Questions tagged [gravity]

Questions regarding the attractive force which exists between any two bodies of matter.

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18
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1answer
5k views

Moon's unusual gravity

We know that the Moon's gravity is about one-sixth that of Earth. Then I recently read that the mass of the Moon is about one-eightieth the mass of Earth. Since gravity depends on the mass of the 2 ...
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How do I calculate the Hill radius of a star in a binary system?

Is there an easy way to calculate the Hill radius of a star in a binary system at different orbital radii where both stars are of the same mass and in circular orbit around one another’s centre of ...
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1answer
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A Sky Map of Gravity - what would it look like?

PREAMBLE Sky Maps exist which show the distribution and intensity of electromagnetic radiation received on Earth at various wavelengths. An obvious form is a map of the stars (Star Chart). Maps ...
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2answers
744 views

Is there a better explanation of Hawking radiation?

I'm writing a piece on Hawking radiation, and find I have something of a problem. The "given" explanation which I find on Wikipedia and elsewhere is unsatisfactory: "Physical insight into the ...
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Doppler Shift Vs Gravity Assist for Frequency Shifts from Rotating Galaxies

Frequency Shift of Light Leaving Rotating Galaxies: Differences in Doppler Shift due to Radial Velocity Vs Frequency Shift due to Gravity Assist from a Rotating Galaxy A description of estimating ...
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1answer
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Can the moon's gravity influence be observed on the space station's orbit?

In browsing through Astronomy Stack Exchange, I came across this question about orbiting the moon (Is it possible to achieve a stable "lunarstationary" orbit around the moon?). In further ...
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4answers
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Is Earth's Surface “In orbit”?

I'm having trouble understanding relative angular/tangential speeds at increasing altitudes above Earth's surface. In particular, I find this comparison of tangential velocities on Wikipedia very ...
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2answers
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How to determine the orbital period of an asteroid using Kepler laws given its orbit's radius?

Given that the mean distance of an asteroid from the Sun is $450 \times 10^6$ km is it possible that the asteroid completes one rotation around the Sun in two years? According to the third law of ...
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4answers
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Why does gravity make everything round?

I am studying ways to make an anti-gravity machine (!!). I believe it can be done, or theoretically be done using gravity itself as a "force" that pushes outwards instead of inwards. A similar ...
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1answer
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Can we use Breakthrough Starshot spacecraft to detect any unknown massive object in our solar system?

For example, the hypothetical Planet Nine. Since we just want to prove or rule out the existence of Planet Nine in our solar system, we can avoid most of the technical challenges for StarChip (camera ...
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Gravitational Properties of Asteroids

How large would an asteroid have to be in order to hold a person so that the person could not escape?
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Rocket Equation from Newton’s 3rd Law, Force of Gravitation, and dp/dt [closed]

I am using the derivative of momentum (dp/dt) with Newton’s 3rd Law with the gravitational force of Earth.   $$ F - F_{gravity} = \dfrac{\mathrm{d}p}{\mathrm{d}t} \\ F - \dfrac{G \, m_e \, m_r}{...
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Could light be dark matter?

Is it possible that light itself is dark matter? I am speaking of photons (e.g. visible light, infrared, ultraviolet, etc...). I realize light is understood to be massless, but it is obvious it at ...
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2answers
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The dominance of Gravity vs Strength and its dependency on crater size

So I am trying to write a research paper (about 3700 words) for high school about the topic "The dominance of Gravity vs Strength and its dependency on crater size" or something similar. I have ...
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1answer
192 views

Do gravitationally bound (e.g. orbiting) objects really resist the expansion of space?

Thinking about the expansion of space, it is commonly explained that gravitationally bound objects (like galaxies and galaxy clusters) will not be affected by the expansion of space (dark energy). I ...
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1answer
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How is Earth's gravity modelled?

The Earth does not have a defined geometric shape. Then how do space scientists who want to put a satellite in orbit model the gravitational field of Earth? Do they assume a single object with minute ...
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4answers
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Gravitation - Pulling or Pushing force?

According to Newton, gravity is the pulling - or in fact the attracting - force of any heavenly body towards any object to its center. But, to the contrary, Einstein once said that the four dimensions ...
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2answers
151 views

Does the Lagrange L1 point have a 'size'?

Like in cubic kilometers, what is the size of L1 "area of influence"? being unstable I guess that size can vary?
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1answer
106 views

Where would an object fly to if it were to leave the gravitational field of Earth? And would it stop somewhere? What would happen to it?

My 3,5 year old son is asking :-) He can take answers for a 15 yo I think. Many thanks for your help!
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2answers
557 views

Do other planets affect the Earth?

Let say Mercury, Venus, the Moon were all in alignment between the Earth and Sun. They are all closest to each other in respective elliptical orbit. On the other side of the Sun you have the rest of ...
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1answer
138 views

First observation that the movement of a planet or asteroid in its orbit was affected by another planet?

Answers to the question How did Kepler determine the orbital period of Mars? describing careful observations centuries ago got me thinking. Question: What was the first analysis of observations that ...
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What is spacetime 'made' of?

General relativity is often explained as saying spacetime is curved by gravity, what does this mean? How could we perceive a curve in spacetime when there is no external "straight" reference frame for ...
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2answers
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How does the Moon's gravity affect Earth's oceans despite Earth's stronger gravitational pull?

Given that Earth has a much stronger gravitational pull than the Moon, how does the Moon have any influence on Earth's oceans?
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1answer
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Have more recent LIGO/VIRGO gravitational wave measurements narrowed down the speed of gravity further?

This answer to How precise are the observational measurements for the speed of gravity? says: ...in 2013 a Chinese group built a model using Earth's tides that helped them narrow it down. ... [T]he ...
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Black hole's gravity

Is gravity relative to volume, or size of an object? Since a black hole is a massive star that collapses on its weight, how comes the same sun's mass, when it becomes a black hole, provides gravity ...
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3answers
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Can a black hole “supernova”?

In layman terms: nothing ever escapes the pull of a black hole, not even light when a super massive star reaches the end of it's life you get a supernova sometimes the "remains" of these stars can ...
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Can I leave a planet without achieving escape velocity?

I know that if you exceed orbital velocity, you will never fall-back to the planet. My question is not about orbits. It's about brute-force propulsion to achieve altitude. I'm using an ...
3
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1answer
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Precession of the Equinox

I just learned about precession of the equinox, i.e. the Earth's axis tilts one degree every 72 years. And it takes 72 years/degree x 360 degrees = 25,920 (years in one cycle) There are many ...
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1answer
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Could the rotation of a black hole cause other planets to rotate?

Because everything rotates so perfectly, and we know that some blackholes rotate and they're the biggest things in the universe, so a silly question comes to mind. If you remove all black holes from ...
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Why aren't globular clusters disk-shaped? [duplicate]

I thought that solar systems and galaxies are disk-shaped because that is the most stable shape under gravitation. Globular clusters are very old, often times older than their host galaxies, so why ...
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1answer
448 views

Horseshoe orbits and integration in C

I'm studying a particular case of the restricted three-body problem. It's been found that some objects follow a horseshoe orbit pattern, and I'm trying to sort out something through an integration ...
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2answers
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Gravitational attraction of Sun on distant object

A hypothetical situation which will help me with a real-life problem. Several stationary objects are placed at great distances from our Sun -- say 0.1 light year, 0.5 ly, 1.0 ly. Assuming no other ...
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1answer
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Why can't supermassive black holes merge? (or can they?)

The CNet article Astronomers discover two supermassive black holes in a death spiral links to Discovery of a Close-separation Binary Quasar at the Heart of a z ~ 0.2 Merging Galaxy and Its ...
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1answer
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If a solar system were surrounded by a cloud of debris, is it possible for a planet's orbit to intersect it?

I'm doing research for a story that I'm writing and I'd like some physics advice on whether a hypothetical system of celestial bodies is possible. Suppose the following: A system of planets orbiting ...
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3answers
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What effect does Earth losing a part of its mass have, is there an impact on the Earth's orbit around the Sun?

This is a random question that popped into my mind. I'm not a physicist or astronomist, however, I am genuinely curious. Also, this is not intended as a science fiction question, but an actual science ...
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1answer
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Wormholes man made are real? [closed]

Can we bend two points of spacetime in a way we would create a wormhole ?Why havent we tried it yet?How much energy would we need to do it?
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2answers
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If I could see from a Gravitational-Time dilated place to somewhere far which is not dilated, would I see fast moving people?

Gravitational time dilation like the one shown in the movie Interstellar, causes time to move slowly for someone within the high gravity reference frame. Now let's say that from such a place, I was ...
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4answers
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Why do things float in space, though the gravity of our star is always present? [closed]

In the solar system, things float around. We are so certain that the gravity of our sun exists. Still, why does that gravity not influence satellites and other objects there? Our solar system is also ...
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3answers
979 views

Could there be dark matter black holes?

Could dark matter compress and form black holes? Since dark matter is even more abundant than normal matter, a dark matter black hole should not be rare...right?
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4answers
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Why can't we feel the Earth's revolution?

I googled it and checked a few Q&A and there's only things about "Earth's rotation". But why can't we feel the revolution? They say we can't feel the rotation because the Earth spins at a ...
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3answers
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Can a magnetic field of an object be stronger than its gravity?

Can a planet, star or otherwise have a magnetic field that is stronger or have more range than its gravity?
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2answers
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How would humans with appropriate equipment navigate the surface of Saturn's moon Titan on foot? [closed]

Taking into account the physical characteristics of Titan (e.g. surface gravity, atmospheric pressure), what would be the most efficient method of motion for an astronaut to navigate the surface of ...
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3answers
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If a massive object like Jupiter flew past the Earth how close would it need to come to pull people off of the surface?

I understand this is a silly hypothetical but I'm asking for a 7 year old so please bear with me. Imagine an interstellar stray gas giant comes flying through our solar system. If we were not ...
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2answers
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What would happen if Jupiter and Earth were at the same distance as the Moon is from Earth?

If Spock came with a super machine capable of moving planets, and placed Earth so close to Jupiter as the Earth's moon, the gravity of Jupiter would make us fall into it?
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Planets may repel each other in few cases

We know that when two huge black holes collide they produces gravitational waves in space time curvature. So if I am not wrong another object in space if goes in that direction during production of ...
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2answers
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Are black holes spherical during merger?

I've been thinking about black holes, specifically during the final moments before two merge. I'm wondering if black holes, or I guess more specifically their event horizons, are always spherical. ...
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1answer
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Requirements for a satellite/planet to be tidally locked to a planet/star

The Moon is tidally locked to the Earth, the Four Galilean are tidally locked as well, and the recently found planetary sistem TRAPPIST-1 has seven tidally locked planets, but Venus or Mercury are not....
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3answers
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Do planets repel?

I know gravity is the result of mass. Gravity is nothing but the attractive force on a body due to its mass. I have a question that may be silly. In magnetism we have attraction and repulsion. Earth ...
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3answers
232 views

Do photons slow down as they approach the event horizon of a black hole?

So, if a black hole is so dense, that light cannot escape, what happens to the photons as the approach and go past the event horizon (or some other horizon, about which I am ignorant)? Do photons ...
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0answers
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A quantitive estimate of the size above which celestial bodies must be near-spherical [duplicate]

Asteroids and smaller celestial objects tend to be odd-shaped, whereas planets are always spherical (or slightly oblate due to their spin). The reason obviously is that for sufficiently large masses/...

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