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Why is preffered to use squared visibility instead of visibility in long-baseline interferometry, please?

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The main thing is Signal to Noise ratio and also a bit of statistical stuff. It increases the SNR (Signal to Noise Ratio) which is of course good. It also provides noise averaging on similar note. Since noise is generally random, squared visibility allows to remove a significant portion of it. Going to the statistical side, you can assume a Guassian distribution and therefore simplify noise treatment. Squared visibility lets you have a larger brightness range by getting all the intensities and also is more accurate. Additionally, its easier to fix astromephric issues, systematic errors, or instrumental effects.

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  • $\begingroup$ Thank you very much. Could you please add some examples or equations that demonstrate this to your answer? I cannot exactly imagine that. $\endgroup$
    – Elena Greg
    Jun 20, 2023 at 8:00
  • $\begingroup$ What that are you refering too @ElenaGreg $\endgroup$ Jun 22, 2023 at 12:05
  • $\begingroup$ I meant how exactly squared visibility allows to remove a significant portion of noise, please? $\endgroup$
    – Anna-Kat
    Jun 22, 2023 at 14:39

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