Questions tagged [ephemeris]

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How to easily find out the periods when a planet gets into retrograde?

How to easily find out the periods when a planet gets into retrograde? for eg I want to find out all the periods, in last 5 thousand years, when mars goes into retrograde in Sidereal Scorpion? Is ...
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87 views

Can I calculate the apparent position of comet NEOWISE C/2020 F3 from a topographic position with Skyfield?

I'd like to get .altaz(next_several_weeks) of this comet from Skyfield and .separation_from() other planets. It reads the JPL ...
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218 views

Understanding the JPL Ephemerides

I'm working on an animation that replicates our Solar System. I know this has been done before, but I'm working on something that requires me to make one myself. With that being said, I'm having a ...
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46 views

Determining moonset time from Nautical Almanac

I have recently learnt to determine moonrise and moonset times using the Nautical Almanac, as part of my maritime navigation course. I have a query regarding the determination of moonset times. I will ...
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92 views

Implementing the VSOP-2000 Ephemeris

For a project I'm doing, I need to implement the VSOP-2000 ephemeris for the Moon. However, unlike VSOP-87, there is little to no documentation online on how to use the data. For example, here is the ...
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65 views

How accurate should sun\moon ephemeris be for calculating eclipses?

I am writing a program to simulate eclipses for about -2000 to 6000. My question is, how accurate does my ephemeris for the sun and moon have to be to get a decent accuracy for eclipses? I currently ...
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1answer
20 views

Is it correct to say vertical conjunction?

This question is related to this one: Are we seeing a conjunction these mornings? Last Feb 27, the a reporter said that, the day before, at sunset, Venus and the Moon were in vertical conjunction. Is ...
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1answer
149 views

Precision in the measurement of the distance to the Sun

How precisely can the distance to the Sun be measured? Wikipedia says the distance to the Moon can be measured upto millimeter precision. But Wikipedia article on distance to the Sun says only about ...
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84 views

How can I calculate 27 tropical/solar year since my birthdate?

Let's say I was born on 27th November 1993 at 03:15:15 AM. Is there any way I can calculate exact 27 tropical cycle since my birthdate/birthtime. What date and what time it will be after exact 27 ...
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1answer
50 views

L2 point ephemeris (celestial mechanics)

I'm a master student and I am trying to get the L2 ephemeris for some calculations in my master's project. It was kinda hard to find a file with the L2 ephemeris, but once I found it, I tried the next ...
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3k views

Why does the Earth have a z-component at the start of the J2000 epoch?

When I go to the NASA HORIZONS webpage https://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/horizons.cgi and ask for the VECTOR coordinates of the Earth on 1 January 2000, it tells me that Earth has the following coordinates ...
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How to choose between methods to resample/interpolate ephemeris state vectors? Are there recognized techniques for orbital data?

I have ephemeris data for state vectors of a satellite in a J2000.0 coordinate system. This data is already filtered and cleaned. The data sample rate ranges between 1 second and 60 seconds, and I ...
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1answer
1k views

How to calculate the ground track of the Moon's position on the Earth's surface?

I would like to project the Moon's position on to the surface of the Earth, starting with its position expressed as Right Ascension in degrees. I know that the declination of the Moon corresponds to ...
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1answer
593 views

How to get ephemeris data for location?

How can I obtain ephemeris data which fits to a specific location? Differently phrased: I need ephemeris data of satellites which orbited a specific location. Is there a document where I can look up ...
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253 views

Calculating right ascension for two planets and their separation using python

I am experimenting with the Python library PyEphem for astronomy, and I am trying to recreate/understand some of the basic calculations there. There is a function called separation that, given two ...
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217 views

Why is the time between equinoxes different?

The path of the Earth around the sun is described as being an ellipse, with the Sun being at one of the foci of the ellipse. Since an ellipse, by definition, is symmetrical with respect to the foci, ...
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130 views

Predicting accurate time of local sunrise in mountainous area?

Is there any software which will tell me accurately at what moment any part of the solar disk will become from a specific point on the ground taking account of terrain. I feel like Google maps should ...
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185 views

Ephemeris data mismatch between Nasa Horizonz and Astro.com

I have tried to compare the Ephemeris data from Nasa's Horizons with ephemeris tables from astro.com. And they do not match. Example: Date: 22th of July 2018. Body: Mars. Time 00:00 UT Horizons: 309 ...
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139 views

What are the problems that need to be taken in consideration when trying to find planetary position by using jpl ephemerides?

I'm currently trying to determine the position of the sun and the moon from jpl ephemeris DE200 which is referred to the dynamical equator and equinox of 2000 and uses tdb time. I am using the j2000 ...
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69 views

What is the official classification and naming system of objects in the universe(, or what would my URI look like)?

Poetic human centric approach: Universe/Laniakea/Virgo/MilkyWay/Sol/Earth/Humans/AndreasT Little bit more technical: ...
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1answer
97 views

Which kernel does HORIZONS get the Geometric Albedo from?

I am new to using SPICE and the SPICE Toolkit. My goal is to extract body radius, albedo, and distance from the sun of a number of solar system objects. The tools provided by NAIF are great and I ...
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75 views

Where to get rate of change for calculating ephemeris from JPL Horizons

I have a working implementation of Schlyter's method for calculating the Sun's position. I would like to know how Schlyter got the 3.24587E-5_deg in the following calculation for Mercury. ...
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238 views

Finding Asteroid Geocentric Longitude and Latitude

I started using the software that comes with Jean Meeus book Astronomical Algorithms. I am now using the updated code from naughter(dot)com/aa.html. I am able to calculate the heliocentric longitude ...
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881 views

where to obtain ephemeris data for geodesy satellites?

Is anyone aware of where one can obtain ephemeris data in Geocentric Celestial Reference Systems (GCRS) coordinates for a geodesy satellite such as LAGEOS (It doesn't really matter which mission)? Or, ...
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483 views

Converting Earth Moon Barycenter coordinate to Geocentric coordinate

I have Earth Moon Barycenter coordinate (J2000) generated from VSOP2013 in Astronomical Units, ...
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1answer
326 views

How to visually chart HORIZON ephemeris

I'm trying to build a 3D model of the Sun, Earth and Moon in in Javascript (using Three.JS, which relies on x,y,z coordinates for all objects) in order to simulate the Aug. 21 eclipse. I've ...
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681 views

calculating lunar phases

Given a date, I'd like to return the lunar phase. Jean Meeus's Astronomical Algorithms book and the many packages like PyEphem that make use its algorithms provide ways to calculate when a primary ...
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316 views

How Can I Interpolate Ephemerides?

I have two ephemerides for orbital elements—that is, each contains $a$ (semi-major axis), $e$ (ecc.), $i$ (incl.), $\Omega$ (long. asc. node), $\omega$ (arg. of peri.), $\tau$ (time of peri.), $T$ (...
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160 views

JPL DE Documentation

I'm currently trying to write a C++ library that makes accessing binary data from a JPL ephemeris file easier. So far I sifted through the web, trying to find a good and thorough documentation about ...
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59 views

Is there an English translation of the Parisian Alfonsine tables

I'm interested in the Alfonsine tables published in Paris in the 1400s. I know there is an English translation of what survived of earlier Alfonsine tables from Castile, but that's not what I'm ...
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3k views

How to calculate the current distance between two planets [duplicate]

I'd like to add a feature to one of my apps that calculates the current distance between the Earth and Mars (or any other planet, for that matter). My google searches have led me to statistics of ...
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61 views

How can we map masses orbiting the outer Solar System by determining the orbits of planets and smaller objects?

Neptune was discovered 170 years ago with the help of observations of Uranus' orbit. A great demonstration of the scientific principle for its time. Recently, Earth and cis-Lunar based radio ...
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Did the Juno mission locate Jupiter at the same precision as Saturn (4 km)?

Juno's low perijove should be great for measuring Jupiter's gravitational effect on Juno's orbit. Cassini together with VLBI has measured Saturn's location to within 4 km. Will Was Juno be able to ...
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237 views

Exactly what in Saturn has been located to within 4 km precision?

Saturn has been located with fantastic precision thanks to Cassini and VLBI. The location of the 120,000 km diameter giant planet (when defining the 1 bar pressure level as its surface) is known to ...