did I get the math terribly wrong?

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2 Answers 2

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If the resonances are 2:3:4:6:9:15:24, we need to find the smallest number that is a multiple of all those numbers, so each planet has made an integer number of revolutions, and is back where it started.

The most obvious way to do this is to work out the prime factors of those numbers. They are:

2: 2
3: 3
4: 2x2
6: 2x3
9: 3x3
15: 3x5
24: 2x2x2x3

For each prime, we take the largest number of copies needed for any number: so three 2s from 24, two 3s from 9 and one 5 from 15 and multiply them together to get the least common multiple, or 360.

So, it would take 360 units of time for the planets to be in the same place relative to the stars, where the orbit of the closest planet is two units of time.

The orbital period of the closest planet is 1.5 days, so our unit is 0.75 earth days, so it takes 0.75 x 360 earth days (about 9 months) for the planets to return to their initial configuration.

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  • $\begingroup$ I don't understand this math at all. You're making some unwritten jumps. $\endgroup$
    – skout
    Oct 17, 2022 at 18:42
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    $\begingroup$ Edited to try to make it more clear. What specifically are you struggling with? $\endgroup$ Oct 18, 2022 at 11:19
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    $\begingroup$ @skout, after the edit (didn't see it before), I can follow it OK. You might want to ask follow-up questions if you don't understand parts of it. $\endgroup$ Oct 18, 2022 at 12:16
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    $\begingroup$ Okay, so what I am not getting is the cart nature of resonance. I would think that if this resonance is how I am thinking, every time the outer planet completes 2 full orbits, the inner planet would complete 24 full orbits, and every planet is completing their orbits in the same amount of time, so everyone would align in the time it took the inner planet to do 24 or the outer to do 2 or the middle to do 6, etc. $\endgroup$
    – skout
    Oct 23, 2022 at 3:22
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    $\begingroup$ @David McKee Ah, yeah, you're wrong. The orbital period of planet 1 is the unit, each planet gets back to it's starting position every orbit, which means planet one gets back to it's starting position at the end of every period of time $\endgroup$
    – skout
    Jun 24, 2023 at 0:27
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If the outer planet orbit is 18.77 d and for every 2 orbits of this planet, the inner planets executed exactly 3, 4, 6, 9, 15 and 24 orbits respectively (roughly the case for Trappist-1), then all the planets would return to their "starting positions" every 37.54 days.

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