# Questions tagged [hubble-constant]

Questions about the Hubble constant, the constant factor of the rate of expansion in the universe

52 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
108 views

### Calculating the present comoving distance or light travel distance of distant objects when only one value is given?

I was wondering how to calculate either the present comoving distance or the light travel distance when the source material only gives one value? Is there and an online calculator or simple equation ...
55 views

### Observability of proper distance

Hubble's law at current time is as follows. $$v=H(t_0)r$$ But if you look at the explanation on Wikipedia: Strictly speaking, neither $v$ nor $D$ in the formula are directly observable, because they ...
164 views

### Could the Hubble Constant be an artifact of the structure, and thus a way to directly measure the universes's age?

"Expressed in inverse years, the value 70 km/s/Mpc comes to about one divided by 14 billion years - the approximate age of the universe." Could the Hubble Constant be an artifact of the ...
377 views

### Why would a quantity like the 'Hubble contrast' be squared, then have its square root taken?

From Sabine Hossenfelder's recent video, New Evidence AGAINST Standard Cosmology: And her source.... I don't get why a graph would show a quantity that is squared, then immediately 'square-rooted'......
104 views

### How distant were the furthest currently-observable cosmic events when their currently-observed radiation was emitted?

(Edited for clarity. Thanks to James K and Connor Garcia.) This question about the most distant, observable cosmic objects made me wonder if we know the distance that was between us and them at the ...
79 views

### How does the hypothesis of the "inconstant Hubble constant" solve the current crisis in cosmology?

It was published in a paper more or less like two months ago. I'd like to know also if more accurate measurements are necessary to close the gap between the model of the universe and the data reported....
166 views

### If we watched extremely red-shifted galaxies near the edge of the observable universe for a very long time, how would they change? Would more appear?

I have understanding sphere eversion as #1 on my bucket list (if I ever get a round tuit) but understanding metric expansion seems to be a rapidly receding possibility :-) Question: Suppose it takes ...
26 views

### Explain as simply as possible how the Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ) effect is used to estimate the Hubble constant

The Sunyaev–Zeldovich effect (SZ effect) is useful in determining the Hubble constant because it is independent of the cosmic distance ladder. This effect occurs when CMB (cosmic microwave background) ...
49 views

### How did pressure evolve in the (early) universe?

I am trying to derive how the cosmological pressure $p(t)$ evolved over time in the universe, especially in the radiation and matter dominated epochs. There are some very nice explanations how $H(t)$ ...
73 views

### Can the Hubble Sphere ever extend over the cosmic event horizon?

I am struggling to reconcile the Hubble volume with the idea of a cosmic event horizon. As I understand, the Hubble volume is increasing over time because Hubble's constant is decreasing. This should ...
48 views

### How many galaxies are predicted in the observable universe? Does it contain dwarfs? Is there any size-ratio diagram?

According to quite recent research the observable universe contains about 2 trillion galaxies ($2 \cdot 10^{12}$). But what is counted there? Does this number also contain dwarf galaxies? According to ...
67 views

### Objects beyond 13.3 billion light-years away are (apparently) moving away from us at faster-than-light speeds? [duplicate]

That is, if you use the cosmic distance ladder method, and a value of about 73.5 for the Hubble constant.... But, if you plug in the Planck CMB value of about 67.5, you get a distance of about 14.5 ...
75 views

### What is the age of the universe if you were standing in a galaxy far far away such as GN-Z11?

If we agree with the universe starting from a Big Bang, 13.8 billion years ago, expanding at different rates governed by the Hubble constant of 67.4 km/s/Mpec, somewhere about 13.4 billion light years ...
74 views

### How, exactly, does the precise measurement of the CMB's polarization modes and temperature fluctuations tell us the value of Hubble's 'constant'?

Amidst all the talk a year and change ago about the value of the Hubble parameter reached by the Planck satellite team, and how it's value differed from the value reached by the 'distance-ladder' team(...
114 views

### Clarifications about distances in cosmology

I would like to get clarifications about some usual notions of distances in cosmology. First, is the comoving distance the current distance of objects whose light has been reached by us now, i.e. ...
38 views

### is there a way to determine a distant galaxy’s speed relative to the Hubble Flow by measuring time dilation effects between there and this galaxy?

As I understand it there is a preferred frame of reference based on the velocity for the CMB and our galaxy is moving in relation to it (at about 600 km/s). I think this is how the Hubble Flow is ...
81 views

### What was the the value of the Hubble constant at the time of the CMB's 'release' (i.e., 379,000 years after Big Bang)?

What about its value roughly 9 billion years after the Big Bang, when dark energy started to 'take over' and accelerate the expansion of the universe? Is there a timeline or chart somewhere that shows ...
50 views

### Which redshift is used to determine the Hubbleconstant?

I think they measure cosmological redshift to use in the Law of Hubble-Lemaître together with the distance to calculate $H_0$. Is this correct, or do they use Doppler shift (too)? $H_0$ indicates how ...
135 views

I have recently learnt about Hubble's Law and this is my understanding of it: Galaxies move away from us at a rate that is proportional to their distance from us. So, considering an arbitrary unit of ...
1k views

### Does a merging massive binary black hole ‘emits’ more than one gravitational wave?

If we want to use gravitational waves (GW) to determine the Hubble constant, we need to find the source in the electromagnetic spectrum (EMS). However, we need to be lucky to ‘see’ it simultaneously ...
816 views

### How is the Hubble constant determined from gravitational waves?

We know there is a discrepancy between measurements of the Hubble constant, $H_0$. On one side there is the method of the Planck mission, where they use the CMB and the $\Lambda$CDM model to determine ...
177 views

### 'Little h' usage in cosmological simulations

I am running a cosmological simulation and am having some trouble putting things into code units. The physical distance units in my simulation are in terms of $\text{Mpc/h}$, where $h$ is the ...
133 views

### When was Hubble tension first noticed? When was this term first used?

When was Hubble tension first noticed? When was this term first used? Who used this term for the first time?
36 views

### Must all galaxies in a galaxy cluster have the same expansion rate?

If we observe a distant galaxies cluster where all galaxies travel with the same speed away from us, except for one galaxy whose speed is significantly lower than of the neighboring galaxies. Does ...
67 views

### Catching up with Hubble domain galaxy at constant acceleration: is it possible? If yes, what time will it be when I arrive?

An elf gave me a magic spaceship for Christmas: it can maintain a thrust of $\alpha = 10\ \mathrm{N/kg}$ indefinitely. Otherwise, I'm still constrained by physics. I plan to set out on a journey into ...
89 views

### Why is constant velocity drift not an accepted explanation of Hubble expansion?

Edward A Milne at the Oxford University proposed that what Hubble was observing was simply a natural sorting of random galactic motions. If a group of galaxies formed together moving at various ...
145 views

### Why does the Supernova 2006cm give a very different value for the Hubble constant? Why doesn't it increase error bars for the Hubble constant?

The Supernova 2006cm has a redshift of 0.0153 which translates into a recession speed of 4600 km/s. It has a distance modulus of 34.71 which translates into a luminosity distance of 87 Mpc. This ...
132 views

### At what cosmological redshift $z$, does the recession speed equal the speed of light? How is it calculated?

At what cosmological redshift $z$, does the recession speed equal the speed of light? What equations are used to calculate this number (since at large redshifts, $z=v/c$ won't apply)? [The ...
248 views

### The recent results on Hubble constant measurements

In recent news there is this announcement In the introduction they say: Distance measurement discrepancy: a $4.4σ$ tension on the value of $H_0$ and I understand the discrepancy is with the value ...
76 views

### Relationship between Hubble paramater and absolute magnitude

I have a set of data that is absolute magnitude of a star and its redshift. Is there any way to compute the value of the hubble parameter given that magnitude and redshift?
41 views

### Where a database of different z values of redshift can be found?

I was working on reshift details for various galaxies but do not know any database to find the z values given to redshift galaxies. Can anyone help?
490 views

### Where can I find a database of galactic spectra?

I was wondering where spectra of galaxies at various redshifts are to be found. I'm looking for ones that can be used to find the recessional velocity of the galaxy and eventually the Hubble Constant. ...
94 views

### How is the expansion rate of the universe obtained from Baryon Acoustic Oscillations?

I understand that we can measure the sound horizon from the anisotropies in the CMB. Large galaxy surveys today can construct two-point correlation functions, which reveal peaks at distances equal to ...
54 views

### Could Hubble's Law simply be light's frequency decaying over time? [duplicate]

Is it proven that the frequency of EMR does not decay (at all, ever), and if not, could the observations that led to Hubble's Law simply be that the frequency of light decays over very large durations/...
121 views

### Are there recommendations to use "Hubble-Lemaître constant" instead of "Hubble constant"?

The IAU recommends renaming the Hubble law as the Hubble-Lemaître law, as discussed at its General Assembly in 2018 (see this press release and the links therein). I have now stumbled upon an ...
176 views

### how do we know the universe is STILL expanding?

According to Hubble more distant galaxies are moving away faster but since the light took billions of years to reach us we should say they WERE moving away faster billions of years ago. How do we know ...
36 views

### How to calculate how much a galaxy moves from its coordinate at redshift 0 to redshift 1?

I have two simulation snapshots in my hand at redshift 0 and 1. I know x, y, z coordinates of the galaxies in both redshifts 0 and 1, however there is no way for me to identify a single galaxy in both ...
180 views

### Light beam (1 photon) in the limited universe?

If our universe is not infinite, what happens with the light beam (or photon) when it will travel through the whole universe? For example, observable universe according to wikipedia has diameter 93 ...
772 views

### Question from Introduction to Modern Cosmology by Andrew Liddle

The exact question goes like this: In the real Universe the expansion is not completely uniform. Rather, galaxies exhibit some random motion relative to the overall Hubble expansion, known as their ...
95 views

### calculation of characteristic expansion time of the universe

Hubble's constant is estimated at 15km/s at a distance of million light years, without considering effects of mutual gravity, relativity, etc. I am trying to calculate the characteristic expansion ...
3k views

### Does the Hubble constant depend on redshift?

I know there are lot of questions on the Hubble constant already, but I am curious to know if it changes with redshift? If at current redshift, $z=0$, we know its value to be 0.7, will it be different ...
1k views

### So where are these measurements of galaxies moving faster than light?

https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/400457/what-does-general-relativity-say-about-the-relative-velocities-of-objects-that-a "we can actually observe galaxies that are moving away from us at >...
1k views

### Why do we continue to find a discrepancy in the Hubble Constant?

After taking a look at some recent papers (examples below) that attempt to derive the value of the Hubble Constant, they all conclude with dramatically different values (speaking in context). Why is ...
2k views

### Does the accelerating expansion of the Universe contradict Hubble's law?

Hubble's law gives a linear relationship between the distance to a galaxy and it's recessional speed. Observations of distant type 1a supernovae showed that their red shift (and therefore their ...
373 views

### Use of type-I a supernovae as standard candle

Why only type -Ia supernovae are used as standard candle to calculate age of universe and why not type II, type Ib, type 1c ?
270 views

### How strong is the gravitational stretch we experience from the edge of the universe?

How much gravitational effect do we experience (e.g. maybe -.00001 G or smaller) from the edge of the visible universe? By edge of the visible universe, I am talking about the region of the cosmic ...
522 views

### Approximating density of hydrogen in [observable] universe

Let universe be completely made from hydrogen. And also we have redshift $z= 6$. with Hubble constant $H_{0} = 2.1941747572815535\times 10^{-18}\:\mathrm{s}^{-1}$. We also know that density of the ...
306 views

### Question about Hubble parameter (Hubble constant) and measuring it

I see this question in "An introduction to modern cosmology - Andrew Liddle - Wiley Publication": In the real Universe the expansion is not completely uniform. Rather, galaxies exhibit some ...
I'm looking for the latest values (with uncertainties) of the four main cosmological density parameters $\Omega_i$ : \begin{align}\tag{1} \Omega_{\text{mat}} &={} ?, &\Omega_{\text{rad}} &=...