Questions tagged [astrophysics]

Questions involving the physics of the universe, especially the nature of astronomical objects, energy fields, and/or regions, rather than their positions or motions in space.

31 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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453 views

Is it “weird” that all disc galaxies rotate once every billion years?

In a recent paper (Cosmic clocks: A Tight Radius - Velocity Relationship for HI-Selected Galaxies by Meurer, et al.), it was noted in the conclusion that: [This] implies a constant orbital time of ∼...
4
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35 views

Strength of core-envelope coupling in stars

For a star with a given Zero-Age Main Sequence (ZAMS) mass, as a function of metallicity how strongly is the star's core coupled to its envelope? I understand that the core-envelope boundary is only (...
3
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125 views

Total number density of galaxies and problematic expression in practise

This post comes from physics exchange forum, I have transfered it here, maybe I will be luckier since I have not received answers on the other forum. Here is the issue : I am asked to give the ...
3
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0answers
118 views

What is the spectral power output of a typical galaxy?

I'm looking for a function which gives the typical isotropic spectral power of light emitted by an entire galaxy on the whole electromagnetic spectrum (in watts per frequency unit), as a function of ...
2
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0answers
30 views

Cosmology : Formula for the bias of galaxies

first I have posted originally on the physics stackexchange but I have not had answers about my question, so I try my luck on this specific forum (if forums leaders want to delete the original post on ...
2
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0answers
41 views

How to write a normalized, dimensionless form of Binet's relativistic equation?

$$\frac{\delta^2 u}{\delta \theta^2} + u = \frac{\mu}{h^2} + 3 \mu u^2$$ This is Binet's relativistic equation. Here $u = 1/r$ where $r$ is the radial distance, and $\mu$ is the reduced mass of the ...
2
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0answers
50 views

What experiment does this “Tracing the History of Starlight” video try to explain?

The YouTube video Tracing the History of Starlight with NASA's Fermi Mission describes observation by the Fermi gamma ray telescope of EBL (extragalactic background light) gamma rays from 2,000 ...
2
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0answers
51 views

What are the procedures and protocols to use with Gauss'method and personal observations?

I would like to use the Gauss' method to determine the orbit of planets of solar system. I would like to calculate their orbits with personal observations. What is the methodology/procedure/protocol ...
2
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46 views

What's the profound reason(s) why the star formation rate drives the scatter of the mass-metallicity relation in galaxies?

Since decades it's well known that a correlation between stellar mass and metallicity (Z; both stellar and gas-phase Z, but here I focus on the gas-phase Z) exists (e.g., Tremonti+04; analysis of >...
2
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0answers
73 views

What is known about the angular momentum distribution within galaxy clusters?

I recently saw a 3D-plot of proper motions of galaxies within the Laniakea super-cluster (https://sketchfab.com/models/754cb85550fb42588175f8a215718521). Is a similar 3D map of the vector field of ...
2
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0answers
142 views

Why does the axial tilt & the rotation speed of Saturn & Jupiter vary so much?

I have seen Jupiter and its 4 largest moons in a telescope, several times. The moons are always aligned in a line. This is fine. Very interesting. But.. in case of Saturn, not only that we can see its ...
2
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208 views

Why the Hubble constant is so inconsistent?

Having a look on Wikipedia I noticed the following values (of the last 6 years) for the Hubble constant: 67.6±0.7 SDSS-III Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey 73.00±1.75 Hubble Space ...
2
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81 views

Help With Transit Radio Telescope Data Analysis

My high school teacher and I recently built a 10 ft. mesh dish transit radio telescope. In order to compete this year at Nationals for our science fair, we came up with the idea of using a bluetooth ...
2
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0answers
972 views

What is meant by ionization states?

I am going through the theory of saha equation but I am not able to understand the concept of ionisation state? What are ionization states actually?
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69 views

Three Body Problem

I tried to solve the three body problem numerically. While after 1000 time steps the system looks stable (See Fig.1) it is completely unstable after 10000 time steps (See Fig.2). Is that an intrinsic ...
1
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0answers
35 views

To show perihelion precession motion of Mercury in Python with matplotlib

I'm trying to make it more general code so I can trace even a parabola or hyperbola for $e=1, E=0$ and $e>1, E>0$ respectively. And after achieving that general code I want to make the same code ...
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25 views

What could be observed with LOFAR in 230 MHz - 10.0 MHz wavelength?

Nuclear astrophysics greatly interests me and i was wondering if there is something that could be observed with the LOFAR project in this wavelength that would benefit the field? Also some general ...
1
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1answer
82 views

Mass of the universe

How do we calculate the mass of the universe taking into consideration dark matter? Mass of visible matter can be computed by stellar method, but how do we calculate mass of dark matter which we don'...
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0answers
67 views

How to convert Log(g) vs T_eff to y vs (v-y)?

I have a plot in Log(g) vs T_eff coordinates from my stellar evolution model. The parameters of the model are M=0.8 M_solar, [Fe/H]=-1.19, Y=0.245. I want to convert it to the y vs (v-y) coordinates (...
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49 views

A high-temperature isolated neutron star could be super-Eddington?

If the surface temperature of a young neutron star is hot enough, say, several KeV, its blackbody radiation could be super-Eddington? Did any paper discuss this scenario before?
1
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57 views

Why does D4000 affect stellar age?

From my understanding D4000 is a ratio between the 'flux densities between 4050 and 4250 Angstroms and that between 3750 and 3950 Angstrom', from Poggianti et al (1997). However I do not understand ...
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36 views

Question about finding energy density of a fermionic-bosonic gas

We know that energy density is given by this formula: $$u = \frac{1}{V}\int_0^\infty\epsilon_pf(\epsilon_p) g_s V/h^3 4\pi p^2 dp$$ Where $\epsilon_p=pc$ for relativistic particles. also $f(\...
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66 views

How does one interpret the definition of “accretion” in galaxy formation?

I am having trouble finding a solidifying definition of accretion when it comes to galaxy formation models and galaxy evolutions. Where as, in the context of satellite galaxies, dwarf galaxies, or ...
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0answers
36 views

magnetic shield for spacecraft outside of Earths shield

I'd like to know if it's possible to create a strong enough onboard magnetic field, similar to Earths' that would protect deep space spacecrafts from the solar wind?
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45 views

DESDM COADD image access

I'm just starting a project to analyze some of the images obtained from the Dark Energy Survey (DES), and I'd like to get some of the COADD images from the SV data. For example, this paper: https://...
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0answers
234 views

Angular momentum in planetary disk formation

Reading about the formation of planetary disks, one of the major problems, it seems like, is the evacuation of angular momentum. Aparently planets can't form with the amount o angular momentum the ...
1
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1answer
187 views

How to compute the perihelion precession of Earth's orbit?

I want to simulate the perihelion precession of Earth. I tried searching other posts in stack exchange as well relating this question but may be it's my fault that I couldn't understand their answers....
0
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1answer
73 views

If space is negative energy and matter is positive energy then does that mean the universe is finite?

I was reading a book by Stephen Hawking, it was written that universe is made up of 2 ingredients,i.e., space and energy and space was the negative energy, so they add up to 0. But since space is ...
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21 views

How is “surface brightness dimming” derived from redshift in the NED extragalactic database

I have several questions regarding “Surface Brightness Dimming” in the “Quantities Derived from Redshift” section of the Nasa/ipac Extragalactic Database. As an example, please use quasar IRAS F08279+...
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27 views

How many fluorescent iron lines?

An iron atom has 26 electrons. Its 6.4 KeV line is a fluorescent line. There are 6.7 and 6.9 KeV lines also. How do they form? An electron from which energy level fills in which energy level? Is there ...
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1answer
156 views

Candidate major astronomical events circa 600-541 mya?

Are there any known major events around the 50-60 million years preceding the cambrian explosion that could explain the sudden increase in biodiversity? Specifically a supernova, or active galactic ...