Questions tagged [mass]

Questions regarding the property of astronomical objects that determines their inertial resistance and gravitational interaction with other bodies.

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24
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5answers
4k views

Does a planet's mass or gravity affect the height of it's mountains?

According to this Wikipedia page, the top five highest mountains on Mars (and the highest on Venus) are all taller than Mount Everest (and Mauna Kea as measured from the ocean floor). Does a planet's ...
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6answers
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What is the minimum mass required so that objects become spherical due to its own gravity?

Is this minimum mass known? or maybe, is it given in terms of density? If so, how much density is the minimum to have an spherical object due to its own gravity?
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0answers
56 views

How much mass to make a shperical object?

I was googling around for info for D&D campaign I am going to run. I was wondering about the mass required for a object to pull itself into a shperical shape and it seems that the answer varies ...
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0answers
24 views

What's the relationship between the mass of a star and the mass of its core?

What's the mathematical relationship between the mass of a star and the mass of its core? For simplicity's sake, I'm asking about the cores of main sequence stars at birth, and by "core" I ...
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1answer
471 views

How to determine the mass of a galaxy?

I am having a slight disagreement with my professor. We can measure the mass of a distant star cluster from: A.Its color B.Its radius C.Its metallicity D.Smearing of lines in its total spectrum My ...
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1answer
122 views

What actually is the mass? [closed]

Since high school, I've been told that the definition of mass is "quantity of matter" (which is absolutely wrong, I guess). If mass is actually a quantity of matter and it is a measure of ...
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2answers
116 views

is weight of two identical objects same when they have the same exact distance from earth's surface but one is on a mountain and the other on a plane? [closed]

Is the weight of two identical objects the same when they have the same exact distance from the earth's surface but one is on a mountain and the other on a plane? The distance between the plane and ...
3
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1answer
102 views

What increases or decreases the mass and density of a fixed radius star?

Assuming a relatively even proportion of mass and radius, a 0.25 solar masses and radii star would have a density of 22.5003 g/cm³, or about 16 times our Sun's density. Keeping the radius of 0.25 ...
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2answers
119 views

What is the (overall) half-mass radius of Milky Way

I am doing some simulation and I need the half-mass radius of Milky Way (total mass: including all objects, dark matter, nebula...), but I cannot find the value and I don't know how to calculate it. I ...
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4answers
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Does the mass of the observable universe ever change?

First do we have anyway to even estimate the mass of the entire observable universe? And then is there any data that shows mass being gained or lost? Would we ever know if someone was playing with ...
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0answers
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Which KBOs would one have to merge in order to have more than half the Kuiper belt's mass?

I wonder how many and which Kuiper belt objects' masses would one have to merge so that the resulting mass is more than half the Kuiper belt's mass. The total mass of the Kuiper belt is reportedly ...
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1answer
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What is the density of the solar system per cubic light second outside the Jupiter ecliptic?

I have been unable to find any research on particle density over 1 cSecond above or below the ecliptic in regions with a gravitational field with an acceleration less than 1/1000 of meter per second ...
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2answers
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Why doesn't smashing larger and larger bodies incrementally into a rocky planet create a star?

Let's start with a stationary Earth. If we smash a few Mercury-sized objects into the Earth, the Earth begins to accrete mass. Repeat this step with larger and larger objects, until we start impacting ...
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3answers
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Is the sun's volume shrinking currently?

The Sun loses about 5.5 million tonnes of mass every second, does this mean Sun's volume is also going down? If so can we tell by how much every year? E: "by how much" I mean can we tell if ...
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4answers
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Is Jupiter made entirely out of gas?

I heard that Jupiter is made out of gas. But in school I learned that Jupiter has gravity which is 2.5 times that of Earth (Gravity that can tear apart a comet) and gravity is proportional to mass. ...
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4answers
164 views

If a black hole has the same mass as me, then why dont i suck everything at my center of mass?

So, a black hole is very dense that you can get really close to its center of mass that it has a strong pull, well, if i have the mass of a black hole that has a really small event horizon, why doesnt ...
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1answer
111 views

If a black hole has a mass similar to a star, why does it have a different gravitational pull?

Say there is a black hole with 1 solar mass, having the sun's mass, it would have the same gravity as the sun, right? But it still has an event horizon, so why does it have such a strong gravitational ...
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0answers
48 views

How likely are triple planet systems?

Is it likely to ever discover three planets of similar mass revolving around a common barycenter, or would such a system be too unstable? Such triple planet system would look like a triangle once in a ...
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3answers
950 views

Is there a flaw with the newer purposes and correlations attributed to the HR diagram? (And would a third axis of mass correct the enclosed flaw?)

When I was younger, I was looking at HR diagrams, and began to experiment with the HR diagram. I was looking at plotting different groups of stars on the HR diagram when I found RV Tauri stars. ...
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1answer
136 views

Is there a formula to calculate any star mass from Luminosity, Radius, and/or Temperature (K)? [duplicate]

I know there is the Mass-Luminosity relationship, but I am wondering if there is a more accurate formula I can use based on the data points I have generated: Absolute Magnitude (based on class and ...
9
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1answer
343 views

How can I measure the mass of eclipsing binary stars?

Is there any method to measure the mass of eclipsing binaries without using Doppler shift effect?
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85 views

Is there a way to calculate the mass of of a stellar remnant given the initial mass of the star?

Assume there is a star in a completely empty region of space, away from any outside influence. Is there a way to calculate the mass of a resulting stellar remnant, a white dwarf, neutron star, or ...
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1answer
150 views

Why don't we detect planets around OB stars and no terrestrial planets around A or early F stars?

Looking at an exoplanet database, I noticed that there are very few planets detected around main-sequence OBA stars, and most of them are gas giants/brown dwarfs. Why can't we detect low-mass planets ...
0
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1answer
50 views

How do we estimate the dimensions and mass distribution of a galaxy's dark matter halo, beyond the effective limits of its visible matter?

Current research suggests that the Milky Way's dark matter halo may extend up to about 10 - 15 times the size of the visible galaxy, and is believed to be roughly spherically symmetrical. But I don't ...
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66 views

Is is possible for a main sequence star to have 0.77 solar masses yet only be 0.54 solar radii?

I know ordinarily a star's mass and radius tend to be proportional, so a 0.5 solar masses star tends to be about 0.5 solar radii and have a density of 4.82 g/cm³, 3.42 or about three and a half times ...
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2answers
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Are red dwarfs really 30-100 times our Sun's density?

This article by K. E. Edgeworth claims red dwarfs tend to be around 30-100 times our Sun's density. However, this seems a bit high. With smaller stars, mass tends to be proportional to radius but ...
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0answers
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How big can an object get before its core becomes degenerate?

I am wondering, what is the most massive object we know of that does not have a degenerate core, and what is the least massive object that does have a degenerate code? We know that Jupiter has a core ...
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1answer
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Why don't (or can't) stars be more than 325 or so times the mass of the sun? What limits their size?

Is there a particular reason why stars cannot grow as massive as they want to? And why doesn't this limit apply to supermassive black holes?
3
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1answer
58 views

Mass estimate for cluster NGC2516?

The Wikipedia entry on NGC2516 mentions a mass value in the range $[10^5 - 10^6]\; M_{\odot}$. This seems like a rather enormous value for an open cluster. In Jilinski et al. (2009) the authors state ...
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1answer
130 views

Will 1036 Ganymed's orbit be changed by its close encounter with Mars in 2176?

In 2176, the asteroid Ganymed will come as close as 0.02868 AU (4,290,000 km / 2,670,000 mi) from Mars. That's pretty close to Mars imho. Can Mars' gravity alter Ganymed's orbit significantly in 2176 ...
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1answer
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Why doesn't star size distribution conform to space rock size distribution?

The number of space rocks is exponentially related to the size of the rocks. There are more small space rocks than big ones. Stars are most commonly the size of the sun, big and smaller stars are rare,...
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Relation between core mass and red giant mass?

Yes, the title might be confusing (I'd appreciate some more clarification on it :D ). I have an estimated mass of hydrogen in the core of a star, and how much hydrogen will be in the core when the ...
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0answers
38 views

What is the mass for a celestial body to definitely achieve hydrostatic equilibrium?

While these posts (attempt to) answer what the minimum mass is to be able to achieve an ellipsoidal shape, my question asks for the mass at which a body definitely collapses into an ellipsoid. Meaning,...
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1answer
3k views

Why are most discovered exoplanets heavier than Earth?

Looking at all discovered exoplanets (4393 exoplanets), I found than only 17 of them (less than one percent!) have masses less or equal to Earth's mass. Why so? Is it because it is very difficult to ...
3
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1answer
378 views

Minimum distance between planets

In our solar system, MOIDs (minimum orbital intersection distance) of different planets reach a minimum of ~30 million miles (Mercury and Venus). However, other star systems have more compact planets. ...
3
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2answers
150 views

What should the mass of a planet be in-order for its escape velocity to be near the speed of light? [duplicate]

What should the mass of a planet be in-order for its escape velocity to be the speed of light? Is it even possible? What will it look like from an outside viewer? Will it even be visible in the human ...
3
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1answer
337 views

What if a primordial black hole went through the Sun?

How much mass would the Sun lose to a primordial black hole that (initially) has 10 Earth masses, passing through or close to the center of the Sun at solar escape velocity? How massive would the Sun ...
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2answers
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Size and Mass of a typical "small" asteroid that impacts the Earth?

I'm looking for some realistic data about the size (in meters) and mass (in kg) of a typical small asteroids that impact the Earth, without disintegrating in the atmosphere. Any suggestion ?
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How do we get to know the total mass of an atmosphere?

Since atmospheres don't end abruptly but gradually get thinner the higher you go, I wonder how we can get the total mass of an atmosphere if we don't know where exactly it ends. E.g. the Earth's ...
3
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1answer
331 views

Do more massive stars become larger or smaller white dwarfs?

I wonder whether e.g. stars more massive than the Sun (but below the mass where they'd go supernova) would become larger or smaller white dwarfs than a white dwarf Sun. Since Procyon B is larger than ...
2
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1answer
106 views

How much mass would have to be added to the Sun to significantly alter any of its characteristics?

While this might at first sound like an XKCD What If? question, let's proceed with it because astronomical objects do occasionally merge. How much mass would have to be added to the Sun to ...
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1answer
59 views

Relation between mass of gas, mass of stars and dark matter halo mass [duplicate]

As we all know that Mass of the galaxy can be written as the sum of the mass of gas(Mg), the mass of stars (Ms), and mass of dark matter halo(Mh), as M(galaxy)=Mg+Mh+Ms, But is there any formula which ...
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1answer
237 views

Relation between absolute magnitude of UV and star formation rate

I surfed the internet and searched a lot of sites, so far I got this but unable to find the formula which relates only Muv and the Ψ as I don't know the value of parameters Auv and μ(z). If there ...
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1answer
52 views

density of dark matter halo

I was surfing the net for knowing the actual density of dark matter halo for a particular Mh(Mass of the halo) and finally, I got two equations: for pseudo-isothermal halo and by NFW-profile So, ...
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2answers
51 views

List of galaxies with their dark matter halo

Where can one find the list of galaxies with their dark halo masses, I've searched several sites but I found no such proper list where the masses of their dark matter halo is compiled? Can anybody ...
2
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1answer
36 views

Where can I find a database on the masses of different galaxies?

I want to get the data for masses of galaxies, more information about them can only be helpful. Can anyone point me to a site where I can get this sort of information?
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2answers
402 views

Calculate mass of exoplanet from transit method

Is there any way to calculate (or at least estimate) mass of an exoplanet from transit method? I know that mass can be calculated with radial velocity method, however I would like to create program ...
34
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2answers
4k views

How was the mass of Venus determined?

The mass of Venus seems rather complicated to determine to me: Venus doesn't have any satellites, so you can't just apply Kepler's third law (like you would with Jupiter or Saturn for instance) to ...
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2answers
508 views

GW190521 black hole merger total mass calculation and missing mass, how does this happen?

I have just read an article about that black hole merge event (it's in Italian): Sette miliardi di anni fa, due mostri si unirono What made me curious is that the article tell that a 66 solar mass ...
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2answers
144 views

How to find the mass of a planet not knowing the gravitational constant?

So I found this problem, I know the gravity of earth $g_0$, I found the orbital speed of one satellite using this equation $\frac{GM_em_s}{(R_e+h)^2}=m_sa$ ($M_e$ is the mass of earth, $m_s$ is the ...