Questions tagged [gravity]

Questions regarding the attractive force which exists between any two bodies of matter.

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143 views

A phonecall inside a blackhole

I was wondering what a phone call would be like entering or falling t=into a black hole. Due to the massive density of the black hole and time would feel slower, how would that appear to the person on ...
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Does more ocean on an Earth analog produce a different rotation period?

Would an exoplanet that has more ocean than Earth rotate at a different speed as a result of this? Would the amount of water impact the weight, gravitational pull, and/or tidal forces and cause a ...
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Why does Earth have more gravitational force than the Moon if I stand on it?

Perhaps this is a silly question but I am trying to understand Einstein's general theory of relativity. I would like to explain my question in more detail. The greater the mass of an object, the ...
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83 views

Question: calculating orbit using another orbit

A satellite which is moving around a planet of mass $M$ in a circular orbit of radius $R$ is given a sudden thrust into the center of the planet, so that it deviates an angle $a$. Find the latus-...
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Doppler Shift Vs Gravity Assist for Frequency Shifts from Rotating Galaxies

Frequency Shift of Light Leaving Rotating Galaxies: Differences in Doppler Shift due to Radial Velocity Vs Frequency Shift due to Gravity Assist from a Rotating Galaxy A description of estimating ...
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Rocket Equation from Newton’s 3rd Law, Force of Gravitation, and dp/dt [closed]

I am using the derivative of momentum (dp/dt) with Newton’s 3rd Law with the gravitational force of Earth.   $$ F - F_{gravity} = \dfrac{\mathrm{d}p}{\mathrm{d}t} \\ F - \dfrac{G \, m_e \, m_r}{...
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Does center of gravity of Solar system influence intensity of space rays reaching earth, space dust, speed of earth rotation?

I found an interesting article, claiming very interesting things. But I cannot find any trust-worty sources confirming such bold claims. Maybe someone came across some solid proof? 1) Center of ...
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145 views

Great attractor is doing the big crunch? [closed]

Laniakea and other super clusters are moving towards shapely super cluster . Even the Great Attractor is moving towards it. Isn't it all about the Big Crunch?
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If Earth had rings, how long would it take for the rings to loose orbit? [closed]

If Earth had rings, how long would it take for the rings to loose orbit? One of the answers in this question https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/281828/if-earth-had-rings said we did at one ...
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Earth shape and rotation

Imagine a helicopter that took off from point A and goes vertically in the air to a certain fixed point B in the atmospheric area at a certain fixed altitude with enough fuel to stay there (at point ...
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“Up” and “down” in Space [closed]

From my understanding, "up" and "down" in space is going towards (down) an object's gravitational pull or (up) which is going away from it. I get confused with this explanation, and I believe simply ...
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243 views

Is there a threshold on distance/size for a tidal locking?

I know that some systems tend to tidal locking (such as earth-moon), which occurs basically because the difference in the gravitational pull on one side is significantly different from the pull on the ...
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How much volume of gases could be added to Mars atmosphere that the planet gravity can retain?

This article Mars atmosphere states that Today Mars atmosphere is very thin, but it was not always like this. Around 3.5 billion years ago, the red planet had a thick enough atmosphere for liquid ...
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How dense would planet earth have to be to have the same gravity as Jupiter?

I was reading this question about how small could a planet be while having earth-like gravitational pull. This got me thinking, how dense would planet Earth have ...
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6answers
154 views

Would planet explode without gravity?

A planet (as well as a dwarf planet) must, according to the IAU definition, have sufficient mass to assume hydrostatic equilibrium (a nearly round shape). Does it mean they would break apart or ...
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Black hole's gravity

Is gravity relative to volume, or size of an object? Since a black hole is a massive star that collapses on its weight, how comes the same sun's mass, when it becomes a black hole, provides gravity ...
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428 views

Earth's gravitational pull on ISS

How do they make International space station to orbit the earth beyond earth's gravity acting on it? We all know that ISS is rotating at an altitude of just 350km away.How could ISS escape earth's ...
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249 views

Is the moon inside earth’s atmosphere? If so, what are the consequences?

Recently, a paper was published claiming that the Earth’s atmosphere extends far beyond the Moon. This has been reported on by a number of news sources and websites, including the ESA, Business ...
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123 views

Is there a theory / equation showing whether or not two passing bodies will go into orbit around each other?

I am looking for a theory that shows whether or not two passing celestial bodies will go into orbit. I assume there would have to be a critical point where the gravitational attraction is stronger ...
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what is gravitational force?

Gravitational force is particle or wave? I know that gravitation depend of the mass and the rotation speed but what is the transmission medium of this wave the same like transmission medium of the ...
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206 views

Does the inverse of gravity exists?

I am not talking about an antigravity effect that would cancel gravity, rather if there is a repulsive force, like when you use two magnets and flip one of them, where it becomes obvious that one is ...
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229 views

Does Pi change when gravity changes [closed]

Will Pi have the same value on the surface of say Jupiter, compared to the value of PI on Earth. Or does Pi vary with gravity?
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166 views

Gravity assist: why is the velocity doubled? [closed]

The Wikipedia article has this terrestrial analogy: Imagine standing on a train platform, and throwing a [tennis] ball at 30 km/h toward a train approaching at 50 km/h. The driver of the train sees ...
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780 views

If the Universe is infinite, would heat death be impossible?

If the Universe is infinite, one would imagine that if we kept moving through space, we'd constantly find newer and newer galaxies and objects forever. This would imply that there is an infinite ...
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How would the barycenter of a double-planet system affect the two planets' surface gravity?

Assuming two similarly sized, tidally locked planets orbit a common barycenter, how would the gravity of the barycenter affect the surface gravity? For example, on the inner sides of the planets, what ...
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347 views

How can artificial gravity hold the water in swimming pool? [closed]

I was watching Passengers (2016). In this movie, a swimming pool exists in the space station. In middle of the movie, Artificial Gravity is turned off and the water rises, with the swimmer suffocating ...
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Is their any clue where gravitons come from?

Everything which has mass has gravity. Some theories hypothesis that gravitons are responsible for that, but do they have any clue where they come from? Like gluons are interacting between quarks and ...
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195 views

How much do the mascons on the moon affect surface gravity?

The gravity anomalies on the moon (generally accepted to be caused by mascons) are powerful enough to affect the orbit of satellites. I'm trying to determine how much effect they would have on a ...
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433 views

Could I create a staircase to the moon and walk to it? [closed]

Assuming one could create a staircase and walk to the moon, would escape velocity still be a factor in leaving the Earth's gravitational pull? I'm not a physicist but am just curious to know.
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If a solar system were surrounded by a cloud of debris, is it possible for a planet's orbit to intersect it?

I'm doing research for a story that I'm writing and I'd like some physics advice on whether a hypothetical system of celestial bodies is possible. Suppose the following: A system of planets orbiting ...
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87 views

Space curvature and its rotation

As I learn, the gravity is caused by the spacetime curvature. Is there any gravitational/magnetic field that really exists around the Earth, or any other planets? Since the planets/stars rotate, does ...
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72 views

Maximum disturbance to space time of gravitational waves, and will this affect humans? [duplicate]

Do we have a theory that can tell us how much change gravitational waves can make to space time. If it is infinite then I think any time we can see biggest change in space time and how much could it ...
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155 views

Wouldn't be “dark matter” better called “massless gravity”? [closed]

In spite of being a simple words game, that would make me feel less uncomfortable, as there could be a mysterious field still less mysterious than matter that passes through itself etc. Moreover, ...
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232 views

How strong is the gravitational stretch we experience from the edge of the universe?

How much gravitational effect do we experience (e.g. maybe -.00001 G or smaller) from the edge of the visible universe? By edge of the visible universe, I am talking about the region of the cosmic ...
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Concerning fate of Milky Way Galaxy

Andromeda Galaxy is the largest galaxy in the galaxy cluster[1] called Local Group[2] and our Milky Way Galaxy as well as some satellite/dwarf galaxies are orbiting around each other within Local ...
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can gravity be faster than light in some specific cases? [duplicate]

This is a follow up question from If an event occurs at a point in space time what will an observer experience first, it's gravity or the light from it? This https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...
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A question about stress energy tensor at junction surface

I am now reading a paper (whole paper link)which regarding construct a worm hole by cutting off the stress energy tensor and glue interior and exterior space at $r=a$. ‘Nevertheless, I am confused ...
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Why aren't globular clusters disk-shaped? [duplicate]

I thought that solar systems and galaxies are disk-shaped because that is the most stable shape under gravitation. Globular clusters are very old, often times older than their host galaxies, so why ...
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55 views

Does time dilation at the event horizon prevent us from seeing any changes?

If gravity is so strong at event horizon as we assume, and thus time dilation makes time infinitely slow for us, the distant observers, how could we ever observe any events ocurring over time? Wouldn'...
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133 views

Black hole, escape velocity, going up?

I do know nothing can escape a black hole, and I understand popsci explanation of geodesics of space-time around and inside the event horizon. I however have some trouble with following thought ...
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63 views

Expansion ofthe Universe [duplicate]

If the universe is expanding how come Andromeda is heading for us? In isolated spatial areas does gravity overcome universal expansion? What is the gravitational force between us and Andromeda?
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98 views

Revolution of Planets [duplicate]

Why do planets revolve around the sun? I understand that gravity plays a huge role in allowing it to move around. But what caused it to revolve in the first place? One possible solution is explained ...
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2answers
272 views

Can gravity cause a Big Crunch, if the cosmological principle holds?

Say we have a closed universe that follows the cosmological principle. As a result, mass is distributed equally and, if as far as I know, gravity should have no net effect on the movements of galaxies ...
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Planets may repel each other in few cases

We know that when two huge black holes collide they produces gravitational waves in space time curvature. So if I am not wrong another object in space if goes in that direction during production of ...
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Since gravity is like an indent on a piece of paper (the space/time matrix) to a marble, can the black hole eventually suck in the matrix?

Can a black hole suck in time? People claim that if you were to put a bowling ball on a trampoline and rolled much smaller balls through the deppression, some would stay in "orbit", some would roll ...
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Can light be curved due to heavy gravitational force?

Lets suppose there is a huge planet having large amount of gravitational pull, then will the light passing through the planet get attracted towards it.
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What defines stationary vs spinning in space?

To produce artificial gravity on a space station, we simply spin it around some central point, and the acceleration makes objects "fall" outwards. If our space station is so far in deep space that it ...
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Physical measurements and celerity of black hole mergers?

LIGO detected a black hole merger for bh's of about 30 solar masses, with a schwartzchild radii of about 20km. Were the gravity waves generated by masses distanced by a few microns or a few ...
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Could two planetesimals orbit a dense object and share an atmosphere?

Could two objects be caught into an orbit around some kind of dense object, perhaps a rogue planet. Could they share an atmosphere.
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Effect of gravitation [closed]

When the sun reaches close to the centre of the Milky Way galaxy while revolving around it (like the earth closes down on the sun while revolving around it, perihelion), will the gravitational effect ...