6
$\begingroup$

The gravity forces on Earth and Sun is different and in Interstellar, they said something like high gravity slows time. So if we say Sun is N billion years old, that must be earth time but on Sun's own clock, it may be much less.

$\endgroup$
3
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ It Is less, but not much less. $\endgroup$
    – Leos Ondra
    Dec 21, 2022 at 7:05
  • $\begingroup$ @LeosOndra About 2 microseconds per second slower, so not that much. $\endgroup$ Dec 21, 2022 at 23:54
  • $\begingroup$ Possibly of interest would be the timescales used to account for the relativistic effects of Earth's movement around the Sun, and the gravity of the Solar System. Barycentrict Dynamic Time, and Barycentric Coordinate Time. $\endgroup$ Dec 24, 2022 at 15:22

1 Answer 1

9
$\begingroup$

Escape velocity from the surface of the Sun is 617.6 km/sec, or about 0.00206 times the speed of light. Denoting this ratio (escape velocity / speed of light) as $\beta$, time dilation at the surface of the Sun is $1-\sqrt{1-\beta^2}$. Thus time dilation at the surface of the Sun makes a clock at the surface of the Sun tick slower than a clock far from the Sun by about a minute (67 seconds) per year, or by about 10000 years during the 4.6 billion years over the Sun has existed. Note that that 10000 years is less than the uncertainty in the Sun's age.

$\endgroup$
1

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .