Questions tagged [dark-energy]

Questions regarding the as-yet-unknown energy permeating the universe that is responsible for its expansion.

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Can virtual particles with zero energy and non-zero momentum contribute to dark energy?

I know this is actually a physics question, but I can't ask anything there anymore and the same problem walks on my side on other forums... So, I take my chance to ask it here. A virtual particle is ...
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Is the dark matter/baryonic matter ratio the same in galaxies with supermassive black holes?

My hypothesis is that if the ratio of dark matter/matter in galaxies with supermassive(weighing billions of suns) black holes are higher the black hole itself would be made of a large portion of dark ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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How can it be justified that every discovery at z > 1 is an indication of "slowing down" or past deceleration?

Type Ia supernovae discoveries at high redshifts (z > 1) support past deceleration (Riess et al. 2001). This past deceleration has also been confirmed using quasars (z ≈ 6) (Risaliti and Lusso 2015)...
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Can primordial black holes comprise not only dark matter but also account for dark energy? [duplicate]

Hawking proposed primordial black holes might comprise dark matter. They certainly contribute then to dark energy via their mass and other energies; e.g. gravitational and kinetic. Does this account ...
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Does dark energy make galaxies expand over long periods of time?

Does dark energy expand galaxies slightly over time? I would think this could be verified easily (observe if galaxies far away / further in the past smaller and denser), and might make a good ...
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Can the Dark Matter / Energy problem be plausibly reframed as an ignorance of gravity problem?

I understand Dark Matter was originally proposed to explain the rotation rate of galaxies. The rate was not explained by observed matter, ergo there must be unobserved matter. An alternate explanation ...
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Why would a quantity like the 'Hubble contrast' be squared, then have its square root taken?

From Sabine Hossenfelder's recent video, New Evidence AGAINST Standard Cosmology: And her source.... Figure 2. The variation with increasing void radius of the variance of the Hubble parameter, the ...
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How much does the Higgs field contribute to the energy of empty space?

The Higgs field was not spontaneously broken when the universe was young and hot (like I am not...:)). At the very high temperature that existed back then, the Higgs' energy of the Higgs field was non-...
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How the data collected during 5 year DESI operation will be analyzed with regards to finding what dark energy really is?

Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument, or DESI at the end of it's 5 years operation will create the largest 3-D spectroscopic map of the universe. How the data collected during 5 year DESI operation ...
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Dark Matter Density Parameter Variation

The definition of the dark energy density parameter is $$\Omega_{\Lambda} = \frac{\epsilon_{\Lambda}}{\epsilon_c}$$ where $\epsilon$ is the energy density, $\Lambda$ subscripts represents dark energy ...
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Can Quantum tunneling be possible within Blackhole ? And if so, could that be the source of Dark Energy?

Quantum tunneling starts happening when there are empty energy states available for the electrons to occupy and the energy barrier is of the order of the wavefunction of the electrons. Could there be ...
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Energy conservation of the universe

I have tried to derive an equation for the total energy of the universe. I have found that, $$E(t)= \delta\dot a(t)^2a(t)\Omega(t)$$ Where $\delta$ is just a positive constant, a(t) is the scale ...
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Are virtual particles the dark energy that curves spacetime negatively?

Dark energy is said to be the cause of the accelerated expansion that all galaxies in the universe seem to have wrt each other. This is said to be caused by an accelerated expansion of space itself, ...
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How is it possible that a universe with mass does not have curvature?

I may know the answer to my question. Mass must curve the universe but the pressure due to energy density may curve the universe in the opposite direction, leading to a flat universe, if they exactly ...
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Demo to get Matter Power Spectrum in cosmology

I would like please to demonstrate the expression of Power spectrum in Cosmology : First, I have the relative contrast: $$\delta_{i}(\vec{x}, z) \equiv \rho_{i}(\vec{x}, z) / \bar{\rho}_{i}(z)-1\quad(...
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Could blackholes warping space-time create dark energy?

I think the effects of blackholes on the surrounding space is localised to a small area around the blackhole but I wondered if the largest blackholes at the centre of massive clusters could be a ...
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What are GEODEs?

Phys.org's Researchers predict location of novel candidate for mysterious dark energy says that GEODEs may explain the dark energy problem. I'm not an astronomer but I've never heard of GEODEs. I know ...
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Does the critical density of the Universe also include Dark Energy?

It is often said that it seems that the Universe is quite close to critical density (for example https://astronomy.swin.edu.au/cosmos/C/Critical+Density). Does this include Dark Energy as well (apart ...
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What is dark energy made of? [duplicate]

What are the fundamental constituents of Dark Energy? Can we quantize dark energy in the first place, if it is a kind of Energy?
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When will all other galaxies become not visible from Earth/Milky way?

I know that because of the universe expansion, at some point we will not see any other galaxies from Earth, and we will be able to see only our own galaxy. Does anyone have an origin or time ...
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3 votes
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Was Guth inflation propelled by what we now call "Dark Energy"?

The more powerful our telescopes become, the more we are able to see earlier and earlier remnants of Guth Inflation. Assuming that it makes sense to associate a location, BB, in space-time where the ...
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Definition of space - to cope with "space expansion"

I've searched quite a lot but found no satisfying definition, so please: How do we actually define space when talking of "space expansion"? Isn't it just a metric, a dimension we measure, instead of ...
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Why dimmer high-redshift supernovae means the expansion is accelerating, if the dilated region pertains the distant past?

I must be seeing this wrong, because it seems to me the data indicates faster expansion in the past, contrary to Adam Reiss' study that led to the birth of the notion of 'dark energy'. In Reiss' ...
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Formula to Compute sigma8 for correction in non-linear regime

I try to explain my issue on this forum since it seems to be appropriate. I need to apply a correction on $\sigma_{8}$ between linear and non-linear regime to keep it fixed (I make change the values ...
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8 votes
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How exactly will DESI simultaneously capture individual spectra from 5,000 galaxies using optical fibers?

The BBC News article Telescope tracks 35 million galaxies in Dark Energy hunt says: The aim of the five-year programme is to shed light on Dark Energy - the mysterious force thought to drive an ...
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The origins of Dark Matter/Dark Energy

Layman here with an affinity for astronomy, space and everything associated with it. I'm a big fan of the space oriented programs on the Discovery and Science channels and I was watching an episode ...
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Can expansion of space blueshift galaxies with respect to one another?

Suppose we have two galaxies in an otherwise devoid space, and suppose the galaxies are gravitating. Suddenly, dark energy kicks in, and accelerated expansion of space begins ... (1D force diagram. ...
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The energy density of DM (to be fluid,state parameter=-2)increases with time. Does it violate the concept of accelerating universe?

We know that dark energy with value of state parameter $\omega<-1$ is called phantom dark energy model. In this model if we assume dark energy to be a fluid with value of state parameter $\omega=-2$...
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Can dark energy or dark matter affect black holes

I was wondering if black holes are the greatest force of gravity how does other highly spoken about concepts such as dark energy or dark matter compare. Can a black hole absorb dark energy or dark ...
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Dark energy and light red shifting

When light is red shifted from distant galaxies, the photons have lost energy. When dark energy pushes objects apart, those objects have gained energy from a larger gravitational potential. Is the ...
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In what form was dark energy stored 6 billion years ago?

Bearing in mind the provisions of the 1st Law of Thermodynamics, which decrees that energy can neither be created nor destroyed, all the energy in the Universe must have been there at the time of the ...
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How are constraints on dark energy improved the most?

Today we have various data available from independent probes to constrain dark energy, i.e. its equation of state $w$. These include Type 1a supernovae, BAO, CMB, large-scale galaxy surveys, etc. Are ...
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4 votes
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Has the Big Crunch been ruled out?

If the dark energy equation of state $\omega$ evolves with time, and becomes larger, this would result in decelerated expansion and eventually a Big Crunch. If $\omega$ decreases with time, becoming ...
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1 vote
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If objects don't move when the universe expands, how can the expansion result in redshift?

I am approaching this topic from a layman's perspective and view this as a logic puzzle, but when someone tries to get me to accept the logic, I'm never convinced by their arguments. According to ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Are gravitational waves part of dark energy?

Do the current models of the universe consider the energy release of gravitational waves? E.g. iirc, the last black hole merger detected had a gravitational wave energy equal to ~3 solar masses (hope ...
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Can the Dark Energy be Pauli pressure?

Some neutrinos are fermions. There are quite of few of them out there. Could their degeneracy pressure give rise to an expansion force to explain Dark Energy?
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What was the process of calculating how much darkmatter/matter/dark energy the observable universe consists of and how did it come at this conclusion

In 2015 the Planck satellite consortium released an analysis of data collected by the Planck satellite that showed this percentage break down of the universe’s mass/energy. Ordinary matter: 4.9% ...
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Can eternal inflation and gravity explain dark energy?

First of all, I have absolutely no background in astronomy and physics. I just watch a lot of "i-hope-scientific" youtube channels talking about physics and astrophysics and I can kind of follow the ...
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Are there Dark Stars

In the visible universe, we have a lot of matter to energy conversion going on in stars. Is there an equivalent structure that is converting dark matter to dark energy?
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What is the closest candidate for Dark Matter currently?

I've both fascinated and frustrated after learning about the existence of Dark Matter. Can we find evidence of Dark Matter within our Solar system? What is currently the closest candidate for Dark ...
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Influences from outside the observable universe explaining dark energy and expansion?

Could some influence from outside the observable universe be causing the expansion?
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How might WFIRST help us better understand dark energy?

In the video linked in the Space.com article What Would It Mean for Astronomers If the WFIRST Space Telescope Is Killed?, (available in YouTube as WFIRST: The Best of Both Worlds) after ...
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Does gravity repel when dark energy is involved?

So I am currently reading the book We have no idea by Jorge Cham and Daniel Whiteson. In one of their chapters they talk about how gravity is a force that only attracts and doesn't repel, most of the ...
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2 votes
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Relationship between Dark Energy and Dark Matter

I have encountered two seemingly contradictory theories on this(I don't know which one of them is correct, or where I am wrong):- From Wikipedia: Measurements of cosmic microwave background (CMB) ...
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What is the distribution of dark energy?

Dark matter is not distributed evenly. It forms clouds, it concentrates in galaxies, it forms hairs around celestial bodies. A google search for dark energy distribution floods me with dark matter ...
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How does dark energy remain constant?

According to cosmological constant, dark energy should have a constant density but since the universe is expanding so is the volume of the universe and so should the mass of dark energy. But how does ...
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How strong is the gravity from half of the distant universe?

I would like to know, how strong would the gravity be from the distant universe if we were somehow able to remove half of it. For example, if everything behind us did not exist, how strongly would ...
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How strong is the gravitational stretch we experience from the edge of the universe?

How much gravitational effect do we experience (e.g. maybe -.00001 G or smaller) from the edge of the visible universe? By edge of the visible universe, I am talking about the region of the cosmic ...
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Could Dark Energy be a "Cosmic Gravity Background"

Could dark energy (the accelerating expansion of the universe) be the result of gravity from the dense past universe "pulling" outward from all directions? The universe theoretically started out ...
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Why is dark energy density given in grams per cm$^3?$

According to Wikipedia article, The density of dark energy ($~ 7 × 10^{−30} g/cm^3$) is very low, much less than the density of ordinary matter or dark matter within galaxies. However, it comes to ...
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