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Dream for a while and imagine that there will be a flagship+ mission within a decade to put a large radio telescope in space:

  • What kind of different tasks could the same radio equipment feasibly be used for?

  • How do the requirements for frequency sensitivity, electric power supply, dish size, and other radio technology (such as applicability of phased array?) and what else vary most importantly between such purposes?

For example, could one and the same big space radio telescope in the Asteroid Belt be used for any, some or all of the below, what would the synergies and contradictions be:

a) Radio astronomy on its own.

b) Interferometry together with a telescope on Earth to create an interplanetary baseline for huge resolution, like the spektr-R does cis-lunar today, AFAIK.

c) Radar characterization of the orbit, shape, size et cetera of any large enough asteroid in its current section of the asteroid belt.

d) Ground penetrating radar to characterize the interior composition of near flyby asteroids.

e) Communication with Earth so powerful that it need not engage the Deep Space Network (DSN), but can work with smaller Earth based radio antenna.

f) Extending the DSN by working as a relay between Earth and outer space probes, or between Earth and the backside of Mars or when Mars is in apposition behind the Sun from Earth.

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  • $\begingroup$ If SETI ever finds anyone, it might end up being Earth's modem. $\endgroup$
    – Marc
    Oct 2, 2014 at 4:02

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See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HALCA and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spektr-R.

HALCA was a Japanese 8 meter radio telescope satellite used for Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) from 1997 to 2003. Spektr-R is a Russian 10 m dish launched into space in 2011 with apogee nearly as far away as the moon, and still going. So, yes a radio telescope in space is quite useful for long baseline interferometry. You probably do not want to also use it for deep space communications because that would interfere with the scientific use. It is also not very useful for asteroid work because the odds of one going by is not greater than the odds of one going by the Earth and there are more powerful radio dishes on the ground. Typically, one would not bother having a strong source for bouncing off asteroids on a radio telescope meant for extragalactic work. And you sure would not want to risk sending it into the asteroid belt!

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Jodrell Bank's 76m Lovell Telescope is sometimes used as a movie screen, having shown 2001: A Space Odyssey.

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  • $\begingroup$ Okay, that's something. Maybe it could be used as a huge frying pan too ;-) Btw, I never understood why screens in cinemas, TV's and phones are square. Wouldn't round screens be preferable since our field of view is more roundish? Or does the two eyes make it more rectangular after all? Even then, at least oval screens should be a good idea. $\endgroup$
    – LocalFluff
    Dec 8, 2014 at 18:34
  • $\begingroup$ I think people just like the straight lines, so they know that they are seeing everything. I don't think I'd like a curved screen that reaches the boundaries of my peripheral vision, as I'd think I might be missing something. I guess it also make your TV packaging easier to make. $\endgroup$
    – iantresman
    Dec 8, 2014 at 19:11

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