I've heard the universe is just an empty cavity. Does the universe have any edge or stop or is it just an infinite empty cavity?
As far as theories I've heard of, we can't see the edge of the universe (if truly exists) because the farther you look out into space through a telescope, the farther back in time you are actually looking. For example, if you are looking at a star 20 light-years away... you're actually currently observing what was happening on that star 20 years ago... the theory is that there is only so far you can look out into the universe because there is only so much history post Big Bang.
Image above: What is the furthest we can see? In 2003, NASA's WMAP satellite took images of the most distant part of the universe observable from Earth. The image shows the furthest we can see using any form of light. The patterns show clumps of matter that eventually formed into galaxies of stars. Credit: NASA/WMAP Science Team
Galaxies extend as far as we can detect... with no sign of diminishing.There is no evidence that the universe has an edge. The part of the universe we can observe from Earth is filled more or less uniformly with galaxies extending in every direction as far as we can see - more than 10 billion light-years, or about 6 billion trillion miles. We know that the galaxies must extend much further than we can see, but we do not know whether the universe is infinite or not. When astronomers sometimes refer (carelessly!) to galaxies "near the edge of the universe," they are referring only to the edge of the OBSERVABLE universe - i.e., the part we can see
If we know the universe is expanding, we are saying the universal boundary is expanding. Before the big bang(s), there was "nothing". Which seems an impossibility, because something happened. So we have the big bang(s) and the boundary begins to move outward, at least at the speed of light (knowing there is debate about variable speeds of light, I am keeping this open). That means that according to our understanding thus far, there is an edge to the universe.
I try to keep in mind that as a creature with everyday experience in three dimensions, it is next to impossible to really understand all the multidimensional possibilities which may make up "the edge". Just like I cannot imagine a time from my viewpoint where there was a "nothing". I believe that the answer lies in a better understanding of multi-dimensions than we have now.
We are so very, very early in our use of a scientific method of exploration, and it seems that every year we are bowled over by the implications of a new discovery - especially in quantum physics.
Dark energy is driving the accelerated expansion of our universe.
Is it accelerating into itself?
Or is it accelerating into nothing, An outer void?
If we could see the furthest away accelerating object that would be the edge of the Universe. Thus there is an edge to the Universe.
Remember, just because we can't look and see today doesn't mean it doesn't exist.