Which institutions in India provide labs and facilities for research in the field of Planetary Sciences/Planetary Geology?
There are probably many, but I'll highlight one. The Physical Research Laboratory has a Planetary Research Division.
We study solar system objects, their atmospheres, surfaces and interiors, and governing processes using planetary exploration (i.e., spacecraft-based observations), laboratory experiments, physics-based theoretical/ numerical modelling, and computer simulations.
It is based on Gujurat Uni campus.