Questions tagged [jupiter]

Questions regarding Jupiter, the 5th and largest planet in the Solar System.

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26
votes
2answers
4k views

Is Jupiter's Red Spot “locked in place” or does it move around?

A person could be forgiven when looking at Jupiter's Red Spot storm for concluding that it doesn't move. That it's geologically locked in place. But is it? I know it's a stretch to use the phrase &...
36
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3answers
20k views

Why does Jupiter have so many moons?

Jupiter has a great many moons - in the hundreds, and they're still being discovered. What is the current theory for where all these moons came from? Are they rocks flying through space captured by ...
20
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2answers
711 views
+100

Why is Jupiter's Great Red Spot reddish?

The Great Red Spot is a persistent anticyclonic storm, 22° south of Jupiter's equator. Why is it reddish? From Wikipedia: It is not known exactly what causes the Great Red Spot's reddish color. Are ...
3
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0answers
79 views
+100

Time evolution data of the Great Red Spot on Jupiter?

Jupiter's Great Red Spot fascinates scientists for ages, so it does me. Where can I find a table (e.g. as CSV-file) with the time evolution of longitude, latitude, horizontal and vertical extension of ...
6
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2answers
916 views

What Would it Look Like Inside Jupiter's Great Red Spot?

From what I've read, Jupiter's 'Great Red Spot' is an unbelievably powerful storm. Do astronomers and scientists have any idea of what that might look like if it were possible to be inside/below it? ...
10
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2answers
436 views

Why is the Great Red Spot shrinking?

The Great Red Spot is an anticyclonic storm on Jupiter that is bigger than the Earth. Based on the Wikipedia article, it has been shrinking in size for the last 400 years, going from 41 to 16 thousand ...
6
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1answer
699 views

What weather is present in Jupiter's Great Red Spot?

What weather is present in Jupiter's Great Red Spot? Is it raining? Is it snowing? There is definitely a hurricane a-blowing :-). I know it is very cold, has extremely high winds and clouds of an ...
0
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3answers
96 views

How big can a planet get, with respect to its star for it to sustain life? [closed]

Earth is 108 times smaller than the sun in terms of its diameter while Jupiter is 10 times. Assuming Jupiter was located such that it could sustain life, theoretically how big a planet can get with ...
1
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1answer
46 views

How much real time was compressed into this 10 second long timelapse Hubble video of Jupiter's aurora?

The HubbleESA video Timelapse of Jupiter’s auroras is discussed in the ESAHubble page Timelapse of Jupiter’s auroras and includes the identifier heic1613a. However ...
7
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1answer
1k views

How does the Grand Tack Hypothesis explain how Jupiter formed inside the frost line?

The Grand Tack Hypothesis states that Jupiter formed at roughly 3.5 AU from the Sun, then interacted with a large portion of objects in the Solar System before settling into its current orbit. Yet as ...
3
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1answer
134 views

Are these Jupiter's moons?

Sorry for the huge picture), anyway, as you can see, there are 2 specks of light on either side of the upper planet which is likely Jupiter as the lower one is clearly Saturn-shaped. I was going ...
15
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4answers
4k views

Why doesn't the Sun wobble towards Jupiter instead of away from Jupiter?

This is the page I am referring to. It seems counterintuitive to me that the Sun should be on the opposite side of the barycenter's wobble. I realize I am wrong, but I cannot see why I am wrong. Can ...
3
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1answer
73 views

Is GAIA the only game in town for looking at quadrupole gravitational deflection of light?

From Gerry Gilmore (2018) Gaia: 3-dimensional census of the Milky Way Galaxy 4.4 Fundamental physics Relativistic effects are highly significant for Gaia measurement accuracy, with tests of General ...
17
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1answer
2k views

Why does the solar analemma have a strange shape on Jupiter?

I'm trying to look at what the solar analemma looks like from different planets, using Stellarium. To plot the analemma, I go into the ephemeris tab of the astronomical calculations window. From there,...
21
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4answers
11k views

Is Jupiter made entirely out of gas?

I heard that Jupiter is made out of gas. But in school I learned that Jupiter has gravity which is 2.5 times that of Earth (Gravity that can tear apart a comet) and gravity is proportional to mass. ...
2
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1answer
82 views

Printed Circuit Board manufacturing file for Radio Jove?

I woild like to build a Radio Jove receiver whose design is available on NASA website. However, I don't want to purchase the receiver, I would like to make it, but but I don't have any knowledge about ...
-1
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1answer
79 views

Maximum and minimum masses and sizes of giant planets?

What are the minimum & maximum masses and diameters of giant planets? Minimum end of the scale Earth has mass of 1 Earth mass and a mean radius of 6,371.0 kilometers, and thus a mean diameter of ...
6
votes
1answer
454 views

Requirements to resolve position of Jovian Whistlers up to magnitude of Red Spot with amateur radio equipment?

Can I sense a bright star pointing an eight foot antenna towards it? is a while ago, but the discussion about this question I found very interesting. Please forgive me that I am not an expert in ...
15
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1answer
296 views

The compatibility of the Grand Tack hypothesis with the “core-warping impact” theory of Jupiter's diffuse core

In recent years, the Juno mission revealed that Jupiter's core was much more diffuse than astronomers had expected. One theory is that "within a few million years" of its formation, Jupiter ...
3
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0answers
36 views

What are the typical emissions of Jupiter's Aurorae?

I'm looking for some solid measurements of the full range of emissions from the Aurorae on Jupiter. I've found partial sets of data in the past which are most easily summarized here. As you can see, ...
9
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2answers
5k views

Has the conjunction between Venus, Jupiter, and Regulus only occurred twice in 2,000 years?

I recently heard the claim that mid-July, the "Star of Bethlehem" formed for the first time in 2,000 years, where the Star of Bethlehem is a three-way conjunction between Venus, Jupiter, and Regulus. ...
12
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3answers
7k views

Fate of Jupiter when our sun dies

Five billion years from now, the sun will have grown into a red giant star, more than a hundred times larger than its current size. While this metamorphosis into the giant star will change the solar ...
2
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0answers
91 views

I have a scientific paper on gravity, how do I publish it, and will my research benefit me? [closed]

I read a lot about gravity and discovered a hole in it, and I want to publish that hole, but I am not good at mathematics. To show that gap, what should I do? Should I use Newton's equations which are ...
15
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3answers
1k views

What Causes the Large Radiation Fields Around Jupiter?

I had heard that the large radiation belts around Jupiter may be formed by liquid metallic hydrogen in (or around) Jupiter's core (which Wikipedia says haven't been observed in labs yet due to the ...
3
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1answer
53 views

How big and how far away would the moon be if earth was the size of Jupiter?

If the earth were the size of Jupiter, what would its 'moon' be in both relative size and distance? I did some quick figuring and think I roughly figured out that if placed at the position of the sun, ...
1
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2answers
70 views

If jupiter was the densest planet on the solar system with low volume, could it be a star without multiplying its mass 80 times?

Astronomers or Scientists say that Jupiter's Mass would have to be multiplied 80 times to become a star (M Mass). What if Jupiter was denser, would there be thermonuclear energy because of the density?...
6
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1answer
197 views

What calculations show that Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 orbited Jupiter for several decades before its spectacular impact? (Chodas, Sekanina & Yeomans)

This answer to A moon in eccentric orbit dipping below Roche limit includes the following about Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9 Here is a nice figure of its last passes: I looked up "fragment A" in ...
6
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1answer
161 views

How much higher is the radiation around Jupiter than at Chernobyl, after the explosion?

I suppose the radiation levels are higher at Jupiter, but how much? Would the Juno probe have been able to "operate" on the Chernobyl roof in $12\,000\, {\rm Roentgen/hr}$? After watching ...
2
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1answer
314 views

Are the darker blue/black areas in this picture what the atmosphere of Jupiter looks like without clouds?

This is a picture (mosaic?) of Jupiter's south pole taken by Juno (also shown below). It has gotten a lot of press, but I haven't seen anything, even in the scientific paper that accompanied its ...
5
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2answers
152 views

Solar wind, Earth wind and planetary winds?

In February 2021, a new form of "electrified gas breeze" was announced, see blog by Tony Phillips entitled A New Form of Space Weather: Earth Wind which might a possible explanation for ...
2
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0answers
66 views

How big can an object get before its core becomes degenerate?

I am wondering, what is the most massive object we know of that does not have a degenerate core, and what is the least massive object that does have a degenerate code? We know that Jupiter has a core ...
2
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1answer
72 views

What will a future cold and “dead” Jupiter look like? [duplicate]

I heard Jupiter is dying like getting smaller. For example, from Guillot et al. 2004 3: The Interior of Jupiter (also here): (Jupiter)... is still contracting at the rate of ~3 cm per year while its ...
1
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1answer
44 views

How fast do the poles of Jupiter and Saturn precess?

As Jupiter and Saturn have very fast rotation periods, about 10 and 11 hours, respectively, I am assuming that their poles will precess much faster then Earth. Since Earth's poles precess every 26000 ...
3
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0answers
59 views

Measured values of the solar irradiance at other values than 1 AU?

It is straight forward to estimate the total solar irradiance of a planet using the Earth's solar constant, and scaling it according to the (mean) distance of the planets. But for which planets have ...
3
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1answer
148 views

How much solar energy concentrates at Jupiter's focal point via gravitational lensing?

How much solar energy concentrates at Jupiter's focal point via gravitational lensing?
15
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3answers
2k views

Is there any orbit at which the Roche limit can be “felt”?

Do any of the planets have a Roche limit that is strong enough to be felt by an astronaut whilst in orbit?
6
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1answer
154 views

When will Callisto be in orbital resonance with the rest of Jupiter's big moons?

The four Gallilean moons of Jupiter (from innermost) are Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto. Io, Europa, and Ganymede are in a 1:2:4 orbital resonance. Callisto's orbital period is 16.689 days, which ...
2
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3answers
240 views

Good eyepieces for Saturn and Jupiter

I have a celestron powerseeker 114eq telescope. Aperture : 114mm Focal Length: 900mm I have 20mm and 4mm eyepieces and a 3x Barlow. I have seen Saturn's rings using 4mm eyepiece but it's blurry and ...
24
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2answers
1k views

Why did the Comet Shoemaker-Levy-9 fragments cause such large explosions on Jupiter?

In July 1994, the comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 (D/1993 F2) tidally fragmented and these fragments collided into Jupiter, as per the image below. Image source The question is, what mechanisms resulted in ...
1
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2answers
179 views

“What was that spot in the sky?” - How to identify satellites

First of all sorry for my immense ignorance in this matter and for all the stupid things I'll say here. Yesterday, May 22nd 2017, I removed the telescope from its dusty box1 and decided to watch ...
21
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6answers
7k views

How big would the asteroid belt planet be?

As I understand it, the asteroid belt exists because the gravitational force of Jupiter prevents the asteroids from accreting (is that a word?) into a planet. If, however, Jupiter didn't exist and ...
6
votes
1answer
275 views

If Jupiter and Saturn were considered stars, which of their moons would qualify as planets by 'clearing the neighbourhood'?

Jupiter has four and Saturn seven spherical satellites. Jupiter's moon Ganymede and Saturn's Titan are larger than Mercury and they're the most massive moons at 0.0248 M♁ (Ganymede) and 0.0225 M♁ (...
1
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0answers
56 views

Meteor size and frequency distribution for Earth vs. moon or other planets?

I struggle to find an answer to the at-first-sight simple question if or how the size distribution and frequency distribution of incoming rocks hitting the ground or the atmosphere vary from Earth, to ...
1
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2answers
157 views

If we stood on the surface of a Jovian moon, Saturn would appear as a dot. Why doesn't Saturn appear like this in a telescope?

Images from the conjunction like these show Saturn just a bit smaller than Jupiter. However, if you were in the vicinity of Jupiter, Saturn would still appear as a dot to the naked eye, wouldn't it? ...
-2
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1answer
116 views

How is it that Jupiter and Saturn appear the same size in the sky?

Saturn is twice as far as Jupiter is from Earth according to a quick Google search. But I needed to understand why do they appear as if they are the same size. I mean as if they are not far apart. For ...
9
votes
4answers
6k views

How to calculate conjunctions of 2 planets

So, the recent conjunction of Jupiter and Venus seems to have spawned lots of excitement over this "rare" event. But what I can't figure out, is exactly how rare it is. And I've seen such conflicting ...
1
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0answers
60 views

Question about telescope eyepieces

I have a Celestron 60LCM refractor telescope. It has a 60mm aperture and a 700mm focal length. It came with two eyepieces. One is 25mm and the other is 9mm. They are marked only with their focal ...
9
votes
1answer
117 views

Counter clockwise rotation of storms at Jupiter's north pole. What explanations have been proposed?

On Earth, high pressures and low pressures occur interchangeably. So that where two pressure systems intersect, they move the air in the same direction. But as Juno revealed the first observations of ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

The electron–cyclotron maser emissions from Earth

The first-ever detection of radio signals caused by the electron–cyclotron maser mechanism outside of the Solar System, on Tau Bootis b was recently published (here). This phenomenon causes huge radio ...
4
votes
2answers
248 views

Will I be able to see both Jupiter and Saturn at the same time in my Astromaster 114?

I have a Celestron Astromaster 114 Newtonian reflector telescope. The specs: aperture: 114mm focal length: 1000mm focal ratio: f/8.77 I also have a t-ring so I can connect a Nikon camera to it. Will ...