Regarding the photo of the earth described here,
I know that the green tinge on the left hand side is to do with the aurora borealis. What's causing the bright white light on the right hand side?
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Amazing aurora lights and atmospheric glare with the countries Ireland, Netherlands, Scotland, England and Wales in the foreground.
Off to the north and east like that, it's likely refracted early sunrise. That's a lot of streetlights for that time of the day; likely a longish exposure to capture aurora. That'd increase sunrise glare as well.