Questions tagged [kepler]

Questions about the NASA space observatory famous for finding potentially habitable exoplanets. Do not use this tag for questions about Johannes Kepler.

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Kepler space telescope undetected planets

The Kepler space telescope detects planets based on the dip in brightness caused by planets moving past the star. Wouldn’t that mean that there are an unknown amount of planets that have an orbit ...
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How actively is Deep Learning being used in exoplanet identification?

Papers, like this one from Google, show that Deep Learning and Machine Learning are effective in detecting exoplanets from luminosity data provided by telescopes like TESS or Kepler. These models ...
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1answer
51 views

Mass of a potential black hole in a binary system

So I've been given the velocity curve, parallax and apparent magnitude of a star in a binary system with what is potentially a black hole. I've calculated from the apparent magnitude and parallax that ...
4
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2answers
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nonagesimal in Kepler's parallax computation

I'm starting to learn Kepler's Astronomia Nova using William Donahue's translation . In the translator's introduction, it is demonstrated how Kepler did his parallax computation. I failed to ...
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1answer
84 views

What happened to the third planet in the Kepler-47 system?

In 2012, the discovery paper for the multiplanet circumbinary system Kepler-47 mentioned a potential third transiting planet in the system: A 0.2% deep transit-like event is present at time 2,455,...
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1answer
100 views

keplers third law

does Keplers third law work if one were to, in some way use the semi minor axis instead of the semi major axis? and does the difference between the arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means play any ...
2
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0answers
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Just how “locked” are resonant-chains of exoplanets thought to be?

update: The BBC News article Citizen science bags five-planet haul announces the system K2-138, also described as a "resonant chain" of planets. However, see the actual paper in ArXiv and Ast. J. ...
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4answers
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Can one approximate the semi-major axis of an orbit as the average orbital distance for eccentric orbits?

Kepler's 3rd Law (regarding the relation between orbital period and the semi-major axis of an orbit) applies to all elliptical orbits. But as I understand it, the only reason it is safe to use the ...
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Where can I find detail on interpreting the exo-planet transit-data graphics used in the Zooniverse Project?

I'm participating in the Zooniverse Exoplanet-explorers project (transit method), which provides only minimal guidance on interpreting their light curve and transit data graphics, as visible here: ...
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Kepler - Creating the Ellipse (Astronomia Nova)

In Chapter 58 in Astronomia Nova, Kepler made his final step to finally create the ellipse (for the orbit of planets) http://science.larouchepac.com/kepler/newastronomy/part4/58/index.html In the ...
2
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1answer
591 views

Mean and true Sun

I have problems to understand the point of "mean sun" and "true sun". As I understood the mean sun is set in the center of the earth orbit (which is a circle). So Ptolemy, Copernicus and Brahe used ...
5
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1answer
109 views

What caused instant jumps and exactly flat periods in Kepler's light curves?

Last 65 days of Kepler's light curve for the infamous KIC 8462852 star is shown below from the published paper's graph. Skip the dips here, I wonder about two other features: Day 1559, during a ...
4
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1answer
177 views

Kepler and the Sun position

When Kepler went to Tycho Brahe, he learned that Tycho Brahe was using the mean position of the sun to note down the position of Mars. Well, Kepler needed to convert these datas of Brahe to do his own ...
2
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1answer
78 views

What complementary observation campaigns have looked at Kepler's field of view?

It seems to be common practice to double up observations. For example, shortly before New Horizons flew by Pluto, several of its moons were discovered by telescopes as a concerted effort was put in ...
6
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1answer
104 views

Has star KIC 8462852's 3 year long Kepler-fading continued after the primary Kepler mission ended?

BACKGROUND May 11, 2013 the Kepler space telescope ended its primary mission. Data captured until then showed that the now famous "Tabby's star" or "Boyajian's star" (KIC 8462852) had been fading ...
2
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1answer
202 views

Getting light curves from Kepler/K2

Hello I'd like to ask what are steps to get a light curve wfrom Kepler/K2 database. Let's say I'd need to get light curves of 10 random K type stars. How should I access the databases and what should ...
2
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3answers
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According to my calculations Jupiter's moons do not follow Kepler's 3rd law - Why is that?

I'm asked to collect data on the orbital properties of the four Galilean satellites of Jupiter and show that they obey the same scaling as in Kepler's 3rd law. My approach for moon Io: Online, I ...
4
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1answer
184 views

Why does Kepler's “Big Picture” of comet 67P look so strange? And what is the significance?

The observation of comet 67P by the Kepler space telescope has been reported in various science news outlets recently. For example, the image below appeared in the recent NASA news article NASA's ...
3
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1answer
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Hot and “warm” Jupiters expelling terrestrial planets?

I've seen in documentaries that if a Jupiter size planet migrates close to its star then it would remove terrestrial planets along the way. This makes sense and I'm sure most models would predict this,...
3
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1answer
107 views

What does “forward facing” mean for space telescopes?

I just noticed this announcement from the K2 mission that the field observed for Campaign 16 of the K2 mission would be changed so that the telescope would be "forward facing", saying that "observing ...
2
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0answers
28 views

How to find out which Messier objects are in the Kepler/K2 fields?

I am interested in figuring out which Messier globular clusters (plus 47 Tuc and Omega Cen) are in the Kepler/K2 fields, both fields that have already been observed and any that will be observed. ...
2
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1answer
114 views

What telescopes have observed anomalies in the light curve of Tabby's star, KIC 8462852?

KIC 8462852, the F-star that inexplicably dims by up to 20% for short periods, is still getting alot of attention. A slow continuous dimming by about 0.3% a year has been identified recently. But all ...
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2answers
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Kepler's second law of motion

Planets sweeps out equal areas in equal times. Is the area being calculated here the area of a triangle? You draw a straight line from the center of the sun to the earth at point A. The Earth moves ...
3
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1answer
122 views

Likelihood of extra planets in systems identified by Kepler?

Kepler has found some systems with multiple planets and shown that it's likely that 7% of sun-like stars have Earth-like planets (video). I don't think we know enough about extra solar planets to ...
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Has the Kepler data been examined for light curves due to phase changes of non-transitting hot Jupiters and other?

I found this article http://www.epj-conferences.org/articles/epjconf/pdf/2011/01/epjconf_ohp2010_03005.pdf from 2011 announcing that two dozen secondary eclipses of "hot Jupters" have been seen in ...
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158 views

My question relates to KIC 8462852. What are the orbits and suspected objects or planets that have been noted around this star? [closed]

What are the orbits and suspected objects or planets that have been noted around this star? KIC 8462852
3
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1answer
42 views

How does gyrochronology deal with differential rotation and axial tilt?

K2 seems to become an even better mission than what a continuation of Kepler would have been, at least to some astronomers. By what means is differential star rotation being dealt with? The rotational ...
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1answer
143 views

Correlation of planet sizes with star sizes?

I did my own amateur Kepler data analysis in May of this year of data from Kepler.nasa.gov/Mission/ discoveries. I found a strong correlation between star size and planet size (percentages). 37 of the ...
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67 views

Classification of Planets?

The data from Kepler has taught us that there is a much larger number of "Neptune-class" planets out there than we previously thought. I wonder, however, if this "dominance" of Neptunes is because of ...
2
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1answer
87 views

Reason for a correlation between Hot Jupiters and higher metallicity in Kepler data

This question is from an amateur data analysis I did in May of data from Kepler.nasa.gov/Mission/discoveries. There were 80 Jupiter size planets in the Kepler "confirmed" planet table on this website (...
6
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1answer
124 views

Unbelievably high masses/ densities in NASA website data

In May, I did my own amateur analysis of Kepler data that was supplied here. This was a table of all confirmed "Kepler planets" to date (April 1, 2015). This table had some unbelievably high masses/...
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How common are exoplanets in distant orbits?

Are there many single transits in the Kepler data, which might be exoplanets with a longer orbital period than the time they have been observed for transits? Can any conclusions be drawn about how ...
8
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1answer
243 views

How to find Exomoons?

How would we be able to detect Exomoons? We detect exoplanets by seeing if the light gets faint from a star, but could we really use the same method for determining if there is an exomoon around that ...
2
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1answer
217 views

How do astronomers determine the texture of an exoplanet?

So I was wondering how astronomers are able to get the texture/detail of an exoplanet or how they know a planet has water or not. I know how they discover planets by using the light of a star and ...
5
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0answers
411 views

What are the analysis steps in taking raw data from Kepler to a planetary system determination

I wish to get a concise list of the analysis steps required to take raw light data from a Kepler data set of a star through the steps needed to get to an analytical determination of the existence of a ...
3
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2answers
121 views

What decided how the Kepler space telescope was pointed?

I suppose that the Kepler field was well chosen. It is rich in stars and has minimal background light since it is pointing out from the disc. But other things could have been considered. For example, ...
8
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1answer
216 views

What is the process for vetting the 4,175 candidate planets Kepler has discovered?

In the National Geographic article about NASA's announcement of new planets discovered by the Kepler spacecraft, it states that there are 4,175 candidate planets. What is the process for vetting these ...
2
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1answer
245 views

how does Kepler stop exposure after a 5 minuate or 30 minute cadence time?

There are two kinds of cadence time for Kepler, 5 minutes and 30 minutes. I just know there is no shutter and the CCDs of Kepler can be locked after exposure. handbook But how to realize that? ...