Questions tagged [expansion]

Questions about the increase with time of distance between two distant points in the Universe.

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16
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2answers
1k views

Are there any galaxies which fell out of sight horizon due to cosmic expansion?

If farthest galaxies run away from us with acceleration making them exceed speed of light, we should expect them to disappear from sky among time with increasing quantity. Did we observe this? Can we ...
10
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1answer
2k views

Will we start seeing galaxies disappear due to Universe expansion? [duplicate]

Does the fact that universe is currently expanding at an accelerating rate means that far far away objects (FAO) might start disappearing with time, set aside the "red shift"? I'm saying this ...
21
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2answers
744 views

Space expansion in layman terms

So far I got to understand the expansion of space is not to be understood as stars drifting further apart through space. There's something more fundamental - e.g. you can't simply measure speed of it, ...
13
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4answers
2k views

Do all objects get larger in an “expanding universe”?

I'm envisioning an analogy of the universe as a plane with marbles in that plane to represent different planets. Now, if this plane expands how does this work? I assume that it is not like 'nothing' ...
3
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3answers
724 views

How can the universe be expanding faster than speed of light? [duplicate]

So the story goes like this: A long time ago, 13.799±0.021 billion years to be exact, something happened. It was a big bang, loud explosion and universe came to existence. It grew and grew, and now ...
9
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1answer
2k views

In km/h, what actually is the “speed” of Andromeda away from us: cosmologically?

Andromeda is about 2.5 million ly away. Actually, in this universe, at what "speed" (in km/h) are two objects separating cosmologically - I mean strictly due to the "expansion of the universe" - if ...
8
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2answers
501 views

How does the concept of a universe with no center work?

I understand basically that the universe is homogenous (looks the same from every point) and I was told in my astro class that it's supposed to have no center, but how that works boggles my mind. I ...
19
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1answer
669 views

On what scale does the universe expand?

According to the theory (or my understanding of it), the universe is not only expanding, but speeding up. If the galaxies are moving apart, are the solar systems within them also moving apart from ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Evolution of the Hubble parameter

In the lambda-CDM model describing an accelerating Universe, the Hubble parameter is currently decreasing with time. Will it continue to decrease forever?
9
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2answers
164 views

Expansion of Space

If Space is expanding between the Galaxies then why isn't it also expanding between the Stars within the Galaxies as well ? In fact why isn't Space expanding within our Solar System ?
6
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2answers
389 views

Is the universe expanding faster than speed of light?

The celestial bodies like stars and galaxies are moving away from each other. How fast are they moving apart? Is that speed more than the speed of light?
8
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3answers
610 views

Cosmological redshift vs doppler redshift

I'm reading Harrison's "Cosmology: Science of the universe" because Harrison focuses on the distinction between cosmological redshift (he calls it expansion redshift) and the Doppler redshift. He ...
4
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1answer
108 views

Why would all places appear to be at the center of the universe's expansion?

I just watched an iMax planetarium video that claimed that no matter where you are in the universe, it will appear that you are at the center of the universe and all things are expanding away from you....
8
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2answers
306 views

Expansion again: where does the energy come from?

Is it sensible to ask for the overall increase in potential energy when looking at the baryonic mass in the universe moving away from each other, that is, moving against the direction of the force ...
8
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3answers
3k views

When the universe expands does it create new space, matter, or something else?

I am wondering what exactly is meant when it is said the universe expands. Does it simply create new space for matter to fill, does it also create new matter/dark matter to fill that space, or am I ...
6
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3answers
336 views

How is the Milky Way on a collision course with Andromeda when the universe is expanding? [duplicate]

At some time in the future it is said our galaxy will collide with Andromeda. Yet at the same time the universe is expanding at a ever-accelerating pace. Using the old raisin-in-the-baking-loaf-of-...
5
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1answer
2k views

Redshift for gravitational waves?

According to general relativity, would gravitational waves experience the same sort of redshift that electromagnetic waves experience due to the expansion of the universe? And are there astrophysical ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Does the universe expand at the same rate everywhere in the universe?

Specifically, I am wondering if some areas of the universe expand faster than other areas and whether the faster expanding areas diffuse the expansion through the slower expanding areas or does the ...
3
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1answer
214 views

How could we tell if the Universe is infinite? [duplicate]

I've heard from a number of people that the Universe is infinite, and from my perspective, I can't see how this can actually be known, especially given that the Universe started out a finite size and ...
7
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1answer
139 views

How far would EGSY8p7 be away now?

Apparently EGSY8p7 is the object with the longest light travel distance, 13.2 gly or a redshift of z = 8.68 (Wikipedia). So the light took 13.2 billion years to travel to us from that object, but we ...
21
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2answers
1k views

Where does the energy of light go, when it red-shifts?

When talking about the expansion of the universe, it is said that it can be proven by the red-shifting of light.(As we would need higher than lightspeed to get this redshift by the Doppler effect) I ...
14
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1answer
2k views

How many galaxies disappear beyond the Hubble Bubble horizon every year now? [duplicate]

The accelerating expansion of space means that the space between us and far away galaxies expands faster than light can travel through space. There is a horizon of possible observation beyond which ...
9
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6answers
821 views

Are there other proofs of the expanding universe apart from the redshift?

The theory of the expanding universe is so widely accepted, that the redshift is sometimes used as a measure of distance to far away galaxies. But is it still possible that the redshift is caused by ...
8
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1answer
233 views

Dark Energy Expansion

The new Cosmos extra features mentions that at about 6,771,500,000 years ago the universe began an accelerated expansion. How do we know this? What evidence do we have for this renewed and accelerated ...
7
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7answers
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How can an infinite universe expand?

I understand the expansion of the universe as actually an increase in the ratio of space to matter. Is this a correct understanding? Otherwise, I don't understand how an infinite structure can expand....
5
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3answers
495 views

How did scientists come to the conclusion that it is space that is expanding?

How did scientists come to the conclusion that it is space that is expanding and not galaxies moving away from each other as in a giant explosion?
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2answers
196 views

Contradict the expansion of the universe?

Lets say that we observe in a distant galaxy cluster, which in all the galaxies move far away from us. and here we see in the same cluster a galaxy that move away from us in a much lower velocity ...
11
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1answer
474 views

Will gravitational waves too far away ever reach us?

Gravity is the curvature of spacetime, and its effects travel at lightspeed. However, space is expanding; eventually, light from distant galaxies will become more and more redshifted, and we will no ...
7
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5answers
1k views

How is the Universe's Expansion Accelerating if the Hubble Constant is Decreasing?

I am just getting into the field of cosmology and was wondering what it means practically to say that the Hubble Constant is decreasing while the expansion rate of the Universe is accelerating. I am ...
6
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1answer
73 views

If an object 1 billion light years away emits light, does it take more than 1 billion years to reach us because of the expansion of the universe?

From page 7 of the recent (September 26, 2020) edition of Science News Magazine: Detected May 21, 2019, the gravitational waves came from a source about 17 billion light-years from Earth, making this ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Angular Diameter Distance

The definition of the angular diameter distance is the ratio of an object's physical transverse size to its angular size. However when I was reading my textbook, Astrophysics in a Nutshell by Dan Maoz ...
4
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3answers
2k views

Do objects look larger the further away they are, beyond z=1?

I stumbled upon this text which illustrates and says: We find that as the object is moved to higher redshifts its angular size first decreases (as naively expected) but soon begins to increase ...
3
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2answers
467 views

Conundrum involving distance to object, universal expansion, age of universe, etc

I was recently reading about a galaxy or quasar (not sure which, so lets just say quasar) where the estimated distance to this thing was some very significant fraction of the age of the universe. ...
3
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2answers
173 views

How to disentangle a very distant star's relative velocity vs. redshift distance

We measure a star's relative velocity towards or away from us via its Doppler-shifted spectrum. This is also how we measure the distance of very distant stars: measuring the shifts in the spectrum ...
2
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3answers
214 views

If the expansion of the universe is speeding up, how long until everything nears the speed of light, and what would happen?

Since dark energy is causing everything to speed up infinitely, wouldn't everything near the speed of light? And since it's nearing the speed of light, wouldn't all kinds of strange things start ...
2
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2answers
146 views

Are galaxies expanding away from us at more than the speed of light? [duplicate]

If you go to the following video, at this certain time: https://youtu.be/Iy7NzjCmUf0?t=435 you will see that the narrator says: "We simply don't know what else is out there because the light from ...
2
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1answer
159 views

Are galaxies moving away with constant acceleration?

Suppose that we could measure the current acceleration with respect to us of a distant galaxy chosen at random in our observable universe (Ignore the peculiar motion of the galaxy). Is the ...