Questions tagged [gravity]

Questions regarding the attractive force which exists between any two bodies of matter.

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Spacetime superfluid

I was wondering if space-time was a superfluid ,and energy excites the particles which make up this superfluid we cannot do experiments in particle accelerators just the energy is too high there.In ...
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How can neutron stars have gaseous atmospheres?

Neutron stars can have small atmospheres. However, they also have extremely strong gravitationally pulls. Shouldn't the all the gas molecules be drawn to the star's surface, and become solids under ...
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This article says the moon may start moving closer to the Earth in the distant future; could this be true?

Bruce Dorminey wrote an article for Forbes with the title of "Earth And Moon May Be On Long-Term Collision Course". The article notes: "For now, our anomalously large Moon is spinning ...
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Can air/gas be slowed down by friction [closed]

Can wind/air that is moving at average speeds be slowed down by the cause of Friction? Also, Can Air bubbles in water be slowed down because of Friction? Please cite your sources.
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How spaghettification is possible at the Event Horizon of a supermassive black hole?

if gravity is too strong then it will break a object apart as gravity is strong enough to break the chemical composition of object why we consider "Spaghettification" relevant in this case ?
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If the Sun disappeared, could some planets form a new orbital system?

If the sun were to suddenly disappear, the planets would continue to travel tangentially to their former orbits. (This I know from this answer to a somewhat related question here.) In such a scenario, ...
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Would you fall down faster on Mars or on Earth? (and how would that compare to Venus?)

You're flying in a hot air balloon, reaching the altitude of $10\textrm{ km}$, having an adamantium skeleton and superfast regenerative abilities, you jump down without fear of hitting the ground. ...
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How much lighter would someone be on the Jupiter-facing side of Io?

Io is the Galilean moon closest to Jupiter. Its average surface gravity is 0.183g and it has a tidal lock with Jupiter. So if you stood on the near side of Io at the equator, how much lighter would ...
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Orbital decay via gravitational emission in a hypothetical, two-body universe

Assume we have a universe with nothing in it except for two objects. One of them is a stationary object that is perfectly spherical with the mass of the Moon (without any atmosphere, of course; also, ...
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A neutron star without a flat surface and an atmosphere?

In the Kurzgesagt video Atoms As Big As Mountains — Neutron Stars Explained they state that neutron stars have an atmosphere that reaches about 10 centimeters above the surface. How is this possible?...
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How do pressure, temperature, and gravity affect a smaller body than Earth with the same bulk composition?

Earth has a density of about ${\rm 5.513 ~g/cm^3}$ with one Earth radius and one $g$. Venus, a very similar planet to Earth and likely with about the same bulk composition, has a density of about ${\...
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Can electromagnetic waves be affected by gravity? [closed]

Can electromagnetic waves change their properties in the presence of gravity?
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Astrophysical Jet Size?

I am wondering about what is the estimated size of astrophysical jet that shoots out from a black hole, I don’t know if it is determined by the size of a black hole. What would classify a black hole ...
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Are black holes solely responsible for hyper velocity stars?

I read that the stars orbiting around Sagittarius A* (a.k.a the supermassive black hole located at the heart of the Milky Way) move very fast (many times faster than our Sun moves across the galaxy), ...
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Existence of gravitons?

For a lot of my uninformed life, I have doubted the existence of gravitons or even that gravity is an actual "force" (like electromagnetism). This is because my vision of general relativity was that ...
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1answer
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Is their any clue where gravitons come from?

Everything which has mass has gravity. Some theories hypothesis that gravitons are responsible for that, but do they have any clue where they come from? Like gluons are interacting between quarks and ...
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What did LIGO Actually See? (Gravitational waves discovery)

I am trying to find an original video/image of what LIGO actually saw, but all I can find is artist renditions of gravitational waves.
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Higgs Bosons in the centre of Black holes or extremely large stars [closed]

With the discovery of the Higgs Boson as the mass carrier, what is the possibility at the centre of a black hole being so dense and gravity so infinite that the structure of a proton or neutron are ...
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LIGO gravitational wave chirp signal frequency

This question is about the LIGO gravitational wave signals' frequency. The signals start from about 35 Hz to peak at about 250 Hz, giving evidence of gravitational waves. The question is about the ...
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Assume that a star has a uniform mass density. Then how does the temperature scale as a function of the distance to the center?

Assume that a star has a uniform mass density. Then how does the temperature scale as a function of the distance to the center? Note: I am not looking for an answer that involves derivations or ...
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Change in axis of the Earth if the Moon would dissappear [closed]

I read that, if the moon would not be there or if it would dissapear or be destroyed it could cause the earth to rotate into a possible axis of 45° degrees. Because it would be missing the ...
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Earth shape and rotation

Imagine a helicopter that took off from point A and goes vertically in the air to a certain fixed point B in the atmospheric area at a certain fixed altitude with enough fuel to stay there (at point ...
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1answer
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Finding the radius of an eccentric orbit at any point

Knowing the apoapsis, periapsis and therefore period of an orbit, how can I find the radius of an object in an orbit at a given angle or time, whichever is needed. For example, if I have an object m ...
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Gravitational attraction of Sun on distant object

A hypothetical situation which will help me with a real-life problem. Several stationary objects are placed at great distances from our Sun -- say 0.1 light year, 0.5 ly, 1.0 ly. Assuming no other ...
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In space, can you tell that you're flying sideways? [closed]

Imagine a vehicle like the dragon capsule, but the chair is on the bottom and facing forward, and the thrusters are directly behind it as illustrated above. When flying in space towards some planet, ...
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In 'Modified gravity' theories like MOND, are galaxies and stars actually, slowly accelerating? In the normal sense? normal

In M.O.N.D., they say that massive objects, accelerating slowly, experience this modified gravity... But, are they actually gaining in velocity, albeit very slowly? Or are the MOND theorists using the ...
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Is there any orbit at which the Roche limit can be “felt”?

Do any of the planets have a Roche limit that is strong enough to be felt by an astronaut whilst in orbit?
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Will there be any more planets come into our solar system and make it their “home”?

Could we have more planets come into our system and get trapped by our suns gravitational field and rotate?
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New evidence against the existence of dark matter?

I've just read and heard about an article which gives new evidence for MOND - Modified Newtonian Dynamics, which is an alternative to dark matter by proposing that our gravitational law should be ...
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1answer
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Recent research regarding if the local group of galaxies will remain bound to the Virgo Cluster?

The question of if the local group of galaxies will remain bound to the Virgo Cluster has been asked before (Is the local group bound to the Virgo cluster?). I am wondering if there is any more recent ...
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658 views

Earth's gravitational pull on ISS

How do they make International space station to orbit the earth beyond Earth's gravity acting on it? We all know that ISS is rotating at an altitude of just 350km away. How could the ISS escape Earth'...
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I need to study space, planets and black holes, how do I study them on my own [closed]

I need to study space, planets and black holes, how do I study them on my own, knowing that I am an Arab and I do not know English. I use translation applications. I speak with you. Can you help me ...
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1answer
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Will 1036 Ganymed's orbit be changed by its close encounter with Mars in 2176?

In 2176, the asteroid Ganymed will come as close as 0.02868 AU (4,290,000 km / 2,670,000 mi) from Mars. That's pretty close to Mars imho. Can Mars' gravity alter Ganymed's orbit significantly in 2176 ...
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How to conceptualize the strong equivalence principle (SEP) in the context of stellar motion in an extragalactic galaxy?

In the theory of general relativity, the SEP states all the laws of nature are the same in a uniform static gravitational field and the equivalent accelerated reference frame. I've been reading the ...
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Is Jupiter really shepherding the main belt, and Neptune the Kuiper belt?

By "dominating another object's orbit" my understanding is that the most massive body's gravity has so much influence that, when they come close, it makes the other body/bodies' orbits shift ...
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What is the mass for a celestial body to definitely achieve hydrostatic equilibrium?

While these posts (attempt to) answer what the minimum mass is to be able to achieve an ellipsoidal shape, my question asks for the mass at which a body definitely collapses into an ellipsoid. Meaning,...
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How does a planet-sized robot standing on a planet affect its gravity? [closed]

I originally asked this at the sci-fi exchange but was told it was off-topic as it was about real-world science. Here is a picture of Unicron standing on top of the planet Cybertron, as written by ...
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Do some galaxies collide faster than the speed of light?

If some galaxies expand away from each other faster than the speed of light then do they collide faster than the speed of light? Update 1: I guess my question is what's the max speed/velocity at ...
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Correlation between supermassive black hole properties and galaxy rotation speed

Is there any correlation between the size or spin - or any other properties - of a galaxy's central supermassive black hole and the speed of galaxy rotation (which I think would also be proportional ...
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1answer
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How to determine the mass of a galaxy?

I am having a slight disagreement with my professor. We can measure the mass of a distant star cluster from: A.Its color B.Its radius C.Its metallicity D.Smearing of lines in its total spectrum My ...
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What makes protoplanetary disks start rotating? (Initial energy needed to rotate)

Planets form from a protoplanetary disk that has been rotating around its star. The initial energy that makes them rotate really matters to me. Why did the protoplanetary disk start rotating around ...
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How can a supernova cause a gravitational wave?

With the recent results of LIGO, I read a lot how limited the detection capabilities where and how one could only expect to measure the most extreme events like black hole mergers and supernovae. I ...
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what is gravitational force?

Gravitational force is particle or wave? I know that gravitation depend of the mass and the rotation speed but what is the transmission medium of this wave the same like transmission medium of the ...
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What are “non-Keplerian” orbits? What are some familiar examples in our solar system, and can some still be closed?

This excellent answer to Forms of stellar orbits around the galactic center invokes the following concepts: non-Keplerian orbits closed orbits I have a fairly good idea what these mean and so might ...
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Question about redshift and effective gravity at the rotating neutron star surface

For a rapidly rotating neutron star, if consider the star as a sphere, redshift at the equator surface will be larger than at the pole. But if consider the star as an obsolate sphereiod (the ellipsoid ...
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Was there ever a meteorite with a measurable gravity?

Did we ever find a meteorite (a meteoroid that has fallen down to Earth) whose mass, density and gravity were high enough to demonstrate their gravity similar to the Cavendish experiment, so that ...
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Do planets have effect on velocity of Earth?

There is method for finding extrasolar planets called Transit-timing variation. If I understood correctly, exoplanets accelerate or decelerate each other (according on their position), so we can ...
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How small could an orbital system be in our solar system?

Answers to How does the Sun's gravity have so much force and pull on the solar system? How does it scale? Newton's law of gravity scales on orbits so that we can theorize very small orbits with very ...
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How does the Sun's gravity have so much force and pull on the solar system? How does it scale?

Watched this video: https://fb.watch/1U0vCFBr0L/ Ok, so the distances are huge. And the sizes are much different. But I wonder how then the sun keeps the planets etc. orbiting it. If we swap out all ...
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How to project an arbitrary elliptical orbit onto the night sky plane?

An ellipse E is arbitrarily oriented in 3-D space with the origin at one of its foci. Use the standard elements provided in the figure. Assume the reference direction $\gamma$ or $\gamma'$ is the ...

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