Questions tagged [earth]

Questions regarding the planet on which humans live; the third planet from the Sun.

19 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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How will the Solar tides affect the Earth's rotation once it is tidally locked to the Moon?

It is my understanding that the tidal forces of the Moon acting on Earth cause it to slow down its rotation and, because angular momentum is conserved, the Moon's orbit subsequently expands. This ...
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49 views

Simulate earth, moon, sun constellation with dates

I would like to simulate the three object distance, specifically the distance of the moon to both, sun and earth for further investigation into tide prediction. What would be a good starting point ...
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Do differentials in the Earth's density cause the flyby anomaly?

The flyby anomaly is an occasional, unpredictable, and as yet unexplained discrepancy in acceleration of satellites when they pass close by the Earth. It causes an increase of up to 13 mm/s during ...
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What's the first written record of the moon being tidally locked to the earth?

I couldn't find references as to who first noticed (wrote down) that the moon was tidally locked to the Earth. This, to me, doesn't seem obvious from first glance, and looks like something only found ...
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524 views

Earth-Centered Earth-Fixed coordinates with respect to heliocentric coordinate system at vernal equinox

I am trying to calculate the position of a point on the Earth's surface with respect to the Sun's center at a certain date and time. For what I am trying to do it is OK to ignore precession of Earth's ...
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59 views

Has the computed change of the axial tilt ever been measured?

Earth, the 3rd planet from the Sun, sometimes faces earthquakes and seaquakes that are so strong that they reportedly change the axial tilt and/or the rotation velocity. These changes are merely ...
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45 views

Keplerian Elements for the Moon and Earth around their Barycenter

So I'm looking to replicate the inner Solar System to a decent degree of accuracy. So far I've been utilizing the Keplerian Elements and Equations for the planets, as shown here. There is one issue ...
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39 views

What are the sources of antimatter particles in the magnetosphere?

The PAMELA instrument detected antimatter particles in the Earth's magnetosphere. What are the sources of these particles? The answer to Source of high energy cosmic particles outlines the sources ...
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98 views

Orbital decay of the Earth's orbit and Earth's moving closer to the Sun

If we consider orbital decay of the Earth's orbit, then can we counter argue with the following reasons? Due to tidal effects transferring small amounts of angular momentum from the Sun's spin to ...
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178 views

How does Ptolemy prove in the following excerpt that the Earth could not be outside of the axis spanning between the poles of the celestial sphere

I have trouble interpreting the following excerpt: “Against the first of these three positions militate the following arguments. If we imagined [the earth] removed towards the zenith or the nadir ...
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73 views

How does earth rotation affect rain

How is rain related to earth rotation? Suppose the earth rotation slowed down gradually to a third of its current speed. Will that affect the rain? If the earth stopped rotating on its axis completely,...
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60 views

Where and when will someone on Earth be standing with the floor parallel to the Ecliptic plane?

I have been trying to figure this out and I think the answer might be - once per day for anyone living on the Tropic of Cancer or Capricorn. Is that right? To be clear - I want to know where on Earth ...
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67 views

Orbitally convenient Mars-to-Earth transit times?

Are there any peculiar solar system layouts that would result in highly efficient transits between Mars-to-Earth? I am aware of a Hohmann transfer orbit, but can other planets be used to "sling-shot" ...
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Angle of the Sun during winter solstice

What is the angle of the Sun on the eastern horizon at 35° latitude if it is the winter solstice?
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48 views

Angle between earth's angular momentum and earth's axis

I think this picture is correct because for earth astronomical day is slightly shorter than solar day. (Is it a rule of thumb for planets? Where can I read such data?) Source So the angle between ...
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107 views

Just out of curiosity. What's this curvature per unit length for a sphere? I see a lot of flat earthers using it.

I've seen most flat earthers mention if earth was a sphere the earth should curve at x value per unit length. Is that even a proper logic? Radius of curvature is constant for sphere and a circle of a ...
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64 views

Earth shape and rotation

Imagine a helicopter that took off from point A and goes vertically in the air to a certain fixed point B in the atmospheric area at a certain fixed altitude with enough fuel to stay there (at point ...
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28 views

How do I calculate the elevation angle to the horizon?

I'm creating an app to visualize the southern area of the moon from a first-person perspective. I'm trying to determine if a point on the surface is a "checkpoint," where the elevation angle ...
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50 views

Astronomical events and Celebrations

In the past people celebrated important astronomical events and some of those events are still celebrated in some cultures and traditions. For example: March/September equinox, New Moon, Winter/...