Questions tagged [astrophysics]

Questions involving the physics of the universe, especially the nature of astronomical objects, energy fields, and/or regions, rather than their positions or motions in space.

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2
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2answers
114 views

Gravitational waves

We know that gravitational waves stretch space-time so light travelling through that space should be stretched as well. So my question is how do we know anything is stretching if the effect is ...
2
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1answer
113 views

Hole through the earth [closed]

I have a problem: If I would dig a hole through the earth, and jump right in, disregarding the rotation of the earth, I should come back out on the other side. However, orbital mechanics say ...
4
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1answer
179 views

Kepler and the Sun position

When Kepler went to Tycho Brahe, he learned that Tycho Brahe was using the mean position of the sun to note down the position of Mars. Well, Kepler needed to convert these datas of Brahe to do his own ...
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1answer
2k views

Could an object block out the Sun from Earth's view for 3 hours?

how large, massive, far away (from earth), and fast would an object (planet-like) have to be to block out the Sun for 3 hours and not disturb Venus, Earth, or the Moon?
4
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1answer
111 views

Are there non thermal filaments outside our Galaxy?

The question says it all: are there observations of something like non thermal filaments in other Galaxies other than our?
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0answers
213 views

Why the Hubble constant is so inconsistent?

Having a look on Wikipedia I noticed the following values (of the last 6 years) for the Hubble constant: 67.6±0.7 SDSS-III Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey 73.00±1.75 Hubble Space ...
1
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1answer
358 views

In what ways does the mass and energy of the milky way curve space time?

Space is curved by mass (or more precisely by mass and momentum as described by the stress-energy tensor). The milky way system has a lot of mass and a lot of energy. In what ways is space-time curved ...
3
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1answer
202 views

Why does Sirius proper motion “wiggle” with a 1 year period, when Sirius A and Bs binary orbit is a 50 year period?

Some stars, if observed repeatedly over time, show a perturbation or "wobble" in their proper motion. If this is a periodic occurrence we can infer that the perturbation occurs due to the ...
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1answer
220 views

What is the tidal radius of the Sirius system?

The Fomalhaut system is a trinary system, with Fomalhaut A (1.9 M), Fomalhaut B (0.7M) and Fomalhaut C (0.2M). Fomalhaut C is 2.5 light years from Fomalhaut A, and 3.2 light years away from Fomalhaut ...
3
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1answer
170 views

In layman's terms, why do we put the “time” in space-time?

What does "time" mean in the term space-time? I am trying to understand why anything that travels through space, from a proton to massive galaxies, is always referred to as traveling in space-time, ...
9
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1answer
171 views

Period coincidence of Planet Nine with furthest Kuiper belt objects

A lead scientist of the Planet Nine theory said that "The period with which it goes around the sun is a rational multiple of the periods of all the furthest Kuiper Belt objects" To what degree of ...
3
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0answers
121 views

What is the spectral power output of a typical galaxy?

I'm looking for a function which gives the typical isotropic spectral power of light emitted by an entire galaxy on the whole electromagnetic spectrum (in watts per frequency unit), as a function of ...
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1answer
228 views

Cosmic microwave background radiation: why did it take so long to get here?

I understand that the universe after the big bang was a super dense cloud of elementary particles, and because of this high density was "not transparent" to light. Then, roughly 400.000 years (380....
2
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1answer
127 views

On orbital mechanics of evaporating planets

A planet orbits around its sun on an elliptic orbit, and loses mass slowly due to evaporation. How will the parameters of the orbital ellipse change as a function of time? Could we do a generalisation ...
1
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1answer
482 views

Astronomy & machine learning. Where to start? [closed]

I am a Computer Engineering major and would like to learn more about machine learning methods in Astronomy. What books or other resources could I use?
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3answers
1k views

Sudden Effects of Sun Disappearing [duplicate]

It takes 8 minutes for the sun's light to reach earth. If the sun were to instantly disappear, what would happen? I imagine that Earth would fly away on a path tangential to its orbit. What would ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Can I do M.Sc in physics to become an astronomer after doing B.Tech in aeronautical engineering?

I am a student of class 12 and I am studying in India. I want to be an astronomer and I know that I have to get a B.Sc, then M.Sc, and then Ph.D in astronomy. I have also started to learn the python ...
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1answer
64 views

Not clear on how to calculate sub-radar latitude [closed]

How to find sub-radar latitude in reference to radar telescopes hitting near earth asteroids?
1
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1answer
165 views

What could be past the particle horizon?

Forgive any kind of "dumb" question I may ask as this is a new interest of mine and I know it's purely hypothetical. If one were able to surpass light speed and the expansion of space to go beyond ...
3
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1answer
154 views

How massive must a rocky body be to liquify adequately to eliminate internal mass concentrations that could disrupt natural satellite orbits?

Maybe a slightly weird question, and maybe more appropriate for some future geophysics SE, but I feel like this is what questions like Do moons have moons? are really driving at, and it just almost ...
3
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1answer
579 views

Is a black hole made from a anti-matter star the same as a ordinary black hole?

Would a black hole from a star made of anti-matter be the same as a blackhole made of ordinary matter?.
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2answers
2k views

Which are the most energetic events in the Universe?

That's the question. I know about gamma ray bursts, is there anything more energetic?
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3answers
9k views

What happens to the 99.9 % of the sun-rays that do not fall on any planets or any other celestial body?

I assume that about 99.9% of the sun-rays that do not fall on any planet or any other celestial body keep on traveling farther and farther unto infinity. Apparently such rays get lost. Keeping in mind ...
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3answers
230 views

Should we not accommodate Ophiuchus also in Our Calendar? [closed]

We have only 12 months in our calendar and only as many Zodiac signs as the number of months in a year. Now that we know there are 13 constellations should we not have 13 months in the calendar ...
2
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0answers
86 views

Help With Transit Radio Telescope Data Analysis

My high school teacher and I recently built a 10 ft. mesh dish transit radio telescope. In order to compete this year at Nationals for our science fair, we came up with the idea of using a bluetooth ...
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1answer
142 views

How massive can a cold solid object be?

I understand that a neutron star is dense enough that adding more matter will increase the amount of degenerate matter directly, and the limit to its size is about 1.4 solar masses. But if an object ...
2
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2answers
603 views

Higgs Bosons in the centre of Black holes or extremely large stars [closed]

With the discovery of the Higgs Boson as the mass carrier, what is the possibility at the centre of a black hole being so dense and gravity so infinite that the structure of a proton or neutron are ...
0
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1answer
55 views

Books describing first-hand experience of astrophysicists finding planets without skipping actual maths

Are there good references of astronomical texts where we get a first-hand experience of astronomers uncovering astronomical gems using maths alone and not using observation. Observation may have been ...
7
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2answers
350 views

Why do we use FITS format for scientific images especially in astronomy? How is it different from formats such as JPEG, PNG etc?

I am new to astronomy and I found that the telescopic dataset can be stored in the FITS format instead of JPEG. Why do we have a special image format just for scientific images?
2
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2answers
164 views

Solar Pressure and Gravity

I recently read some articles and pages on Solar Sails, and the possibility of using lasers to propel spacecraft, and I had a relatively outlandish idea. Would it be possible for a star to be ...
2
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0answers
1k views

What is meant by ionization states?

I am going through the theory of saha equation but I am not able to understand the concept of ionisation state? What are ionization states actually?
2
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1answer
331 views

Mass limit of planetary ring

Is there a limit to how massive a planet's ring can be? If there is, how does it depend on the mass of the planet, presence/absence of moons, distance to the star or other parameters?
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1answer
71 views

LLR & Orbital Motion

As I understand it, light that is emitted from a source is not imparted with the motion of the source and so always follows a "straight line". If this is correct, I am having a difficult time ...
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1answer
198 views

Calculating Orbital Period

I was using this formula to calculate the orbital period of a satellite in days: $T = \sqrt{(4\times \pi^2)\times \frac{R^3}{GM_{center}}}$ Where R^3 is the radius of the orbit, or distance of ...
4
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1answer
232 views

Why dust is optically thin in Far Infrared wavelengths?

What is the actual meaning of the statement 'Dust is optically thin in the Far Infrared (FIR) over most of the Galaxy'? Kindly Help
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2answers
450 views

Are there any electrons inside the sun / a star?

Like the question says, are there electrons inside an active star, or has all the matter been so thoroughly ionized / plasmarized that the electrons are long gone? I ask because it would make sense ...
0
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1answer
65 views

A good place to start? [duplicate]

I am a high school student (going into 11th grade next year), who will be taking an introduction to astronomy and astrophysics as part of my core curriculum. As such, I would like to get a head start ...
2
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1answer
264 views

What does “EW(Hα)” mean?

I came across a website saying that classical T Tauris have an "EW(Hα) > 5 angstroms". Does anybody know what "EW" means? Thanks.
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2answers
465 views

What would be the apparent magnitude of Betelgeuse if it were as close to Earth as Sirius?

How large and bright would Betelgeuse appear if it were as close to Earth as Sirius, before and after it goes supernova?
0
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1answer
66 views

Would a Einstein–Rosen bridge change size and/or position in an expanding Universe?

I appreciate that a Einstein–Rosen bridge has never been observed but since there are some valid theories in General Relativity I thought I'd ask this. Would the start and end point of a Einstein–...
0
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1answer
115 views

How to create synthetic test images of stars?

Is there any python/IDL code available to create synthetic test images of stars with and without background noise?
0
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1answer
107 views

Simulates Orbit [duplicate]

I IT developer, and I would code a small program that simulates the orbit of two bodies, the problem of two bodies eventually. I have no problem on the part programming but I have a little trouble ...
0
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1answer
90 views

Is it possible to know if a planet is located in the Habitable Zone knowing it's properties?

Is there an equation that can give me the possibile distance of the planet from his star knowing planet's temperature (or other datas)? I found this method for calculating the Habitable Zone but it'...
3
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2answers
857 views

Does conservation of energy make black holes impossible?

I was musing today about black holes, and came across what seems to be a contradictory fact about black holes. If any matter were to actually fall into a black hole, it seems like it would need to ...
5
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2answers
225 views

K-Pg asteroid impact

Is it possible to determine what daytime the Chicxulub impactor striked the Earth 66 mya? Was it day or night, what was the current phase of the Moon etc.? Can sediments, rhytmites or something else ...
4
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1answer
134 views

Discovery in Astronomy vs one in Physics - do they differ in required burden of evidence?

Discovery in Astronomy/Astrophysics (of astronomical objects) vs discovery of physical phenomena in experimental Physics (as such) - do they differ in required burden of evidence (with the notion, ...
0
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1answer
215 views

Blackhole Finding Techniques

I know of two methods for finding exoplanets: the transit method and the radial velocity method. These two methods work as follows: Transit: we observe stars and watch for when a planet obstructs the ...
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2answers
97 views

Size of the Universe [duplicate]

The number of atoms in the whole Universe seems to be finite, yet the Universe is infinite in dimensions? How it is possible in the Universe?
0
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1answer
93 views

Astronomy Olympiad Gravitation Qn

Question: Approximately once in 5 years people on Earth can observe bright comets whose nuclei have radius about 1km. The orbits of such comets are close to parabolic. Assuming that these nuclei are ...
4
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1answer
209 views

Could a pair of binary black holes form within a star?

After the discovery of gravitational waves by LIGO last week the team behind the Fermi gamma-ray telescope released a paper that showed a soft gamma ray burst was detected only 0.4s after the ...