# Does the luminosity of a star have the form of a Planck curve?

Figure shows the intensity of the radiant energy emitted from stars A and B over a unit time according to the wavelength. The area between the graph and the horizontal axis is S and 4S, respectively. Is the distribution of radiation energy emitted per unit time by wavelength only affected by temperature or by star size and temperature? In other words, does the intensity of each wavelength of the radiant energy per unit time not take the form of a Planck Curve, but a form of multiplying the area of the planck function?

Radiant intensity depends on both the the (effective) temperature and emitting area of the star. If the spectrum can be represented as a blackbody, then the radiant intensity is proportional to $$R^2 T^4$$, where $$R$$ is the radius of the (assumed spherical) star and $$T$$ is the temperature of the blackbody.
In your example, we can therefore say $$R_A^2 T_A^4 = S$$ and $$R_B^2T_B^4=4S$$. However, the degeneracy can be broken by noting that the peak of the Planck spectrum of A is at about half the wavelength of the peak for B, which tells you what the ratio of $$T_B/T_A$$ is.
NB: Stellar spectra are not exactly blackbodies, but they can be assigned an "effective" temperature $$T_{\rm eff}$$, which is the temperature of a blackbody with radius $$R$$ that would give the same radiant intensity as observed.