Questions tagged [mars]

Questions regarding Mars, the fourth planet from the Sun.

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1answer
150 views

When I see Mars, I see only red light

I have a 700 mm focal and 76 mm aperture telescope. I bought it a few days ago. I tried to spot Mars for 3 days but I only see red light. I use an 20 mm eyepiece for finding it and 4 mm eyepiece for ...
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97 views

When were the spiders first observed on Mars?

On Mars, there are spider-looking features near the South pole that might be caused by CO2 sublimation. When were these features first observed on the surface of Mars?
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Why are Mars northern/southern hemisphere altitudes so different?

I'm looking at the Mars topography map: original link ...and I can't shake the impression that someone just messed up the placement of the center point of the planet, shifting it about 8km north ...
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1answer
89 views

How much is usually deposited in a Mars regional dust storm?

Is there any indication of how much dust is deposited, especially in areas that are not open where wind might produce a cleaning event?
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71 views

Why does Hellas Basin look white on some maps?

One map of Mars I see a lot is this colourized map: the Viking colourized global mosaic (Source): But one thing which strikes me as odd is just how white the Hellas Basin is (the white patch which is ...
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1answer
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Ice filled craters on Mars

How many craters on Mars have ice in them and which ones have permanent ice? I could only find Korolev and the unnamed one - strange for such a remarkable crater. http://www.esa.int/...
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324 views

Black spot in Mars' sky

There is a sequence of three raw images by Mars Curiosity Rover taken during Sol 3066 (22/03/2022, roughly) that show the same features of Mars' landscape and sky. They are separated by 38 seconds' ...
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2answers
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What are the dark spots in the “face of Mars” picture?

In this picture of Cydonia by Viking 1 (taken from this article), there are a bunch of black spots scattered everywhere. Are they an artifact of the image or are they an actual feature on the surface ...
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121 views

Could ancient tectonic activity on Mars be due to it having oceans of sulphuric acid?

Could Mars' ancient tectonic activity have ceased due to its oceans having been composed of sulphuric acid, which warmed up and evaporated due to the Theia event as ice chunks landed on its surface? ...
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Earlier references of Mars' arsia mons elongated cloud?

The weird long cloud on Mars is finally revealing some of its secrets is an article by Chelsea Gohd from space.com referencing ESA's Mars Express news. The Arisa Mons Elongated Cloud (AMEC) is ...
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1answer
40 views

How was Mars' very noticeable change in apparent magnitude explained by the Geocentric Model?

In the geocentric model, the Sun, the Moon, and the 5 naked-eye planets (Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn) all orbited Earth. Today we know that the planets orbit the Sun, and thus they come ...
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1answer
103 views

How many quakes have been detected by InSight?

Insight has been on Mars with its seismometer for almost two years now. Has it detected any mars-quakes yet? How often do these quakes seem to occur? Is there a website where the current number of ...
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120 views

Why are only the poles of Mars frozen, despite too cold temperatures on lower latitudes?

Actually the entire red planet is very cold, cold enough for ice and frost to form not only on the poles. Temperature rises above 0 deg Celsius in summer only. Why then are just the poles frozen, and ...
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110 views

River-like artifact in perseverance rover's photo of Mars

Good to know that perseverance rover has touched the surface of Mars finally. We will have nice new opportunity window for exploring our closest "friendly" planet of solar system. Here's one ...
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900 views

Can we hear something on Venus, Mars and Titan?

Mars, Venus and Titan have an atmosphere and we can theoretically step on them (and die quickly). So, as an example, let's say we can survive on these objects without a space suit. I say: “Hi” on any ...
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Are there large underground caverns on Mars?

Scientists talk about the possibility of life underground on Mars, and I assume they are talking about microscopic life that can live in small gaps in the soil or rock. But is there any evidence that ...
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At what depth on Mars would the atmosphere have equal pressure of that on Earth?

I know the atmospheric pressure on Mars is less than that of Earth, and so is its gravity. However, I know that the deeper you go (e.g. in a cave or a hole that is dug), the more atmospheric pressure ...
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Measured values of the solar irradiance at other values than 1 AU?

It is straight forward to estimate the total solar irradiance of a planet using the Earth's solar constant, and scaling it according to the (mean) distance of the planets. But for which planets have ...
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2answers
118 views

Planets just look like dots! Beginner telescope, hoping for some advice

I'm very new to astronomy and got myself a cheap, used 700mm 70mm diameter refractor scope and am able to see (what I think are) good images of the moon. However when I try to view planets I see ...
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1answer
143 views

Is there convection in Mars' mantle?

Mars is differentiated, with a core, a mantle and a crust. There are no (longer any) plate tectonics on Mars. Does this mean there is no convection in the mantle? Could there be convection in the ...
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Abundance of penitente ice formations in the solar system

When researching for my question on extraterresitral snow, I learned about a rare snow formation called penitente which seems to be found on various (dwarf) planets, like Earth, Mars, and Pluto. ...
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Extraterrestrial snow?

What do we know about extraterrestrial snow? On which (exo)planets or (exo)moons do we have direct hints for its existance? This is indeed a children's question, but I struggle to answer it ...
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Determining wind speed distribution on Mars using dune shapes?

As a fan of exometeorology (the study of atmospheres of other planets), I scanned through a whitepaper Measuring Mars Atmospheric Winds from Orbit which says Measurements of Mars atmospheric winds ...
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1answer
101 views

Do stars twinkle when seen from Mars' surface?

Mars' average atmospheric pressure is 0.006 atm (0.088 psi). Is that enough to make fixed stars on Mars' night sky twinkle? Do we know an air pressure or density limit for that?
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Meteor size and frequency distribution for Earth vs. moon or other planets?

I struggle to find an answer to the at-first-sight simple question if or how the size distribution and frequency distribution of incoming rocks hitting the ground or the atmosphere vary from Earth, to ...
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How many meteorites have been found some place other than Earth? Where is an authoritative list maintained?

Backgound: After seeing this tweet by astronomer Kacper Wierzchoś about our not-so-new but at least newly-discovered "mini-moon" I scrolled down and saw the tweeted image below. The object ...
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Does a lunar occultation of Mars happen twice a year?

The Space Exploration SE question When our Moon is hiding Mars, is it possible to create a radio communication between Earth and Mars? links to this short article in the popular press Mars is hiding ...
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Where to obtain Tycho Brahe's data?

I would like to obtain Tycho Brahe's data on Mars. What would be an authoritative source? One source I could find is this page (the data is given as an Excel file) but I have no idea can that be ...
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Is the wind's intensity on Mars similar to Earth?

I've read that in Mars' poles, the winds can be as fast as 400 km/h, when the poles are exposed to sunlight because the frozen $CO_2$ sublimes. I know that the Martian atmosphere is much thinner than ...
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1answer
108 views

Help understanding the false MRO observations of hydrated minerals on Mars

The Science News article An orbiter glitch may mean some signs of liquid water on Mars aren’t real begins: Some signs of water on Mars may have just dried up. Thanks to the way data from NASA’s Mars ...
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Local atmospheric pressure and surface gravity in Jezero crater?

The Jezero crater on Mars is the target location of the American Mars 2020 mission. I can't find any good values on the local air pressure and gravity, though the elevation is around what is ...
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Graph of apparent magnitude of Mars through time from around 2000 to present?

I tried to search online but failed to find a graph of the apparent magnitude of Mars over time from 2000 to present. From Wikipedia: Mars made its closest approach to Earth and maximum apparent ...
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4k views

Please check my Mars photo

Hi built my own newtonian telescope for the first time. Up until that point I had never used a telescope. Can you please look at the photos attached and tell me if this is what Mars should look like ...
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Mars looks like a blur

I took my telescope out tonight (I am new, just got the telescope a few days ago, it's my first one) and I was observing Mars, however all I see is just an bright orange circle, with no surface detail,...
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When was the last volcanic eruption on Mars?

There are several volcanoes on Mars, including Olympus Mons, the largest volcano in the solar system, the volcanoes on the Tharsis bulge,... But they are all thought to be inactive now. When did the ...
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1answer
239 views

Mars is dark, surrounding is bright, what am I doing wrong? [duplicate]

I just got a Celestron 8 and I'm a complete rookie: set up scope early so it would acclimate to the temperature. No difficulty locating Mars, but I see a dark planet with its circumference slightly ...
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What if a global killer hit Mars?

Compared to the effects an impact of a global killer would have on Earth, what if such an asteroid, with a diameter around 7 miles (11.2 km), impacted the red planet with its different atmosphere, ...
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801 views

Is the Object in this Photo Mars?

A little bit of context: I dabble in amateur astronomy, however only very lightly. I originally wanted to make some observations of Mars because I know it is supposed to be very close these days but ...
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1answer
425 views

How to view the surface of Mars with a 130 mm Newtonian?

I bought a Celestron AstroMaster 130EQ telescope, but I am not able to see the surface of Mars through using the 10 mm eyepiece. Instead I only see a glowing dot. What should I do to view the mars ...
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Could any known, living organisms on Earth survive on Mars?

No life has been discovered outside of Earth (yet?), but do we know if anything that would be considered "living" on Earth could conquer Mars? (or maybe Venus?) With the Mars One project on the way, ...
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825 views

How do scientists know that a rock found on Earth came from Mars?

There are many documented cases of meteorites being reported as from Mars. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allan_Hills_84001 While I can understand that it's possible to know if a rock originated as a ...
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1answer
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Kepler and the Sun position

When Kepler went to Tycho Brahe, he learned that Tycho Brahe was using the mean position of the sun to note down the position of Mars. Well, Kepler needed to convert these datas of Brahe to do his own ...
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Which planet is this (if any)?

I live in Ahmedabad, in India, with an exact location of about 27.2048° N, 77.4975° E. Currently (as of this writing), it is 20:52 EST. I noticed a red object in the sky. (Forgive the crude imaging. ...
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Are there lightning bolts on Mars?

Although the Martian atmosphere is thin, there are many atmospheric phenomena that occur on Mars: storms, dust devils, (carbon dioxide) snow,... Some storms even stir up the atmosphere of the entire ...
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Is dust the only reason why the Martian sky is so bright?

The atmospheric pressure on the surface of Mars is 0.00609 atm on average and 0.012 atm at most in the Hellas Basin. On Earth, at these pressures, which are found at altitudes about 30-35 km (19-22 mi)...
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2answers
6k views

What is the temperature 55 km beneath the surface of Mars?

What is the temperature 55 km (34.18 miles) beneath the surface of Mars? The reason I ask is that I want to know if it might be habitable for a possible future colony if they could dig that deep (...
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1answer
669 views

Could Mars have oil?

What events could have to happen to Mars (which is thought to once look like Earth) that may have depleted the atmosphere and erase all proof of life ever existing at least on the surface? I know an ...
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1answer
268 views

Could a magnetars magnetic field have saved Mars atmosphere?

Just wondering: if a magnetar was close enough to Mars would it have saved its atmosphere by protecting it from solar radiation? I was wondering this because Earth protects us via a magnetic field; ...
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Is the curvature of Mars visible from the top of Olympus Mons?

Would you be able to see the curvature of Mars from the top of Olympus Mons? And how much curvature would you see if it was visible, would it be only barely detectable, or would you see a lot of ...
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Could martian meteorites come from Olympus Mons?

Could Olympus Mons have thrown ejecta out of Mars' orbit when it was active? Does it fit with the composition and dating of meteorites with martian origin?