Questions tagged [coronal-mass-ejection]

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What would be the effects of a -400 nanotesla geomagnetic storm on modern electronics?

After reading the Wikipedia article on geomagnetic storms, I'm curious about what the effects of a -400-nanotesla-minimum geomagnetic storm would be on modern military and consumer electronics. The ...
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How do coronal mass ejections damage/shut down electronics, and is there a way to measure their ability to do so?

How do coronal mass ejections or CMEs damage/shut down electronics? How do their interactions with the Earth lead to this phenomenon? Also, I recognize that coronal mass ejections are usually measured ...
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Strength of the relationship between very large solar flares, coronal mass ejections, and solar proton events?

In the years 774-775 and 993-994, there were large peaks in Earth's atmospheric radiocarbon (14C) concentration. While the cause was initially disputed, Mekhaldi et al.'s 2015 study of annually ...
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Directionality of solar flares

I have read a number of articles about Coronal Mass Ejections (CME) and solar flares and I’m trying to establish how directional the radiation from them is. I am aware that radiation from these solar ...
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How are the solar flares from May 23, 2021 extraordinary?

The Space Weather News for May 23, 2021 reads (with some highlighting by me) Yesterday, the sun produced a sequence of solar flares unlike anything we've seen in years movie. Earth-orbiting ...
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92 views

What is the lower limit of a coronal mass ejection?

Reading an 2005 article by Fraser Cain called Smallest Ever Coronal Mass Ejection I became interested in the exact definition of CME. It seems like a simple question - but I did not manage to find ...
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Physical properties of the stellar corona?

I am after the basic physical properties of the corona of a star, here some questions for which I would like to have an answer, even only for a subset of them: I know some things about the corona of ...
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2answers
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Calibrating raw photometric measurements

So I have a photometry data sourced from Solar Mass Ejection Imager's (SMEI) server as an ‘add-on data’ for my point source of interest (a variable star) with a 104 minute cadence. However, it’s not ...
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What effects do CMEs have on planets like Mercury?

Some Background? Coronal Mass Ejections, or CMEs for short are the topic of this question. Anyone new to this topic is sure to find some really interesting facts (and consequences) of CMEs and Solar ...
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2answers
99 views

Solar flares/CME dangers to life?

I know a repeat of the 1859 Carrington Event (coronal mass ejection) would pose a severe risk to power grids and telecommunication networks but wouldn't pose an immediate threat to life. If a large ...
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1answer
68 views

Detecting anomalies from the sun from home

I was wondering if there are any ways for some amateur to detect let's say solar flares or CMEs from home. What kind of hardware would you need in order to have chance of seeing/measuring those? I ...
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1answer
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Does Earth's magnetic field become stronger when a solar flare hits?

This curiosity arises as follows: when ejecta from a strong solar flare hits Earth, will the Earth somehow counter its impact with a stronger magnetic field. Or, earth's magnetic field as limited ...
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Why do CME's “zig-zag” on their way to Earth?

This answer to When a coronal mass ejection (CME) hits a spacecraft, from which direction will the particles come? states: A single CME will impact a spacecraft from only one direction, but that ...
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Does coronal mass ejection include radiation at optical wavelengths?

It is known that during Solar/Stellar Flare, plasma from the corona of the star is released into the space, and travels comparatively slowly. In an hypothetical situation, does the coronal mass also ...
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What phenomena was this video from SOHO actually showing?

My friend showed me a video of a CME that looked as if it was swirling into a gigantic circular "spaceship" or "UFO" and he explained it as "an alien ship potentially refueling". I did a bit of ...
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how accurate are the predictions for coronal mass ejections-(location, timing and magnitude)?

I suppose this applies to all solar events. I know centuries ago they knew the quantity of these things fluxuated in solar cycles. Apart from that I know there has been advancement in solar weather ...
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Can CME destroy planetary rings?

Is Corona Mass Ejection able to reach the outer planets such as Jupiter and Saturn? If so can it blows away the icy rings or the distance is simply beyond the reach of maybe like Earth it is protected ...
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Might someone see changes to the corona during a solar eclipse?

I've seen many pictures of the corona during a solar eclipse, and the structure and delicacy is amazing. Clearly, the appearance would change over time, depending on the fine details of the solar wind ...
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222 views

Difference in creation of solar flares and CME?

What is the difference in the creation process of solar flares and CME (coronal mass ejections)? How do they relate to sunspots and coronal holes? Here there are some good explanations about the ...
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1answer
304 views

How was the acceleration calculated for this CME (Coronal Mass Ejection)?

I am looking at data used in a project to get the velocity and acceleration of a CME (Coronal Mass Ejection). I understand how the velocity was calculated, and for the acceleration, I get the v2-v1 ...
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What is the force of a CME on objects in space?

I've been reading a little bit about coronal mass ejections lately and they seem really interesting, and they cause a lot of amazing things to happen. However, one thing I haven't seen is the physical ...
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129 views

Conditions on Hot Jupiters

Hot Jupiters are close to their parent star - after all, that's why they're so hot. Their atmospheres are thought to be slowly blown away by the parent star, and they will eventually become chthonian ...
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Are we still in the Solar Maximus stage? Will this winter 2013/14 be a good aurora-viewing season?

I remember reading in 2011 that 2013/2014 would be the peak of the current solar maximus, but I want to confirm whether that is still ongoing. Will the upcoming winter season be a good time to see ...
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What are the main differences between solar flares and coronal mass ejections?

Specifically, what causes them, what sort of damage can they cause, and what are the differences in their composition?