Questions tagged [coordinate]

Questions on systems to uniquely determine position of a point or other geometric element on a manifold such as Euclidean space.

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35 views

Geo Helio and RA

please assist me , i'm using Zet 9 and there is Geo longitude , Helio longitude and RA , what is the difference between them. example : ...
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How to create unique 3d star maps?

I have been trying to create a calculator which finds the distance between two stars that the user chooses. But I'm having a hard time visualizing where these stars are in real space. Do you know of ...
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1answer
37 views

Turn celestial coordinates into light years

I have a question about celestial coordinates. I have been working on a calculator that takes in different stars and tells you how far apart they are, and their coordinates (x, y, z). But I didn't ...
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Why do astronomers use the equatorial coordinate system that moves, instead of one based on fixed, distant stars?

As an outsider to the field, I am surprised to learn that astronomers commonly use the equatorial coordinate system, in which fixed stars are not actually fixed. Isn't that making life harder than it ...
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What exactly is a Right Ascension clock and how was one (mounted on a telescope) used in practice, historically?

@MikeG's answer to Why does this Lowell Observatory telescope have so many knobs? What do they all do? explains that item #6 labeled in the image there (and cropped version here) is likely to be a "...
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How do I plot galactic coordinates using matplotlib and astropy in python?

I want to make a projection of millisecond pulsars on the galactic plane, much like this one from Sala et al. 2004: I have tried several methods, and have not gotten anywhere. This is my current ...
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Eccentricity from Analemma

Can the eccentricity of a planet's orbit be found just from the analemma of its star? We can draw an analemma given the axial tilt and eccentricity, but how do we find the reverse? Note: I already ...
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1answer
111 views

Is the longitude assigned to sunspots spherical or projected?

Sunspot maps are created from a projection of the sun, so the coordinates of sunspots (or active regions in general) are assigned according to it. Do these coordinates correspond to actual spherical ...
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1answer
44 views

Plotting Galactic Longitude from 180 to -180

I made a scatter plot in Python that looks like this: However, I want galactic longitude, l, to be plotted from 180 to -180 like these graphs from Iorio and Belokurov (2019): Here is the ...
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Calculating the range of visible Right Ascension and Declination from specific location + time

Given a specific date and time, and coordination of a location on earth, how can I calculate (myself, or using a python package) range of visible RA and Dec? For example (but I'm looking for a ...
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1answer
105 views

Can you find your own location in space by measuring angles between stars?

Imagine you have 3 star points in 3D space A,B and C. From your unknown position P in space you can measure the angles APC, APB, BPC and you know coordinates of A,B and C and therefore the distances ...
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1answer
88 views

How to calculate the ground track of the Moon's position on the Earth's surface?

I would like to project the Moon's position on to the surface of the Earth, starting with its position expressed as Right Ascension in degrees. I know that the declination of the Moon corresponds to ...
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1answer
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Finding angle between a given sky position and ecliptic pole

Given a right ascension in degrees and declination in degrees (say, 88 degrees RA, -63 degrees DEC) I want to find the angle between that location and the ecliptic pole (90 degrees RA, -66 degrees DEC....
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Where is the North of the Universe

Does it exist North of the Universe? (Which is probably used for determining coordinates of far galaxies.) If so, then where it is? On what is it aligned? (Is it orientated on Earth, Sun, Milky Way, ...
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1answer
179 views

Is this a black hole?

While researching about galaxies in Google sky, I came upon a strange area. Co-ordinates: 11h 6m 15.0 seconds | -77° 22' 9.8" A lot of space around this body is empty, is there a possibility that ...
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1answer
105 views

Transform asteroid rotation to heliocentric ecliptic coordinates

I'm working with data from the DAMIT database of asteroid shape models. I'm adding them to a visualization in which the sun is at [0, 0, 0] and the X, Y axes constitute the ecliptic plane of the ...
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1answer
96 views

Geographical Point of the Sun

I want to draw a Sun in a 3d scene, so I figured the easiest way would be to calculate the latitude and longitude of the point perpendicular to Sun position and then just move it "up". As a starting ...
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1answer
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Star rising times in a different place given the latitude and time of one place

I don't know astronomy that well, but I am preparing for the second stage of IJSO, and here in India they do add some questions like these ones. A star is seen rising from Kolkata (23.5N 92 E) at 7 ...
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Issue translating World Coordinate system to cartesian coordinate

I have two fits images from the WFC3 that I am trying to combine with a C# program. When I try to combine multiple images I don't think the values I am getting for my x/y coordinates (calculated from ...
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Why do default coordinates from IR-optical observatories are usually not trustworthy, while from radio interferometers they usually are?

I have noticed in my experience that the coordinate solution within the headers of default reduced images from radio interferometers are commonly trustworthy to the arcsecond or less. From IR and ...
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1answer
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What does it mean that the Sun`s rotation axis is: RA 286.13° , Dekl: 63.87°?

first post here. I found 1 related Question, which has not solved my Problem. SHORT QUESTIONs VERSION: Suns axis is 7,25° tilted from the ecliptic. But in which direction? LONG QUESTION: Nasa ...
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1answer
67 views

angles on the celestial sphere

This is a somewhat simplified, and drawn / formulated in a manner more targeted to astronomy, version of a diagram and a question that I've also posted in math.stackexchange.com. In the diagram below ...
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2answers
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Calculate position of the Sun in ECEF

I'm making a very basic orbit simulator in C# using the Helix Toolkit. I want to position the Helix lighting object at the sun, but also be able to calculate solar eclipse by the moon and earth for a ...
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1answer
107 views

Clarification on Greenwich Sidereal Time (GST)

I know that LST = HA + RA. And GST is LST + longitude(L). If a star culminates, it's HA=0. Therefore, GST = RA + L. Since RA and L are constants, GST must also be a constant. So, how can GST be ...
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Code for getting the pixel coordinates of an object with known RA DEC not working

I’m working on a project of which one of its functions is determining the XY pixel coordinates of an object given the object RA DEC coordinates and a platesolved image (this assumes that the target is ...
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1answer
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Need help with the calculations/conversion of a celestial object

I'm developing a telescope controller open-source application. I started this project with a very little knowledge of Astronomy. Basically, the app is going to send data to telescope over a wireless ...
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2answers
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What are the RAs of the boundaries between traditional zodiacal signs?

I'm trying to figure out at what right ascension (RA) — not celestial longitude — the sun enters the various traditional (Western) astrological signs of the Zodiac; but I can't figure out how to ...
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Rotating azimuth/altitude to a focal point?

This is really a math question, but it's for use in astronomy, so: Because reasons, I'm writing my own sky-viewing code. I've found a few references for converting right ascension and declination to ...
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3answers
236 views

Differences between alt/az in Stellarium and Astropy

I've just started to learn Astropy. It's a nifty tool. Using some tutorials, I wrote and then made modifications to a little script that finds the Alt/Az of an object at a certain place and time. I ...
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1answer
49 views

Rising & Setting time of a star on a specific date

Given the local sidereal time (LST) of a star when it rises, how can I find out the time when it will rise (according to my watch) on a specific date?
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1answer
273 views

Calculation of RA and DEC

I'm currently stuck on a problem. I have the RA and DEC for JD2000: RA = 17 57 48.49980 DEC = + 04 41 36.1114 I want to calculate the RA and DEC for 01.01.2017, how can I do it? The solution ...
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Generate an uniform distribution on the sky between limits

I have an analog question of this one : Generate an uniform distribution on the sky I generate an uniform distribution on the sky, but just a patch of it, with $$\alpha_{min} \leq \alpha \leq \alpha_{...
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3answers
134 views

Position of specific stars in the sky as a function of time

I'm a beginner in astronomy and I'm trying to figure out how to model the positions of stars in the night sky mathematically (ie a function which spits out azimuth and altitude as a function of time). ...
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1answer
58 views

Direction of movement sun with respect to the NGP

When viewed from above, i.e., looking down from the North Galactic Pole towards the South Galactic Pole, does the sun rotate clockwise or counterclockwise around the Galactic center?
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1answer
554 views

How to convert from Cartesian J2000 coordinates to Cartesian Galactic coordinates?

I'm using a star database (the HYG database) which has xyz positions and velocities for the stars. This has +X towards the vernal equinox, +Z towards north celestial pole, +Y towards Right Ascension 6 ...
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1answer
177 views

Why are the spherical and cartesian galactic coordinates in the ATNF Pulsar Catalogue different?

I am trying to relate Galactic Latitude (b) and Longitude (l) (spherical coordinates) to galactic cartesian x,y,z coordinates in the ATNF pulsar catalog. This query shows some sample data with ...
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1answer
503 views

Convert Ecliptic to Galactic Coordinates

How to convert Ecliptic co-ordinates to Galactic? The wikipedia article on Celestial Coordinate systems contains various conversions, but this one is currently absent. For a more specific example: I ...
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Unsure how to obtain galactic roll?

I am having some issues with understanding what my adviser means by "galactic roll," but I have not been able to find anything online regarding this. My project involves generating an array of az/el ...
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1answer
227 views

Given a star's ra, dec how can I compute one pair of lat, long and time where the star would be at zenith?

As the questions says, I have the celestial coordinates of a star(ra, dec). My trigonometry is not so great so I haven't managed to figure out a solution to this. I want to find a place (lat, long) ...
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1answer
913 views

ECEF to ECI conversion

How to perform the conversion of (r,v) vector from ECEF to ECI (J2000) coordinate frame? What I tried I multiplied the matrix ([cosA -sinA 0] [sinA cosA 0] [0 0 1]) by the state vector, where A is ...
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1answer
688 views

Coordinates of known black holes in our Galaxy (Milky Way)

There are some articles in wikipedia with the list of known (or candidates) black holes here and list of nearest black holes. Also there is a map of Milky Way. My question is where can I get ...
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3answers
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Measuring misalignment between two positions on sky

Let's say I have the (RA,Dec) for two positions on the sky. I want to measure the position angle between these two positions. In other words, if I had the Cartesian coordinate vectors for these two ...
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2answers
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Does anybody know how to get Sun-Jupiter Lagrangian points L4 and L5 RA and Dec?

I wanted to point at the L4 and L5 of Sun-Jupiter to find Trojan asteroids but I don't know how to calculate the RA and Dec of these. Do you know of any software that does it for you or how to ...
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1answer
713 views

Calculating Local Sidereal Time [duplicate]

When calculating local sidereal time, 100.461 "is the value needed to yield the correct value of GMST" - David Hammen (left as comment on my previous question). How ...
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1answer
3k views

Local Sidereal Time

I am trying to understand how to calculate local sidereal time and have found the following formula: $$\text{LST} = 100.46 + 0.985647 \cdot d + \text{long} + 15 \cdot \text{UT}$$ Here, $d$ is the ...
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1answer
710 views

How to convert density from physical unit to comoving unit?

I am learning co-moving units and I am interested to see how the conversion works. If Hubble constant is assumed to be 0.7, then I want to convert 1gm/cm^3 into comoving unit. If I want to express ...
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241 views

Celestial Coordinates

What is the standard coordination system used to describe the location at a celestial object approximately due east and at an angle of 10 degrees above the horizon?
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What does Ptolemy mean by “a line drawn from the centre of the earth through the centre of the moon to a point on the ecliptic”

This is from a translation of Ptolemy's Almagest Hence it necessarily follows that the straight line draw n from the centre of the earth (which is the centre of the ecliptic) through the centre of ...
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calculating paralax angle from observations

Say I have 2 records, in horizontal coordinates of the azimuth ($A_z,A_z^{'}$) and altitude ($\alpha,\alpha^{'}$) of the moon at the same time in two different places that are $\theta$ degrees apart (...
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1answer
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What is the abbreviation for solar time, hour angle of the sun?

I understand that the hour angle and declination can be abbreviated as (HA Decl), and rectascension and declination as (RA Decl). The hour angle of a star is of course zero hours at the meridian. The ...