Questions tagged [cosmological-inflation]

Questions regarding the phenomenon in the early universe characterized by an extreme expansion of space.

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1answer
91 views

Time dilation due to the expansion of the universe

This is not a homework question. I want some help in being able to clearly perceive the expansion of the universe and the consequences thereof. We know that the universe is expanding in an ...
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40 views

Probability of collision of another bubble universe with our universe

This is rephrased from a previous question and expanding on it. Considering the model of an "inflating" universe which extends infinitely in past (and possibly future) time, constantly creating new ...
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Expansion of space or constriction of length scales?

According to wikipedia, "Technically, neither space nor objects in space move. Instead it is the metric governing the size and geometry of spacetime itself that changes in scale. Although ...
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259 views

Are there ways to estimate size of the “whole universe”?

Words escape me, but by "whole universe" (I think) I mean everything that's spatially connected to the observable universe in a conventional sense. If there is a better term for it, please let me know!...
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The nature of cosmological inflation — unfolding dimensions?

While the paradigm of cosmological inflation is well established, the nature of the inflation is not known and is tackled by introduction of a hypothetical "inflaton" field. I was wondering if there ...
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What is the difference between the way light travels in a gravitational field and the way it travels through an expanding universe?

A photon is travelling through space. As it travels, the space through which it travels is expanding Does this describe A - a photon travelling from a distant galaxy to earth B - a photon travelling ...
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Time-frame regarding cosmic expansion and the bound state of the Virgo Cluster

Due to accelerating cosmic inflation, other galaxies and galaxy clusters will eventually race toward the Hubble horizon apparently away from us, placing them effectively out of our sphere of influence....
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Can eternal inflation and gravity explain dark energy?

First of all, I have absolutely no background in astronomy and physics. I just watch a lot of "i-hope-scientific" youtube channels talking about physics and astrophysics and I can kind of follow the ...
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239 views

What explains the existence of energy/matter if it cannot be created or destroyed?

If the energy/matter that was contained in the singularity before the Big Bang had always existed, and if it’s true that energy/matter cannot be created or destroyed, then what explains its existence?
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Fundamental axioms in LCDM

What are the axioms (if any) behind the LCDM model of cosmology? NB: axioms, not postulates (e.g., inflation)
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50 views

Where can I find source data for the graph of metric expansion over time, as shown in this ESA web page?

This web page from ESA/Hubble, shows the size of the universe over time. (I know that "size of the universe" is a gross simplification and open to multiple definitions and ambiguity, but this kind of ...
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184 views

BIg Bang Happened everywhere

According to the Friedmann equations big bang happened everywhere, but if we account for inflation theory, big bang did not happened everywhere. How ? Anyone please explain. Please see the video for ...
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121 views

How does inflation justify the nonexistence of magnetic monopoles?

It is said that inflation justifies that magnetic monopoles don't exist. Can anyone explain how inflation theory explains the non existence of magnetic monopoles?
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Does Flat Universe mean even distribution?

I've read through all the other related answers to "flatness" questions but I need a bit more clarification. I understand that a triangle in a 2D universe would not equal 180 degrees in both a closed ...
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1answer
652 views

What will the universe be like in a googolplex years time?

It will be cold and dark in 10^(10^100) years. What else can be said of the state of things in the far distant future? Will everything have fallen into supermassive black holes and then radiated ...
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69 views

Does wavelength affect redshift caused by the metric expansion of space?

Does wavelength play a role in cosmological redshift? Do we see certain wavelengths affected less by expansion or notice any delay in arrival of certain wavelengths? How accurate are any observations?...
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126 views

Could the expansion of universe be a side effect of gravity?

Could the expansion of universe be a side effect of gravity? I mean maybe gravity "attracts things" at a "small" distances and repells them at "larger" distances? Do we have any theory/hypothesis/...
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4answers
281 views

What is the acceleration for the expansion of the Universe?

I've found that the speed of expansion is about $70\frac{km}{s\cdot 10^{6}pc}$. But what is the acceleration of expansion in terms of $\frac{km}{s^{2}\cdot 10^{6}pc}$ ? I want to know how fast this ...
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What is the difference between Steinhardt's and Neil Turok's cyclic cosmology and Guth's inflationary model and Hartle, Hawking no boundry cosmology?

I have been reading some cosmology and need to ask the experts at this point some specific points. I must admit I am a little confused. There are a few models of the universe and may be necessary at ...
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What are the significant assumption of the Inflation Theory? [closed]

Can it still be considered theory ?, because I can't find it's major or significant assumptions.
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Is cosmic inflation still a hypothesis?

Is Cosmological inflation still considered as hypothesis? Is CMBR evidence not enough?
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Could Dark Energy be a “Cosmic Gravity Background”

Could dark energy (the accelerating expansion of the universe) be the result of gravity from the dense past universe "pulling" outward from all directions? The universe theoretically started out ...
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1answer
131 views

Are there expanding-universe cosmological models that do not include inflation?

I'm happy that the universe is expanding, because we have good scientific evidence in the form of galactic redshift. The Wikipedia Hubble's law article gives what I think is a fair explanation of that....
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Could the accelerating expansion of universe inidicate we are surrounded by “denser” space? [closed]

I'm quite novice about all this, only have read some vulgarization books and sites, but I wonder: could all the observable universe be falling outwards on some non-observable, more compact kind of ...
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333 views

Is the Big Bang inflation caused by Dark Energy

The rate of expansion of the universe after the Big Bang is described as Inflation. It is stated as being initially very fast then slowed. But the expansion is still continuing. Some say expansion is ...
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261 views

Is the M81 group bound to the Local group?

Andromeda and the Milky Way are set to collide in 4bn years. Will the Local Group collide with M81, and what about further away groups? if so, when?
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Standard Big Bang model and space curvature

Why it is said that in standard Big Bang model space curvature grows with time when the Universe expands? My intuition is that it should be the opposite. I saw this in a book talking about the ...
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172 views

Why is the CMB not simply travelling parallel to us? [closed]

When we look to the distant farthest reaches of the universe we see light that was emitted at the big bang 14 billion years ago. But the universe was tiny back then so that light, which is only ...
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358 views

How could universe inflate itself out of the very dense and curved early spacetime? Could it happen in a black hole too?

Wasn't spacetime as much curved as a black hole directly after Big Bang, because mass was so densly packed? Wasn't everything like an event horizon and how could things expand across it? Could ...
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100 views

Was time different before the great inflation?

In time different during the first second after Big Bang than it is now? Inflation had a dramatic effect on space, and spacetime is one thing. Was the properties of time affected too? Curved spacetime ...
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86 views

Intuitive explanation for why the universe is flat

I went through Prof. Hitoshi Murayama's online lecture where he describes why the universe is flat. One of the evidences for a flat universe is the evenness of CMB radiation on all directions. My ...
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212 views

Is nucleosynthesis responsible for the expansion of the universe?

Is it just a coincidence that the two major expansionary periods occur close to periods of nucleosynthesis? Big Bang nucleosynthesis occurred very close to the inflationary period. Supernova and ...
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197 views

How can cosmic inflation make an infinite universe homogeneous?

As it is explained in this video, one of cosmic inflation's observable effects is the homogeneity of our universe. Inflation allows two points on the different sides of the observable universe to be ...
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60 views

Light that travels eternally because of inflation?

What happens with electromagentic waves that are emitted into intergalactic space, but reach not any object because of inflation? Lets assume that photon A and photon B are emitted. Photon B hits ...
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Does the accelerating expansion of spacetime mean that the pace of time is changing?

Space expands everywhere, also here. And time is inseparable from space. Does this mean that time also "expands" as in changing its pace? Is the changing rate of time also astronomically observable? ...
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Distinction between metric expansion and objects just moving apart from each other?

I see explanations likes this: Galaxies and other sources, then, are not strictly expanding away from each other but rather are attached to the fixed grid on the expanding fabric of spacetime. Thus,...
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1answer
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Problem with denoising the BICEP2 data?

This question pertains to this article which talks about why the BICEP2 measurements of B-mode polarization in Cosmic microwave background radiation turned out to be noise from galactic stardust. They ...
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1answer
111 views

Looking back in time by looking further away

I have been pondering the question of how we can look back to the state of the early universe for some time. So I came here and found, to my delight, that several such questions have been asked, such ...
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Does time slow down because the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate?

If the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate, such that the galaxies' moving away from each other is accelerated, then time should also slow down. And when universe will accelerate to the ...
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1answer
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Does the universe expand at the same rate everywhere in the universe?

Specifically, I am wondering if some areas of the universe expand faster than other areas and whether the faster expanding areas diffuse the expansion through the slower expanding areas or does the ...
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1answer
133 views

Were parts of the Universe deflating during Inflation?

I was reading about the history of the early universe in Carroll & Ostlie and specifically looking at Inflation, which, as I understand, occurred because our [observable] part of the universe ...
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The universe is dying vs the universe is ever expanding

How does the idea that the universe is dying (trumpeted as some big new revelation the past few days on several new sites I keep seeing pop up on google news) square with the idea that the universe is ...
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Is the Universe really expanding at an increasing rate?

Here's what I just read from Wikipedia's page on the Hubble Space Telescope: While Hubble helped to refine estimates of the age of the universe, it also cast doubt on theories about its future. ...
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311 views

Cosmological deflation?

Wikipedia tells us: In physical cosmology, cosmic inflation, cosmological inflation, or just inflation is the exponential expansion of space in the early universe. The inflationary epoch lasted ...
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Were magnetic monopoles created before, during or after inflation?

In the case that magnetic monopoles exist, when were they created? I thought that all particles were created after inflation, but I've read some comments recently that hint at a pre-inflationary ...
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157 views

Was the Universe expanding before the beginning of inflation?

My point of view is that first there was the Big Bang singularity, and then the period of inflation which resulted in the observable Universe becoming many times bigger. But was the Universe expanding ...
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What do cosmologists mean when they talk about “the running of the spectral index”?

All I know is that the spectral index is related to the CMB, and that it has to be slightly less than 1 to favor inflation.
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247 views

What is our universe expanding into?

From inflation theory and other theories explaining the birth of the universe, the universe is expanding and recently it's been discovered that the expansion has been accelerating. My question is ...
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217 views

How long was the hyper inflation phase?

How long was the hyper inflation phase? Haw can we know that it lasted for a period of time and not more or les time?
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Red shifting galaxies

I am an amateur astronomer please correct if any of my understandings are wrong. We all know that from the Hubble's ultra deep field image the most distant galaxies which were created shortly after ...