Questions tagged [black-hole]

Questions regarding points of extremely high mass density, which creates an extremely strong gravitational field from which light cannot escape.

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How well conserved is etendue in extreme gravitational lensing scenarios?

This excellent answer to Could dark matter exist in the Universe in the form of sufficiently dense objects? includes the following image and description: Light from the background galaxy circles a ...
uhoh's user avatar
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Why did the Event Horizon Telescope take so long to take a photo of a black hole?

The Event Horizon Telescope is in the news now because they are about to release the first ever picture of a black hole. They have been working on this since 2006. Why did it take 13 years to produce ...
David says Reinstate Monica's user avatar
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Time dilation if an asteroid and a small black hole entered a larger black hole?

For an outside observer, everything moves slower the closer it is to a black hole's event horizon, even photons, due to the black hole's time dilation. We also know that when two black holes collide, ...
Devon's user avatar
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What scales and types of EM and gravitational radiation do we expect to be given off by a black hole, in the final stages of evaporation?

In theory, black holes of all sizes eventually evaporate, due to quantum processes close to the event horizon that result in net emissions that appear to come from the black hole (but actually ...
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Why isn't the relativistic jet visible in the image of the M87 black hole?

I'm referring to the infamous relativistic jet, which consists of matter being accelerated to near the speed of light, originating at the poles of the black hole: But in the image of the black hole ...
stackzebra's user avatar
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Astronomical resources helpful for creating an animation in the browser of the movements of an astronomical object in the sky?

Background I would like to create a website that shows an animation of the path of Sagittarius A* (or any other object in space) during one day for a specific location. So that the user can see where ...
lukassteiner's user avatar
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Charged black holes selective eaters

We have a charged black hole which is negatively charged. For this simple case the black hole is not rotating. If a negatively charged particle approaches the singularity the electromagnetic repulsion ...
Helena Wells's user avatar
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Why does the outside edge of a Kerr black hole ergosphere rotate at the same speed as the inner edge?

Reading through the Wikipedia on a Kerr black hole ergosphere, and this nice question on the maximal spin rate of a black hole leads me to ask: why does the outer edge of the ergosphere rotate at the ...
joseph.hainline's user avatar
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Could we see small objects like animals on an exoplanet using Solar Gravitational Lensing (SGL) if we could use any star or a black hole for lensing?

Theoretically, if a telescope is positioned in a focal point of a supermassive black hole or a star much more massive than the Sun, would there be a limit to how far away an observable planet can be ...
odddirector's user avatar
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Could we detect a globular cluster consisting entirely of black holes?

A paper recently came out in Nature simulating the evolution of the $\sim10^4M_{\odot}$ globular cluster Palomar 4 (Gieles et al. 2021, arXiv link). The authors argue that in ~1 billion years, a ...
HDE 226868's user avatar
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Does General Relativity predict anything about the creating of a singularity, once enough matter collapses inward to form an event horizon?

Ignoring quantum gravity, which we don't know much about, current theory (GR) states that an event horizon forms when there is enough matter/energy density to create it, and logically, a singularity I ...
Stilez's user avatar
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Can mass loss via accretion occur on stellar remnants?

We know that normal stars can lose mass to a binary companion. But can this happen to neutron stars and white dwarfs? Let's say a stellar black hole is being orbited by a white dwarf or neutron star. ...
slowerthanstopped's user avatar
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What fractions of matter are retained and displaced by quasars?

Following on from a query concerning quasar mass, what fraction of matter is ejected compared to matter that is lost to the BH? Is there a graph that describes the fractions of the mass of quasars ...
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How does the size of a naked black hole effect its photon sphere?

What effect does the size of a black hole have on the size or density of the photon sphere and it's proximity to the horizon? For example: A person is in space looking at 2 black holes, one of them ...
Muze's user avatar
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Can we resolve the centers of Milky way's satellite galaxies now?

Two dwarf satellite galaxies of our galaxy have large $\frac{\text{diameter}}{\text{distance}}$ values. And one of them, Canis Major Dwarf, is 8kpc away which is the same with our distance to the ...
questionhang's user avatar
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JWST Early Black Holes: Gas Collapsed To Metallic Hydrogen Core?

I was reading an article about early black holes found by JWST at Redshift 9. And saw that there was wonder at how large amounts of gas could collapse into a black hole as a theory. So my question is ...
WiFiSunset's user avatar
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Is frame dragging expected to be quantized in a theory of quantum gravity?

Protons and electrons have angular momentum which is quantized. Would the angular momentum of black holes be quantized in quantum gravity? Would this then affect Hawking radiation?
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Is the three-year delay of the AT2018hyz event related to time dilation?

According to LiveScience, Astronomers have spotted a black hole mysteriously spewing up chunks of a devoured star several years after consuming it. The event, which scientists have classified as ...
kaya3's user avatar
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In what year (2014?) the gravitational wave triggered by this merger was possibly generated?

Re: "A transient radio source consistent with a merger-triggered core collapse supernova" https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/science.abg6037 Actually the described merger consisted of two ...
Alex's user avatar
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Would a possible accretion disk around a primordial black hole 500 au from the Sun be visible in present telescopes?

If the hypothetical two-inch black hole 500 au from the Sun had an accretion disk, might current telescopes detect it already or do we have to wait till the Vera Rubin Observatory starts work?
John's user avatar
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What methodology should be used to choose the correct model for origin of QPOs in X-ray astronomy?

In X-ray astronomy, quasi periodic oscillations (QPOs) are routinely shown by black hole and neutron star X-ray binary systems in their X-ray flux. Despite being strong and easily measurable signals, ...
Richard's user avatar
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How does hawking radiation work without virtual particles?

How does hawking radiation work without the existence for virtual particles? I read that certain quantum fields are distorted when a black hole forms on top of them. But what fields specifically? If ...
Orangeman's user avatar
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How String Theory calculates the Entropy of the Black Hole in a Background dependent way?

How does string theory get an agreement to the Hawking-Bekenstein equations to calculate the quantum entropy of a black hole in a background dependent way? Is there any sort of area parameter in ...
Loop Quantum Gravity's user avatar
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If Planet Nine is a primordial black hole could it explain 'Oumuamua and Borisov's orbits without them being interstellar?

There has been an increasing amount of interest in the possibility of primordial black holes and that Planet Nine may be one itself. Planet Nine is a potential explanation for the orbital ...
Matthew Armstrong's user avatar
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57 views

Is there a way to calculate how much damage black hole merger shockwaves inflict on nearby objects?

Black hole mergers lose respective rotational energy during a merger. I understand that the energy 'emitted' is scattered as gravitational 'energy' that can henceforth be detected by gravitational ...
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Can we determine where the north and south magnetic poles are on stars and black holes?

The question is related to this about Are there collected data about the direction of rotation of black holes and the direction of the magnetic field?. Perhaps it is observable for pulsars?
HolgerFiedler's user avatar
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Moon mass object hitting Earth vs Moon mass blackhole hitting Earth damage comparison

Doesn't a blackhole do less damage if it goes fast enough to be able to escape fast enought but a moon-mass object if going faster does more damage? Is this true or would a black hole do more damage?
MiltonTheMeme's user avatar
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What would happen if a low-mass primordial black hole was captured by a brown dwarf or planet mass object?

Prompted by a recent PBS SpaceTime video The video in question discusses what would happen if a low-mass (asteroid-mass) primordial black hole were captured in the core of a Sun-like star (a so-called ...
asgallant's user avatar
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How long could a world like the Moon survive with an Earth mass black hole in the center?

I asked that question at the worldbuilding stack exchange. https://worldbuilding.stackexchange.com/questions/202273/how-long-could-a-planet-or-moon-survive-if-it-had-an-earth-mass-black-hole-withi ...
M. A. Golding's user avatar
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Could both the high incidence of supermassive Black Holes (BH) and the expansion of the universe be consequences of vacuum entanglement energy?

The notion that spacetime may emerge from entanglement between factors comprising a Hilbert space decomposition of the vacuum has been suggested by many (for example, M. Van Raamsdonk “Building up ...
RalphW's user avatar
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Does the (relative) distance of the photon sphere from the center of a black hole vary according its mass?

I know that the photon circle or photon sphere is located at around 1.5 times the radius of the Schwarzschild event horizon, but wouldn't it be comparatively further out for smaller black holes? After ...
Kurt Hikes's user avatar
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How do I estimate the number of neutron stars and black holes relative to the number of stars in the main sequence and white dwarfs?

Recently, I had a homework question that gave me the mass of a main-sequence star, that is, M_tp = 0.9 M_solar, and the population formed at the same time. I am supposed to use the stellar birth ...
Casper's user avatar
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0 answers
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Could "gravitational atom” black hole be detected using observation of gravitational microlensing?

D. Baumann et al., published the article hypothesizing existence of "gravitational atom” black holes (not sure whether those are just stellar ones or also those could be supermassive black holes ...
Alex's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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How did the Universe climb out of its own Big Bang black hole?

The Big Bang started as a singularity. That means small. All the matter in the universe was in a volume smaller than its own Schwarzchild radius. The universe was inside a black hole. At present, the ...
Woody's user avatar
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Has the Advection-Dominated Accretion Flows (ADAF) model been used to describe accretion flow around a rotating black hole?

I am studying Advection-Dominated Accretion Flows (ADAF) from the review paper Advection-Dominated Accretion around Black Holes. In section 2.1 of the paper, the authors provide the basic equations of ...
Richard's user avatar
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What happens inside a massive collapsing shell?

I have already asked this on the physics site. I am not sure where it fits better. Consider a massive spherical shell collapsing under its own gravity. Say the mass is that of one galaxy. The ...
user avatar
1 vote
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77 views

Astronomic objects (and their distribution functions) appearing in an old computer game?

Many decades ago, when I learned coding, I was also reading a (red) book on the programming the 8080 processor which was full of code listings and their description. I was in particular fascinated by ...
B--rian's user avatar
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What is a typical "pulse rate" for a black hole "heartbeat"? Is the process better understood than it was in 2011?

The 2011 NASA Goddard video NASA | RXTE Detects 'Heartbeat' Of Smallest Black Hole Candidate mentions a heartbeat and includes a graphic of pulses from GRS 1915+105. A screenshot is shown below. No ...
uhoh's user avatar
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1 vote
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Can the other side of the observable universe be seen as a black hole?

When looking at the objects near the horizon of the observable universe, the objects seem to emit radiation that is red-shifted. Time seems to advance at a slower rate than our own and at the horizon ...
Deschele Schilder's user avatar
1 vote
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70 views

Understanding various conditions where a star and a black hole meet and there is no tidal disruption; what all can we infer from this diagram?

Can an entire star pass through the event horizon of a black hole unharmed? is a one sentence HNQ with an amazing (to me at least) answer: for supermassive black holes larger than roughly 100 million ...
uhoh's user avatar
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1 vote
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Can massive objects pull photons into existence?

When a photon tries to leave a black hole, it is redshifted until the wave length is infinite and the photon disappears(?). Could this also happen the other way round, that a (non existent) photon ...
Cosinus's user avatar
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Math for the "universe in a black hole" hypothesis?

There are various pop-science article entitled Are we living in a Black Hole? or Did A Black Hole Give Birth To Our Universe? which say things like There’s a lot to like about the idea that there’s a ...
B--rian's user avatar
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1 vote
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What is the relation between between hardness ratio(HR) and spectral state of a X-ray binary star system?

When reading about hardness ratio, it shows that depending on the hardness ratio spectral states of a binary star can be divided into soft, hard states. So how the HR value changes with respect to the ...
Monkey King's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
126 views

What is the Schwarzschild radius actually?

I am currently writing a detailed essay about black holes, the history of their discovery and their characteristics and I can't find the appropriate literature online and in my local libraries (I even ...
Alice's user avatar
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1 vote
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Does the spin rate of a black hole correspond to a physical feature?

If the mass and orbital period for two neutron stars is known before collapse to a black hole and the rate of spin is known after collapse, 100 revolutions per second for instance, that will correlate ...
DMac's user avatar
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Causes of emission of accretion disk

As far as I can see, there are two main sources for the emission of energy from an accretion disk: release of gravitational potential energy of the infalling matter; friction from differential ...
Jim421616's user avatar
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1 vote
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How does a spinning black hole affect space-time compared to a non-spinning black hole?

I often see questions on this site that only apply to non-spinning black holes and often wonder how the answer would be different for a spinning black hole. As the title says, what are the major ...
dalearn's user avatar
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How accurate are the new visualisations of V404 Cygni

A number of pictures and some animations similar to the ones below have had much press recently. Clearly the colours are artificial, but I wondered how accurately the represent the geometry of the ...
Steve Linton's user avatar
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1 vote
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Does the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy have a black hole at its centre?

I am just wondering: is there a potential galactic centre out there that's very close to us? I know that CMDG is irregular, but can it still contain a black hole at the centre?
Max's user avatar
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The black hole binary that was detected by advanced LIGO - how do such hypergiant binaries form?

With today's announcement of the historic detection of gravitational waves from the merger of 36 solar mass and 29 solar mass black holes 1.3 billion light years away, one can not help but wonder how ...
dualredlaugh's user avatar