Questions tagged [black-hole]

Questions regarding points of extremely high mass density, which creates an extremely strong gravitational field from which light cannot escape.

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Shouldn't we not be able to see some black holes?

Whenever there is a picture of a black hole, (even though they are artist depictions, this is how they are described) most are shown kind of in a flat disk like this. My question is, why do we see ...
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What is a black hole's “shadow” and the best angle to view it to measure the spin?

This excellent answer mentions several ways to try to observationally measure the spin of a rotating black hole. The third one is intriguing, but I don't understand how this works: The spin of a ...
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How do we know that black holes are spinning?

How is it possible to know if a black hole is spinning or not? If a planet is spinning, you can see it clearly but you can't really see a black hole. Next thing would be that matter interacts with ...
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Why does the outside edge of a Kerr black hole ergosphere rotate at the same speed as the inner edge?

Reading through the Wikipedia on a Kerr black hole ergosphere, and this nice question on the maximal spin rate of a black hole leads me to ask: why does the outer edge of the ergosphere rotate at the ...
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How does neutron star collapse into black hole?

We know the spectacular explosions of supernovae, that when heavy enough, form black holes. The explosive emission of both electromagnetic radiation and massive amounts of matter is clearly observable ...
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Does blackhole merging break their event horizon segregation?

So far as I know, if we have 2 blackholes A and B, both having their own event horizons, then what's inside the event horizon of A remains completely unknown to us, and same for what's inside the ...
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What would it feel like to be orbiting near a merging black hole?

The recent 4th discovery of gravitational waves where the black hole masses were 31 and 25 times the mass of the sun, and they released 3 solar masses of energy as gravitational waves, made me wonder ...
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Is there a way to calculate how much damage black hole merger shockwaves inflict on nearby objects?

Black hole mergers lose respective rotational energy during a merger. I understand that the energy 'emitted' is scattered as gravitational 'energy' that can henceforth be detected by gravitational ...
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If all stars rotate, why was there a theory developed that requires non-rotating stars?

According to Penrose's research, a non-rotating star would end up, after gravitational collapse, as a perfectly spherical black hole. However, every star in the universe has some kind of angular ...
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Has a “white hole” theory been advanced to explain anomalous star formation in Sagittarius A?

In 2008, the European Southern Observatory reported, upon the end of a 16-year study described here http://www.eso.org/public/usa/news/eso0846/, that the 28 stars nearest the very large black hole in ...
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Could anyone recommend a good book about the basics of astrophysics? [closed]

I am sorry if a similar question has been asked before. I look at other questions but was not entirely satisfied. So, I am a Psychology student who would like to know more about the basics of ...
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Control the behavior of a Black Hole

Is it possible to manipulate the size of a black hole or how a black hole behaves if scientists were able to synthesize hawking radiation on demand. That is, if I could find a way to imitate hawking ...
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Does a black hole become a normal star again?

Stars which exceed the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff limit can become a black hole. What happens to star after it becomes a black hole? Does it regain its status of star?
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How does a Super-Massive Black Hole 'flare'?

This week we have read of evidence of the Super Massive Black Hole in the centre of the Galaxy 'flaring'. My understanding is that light cannot escape from a black hole. My question is: How does a ...
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Origins and most frequently used; perinigricon vs peribothron?

Gizmodo.com's Astronomers Spot Unprecedented Flashes From Our Galaxy's Black Hole mentions Sgr A*'s companion gas cloud G2 and that Wikipedia article uses the term perinigricon, but that mentions ...
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Could anything consume a small black hole?

Whenever I read about black holes, it is normally involving how they devour anything that comes too close... regardless of how big anything is. But what if it were a really small black hole vs ...
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Could a closely orbiting pulsar be used to study a black hole?

If we were to locate a pulsar in a close elliptical orbit around a black hole, could this reveal significant information about the black hole (e.g. time dilation / structure)? Could this even tell us ...
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Black hole's gravity

Is gravity relative to volume, or size of an object? Since a black hole is a massive star that collapses on its weight, how comes the same sun's mass, when it becomes a black hole, provides gravity ...
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Can a black hole “supernova”?

In layman terms: nothing ever escapes the pull of a black hole, not even light when a super massive star reaches the end of it's life you get a supernova sometimes the "remains" of these stars can ...
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What would happen to black holes during the Big Rip?

If the universe expands fast enough to rip atoms apart, what will happen to black holes? Would they rip apart too? What would that be like? Would they expand along with the universe's expansion, or ...
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Can a black hole formation be stopped or interrupted

My question is a hypothetical: if I were to create a black hole the size of a family house, in New York, is there any way that it can be stopped, or interrupted? If a black hole of this size is formed,...
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How can a singularity rotate?

So I've heard that all black holes that have been observed rotate to some degree. But if it has zero radius, how is it even possible for the black hole itself to be spinning? Or is it just all the ...
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Could the rotation of a black hole cause other planets to rotate?

Because everything rotates so perfectly, and we know that some blackholes rotate and they're the biggest things in the universe, so a silly question comes to mind. If you remove all black holes from ...
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Two body orbit dynamics for orbital periods approaching light cone limit

How do you model a system of two large celestial bodies, where they achieve a rotation very close to the limit at which information can escape the system (heat, light, etc.), do they begin to appear ...
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Does nucleosynthesis happen near a black hole or during its formation?

During its lifetime, a star can synthesize elements to iron because of the pressure and temperature. A neutron star is composed of iron nuclei 56 and up to krypton 118. According to that, a black ...
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Why does matter spiral into blackholes?

Narrators of astrophysics documentaries constantly state that matter spirals into black holes as if it were intuitive that this would happen because of gravity. But the moon isn't spiralling into the ...
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How does the Event Horizon Telescope implement the interferometry?

The BBC article Event Horizon Telescope ready to image black hole describes the Event Horizon Telescope, a coordinated observing technique with several radio telescope arrays across the globe forming ...
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Pauli exclusion principle - black holes

If a white dwarf compresses to the limit of electron degeneracy, and a neutron star compresses to the limit of neutron degeneracy, what does a black hole compress to the limit of?
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Size of a black hole

If there is no matter inside any of the black holes and all of them have a singularity in the center of them, which is infinitely small and infinitely dense, then how can they differ in size and ...
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How long would it take for a black hole the mass of our sun to swallow our solar system?

If a hypothetical black hole with the mass of our sun would appear in place of the sun. How long would it take before our entire solar system (everything inside our heliosphere) to be swallowed by ...
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How exactly does Hawking radiation decrease the mass of black holes?

From what I understand so far, when one of virtual particles crosses the event horizon and the other does not, they can not annihilate each other. The latter wanders off into the universe (btw, is it ...
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Why can't supermassive black holes merge? (or can they?)

The CNet article Astronomers discover two supermassive black holes in a death spiral links to Discovery of a Close-separation Binary Quasar at the Heart of a z ~ 0.2 Merging Galaxy and Its ...
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How feasible is it that we could see the Central Black Hole Sgr A* occlude one of it's closely orbiting stars?

I'm thinking about the recent famous photo of a black hole, some months ago. It got me wondering if there isn't a way to more easily make a direct observation of these. We detect exoplanets in part ...
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Can you create a black hole using kinetic energy?

Imagine you have a particle accelerator that you can crank up to arbitrarily high energies. Because of General Relativity, the particles get heavier and heavier as you dump more energy into them. ...
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How are microlensing events used to constrain the size of innermost stable circular orbits around spinning black holes?

The third paragraph of the introduction to the ArXiv preprint Constraining Quasar Relativistic Reflection Regions and Spins with Microlensing says: Quasar microlensing has significantly improved ...
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Time Dilation and Particle Decay

I am teaching myself astronomy and I'm working on a basic problem regarding time dilation around black holes. The question is basically this: if a neutron were ejected from a nucleus at a distance of ...
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What is the closest one could get to a black hole and still stand a _realistic_ chance of escape?

This question is inspired by the one asked here: Is there any stable orbit around a black hole? and I note that (though I've heard of these before) there are, apparently, 3 important fundamental "...
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How does time dilation from a large body fall off? [closed]

A magnetic fields generally fall off as 1 / r^3 rather than 1 / r^2 for gravity. How does time dilation fall off from a large body? Where would the gravity and magnetic field line be in this chart ...
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Head on collision of two black holes [duplicate]

Inspired by If two black hole event horizons overlap (touch) can they ever separate again?, I was wondering what would happen if two black holes collided into each other in a head-on collision. In ...
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Observable universe equals its Schwarzschild radius (event horizon)?

The estimated age of the universe is 14 billion years. The estimated Schwarzschild radius (event horizon) of the observable universe is 14 billion light-years. What are the ramifications?
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Maximum spin rate of a black hole?

I have just been watching a podcast called "Deep Astronomy" and the discussion was about a super fast spinning black hole discovered with the NuSTAR space observatory. This black hole was modeled with ...
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If two black hole event horizons overlap (touch) can they ever separate again?

Hypothetical question based on my understanding that two event horizons that overlap (touch) can't ever separate again: Imagine a 1 billion solar mass black hole (so the event horizon is massive and ...
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Undisturbed planetary alignment after galactic collision

How do planets still orbit around the empty space where a black hole was after a black hole absorbs the milky way's black hole and keeps moving through space without disturbing surrounding planets ...
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Could there be dark matter black holes?

Could dark matter compress and form black holes? Since dark matter is even more abundant than normal matter, a dark matter black hole should not be rare...right?
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Black hole properties [duplicate]

Black holes are things with immense gravity.Inside black holes gravity is much stronger than any other fundamental forces.But is strong enough to overcome Pauli repulsion?
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Causes of emission of accretion disk

As far as I can see, there are two main sources for the emission of energy from an accretion disk: release of gravitational potential energy of the infalling matter; friction from differential ...
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What's that ring that only now appears in black hole illustrations?

If you'll notice, space time starts to deform near the black hole, but then at considerable distance from the black hole' surface, images in the background become ultra-distorted, but then as you look ...
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What is the coordinate acceleration for pure radial motion?

As seen in this answer and also in this book chapter 6, page 6-10 expression 22, when you are falling in radially from being at rest at infinity your velocity in coordinate time, as seen from a ...
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Are black holes spherical during merger?

I've been thinking about black holes, specifically during the final moments before two merge. I'm wondering if black holes, or I guess more specifically their event horizons, are always spherical. ...
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highspeed black holes or neutron stars on (almost) head-on collision course and kinetic energy

First: I don't think this is a duplicate question. There are related question on mergers of black holes that orbit around each other etc., so please read on. I'm having a hard time picturing what ...