Questions tagged [cosmology]

Questions about the origin, history, evolution and fate of the Universe.

61 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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13
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0answers
524 views

How to determine scalar-to-tensor ratio r from CMB polarization spectrum?

CMB polarization spectrum can tell us about the primordial scalar and tensor perturbation. By analyze B and E mode angular spectrum power spectrum and temperature power spectrum we can determine the ...
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141 views

Estimating the tangential and cross component of the galaxy's shear using Gnomonic projection

I would like to know how I can estimate the tangential and cross component of the galaxy's shear using Gnomonic projection of the right ascension and declination the galaxies relate to the center of ...
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104 views

Why can primordial tensor perturbations of the CMB be ascribed to gravitational waves?

Why can primordial tensor perturbations of the CMB be ascribed to gravitational waves? Is this attribution unique, or are there other mechanisms that could lead to the excitation of tensor modes? In ...
6
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51 views

What is the history of the average pressure, density, and temperature of the matter in the universe over time?

This question is inspired by this more specific question where Cerelic wanted to know if conditions were suitable for liquid water to exist during an epoch when the characteristic temperature of the ...
5
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60 views

Reproduce and plot myself from a paper with appropriate scripts and Fisher/Covariance matrixes

I would like to reproduce and plot myself the figure below. This plot, even it begins to date, is full of informations for me. The paper is located here : paper Suzuki et al. 2011 I have contacted ...
4
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60 views

Medium sized Black Holes

For many years the existence of medium sized Black Holes (IMBH) have eluded scientists. BH of several times the mass of our sun have been found, as well as SMBH with millions of sun masses. SMBH's and ...
4
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58 views

Significantly blueshifted Lyman-$\alpha$

Lyman-$\alpha$ line in galaxies is notably known to show a double peaked profile, mainly due to its scattering in a moving medium, see e.g., the very recent Matthee et al. 2021, The X-SHOOTER Lyman-α ...
4
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44 views

How to place an observer in a cosmological simulation

Suppose I have a cosmological simulation with points in xyz space at a certain redshift in a cube like this: And I have these for many cubes of different redshifts say from z=0 to z=2. Now I want to ...
4
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90 views

From what distances do the atoms in you come from?

If the atoms of a human come from stars, comets, nebulas and magnetrons, then what is the greatest distance that two atoms of a human can possibly have been away from each other previously? Perhaps ...
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84 views

Does the cosmological principle apply to the entire universe?

Some cosmological models assume that the universe is isotropic and homogeneous and that is also flat and infinite. If the universe is infinite now it was infinite immediately after the big bang. If ...
3
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47 views

Why are CMB peak heights sensitive to the physical densities

A very simple question: why should it be that the CMB power spectrum allows constraints to be placed on the combination of parameters $$\omega_c = \Omega_c h^2$$ $$\omega_b = \Omega_b h^2$$ as opposed ...
3
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13 views

How, exactly, does the precise measurement of the CMB's polarization modes and temperature fluctuations tell us the value of Hubble's 'constant'?

Amidst all the talk a year and change ago about the value of the Hubble parameter reached by the Planck satellite team, and how it's value differed from the value reached by the 'distance-ladder' team(...
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39 views

Cross-correlations between Lagrange and Fourier synthesis

In the context of forecast for large surveys, I have to make cross-correlations between 2D (with angular coordinates of Lagrange transformation for GC photometric and Weak Lensing) and 3D (Fourier ...
3
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37 views

spectral index of primordial power spectrum

According to eq (7.62) here, the dimensionless primordial power spectrum takes a power law form: $$\mathcal P(k)=A_s\left(\frac{k}{k_0}\right)^{n_s-1},$$ with $n_s\approx 1$, i.e. $\mathcal P(k)$ is ...
3
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75 views

Cosmology : Formula for the bias of galaxies

first I have posted originally on the physics stackexchange but I have not had answers about my question, so I try my luck on this specific forum (if forums leaders want to delete the original post on ...
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240 views

Total number density of galaxies and problematic expression in practise

This post comes from physics exchange forum, I have transfered it here, maybe I will be luckier since I have not received answers on the other forum. Here is the issue : I am asked to give the ...
3
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99 views

What is the difference between Steinhardt's and Neil Turok's cyclic cosmology and Guth's inflationary model and Hartle, Hawking no boundry cosmology?

I have been reading some cosmology and need to ask the experts at this point some specific points. I must admit I am a little confused. There are a few models of the universe and may be necessary at ...
3
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149 views

What is the spectral power output of a typical galaxy?

I'm looking for a function which gives the typical isotropic spectral power of light emitted by an entire galaxy on the whole electromagnetic spectrum (in watts per frequency unit), as a function of ...
3
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54 views

Why is the E-mode polarization spectrum out of phase with the Temperature spectrum?

The E-mode polarization power spectrum of the Cosmic Microwave Background displays the same acoustic peaks that can be seen in the (more famed) temperature power spectrum. However, they are out of ...
3
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62 views

Available data on the Milky way around 1920

In a book by Alexander Moszkowski, there is an Einstein quote about a hypothetical size of the universe (100 million Light years). Moszkowski claims that Einstein had deduced that from the ...
3
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74 views

How exactly can the hypothetical conformal invariance of the CMB spectrum be established by analyzing tensor modes?

In the introduction of this paper at the top of p11, it is mentioned that a hypothetical enhancement of the scale invariance of the CMB spectrum to conformal invariance could potentially be ...
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42 views

How do we know or predict which particles were present before Big Bang Nucleosynthesis occurred?

I'm reading Carroll and Ostlie's "An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics". In the BBN section, they describe that the universe contains a mixture of photons, electron-positron pairs, and ...
2
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46 views

How can the CMB have a “monopole anisotropy”?

Wikipedia's Cosmic Microwave Background (CMBR) radiation monopole anisotropy (ℓ = 0) says When ℓ = 0, the ${\displaystyle Y(\theta ,\varphi )}{\displaystyle Y(\theta ,\varphi )}$ term reduced to 1, ...
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102 views

Clarifications about distances in cosmology

I would like to get clarifications about some usual notions of distances in cosmoogy. First, the comoving distance is the current distance of objets whose light ...
2
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0answers
55 views

Radio loud AGN restarting as Radio Quiet AGN?

Is it possible for a Radio-loud object (eg., an FRI galaxy) to evolve into a Radio-quiet (eg., a Seyfert) source? Also, can this happen via AGN restart? That is, have there been instances where the ...
2
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57 views

Get the expression of probed volume between 2 redshifts

1) I can't manage to find/justify the relation (1) below, from the common relation (2) of a volume. 2) It seems the variable r is actually the comoving distance and not comoving coordinates (with ...
2
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72 views

If time is not absolute and depends on the gravitational field, then why we keep using our own (particular) time in cosmology?

Sorry if my question is not really clear, but indeed it is not clear in my mind neither. But maybe some of you can help. Time is not absolute and can be affected by the gravitational potential. Now ...
2
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51 views

Is cosmological redshift caused due to expansion of space or distance traveled by light?

If the universe wasn't expanding, would light still be redshifted after traveling some distance? Is there a way of being sure that it's the expansion that causes light to redshift and not just a ...
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96 views

Is the Big Bounce Theory valid? If so does that mean all this have happened before?

IF the universe is just an infinite loop of events from expanding to contracting does that mean all this has happened before? The initial conditions for the next big bang would (or rather could) be ...
2
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86 views

Force to fix $\sigma_{8}$ or $A_{s}$ for Forecasts

In the context of Forecasts with Fisher's formalism, I make vary cosmological parameters to compute the elements of the Fisher matrix. First, I generate with CAMB code a linear power spectrum. Then, ...
2
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1answer
129 views

The energy density of DM (to be fluid,state parameter=-2)increases with time. Does it violate the concept of accelerating universe?

We know that dark energy with value of state parameter $\omega<-1$ is called phantom dark energy model. In this model if we assume dark energy to be a fluid with value of state parameter $\omega=-2$...
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68 views

Correction to inverse square law for cosmology

While reading about the discovery of quasars and the spectroscopic analysis of 3C 273 in this paper by Maarten Schmidt, I came across the following quote: At these distances, corrections to ...
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0answers
76 views

Efficiently calculating power spectra from galaxy catalogs

I am dealing with a problem which requires calculating either the correlation function or the power spectrum. At times, the 2-point-correlator seems the better route, at others, the PS. Right now I am ...
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0answers
111 views

How to derive the equation for the age of a flat universe with a positive cosmological term?

Can anyone show the steps involved in deriving this equation from the friedmann equation with the cosmological constant involved
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50 views

How the observed deuterium abundance constrains big bang nucleosynthesis?

I know deuterium can be used as a good tracer to constrain the big bang nucleosynthesis. But can anyone tell me the in details how this is actually done?
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105 views

Galactic Filaments and their connection to Galaxy centre

If alliptical galaxies seem to a line with their associated galactic filament and that orientation is related to connections between the mass of said galaxy and the dominating central object, which ...
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15 views

Calculating the equation of state parameter for matter

am a grad student in a cosmology class right now and I've got something of a head scratcher. "Assuming the velocity of the atomic particles can be described by a Maxwellian distribution, ...
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0answers
30 views

What are the pros and cons of angular cross-correlation in real space and harmonic space?

In observational cosmology people often measure and model cross-correlations between different tracer maps. There are generally two ways to measure cross-correlations: in real space (two-point ...
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21 views

Cosmological density fluctuation dependence on scale factor

I want to show that in the radiation-dominated era, $\delta_H^2 \propto a^{1-n}$. I know that the wavenumber corresponding to the Hubble scale goes like $a^{-1}$ and that $\delta_H^2 \propto k^3 P(k)$ ...
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0answers
15 views

Do apparent magnitude (V) and photometric magnitude (specifically in optical V band between 500-600 nm) have a similar scale to stellar magnitude?

I'm graphing a table and I used the magnitude values from this database https://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/VizieR-4 (It's the V/19/data catalog for "Masses and Ages of stars in 68 open clusters&...
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0answers
28 views

Particle horizon distance as $t \to \infty$

So I know that the particle horizon distance in our universe is about 46 billion light years. I also know that as $t \to \infty$, the particle horizon distance approaches a finite value. What is this ...
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11 views

Units of angle in comoving transverse distance calculation

For two objects at a redshift $z$, I know that the proper distance between them is given by $\delta \theta d_M(z)$, where $d_M(z)$ is the transverse comoving distance. What are the units of the angle ...
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22 views

Demonstration of scales for the two components (transverse and perpendicular) of Baryonic Acoustic Oscillations (BAO)

I transfer here a post that has not had any answer pn physics exchange, so I am going to delete this latter. Maybe I will have more luckiness here. In an astrophysics context about BAO (Baryonic ...
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0answers
35 views

Pivot scale in cosmology, CMB observatiion

What is a pivot scale, pivot frequency in general, and particularly in the cosmology? I don't get the idea. Almost everywhere I found the same the same sentence "we take the standard value of a ...
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35 views

Paper recommendations for career guidance

I'm an undergraduate student in astronomy and I'm one year from graduating, but I feel I still can't choose what career path I want to pursue. To date I've only had two courses of proper astrophysics ...
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0answers
34 views

Absorption line in quasar spectrum

I have quasar spectrum which includes emission and absorption lines. I need to find absorption lines in between 2 wavelength. How can I do it with coding?
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67 views

Formula to Compute sigma8 for correction in non-linear regime

I try to explain my issue on this forum since it seems to be appropriate. I need to apply a correction on $\sigma_{8}$ between linear and non-linear regime to keep it fixed (I make change the values ...
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0answers
54 views

How are constraints on dark energy improved the most?

Today we have various data available from independent probes to constrain dark energy, i.e. its equation of state $w$. These include Type 1a supernovae, BAO, CMB, large-scale galaxy surveys, etc. Are ...
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51 views

Deducing distance of closest neighbor galaxy from expression of correlation and mean galaxy density

The original post was on physics exchange but I prefer to move it here : I am trying to estimate the distance of closest galaxy neighbor knowing the expression of number of neighbors $\text{d}N$ into ...
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302 views

Correctly scaling Power Spectrum and Correlation Function of Galaxies from Mock Catalogues

I'm currently writing a code to compute the two-point correlation function of a set of galaxies. As I work with a loooot of galaxies, it was suggested to me not to do it in real space, but to compute ...