Redshift, angular-size distance, and time-since big bang are all ways of describing the distance of an object or (since distance and time are related) the time when the light was emitted.
Now, you could measure distance in "miles", "km" or "journey time at 100km/h" It wouldn't make sense to talk about an town that was 200 miles, 500km and at a journey time of 3 hours. Since all those measures of distance are different.
Likewise, it doesn't make sense to talk about a galaxy at z=8 angular size = 3.31 and time after big bang =800 million years. as those all represent different distances.
For nearby objects, the various measures of distance are equivalent. If I hold my hand in front of my face at a distance of 30cm, it has a "proper distance" of 30cm = 1 light-nanosecond, it has a light-travel-time of 1 nanosecond, and it has an angular distance of 30cm, or 1 light-nanosecond. If I double the (proper) distance to my hand, the time light will take to travel will double to 2 nanoseconds, and the angular size of my hand will half (corresponding to an angular-size distance of 60cm)
For fairly nearby objects the three measures are still roughly equal. Eg at 140 million light years, the light travel time is 139 million light years and the angular size distance is 138.7 million light years. So an object that is 140 million light-years away will look 138.7 million times smaller than an object one light year away.
However when looking over cosmological distances and expanding space, these measures of distance diverge. If you double the proper distance, (say from 2 to 4 billion light years) the light travel time doesn't double. Moreover the angular size can actually increase: things that are further away can actually look bigger.
Now, an object that is 29.8 billion light years away (z=8) will look 3.31 billion times smaller than an object that is 1 light year away. This is now a big difference. And an object that is 28.7 billion light years away will look 3.59 billion times smaller. Note that as you move further away, from 28.7 to 29.8 billion light years, the object actually seems to be getting bigger!
In fact, an object that is 4.46 billion light years away (z=0.344) will also look 3.31 billion times smaller, So two identically sized galaxies at distances 29.8 billion light years and 4.46 billion light years, will appear to be the same angular distance in the sky. However the more distant galaxy would be redshifted further and would be fainter.
Both the angular size distance and the time after the big bang related by being functions of "z", so a time of "800 million years after the big bang" corresponds to z=6.8 and an angular size distance of 3.657. You can't have an object at 800 million years after big bang and any other value for angular size distance. (with the default cosmological parameters)