Questions tagged [magnetic-field]

Questions regarding magnetic fields.

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What do these statements about interstellar magnetic fields really mean?

Quanta Magazine's The Hidden Magnetic Universe Begins to Come Into View is a fascinating review of a rapidly evolving field in astronomy. It contains some statements that I feel are important to ...
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Why did it take five years to “figure out” how to use astrometric calibration sources to deblur LOFAR images?

Quanta Magazine's The Hidden Magnetic Universe Begins to Come Into View is a fascinating review of a rapidly evolving field in astronomy. It contains some statements: In their paper last year, van ...
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Has the permittivity or the permeability of space been measured in a gravitational well?

Technically one might say yes since earth is gravitational well. However I am looking for more data points. For example, in deep space where voyager might be at the Lagrange points of massive bodies ...
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How is it determined that the X-ray and radio intensity come from a magnetic field bridge between two clusters of galaxies?

Gizmodo's Astronomers Spot Mysterious, 10-Million-Light-Year-Long Magnetic Field Connecting Two Galaxy Clusters shows the image below, and Space.com's A Weird 'Radio Bridge' 10 Million-Light Years ...
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Are there neutron stars whose magnetic axis and rotating axis are the same, and if so what will happen?

I know that there's probably a higher chance of having a neutron star that has its magnetic axis inclined to the rotational axis rather than having it perfectly aligned. If they are not aligned, the ...
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Do magnetic fields affect planetary rings?

Planetary rings seem to generally form on the ecliptic plane because of the rotation of the planet, but I was wondering what kind of effect the magnetic field of the planet might have on the ring ...
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Would magnetic reversals on Ganymede affect radiation levels at the surface?

Currently the intrinsic magnetic field of Ganymede is anti-aligned with respect to the Jovian magnetic field. If this situation changed to become aligned, either due to magnetic reversals of the ...
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Is it possible to revive the Mars geodynamo? [closed]

I’ve done a bit of reading and have found multiple theories suggesting how the Mars geodynamo stopped fully working. This site suggests that one possibility could be volcanic activity ejecting water ...
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What are the sources of antimatter particles in the magnetosphere?

The PAMELA instrument detected antimatter particles in the Earth's magnetosphere. What are the sources of these particles? The answer to Source of high energy cosmic particles outlines the sources ...
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Energy of a charged particle in the magnetosphere

I asked this question on physics.stackexchange, but as it is a space/magnetosphere question maybe someone here can help me out: Taking the earth as an idealized dipole and the E field from the sun ...
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In practice, can very high magnetic fields significantly alter the dynamics of an astronomical-scale bodies?

The direct effect of magnetic fields on the dynamics (as in the movements, trajectories etc of the bodies themselves, rather than lower-level phenomena like stellar winds and atmospheric degradation) ...
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Superconducting space dust; what transient fields could induce persistent current loops?

Science Alert's Superconductivity Has Been Discovered in Meteorites For The First Time quotes from Superconductivity found in meteorites (Wampler et al. PNAS March 23, 2020) The paper describes the ...
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Magneto tail effect on the other planet in a binary planet system

Let's say there are 2 earth sized planets orbiting each other around 750,000km apart and at a distance of roughly 1.2 AU from a sunlike star with a mass of 1.105 solar masses. Since they are binary, ...
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What influence does the Interplanetary Magnetic Field have on Planetary Orbits?

CONTEXT The equation $F_D=\frac{GMm}{D^2}$ is a standard equation in Newtonian gravitation. It describes the centripetal force exerted, by a source mass$M$, on a target particle of mass $m$ located ...
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Would exoplanets like those of Kepler-70 possess magnetic fields?

The B-type subdwarf, Kepler-70 (aka KIC 5807616) is believed to have two planets orbiting it, at average distances 0.006 AU and 0.0076 AU (source). Due to their proximity to their parent star, they ...
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Why is the Earth's magnetic field stronger than its neighbors?

[Edited] I've learned that the Earth's core is hot due to decay of radioactive elements, causing the liquid part of the core to stay liquid. This was stated as an explanation to why the Earth has a ...
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Does Earth's magnetic field become stronger when a solar flare hits?

This curiosity arises as follows: when ejecta from a strong solar flare hits Earth, will the Earth somehow counter its impact with a stronger magnetic field. Or, earth's magnetic field as limited ...
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Why does the solar wind switch to flowing straight by the time it reaches Earth?

Between 02:01 and 02:29 the new NASA Goddard video 5 New Discoveries from NASA's Parker Solar Probe explains finding # 4, A ...
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What exactly are infrared dark clouds and what is the significance of the orientation of their magnetic fields?

In the video Why NASA's SOFIA Telescope On A Plane is "Perfectly Balanced" after about 10:04 SOFIA associate director James Jackson says: We have a ...
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Why do the magnetic field lines of the earth go from south pole to north pole?

I saw these figures and could not get why the magnetic field lines are not pointing from the north pole towards the south pole but they do the opposite. Or also this picture which is about magnetic ...
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Earth's magnetic field vs. refrigerator magnet

According to this article: The Earth's field ranges between approximately 25,000 and 65,000 nT (0.25–0.65 G). By comparison, a strong refrigerator magnet has a field of about 10,000,000 ...
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Why did Venus not lose its atmosphere without magnetic field?

It is often stated that the magnetosphere not only shields the planet from cosmic radiation, but also prevents atmospheric loss. Why then did Venus not lose most of its atmosphere if it doesn't have a ...
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When and where are we exposed to most cosmic radiation?

I understand the mechanical dynamics of being faced away from the Sun at night, having a lower altitude, not being in the weak points at the poles in the atmosphere, being in a valley and others ...
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Does the magnetic field of earth restore?

The magnetic field of earth protects us from solar wind as we know it, but after the solar wind interacts our magnetic field. Does the magnetic field of earth restore after it deflects the solar ...
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Do planetary magnetic fields slow the movement of conductive extraplanetary moving objects via induction?

A fixed magnetic field will induce an electrical current in a conductive object moving through the field. The strength of the eddy currents will depend on the shape and composition of the conductor ...
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The sun's SOLAR WIND VS MAGNETAR

As we know magnetars have strong magnetic field but what if we swap earth with a magnetar and the sun will released a solar wind. Is the magnetar affected by the solar wind or not ?
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What is the time dilation less a magnetic field?

Does time dilation drop off like a gravity or does resemble a magnetic field model? Could a smaller body with a magnetic field have more time dilation then a larger body without and to what degree?
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Can a magnetic field of an object be stronger than its gravity?

Can a planet, star or otherwise have a magnetic field that is stronger or have more range than its gravity?
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Could an Earth-like magnetic field protect life at exoplanet Proxima Centauri b?

I took a look at Wikipedia's page for Proxima Centauri b, the exoplanet that orbits Proxima Centauri, where it is said it is expected to receive 2000 times of stellar wind pressures than on Earth. It ...
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Do planets repel?

I know gravity is the result of mass. Gravity is nothing but the attractive force on a body due to its mass. I have a question that may be silly. In magnetism we have attraction and repulsion. Earth ...
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Does the sun have cycles causing temperature changes on Earth?

Can the Sun go through seasons or cycles to cause a temperature change? Could the Sun have to go through any kind of thermal cycle to change the climate on Earth and by how much?
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Can magnetism escape a black hole?

I know light, and practically nothing but gravity can escape a black hole. My question is: can magnetism escape a black hole? A couple things that convince me it can are: Jupiter's magnetic field ...
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Can the Sun pull an iron asteriods in it's orbit into it? [closed]

Can our Sun's magnetic field strengthen in any way in a short period? Can the Sun pull anything trapped in close orbit around it? What would happen if an object in orbit passes over a sunspot for ...
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How much magnetic attraction is there between the Sun and Earth?

How much magnetism is there between the Earth and Sun? Would the distance from the Sun differ for not the Earth iron core and how much?
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Anti matter in Jupiter magnetic field?

My question is based in this Wikipedia article about the Jupiter magnetic field: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnetosphere_of_Jupiter Jupiter magnetic field generates plasma and accelerates ionized ...
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How harmful is Saturn's magnetic field for human life?

AFAIK, Jupiter has the strongest magnetic field in the solar system, and it's so powerful that I've been told humans only could survive the radiation generated by it in its mooon Callisto, with proper ...
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What could possibly save an atmosphere other than a magnetic field? Why can't a magnetic field save the atmosphere in certain cases?

Similar question here. We know as a fact that the magnetic field protects planets from Solar Wind, a damaging, continuous, atmosphere-stripping wind of charged ions. Thus, a magnetic field protected ...
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Roche Zone of a black hole vs Roche Zone of Neutron Star

Suppose a very unusually small back hole with the mass of about, lets say, 1.5 solar masses(hawking radiation should destroy a lot of mass let's assume). It thus would have a Roche limit smaller than ...
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What causes Titan a moon to have a denser atmosphere than that of a Mars?

I'm wondering about Mars and Titan. If Mars is larger than Titan how come it lost most of its atmosphere? Mars also has a magnetic field while Titan doesn't. Yet Titans atmospheric pressure on the ...
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Brown dwarf magnetic activity

I have not been able to find an answer to my question through google, and therefore ask it on this medium. Do brown dwarfs have spots and faculae similar to other heavier stars?
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Is Titan Better or Mars? [closed]

Isn't Titan better to colonize than Mars? It has a thick atmosphere which is made up of nitrogen like our planet's. It doesn't have a magnetic field, but it does get a type of protection from Saturn. ...
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What is the reason for magnetic braking?

What is the reason of Magnetic Braking in contact binary stars? Just dark spots? I mean hot spots can have this effect on binaries.
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Reversal of magnetic poles of earth

When the magnetic poles of the earth get reversed, does the earth keep on revolving in the same direction or does it start revolving in the opposite direction?
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Field excitement in quantum field theory? [closed]

How at the beginning of this universe the fields as proposed in quantum fields theory get excited?? How exactly these fields originated?
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Cause of ~10 minute Oscillations in Low Energy Electron Flux in Earth's Magnetosphere

I am analyzing data from an instrument that measures low energy electron flux at Geo-Stationary orbit. There are sharp oscillations in the particle flux of 30 eV electrons occurring from about noon ...
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How does one measure vector magnetic field of astrophysical object?

Magnetic field strength is measured using Zeeman splitting. This is the one of the way Sun's magnetic field strength is measured. Now, how one measure vector magnetic field? Vector magnetic field = ...
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How is magnetic field is generated over the sun?

Dynamo theory suggest how magnetic field generated on Earth. Due to flowing magma which contains molten iron generates magnetic field on earth. But how magnetic field is generated over sun?
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Are magnetic field lines Spiral for Spiral Galaxies? If no, then how it look like topologically?

I am an undergraduate doing summer project at USO. I am working on Sun's Magnetic field model. I got spiral graph for that, which looks like any spiral Galaxy. Do you think that there is some ...
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Will the Sun's solar wind push a permanent magnet out of our solar system?

If you were place a strong permanent magnet into the solar wind, like a 1 inch cube neodymium magnet, would the charged particles of the solar wind colliding with the magnet's magnetic field push the ...
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Do narrow lines in the spectra of O- and B- type stars always indicate magnetic fields?

I was reading a paper on the differential emission measures of a set of hot O- and B- type stars. As the authors discuss in Section 3 (page 959), two stars, $\tau$ Sco and $\theta^1$ Ori C, have ...