Questions tagged [coordinate]

Questions on systems to uniquely determine position of a point or other geometric element on a manifold such as Euclidean space.

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Airy's Water Filled Telescope: help required to fully understand the calibration procedure followed

I am reading/studying the instrument description of Airy's Water Filled Telescope (Airy, G. B., "History and Description of the Water Telescope of the Royal Observatory, Greenwich", ...
JKrsl's user avatar
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4 votes
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Time evolution data of the Great Red Spot on Jupiter?

Jupiter's Great Red Spot fascinates scientists for ages, so it does me. Where can I find a table (e.g. as CSV-file) with the time evolution of longitude, latitude, horizontal and vertical extension of ...
B--rian's user avatar
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3 votes
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Current sources for astronomical equation coefficients

For a project I needed to implement some of the code to calculate the position of the sun and moon. To do this I'm using Meeus. Everything is working but in doing so I've started to wonder about the ...
PhotoKevin's user avatar
3 votes
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63 views

How is the incidence angle of the Sun related to the lean angle of the Cooks pines?

Auracaria columnaris (Cooks pine) on average lean towards the equator. Most of the pines in the Northern Hemisphere lean southward and most of the pines in the Southern Hemisphere lean northward. ...
Connor Garcia's user avatar
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3 votes
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Getting XYZ coordinates of Luminous Red Galaxies catalogue

So I want to get the XYZ (rectangular/Cartesian) coordinates of the LRG (luminous red galaxies) catalog. The catalog is available for download from here: https://data.sdss.org/sas/dr16/eboss/lss/...
kauii8's user avatar
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3 votes
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395 views

How do I plot field of view of an earth-based observatory in Galactic Coordinates?

I would like to plot in Galactic Coordinate the sky field-of-view of an earth-based observatory (e.g. MAGIC). Something like this from Liu et 2016. I already know how plot source positions on a 2D ...
Tutan's user avatar
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3 votes
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Detect sources near image edge with python photutils

As my question suggests, I 'm trying to use a python library photutils in order to detect sources from MUSE cube. MUSE (Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer) is an ...
Giuseppe Angora's user avatar
3 votes
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141 views

Eccentricity from Analemma

Can the eccentricity of a planet's orbit be found just from the analemma of its star? We can draw an analemma given the axial tilt and eccentricity, but how do we find the reverse? Note: I already ...
Arnab Chowdhury's user avatar
3 votes
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88 views

How to get SOHO Satellite images' coordinates?

I'm working with images from LASCO C3 coronagraph I'm able to download pictures from LASCO C3 using this form https://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/data_query Then, I want to do some analysis of ...
Maxim's user avatar
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3 votes
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615 views

Earth-Centered Earth-Fixed coordinates with respect to heliocentric coordinate system at vernal equinox

I am trying to calculate the position of a point on the Earth's surface with respect to the Sun's center at a certain date and time. For what I am trying to do it is OK to ignore precession of Earth's ...
Abstraction's user avatar
3 votes
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Is Nomad data heliocentric or geocentric?

I'm wondering if the data in star catalogues are heliocentric equatorial coordinates or geocentric equatorial coordinates. Also given the distance between stars compared to the distance between the ...
Axiverse's user avatar
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2 votes
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32 views

Gaia coordinates in J2000 as done by the CDS

So I'm interested in knowing how the CDS calculates the J2000 equatorial coordinates from the Gaia DR3 equatorial coordinates (that are given in epoch 2016.0). For example, for the star HD 308819 = ...
Swike's user avatar
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2 votes
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True node (NN) calculation .. off by 10 seconds

...
dimitri33's user avatar
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2 votes
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40 views

Satellite angular velocity at an angle

Suppose I am observing a satellite that is not at my zenith. I know the altitude(α) and azimuth(γ) of my telescope and I was able to get a relative angular velocity of the satellite. Based on this ...
ryanx's user avatar
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200 views

Sky coverage plot using Python/Astropy

I want to recreate a plot where the area that is not visible from a certain point on earth (latitude and longitude) trough a full year. An example of this plots for example can be: Where in white is ...
Euler's user avatar
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Computing the sky coordinates using astropy

I need your help with an error I have been receiving while trying to obtain the sky coordinates using astropy module in python. The code looks like the following, ...
CTZenScientist's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
186 views

From TEME to RA DEC

I am using the SGP4 python package to get the coordinates of satellites at a given epoch. The algorithm computes the positions (X, Y, Z) in the True Equator Mean Equinox coordinate frame (TEME). From ...
laetitia's user avatar
2 votes
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139 views

Figuring out camera pitch and roll given RA and DEC of center of image, as well as lat,long of camera and time taken

What I am trying to figure out is how to get the camera pitch and roll, as described in this image (the green yaw line is where the camera sensor is pointing if given a RA, DEC (of center of image,ie ...
cheesemas46's user avatar
2 votes
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62 views

How to use astropy to join data tables based on sky coordinates?

I have 2 astronomical tables, from a fits file and a csv file, that look something like this ...
NeStack's user avatar
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2 votes
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Derivation: Formula for projection of sun's motion onto parallel of declination

Consider the projected angular velocity of the sun along a parallel of declination. I was told that it is $$\frac{\cos\varepsilon}{\cos\delta_{\odot}} \frac{d\ell_{\odot}}{dt} \tag{1}$$ where we let $\...
Cheng's user avatar
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Why are the sky distributions of SDSS DR16 and DR16Q different?

I've downloaded the csv files for SDSS DR16 and DR16Q and made a map of their sky distributions: The coordinates come from: DR16: RA_ICRS and ...
Jim421616's user avatar
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2 votes
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178 views

Plotting galaxies in 3-D

Suppose I have a catalogue of galaxies in a .dat file with each row representing information about a galaxy: right ascension of the galaxy, declination of the ...
peakcipher's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
189 views

Azimuth and Altitude angle between two points in the sky

I want to know how to correctly calculate altitude and azimuth difference, separately, between two points in the sky. The same way will be with icrs coordinates. For the altitude difference, I simply ...
Falco Peregrinus's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
256 views

What is the relationship between true anomaly and solar longitude?

So, my ultimate objective is to map solar longitude values onto a pseudo-Gregorian calendar. I thought this would be simple, but it has turned out to be anything but. I have asked several questions on ...
Grant Hartlage's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
181 views

Clarifications about distances in cosmology

I would like to get clarifications about some usual notions of distances in cosmology. First, is the comoving distance the current distance of objects whose light has been reached by us now, i.e. ...
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2 votes
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132 views

Why do astronomers use the equatorial coordinate system that moves, instead of one based on fixed, distant stars?

As an outsider to the field, I am surprised to learn that astronomers commonly use the equatorial coordinate system, in which fixed stars are not actually fixed. Isn't that making life harder than it ...
griffins's user avatar
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Issue translating World Coordinate system to cartesian coordinate

I have two fits images from the WFC3 that I am trying to combine with a C# program. When I try to combine multiple images I don't think the values I am getting for my x/y coordinates (calculated from ...
JamesL's user avatar
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2 votes
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39 views

Why do default coordinates from IR-optical observatories are usually not trustworthy, while from radio interferometers they usually are?

I have noticed in my experience that the coordinate solution within the headers of default reduced images from radio interferometers are commonly trustworthy to the arcsecond or less. From IR and ...
guest's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
0 answers
362 views

Code for getting the pixel coordinates of an object with known RA DEC not working

I’m working on a project of which one of its functions is determining the XY pixel coordinates of an object given the object RA DEC coordinates and a platesolved image (this assumes that the target is ...
observer's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
92 views

calculating paralax angle from observations

Say I have 2 records, in horizontal coordinates of the azimuth ($A_z,A_z^{'}$) and altitude ($\alpha,\alpha^{'}$) of the moon at the same time in two different places that are $\theta$ degrees apart (...
cal's user avatar
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2 votes
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552 views

Coordinates reduction python

How can I calculate position (alt, az) of star for observer at some station (longitude, latitude) on specific date and time? I need full coordinates reduction with all elements included in calculation ...
Prefect's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
63 views

Is this description of ecliptic times correct?

I did a brief write-up as a pet research project to explore astro-geological calculation and visualisation for Muslim prayer times. It's not meant to be authoritative (either scientifically or ...
Reinderien's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
52 views

How to find the constellation in which the sun is located using the night sky map?

The following sky map was given as part of practice problems in my Astronomy course The moon is in its first quarter phase. I am supposed to find the approximate date and time of the year in which ...
QFTheorist's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
40 views

Compute footprint of a region observed with EPIC-PN

Given the coordinates of an observation performed by XMM-Newton, is there a way to compute the coordinates of the limits of EPIC-PN's field of view? For instance, observation ...
Char siu's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
46 views

Calculating the angular momentum of stars from Gaia archive (Gaia DR3)

I am trying to calculate the angular momentum for a subset of stars from Gaia DR3. I have scanned the available fields in their database and could only find out the below fields that specifies the ...
CTZenScientist's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
61 views

Angle to the line of sight

I don't understand this angle used in galaxy clustering. There is the line of sight and this angle to the line of sight which is not clear to me. Here is a transcript of a description from 1705.05442: ...
P. Ferreira's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
55 views

Convert Earth-centered coordinates to rotating libration point (RLP) coordinates?

I'd like to plot the path of an object near L2 (like the Webb space telescope) in a rotating libration point coordinate system. That makes it is easy to distinguish halo orbits from more general ...
nealmcb's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
307 views

Converting a Satellite's position in Lat/Lon/Alt/Time to RA/Dec

I'm trying to convert a satellite's position given in latitude/longitude decimal degrees, altitude in meters, and time in milliseconds since epoch to right ascension and the declination. I have found ...
MrForum's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
52 views

What is the Sun's absolute direction called?

Like the Sun's direction relative to the local standard of rest is called "solar apex" What term can I google instead to find info about the Sun's direction relative to the CBBR? I ...
asker223's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
59 views

How does the rock Simurgh Saxum (-25.32°, 4.05°) on 101955 Bennu define its prime meridian and serve as the basis for its coordinate system?

Spaceref's NASA's "Tour of Asteroid Bennu" Selected for Prestigious Computer Graphics Film Festival says: It's hard to imagine what the surface of asteroid Bennu might look like - it's ...
uhoh's user avatar
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1 vote
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Filtering local region in SIMBAD

I am completely new to astrophysics and currently writing a paper on Cepheid variables for high school physics. I would like to filter out all Cepheid variables in the local system which I would ...
Matthias G.'s user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
1k views

What do these coordinates mean: MW - VP101 3° 12' 43.2'' S 5° 12' 39.6'' W?

I have a jacket with a tag that bears the label: MW - VP101 3° 12' 43.2'' S 5° 12' 39.6'' W When I looked it up, I discovered that these are the coordinates of the ...
Phiteros's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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How to calculate longitude of Alcyone - η Tauri in the year 41050 BCE?

Using the following information from The Skylive, and simple arithmetic I tried to calculate longitude of Alcyone in the year 41050 BCE at a place: 29.9457 N , 78.1642 E. Galactic Longitude 166.67°, ...
Atul's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
90 views

Calculate Global (ECEF) coordinates of Observer

I have the local coordinates of satellite and global coordinates of satellites. I want to calculate the observer position in global (ECEF) system. How can I do this? I also explain this question with ...
Sun's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
113 views

What are Native coordinates in the World Coordinate System?

i am writing my first paper about our solar telescope, and i need to explain the optical transformations in terms of World Coordinate Systems. I am not sure if i got the following right, and would be ...
Andres Huster's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
96 views

Using altitude, azimuth to determine a baseline vector?

I know the equatorial coordinates of a “beam” pointing from an Earth-based observer toward some distant star. I have converted those coordinates to altazimuth coordinates for that observer and a ...
PerplexedDimension's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
62 views

Determine distance to Moon after diurnal parallax?

So, I want to find the distance to the Moon/any body after performing the correction for diurnal parallax. Unfortunately, the resources I have do not cover how to do this. Is there an easy algorithm ...
John Dumancic's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
58 views

How to determine Az-El pointing of a telescope spiral scan?

I am writing a simulation of an automated telescope observation program. One part of this is to run a spiral scan pattern on and around objects of interest. I would like to tile this scan pattern so ...
NeutronStar's user avatar
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1 vote
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93 views

What exactly is a Right Ascension clock and how was one (mounted on a telescope) used in practice, historically?

@MikeG's answer to Why does this Lowell Observatory telescope have so many knobs? What do they all do? explains that item #6 labeled in the image there (and cropped version here) is likely to be a "...
uhoh's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
1k views

Calculating the range of visible Right Ascension and Declination from specific location + time

Given a specific date and time, and coordination of a location on earth, how can I calculate (myself, or using a python package) range of visible RA and Dec? For example (but I'm looking for a ...
KeshetE's user avatar
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