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Questions tagged [artificial-satellite]

Questions about man-made objects orbiting astronomical objects.

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Computing the local orbital frame vector directions in a geocentric reference frame

In the context of the study of a cubesat (little satellite), I am asked to define the local orbital frame and compute the local orbital frame vector directions as a function of time : Here the ...
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1answer
70 views

How to get ephemeris data for location?

How can I obtain ephemeris data which fits to a specific location? Differently phrased: I need ephemeris data of satellites which orbited a specific location. Is there a document where I can look up ...
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Objection on artificial moon for lighting

Some days ago i read about China's artificial moon mission for lighting cities In my junior classes i was taught the effect of Moon's gravity on tidal waves. According to me this is a very dangerous ...
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3k views

Why do satellites arcs end abruptly when observed from Earth

I recently got an app that let me track the ISS. I noticed that during the time it's visible, it disappears before reaching the horizon, and sometimes reappears soon after for a bit. Can somebody ...
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1answer
31 views

What is the range of the zenith angle between velocity and position vectors?

I'm coding on a space simulator and I want to draw a predictable orbit for a satellite. I have read about orbits on http://www.braeunig.us/space/ and under the section "Launch of a Space Vehicle" they ...
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2answers
185 views

Calculating the apparent magnitude of a satellite

I'm writing a program that involves calculating the apparent magnitude of satellites from a ground location. I currently have the intrinsic magnitude of the satellites and the solar phase angle in ...
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1answer
102 views

Bright star or flare near orion?

This morning at 6:12 am looking south from Georgetown, Texas, there was a brief very bright stationary object what appeared to be a star that once I saw it within the next few seconds quickly vanished....
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1answer
133 views

Why do GPS satellites move in relation to earth's surface? [closed]

Wouldn't it be easier with geostationary satellites? Has is to do with the monitoring of gamma-ray bursts?
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2answers
133 views

App that shows what's passing in sky?

I'm not an astronomer but I enjoy looking up at the sky. So tonight I saw something moving in the sky. It looked like a star, and it was definitely not a plane (I checked in flightradar). Is there ...
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70 views

Binary Orbit around the Earth?

Is a orbit possible where 2 objects going in opposite directions can intersect repeatedly with minor course corrections?
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1answer
575 views

Farthest Orbit around the Earth? [duplicate]

What is the farthest orbit that can be achieved around the Earth? How fast is that? Not the question below: Feel free to answer in a comment I ask because of this question: https://worldbuilding....
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1answer
109 views

Musk's Roadster is now Russell's Teapot?

Space Exploration Stack Exchange were not very fond of this question and closed it, so I think it might fit better here. Summary: Assuming no foreknowledge of its existence, can Elon Musk's Tesla ...
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How do observational astronomers manage streaks and other artifacts from objects in Earth Orbit?

There are thousands of satellites and spent rocket parts in low earth orbit (LEO). Mostly near the lines of dawn and dusk they can be in sunlight while observatories below are still viewing the night ...
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562 views

where to obtain ephemeris data for geodesy satellites?

Is anyone aware of where one can obtain ephemeris data in Geocentric Celestial Reference Systems (GCRS) coordinates for a geodesy satellite such as LAGEOS (It doesn't really matter which mission)? Or, ...
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115 views

“Mysterious radio signals” - how could a geostationary satellite and Ross-128 line up with Arecibo?

The Phys.org article 'Mystery' signal from space is solved. It's not aliens cites a summary of the conclusion "by Abel Mendez, director of the Planetary Habitability Laboratory at the University of ...
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1answer
106 views

“What was that spot in the sky?” - How to identify satellites

First of all sorry for my immense ignorance in this matter and for all the stupid things I'll say here. Yesterday, May 22th 2017, I removed the telescope from its dusty box1 and decided to watch ...
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3answers
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Problem about orbiting of a satelite

Problem: There is an satellite that orbits the Earth. Its orbit is circular and its orbital plane is perpendicular to Earth's Equatorial Plane. It orbits is such that a person who is on equator see ...
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1answer
107 views

What could have made a satellite appear to move side to side while near the horizon?

Yesterday while coming out of a restaurant my wife and I noticed what appeared be a satellite passing quite high in the sky. Based on the location, time, and brightness this appears to have been a ...
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1answer
376 views

How do we know that a natural satellite cannot be a hollow object?

In their 1966 book, Intelligent Life in the Universe, Carl Sagan and Iosif Shklovsky state that "a natural satellite cannot be a hollow object." How do we know this is absolutely true?
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Do you know about any Image Processing Challenges known in Space Telescope like Hubble?

For a computer science project in University; I need to find image processing problems on space exploration and Space Telescopes, only related to the image itself. I have wrote a computer program ...
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how do I read grades for knowing where I have to look for watching the ISS?

I want to watch the ISS with naked eye using this tool NASA gives https://spotthestation.nasa.gov/sightings/view.cfm?country=Argentina&region=None&city=Santa_Fe#.WCRzKS3hC1s but I dont know ...
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1answer
215 views

Moving object seen through telescope, what is it?

I was using my telescope to look at a nebula, intell I seen a star like object that was moving at a moderate speed in a straight line and eventually dimmed out. My first thought that it was just a ...
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3answers
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Can satellites travel in clusters?

Last night we saw a large cluster of what looked like exceptionally bright stars that moved, as a group, across the night sky in Lancaster, PA. It was about 9:15 pm, and they moved roughly from SW to ...
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What are the small things, look like stars, moving in the sky? [duplicate]

I have always been observing something that looks like a star but not as bright as a star moving from south to north at the same time every night. What is it? It cannot be a star because I know ...
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1answer
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How to understand orbit definitions

I've been reading about satellite observations (such as this one). The writer uses terms such as these to define the orbit: ...
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1answer
309 views

How much time does the ISS take to repeat its orbit?

I used to go to my roof to see the ISS, but it is not always visible. Then it appears again but does it appear with the exact same orbit as I saw before? Thanks!
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1answer
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Notifier about visible ISS passes and/or Iridium flares for Ubuntu PC

I am trying to find application that would be capable of notifying me about visible ISS pases for specified location and/or visible Iridium flares for specified location. This software must be ...
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1answer
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What were the 2 satellites I saw this morning?

This morning at 6:03am Israel time (3:03 UTC) I saw, simultaneously, what appeared to be 2 satellites streaking across the sky directly overhead. If I remember correctly, they were both coming from NW ...
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1answer
82 views

What is the accuracy of an artificial satellite at a certain magnitude?

When we say that 'accuracy of gaia satellite is 10 $\mu$as at $V = 10$ magnitude in position and annual proper motion'. What does this mean? Does it change over time?
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1answer
137 views

Is it possible to create a traditional clock solar system?

Is it possible to create the following system of satellites?: Place a satellite that orbits the some object X, once per day. Call it D. Place a satellite that orbits D, once per hour. Call it H Place ...
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1answer
720 views

How did New Horizons take such well-lit pictures of Pluto?

The photos of Pluto from New Horizons are truly beautiful. But considering that Pluto is so far away from its nearest start - our Sun - how is it so well lit up? Did the New Horizons have a massive ...
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1answer
204 views

What would this moving point of light be?

Tonight (10:00 PM EST Middlesex County, Mass.) when looking at a mostly clear sky I observed what I at first believed was a meteor. This point of light was moving east to northeast, and that would be ...
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1answer
51 views

Calculating Postition of ISS / Hubble in space [closed]

How do I calculate the positions of above satellite in space ?
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2answers
221 views

Is there any man-made satellite orbiting our moon?

I am just wondering whether any man-made satellites are currently orbiting our Moon. If there is one, would I be able to see it using my telescope?
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Did I see a meteor or a re-entry?

Last night (January 21, possibly 5:30 UTC), from my house in northern California, I saw a moving point of light in the sky, going west to east, crossing about 120 degrees of sky in 5 seconds or so. ...
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5answers
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Are multiple geostationary satellites required to handle arbitrary locations?

Do geostationary satellites need to have the equator as the plane of rotation, and the earth's centre to be the centre of rotation? Can it rotate over, say, the Tropic of Cancer, focusing on a single ...
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1answer
52 views

How can the Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) warn of incoming solar storms?

How can the Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) warn of incoming solar storms when is is invested with radiation? Discovery.com article Solar Storm Warning Satellite on Last Legs states that: ...
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459 views

How are the speed, distance and time of India's MOM and USA's Maven Mars missions calculated?

How do the scientists calculate the correct time to launch the Mars mission so that the satellite travel time is less? How they are synchronizing the speed of satellite with respect to earth and mars ?...
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Satellite/Planetary Orbits

All planetary orbits contain 5 unusually stable points. These points are particularly important because they allow man-made satellites to orbit the Sun with a period equal to that of Earth’s. 3 of ...
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How can satellites be safe in the atmosphere when there are so many asteroids coming in?

How can artificial satellites be safe in the atmosphere when there are hundreds of tons of dust and asteroids coming into earth's atmosphere everyday? What is an orbit of an artificial satellite? At ...
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Where is Voyager 1 (or 2) going? In which direction?

Knowing it has exited the solar system, is it traveling in the direction of the center of the galaxy, away from it, orbiting it, or maybe even going perpendicular from the disk-shaped galaxy?