Questions tagged [mars]

Questions regarding Mars, the fourth planet from the Sun.

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What are the challenges in terraforming a portion of Mars as opposed to the entire planet? [migrated]

To be clear, I'm not talking about creating human-livable conditions, just the minimum required to support microbial life and possibly begin the process of creating an environment to support more ...
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Multiple unmanned spacecraft missions [closed]

Is it possible to have a single unmanned spacecraft having multiple space missions? Examples : Mars, Venus. Examples : Mars, Venus, Jupiter Thanks & Regards, Prashant S Akerkar
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Is the 'spin' of Earth and the 'spin' of Mars a significant contribution to their angular momentum?

Is the 'spin' of Earth and the 'spin' of Mars taken into account as a contribution to the conservation of angular momentum? (and a contribution to the increasing/decreasing eccentricity?) Or - is the ...
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Mars is getting closer to Earth through its elliptical orbit becoming more eccentric. Do Earth and Mars keep getting closer? [closed]

A NASA Mars article says: Mars' orbit is more elliptical than Earth's, so the difference between perihelion and aphelion is greater. Over the past centuries, Mars' orbit has been getting more and ...
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Use MOXIE on Earth [closed]

I recently read about a machine called MOXIE that synthesised oxygen from carbon dioxide on Mars. I haven't been able to get the exact idea of how the thing works(though I've noticed analogies to ...
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When were the spiders first observed on Mars?

On Mars, there are spider-looking features near the South pole that might be caused by CO2 sublimation. When were these features first observed on the surface of Mars?
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What are the dark spots in the “face of Mars” picture?

In this picture of Cydonia by Viking 1 (taken from this article), there are a bunch of black spots scattered everywhere. Are they an artifact of the image or are they an actual feature on the surface ...
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Black spot in Mars' sky

There is a sequence of three raw images by Mars Curiosity Rover taken during Sol 3066 (22/03/2022, roughly) that show the same features of Mars' landscape and sky. They are separated by 38 seconds' ...
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Earlier references of Mars' arsia mons elongated cloud?

The weird long cloud on Mars is finally revealing some of its secrets is an article by Chelsea Gohd from space.com referencing ESA's Mars Express news. The Arisa Mons Elongated Cloud (AMEC) is ...
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Could ancient tectonic activity on Mars be due to it having oceans of sulphuric acid?

Could Mars' ancient tectonic activity have ceased due to its oceans having been composed of sulphuric acid, which warmed up and evaporated due to the Theia event as ice chunks landed on its surface? ...
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How was Mars' very noticeable change in apparent magnitude explained by the Geocentric Model?

In the geocentric model, the Sun, the Moon, and the 5 naked-eye planets (Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn) all orbited Earth. Today we know that the planets orbit the Sun, and thus they come ...
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River-like artifact in perseverance rover's photo of Mars

Good to know that perseverance rover has touched the surface of Mars finally. We will have nice new opportunity window for exploring our closest "friendly" planet of solar system. Here's one ...
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Measured values of the solar irradiance at other values than 1 AU?

It is straight forward to estimate the total solar irradiance of a planet using the Earth's solar constant, and scaling it according to the (mean) distance of the planets. But for which planets have ...
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Planets just look like dots! Beginner telescope, hoping for some advice

I'm very new to astronomy and got myself a cheap, used 700mm 70mm diameter refractor scope and am able to see (what I think are) good images of the moon. However when I try to view planets I see ...
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Abundance of penitente ice formations in the solar system

When researching for my question on extraterresitral snow, I learned about a rare snow formation called penitente which seems to be found on various (dwarf) planets, like Earth, Mars, and Pluto. ...
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Extraterrestrial snow?

What do we know about extraterrestrial snow? On which (exo)planets or (exo)moons do we have direct hints for its existance? This is indeed a children's question, but I struggle to answer it ...
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Is there convection in Mars' mantle?

Mars is differentiated, with a core, a mantle and a crust. There are no (longer any) plate tectonics on Mars. Does this mean there is no convection in the mantle? Could there be convection in the ...
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Do stars twinkle when seen from Mars' surface?

Mars' average atmospheric pressure is 0.006 atm (0.088 psi). Is that enough to make fixed stars on Mars' night sky twinkle? Do we know an air pressure or density limit for that?
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Meteor size and frequency distribution for Earth vs. moon or other planets?

I struggle to find an answer to the at-first-sight simple question if or how the size distribution and frequency distribution of incoming rocks hitting the ground or the atmosphere vary from Earth, to ...
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Does a lunar occultation of Mars happen twice a year?

The Space Exploration SE question When our Moon is hiding Mars, is it possible to create a radio communication between Earth and Mars? links to this short article in the popular press Mars is hiding ...
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Determining wind speed distribution on Mars using dune shapes?

As a fan of exometeorology (the study of atmospheres of other planets), I scanned through a whitepaper Measuring Mars Atmospheric Winds from Orbit which says Measurements of Mars atmospheric winds ...
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Local atmospheric pressure and surface gravity in Jezero crater?

The Jezero crater on Mars is the target location of the American Mars 2020 mission. I can't find any good values on the local air pressure and gravity, though the elevation is around what is ...
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Graph of apparent magnitude of Mars through time from around 2000 to present?

I tried to search online but failed to find a graph of the apparent magnitude of Mars over time from 2000 to present. From Wikipedia: Mars made its closest approach to Earth and maximum apparent ...
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Please check my Mars photo

Hi built my own newtonian telescope for the first time. Up until that point I had never used a telescope. Can you please look at the photos attached and tell me if this is what Mars should look like ...
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When I see Mars, I see only red light

I have a 700 mm focal and 76 mm aperture telescope. I bought it a few days ago. I tried to spot Mars for 3 days but I only see red light. I use an 20 mm eyepiece for finding it and 4 mm eyepiece for ...
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Mars is dark, surrounding is bright, what am I doing wrong? [duplicate]

I just got a Celestron 8 and I'm a complete rookie: set up scope early so it would acclimate to the temperature. No difficulty locating Mars, but I see a dark planet with its circumference slightly ...
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Why are only the poles of Mars frozen, despite too cold temperatures on lower latitudes?

Actually the entire red planet is very cold, cold enough for ice and frost to form not only on the poles. Temperature rises above 0 deg Celsius in summer only. Why then are just the poles frozen, and ...
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What if a global killer hit Mars?

Compared to the effects an impact of a global killer would have on Earth, what if such an asteroid, with a diameter around 7 miles (11.2 km), impacted the red planet with its different atmosphere, ...
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Is the Object in this Photo Mars?

A little bit of context: I dabble in amateur astronomy, however only very lightly. I originally wanted to make some observations of Mars because I know it is supposed to be very close these days but ...
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How to view the surface of Mars with a 130 mm Newtonian?

I bought a Celestron AstroMaster 130EQ telescope, but I am not able to see the surface of Mars through using the 10 mm eyepiece. Instead I only see a glowing dot. What should I do to view the mars ...
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Which planet is this (if any)?

I live in Ahmedabad, in India, with an exact location of about 27.2048° N, 77.4975° E. Currently (as of this writing), it is 20:52 EST. I noticed a red object in the sky. (Forgive the crude imaging. ...
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Are there lightning bolts on Mars?

Although the Martian atmosphere is thin, there are many atmospheric phenomena that occur on Mars: storms, dust devils, (carbon dioxide) snow,... Some storms even stir up the atmosphere of the entire ...
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When was the last volcanic eruption on Mars?

There are several volcanoes on Mars, including Olympus Mons, the largest volcano in the solar system, the volcanoes on the Tharsis bulge,... But they are all thought to be inactive now. When did the ...
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Why did the edge of Olympus Mons collapse?

On Earth, the maximum height for a mountain is ~10 km. Beyond that, the mountain will start to spread or collapse. On the surface of Mars, the gravity is not as strong, so the maximum height for a ...
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Is dust the only reason why the Martian sky is so bright?

The atmospheric pressure on the surface of Mars is 0.00609 atm on average and 0.012 atm at most in the Hellas Basin. On Earth, at these pressures, which are found at altitudes about 30-35 km (19-22 mi)...
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Who coined the phrase “martian dichotomy”?

This question is adjacent to this other one. The martian dichotomy refers to the fact that the northern and southern hemisphere are radically different on Mars, with different surface ages and ...
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When was the martian dichotomy first observed?

The North and South hemispheres of Mars are very different one from another. They have different elevations, different crust thickness, different surface ages. This is known as the martian dichotomy. ...
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What is 'surface acceleration' of a planet or other body? As opposed to its 'g' (gravity)?

The Mars Fact Sheet at NASA (their NSSDC or NSSDCA section, whatever that means) lists a value for 'surface acceleration' just below one for 'surface gravity'. They also have the values for Earth, ...
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How many quakes have been detected by InSight?

Insight has been on Mars with its seismometer for almost two years now. Has it detected any mars-quakes yet? How often do these quakes seem to occur? Is there a website where the current number of ...
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Could life forms have travelled between the Earth and Mars on meteoroids?

Mars meteorites have been found on Earth, and there likely are Earth meteorites that have crashed on Mars. If you take any random piece of rock from the surface of Earth, the odds are there will be ...
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What are the most recent minerals modified by water found to date on Mars?

There likely was quite a bit of liquid water on the surface of Mars less than 4 billion years ago. We know this because we found rocks that old that have been modified by the presence of water. For ...
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How to retrieve from NASA Horizons site the needed data to plot analemmas for other planets?

I posted such a question in space.stackexchange ( https://space.stackexchange.com/questions/46077/which-are-the-correct-input-parameters-for-nasa-horizons-query-to-get-the-right?noredirect=1#...
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How to see Mars and Venus in color?

My telescope is Arsenal - Synta 70/700 AZ2 (refractor model). 140x max zoom (10 mm with Barlow). I could clearly see Jupiter and Saturn in color. I even saw brown stripes on Jupiter. Yet, when I tried ...
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How can one determine the angle between the line of nodes and the major axis of the orbit of Mars?

Edit: What I really was looking for, was the difference in longitude on the orbit of Mars between its aphelion and the point where the north pole axis of Mars would point towards the Sun (northern ...
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How did the orbits of Phobos and Deimos circularize?

The satellites of Mars might be captured asteroids. But Phobos has an eccentricity of $0.015$, and Deimos of $3\times10^{-4}$. If they were captured, they likely were captured with rather eccentric ...
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How old are the Martian blueberries?

The martian blueberries (only blue in false color) found by the Opportunity rover in Meridium Planis are formed by slow evaporation in mineral-rich liquid water. They obviously formed early in the ...
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Has any of the orbiters or rover on Mars captured image of comet NEOWISE?

We are seeing stunning pictures of comet NEOWISE from earth (and ISS too), are there any pictures captured from Mars by an orbiter or rover, or any other spacecraft?
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Why wouldn't massive torrents freeze on Mars?

I am currently reading the Cambridge Guide to the Solar System. In chapter 8, section 8.7, they explain that massive torrents of water created outflow channels on the surface of Mars in the past. The ...
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Is there permanent dry ice on Mars? [duplicate]

Are there any places featuring permanent dry ice (carbon dioxide ice) on Mars? Is there dry ice at the poles?
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Ice filled craters on Mars

How many craters on Mars have ice in them and which ones have permanent ice? I could only find Korolev and the unnamed one - strange for such a remarkable crater. http://www.esa.int/...

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