Questions tagged [mass]

Questions regarding the property of astronomical objects that determines their inertial resistance and gravitational interaction with other bodies.

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67 views

What is the density of the solar system per cubic light second outside the Jupiter ecliptic?

I have been unable to find any research on particle density over 1 cSecond above or below the ecliptic in regions with a gravitational field with an acceleration less than 1/1000 of meter per second ...
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Why doesn't smashing larger and larger bodies incrementally into a rocky planet create a star?

Let's start with a stationary Earth. If we smash a few Mercury-sized objects into the Earth, the Earth begins to accrete mass. Repeat this step with larger and larger objects, until we start impacting ...
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Is the sun's volume shrinking currently?

The Sun loses about 5.5 million tonnes of mass every second, does this mean Sun's volume is also going down? If so can we tell by how much every year? E: "by how much" I mean can we tell if ...
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Is Jupiter made entirely out of gas?

I heard that Jupiter is made out of gas. But in school I learned that Jupiter has gravity which is 2.5 times that of Earth (Gravity that can tear apart a comet) and gravity is proportional to mass. ...
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If a black hole has the same mass as me, then why dont i suck everything at my center of mass?

So, a black hole is very dense that you can get really close to its center of mass that it has a strong pull, well, if i have the mass of a black hole that has a really small event horizon, why doesnt ...
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1answer
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If a black hole has a mass similar to a star, why does it have a different gravitational pull?

Say there is a black hole with 1 solar mass, having the sun's mass, it would have the same gravity as the sun, right? But it still has an event horizon, so why does it have such a strong gravitational ...
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How likely are triple planet systems?

Is it likely to ever discover three planets of similar mass revolving around a common barycenter, or would such a system be too unstable? Such triple planet system would look like a triangle once in a ...
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Is there a flaw with the newer purposes and correlations attributed to the HR diagram? (And would a third axis of mass correct the enclosed flaw?)

When I was younger, I was looking at HR diagrams, and began to experiment with the HR diagram. I was looking at plotting different groups of stars on the HR diagram when I found RV Tauri stars. ...
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Is there a formula to calculate any star mass from Luminosity, Radius, and/or Temperature (K)? [duplicate]

I know there is the Mass-Luminosity relationship, but I am wondering if there is a more accurate formula I can use based on the data points I have generated: Absolute Magnitude (based on class and ...
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1answer
427 views

How to determine the mass of a galaxy?

I am having a slight disagreement with my professor. We can measure the mass of a distant star cluster from: A.Its color B.Its radius C.Its metallicity D.Smearing of lines in its total spectrum My ...
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How can I measure the mass of eclipsing binary stars?

Is there any method to measure the mass of eclipsing binaries without using Doppler shift effect?
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What increases or decreases the mass and density of a fixed radius star?

Assuming a relatively even proportion of mass and radius, a 0.25 solar masses and radii star would have a density of 22.5003 g/cm³, or about 16 times our Sun's density. Keeping the radius of 0.25 ...
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Is there a way to calculate the mass of of a stellar remnant given the initial mass of the star?

Assume there is a star in a completely empty region of space, away from any outside influence. Is there a way to calculate the mass of a resulting stellar remnant, a white dwarf, neutron star, or ...
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1answer
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Why don't we detect planets around OB stars and no terrestrial planets around A or early F stars?

Looking at an exoplanet database, I noticed that there are very few planets detected around main-sequence OBA stars, and most of them are gas giants/brown dwarfs. Why can't we detect low-mass planets ...
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How do we estimate the dimensions and mass distribution of a galaxy's dark matter halo, beyond the effective limits of its visible matter?

Current research suggests that the Milky Way's dark matter halo may extend up to about 10 - 15 times the size of the visible galaxy, and is believed to be roughly spherically symmetrical. But I don't ...
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Is is possible for a main sequence star to have 0.77 solar masses yet only be 0.54 solar radii?

I know ordinarily a star's mass and radius tend to be proportional, so a 0.5 solar masses star tends to be about 0.5 solar radii and have a density of 4.82 g/cm³, 3.42 or about three and a half times ...
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Are red dwarfs really 30-100 times our Sun's density?

This article by K. E. Edgeworth claims red dwarfs tend to be around 30-100 times our Sun's density. However, this seems a bit high. With smaller stars, mass tends to be proportional to radius but ...
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How big can an object get before its core becomes degenerate?

I am wondering, what is the most massive object we know of that does not have a degenerate core, and what is the least massive object that does have a degenerate code? We know that Jupiter has a core ...
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Why don't (or can't) stars be more than 325 or so times the mass of the sun? What limits their size?

Is there a particular reason why stars cannot grow as massive as they want to? And why doesn't this limit apply to supermassive black holes?
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Mass estimate for cluster NGC2516?

The Wikipedia entry on NGC2516 mentions a mass value in the range $[10^5 - 10^6]\; M_{\odot}$. This seems like a rather enormous value for an open cluster. In Jilinski et al. (2009) the authors state ...
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1answer
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Will 1036 Ganymed's orbit be changed by its close encounter with Mars in 2176?

In 2176, the asteroid Ganymed will come as close as 0.02868 AU (4,290,000 km / 2,670,000 mi) from Mars. That's pretty close to Mars imho. Can Mars' gravity alter Ganymed's orbit significantly in 2176 ...
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Why doesn't star size distribution conform to space rock size distribution?

The number of space rocks is exponentially related to the size of the rocks. There are more small space rocks than big ones. Stars are most commonly the size of the sun, big and smaller stars are rare,...
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Relation between core mass and red giant mass?

Yes, the title might be confusing (I'd appreciate some more clarification on it :D ). I have an estimated mass of hydrogen in the core of a star, and how much hydrogen will be in the core when the ...
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What is the mass for a celestial body to definitely achieve hydrostatic equilibrium?

While these posts (attempt to) answer what the minimum mass is to be able to achieve an ellipsoidal shape, my question asks for the mass at which a body definitely collapses into an ellipsoid. Meaning,...
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Why are most discovered exoplanets heavier than Earth?

Looking at all discovered exoplanets (4393 exoplanets), I found than only 17 of them (less than one percent!) have masses less or equal to Earth's mass. Why so? Is it because it is very difficult to ...
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291 views

Minimum distance between planets

In our solar system, MOIDs (minimum orbital intersection distance) of different planets reach a minimum of ~30 million miles (Mercury and Venus). However, other star systems have more compact planets. ...
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What should the mass of a planet be in-order for its escape velocity to be near the speed of light? [duplicate]

What should the mass of a planet be in-order for its escape velocity to be the speed of light? Is it even possible? What will it look like from an outside viewer? Will it even be visible in the human ...
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1answer
330 views

What if a primordial black hole went through the Sun?

How much mass would the Sun lose to a primordial black hole that (initially) has 10 Earth masses, passing through or close to the center of the Sun at solar escape velocity? How massive would the Sun ...
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Size and Mass of a typical “small” asteroid that impacts the Earth?

I'm looking for some realistic data about the size (in meters) and mass (in kg) of a typical small asteroids that impact the Earth, without disintegrating in the atmosphere. Any suggestion ?
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How do we get to know the total mass of an atmosphere?

Since atmospheres don't end abruptly but gradually get thinner the higher you go, I wonder how we can get the total mass of an atmosphere if we don't know where exactly it ends. E.g. the Earth's ...
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Do more massive stars become larger or smaller white dwarfs?

I wonder whether e.g. stars more massive than the Sun (but below the mass where they'd go supernova) would become larger or smaller white dwarfs than a white dwarf Sun. Since Procyon B is larger than ...
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How much mass would have to be added to the Sun to significantly alter any of its characteristics?

While this might at first sound like an XKCD What If? question, let's proceed with it because astronomical objects do occasionally merge. How much mass would have to be added to the Sun to ...
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Relation between mass of gas, mass of stars and dark matter halo mass [duplicate]

As we all know that Mass of the galaxy can be written as the sum of the mass of gas(Mg), the mass of stars (Ms), and mass of dark matter halo(Mh), as M(galaxy)=Mg+Mh+Ms, But is there any formula which ...
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1answer
207 views

Relation between absolute magnitude of UV and star formation rate

I surfed the internet and searched a lot of sites, so far I got this but unable to find the formula which relates only Muv and the Ψ as I don't know the value of parameters Auv and μ(z). If there ...
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1answer
51 views

density of dark matter halo

I was surfing the net for knowing the actual density of dark matter halo for a particular Mh(Mass of the halo) and finally, I got two equations: for pseudo-isothermal halo and by NFW-profile So, ...
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List of galaxies with their dark matter halo

Where can one find the list of galaxies with their dark halo masses, I've searched several sites but I found no such proper list where the masses of their dark matter halo is compiled? Can anybody ...
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Does a planet's mass or gravity affect the height of it's mountains?

According to this Wikipedia page, the top five highest mountains on Mars (and the highest on Venus) are all taller than Mount Everest (and Mauna Kea as measured from the ocean floor). Does a planet's ...
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Where can I find a database on the masses of different galaxies?

I want to get the data for masses of galaxies, more information about them can only be helpful. Can anyone point me to a site where I can get this sort of information?
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Calculate mass of exoplanet from transit method

Is there any way to calculate (or at least estimate) mass of an exoplanet from transit method? I know that mass can be calculated with radial velocity method, however I would like to create program ...
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How was the mass of Venus determined?

The mass of Venus seems rather complicated to determine to me: Venus doesn't have any satellites, so you can't just apply Kepler's third law (like you would with Jupiter or Saturn for instance) to ...
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GW190521 black hole merger total mass calculation and missing mass, how does this happen?

I have just read an article about that black hole merge event (it's in Italian): Sette miliardi di anni fa, due mostri si unirono What made me curious is that the article tell that a 66 solar mass ...
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How to find the mass of a planet not knowing the gravitational constant?

So I found this problem, I know the gravity of earth $g_0$, I found the orbital speed of one satellite using this equation $\frac{GM_em_s}{(R_e+h)^2}=m_sa$ ($M_e$ is the mass of earth, $m_s$ is the ...
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How likely does a body more massive than Eris exist beyond the Kuiper belt?

Other than the hypothetical Planet IX, is it likely if there's a (dwarf) planet more massive than Eris orbiting between Eris and Planet IX? Michael Brown seems to have found it likely. As far as we ...
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How did we measure the mass of the universe?

In an wiki article, observable universe, it was mentioned that, Mass (ordinary matter) 1.5×10^53 kg I wonder how did we measure the mass of our observable universe?
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How to calculate the orbital period and the density of a planetary body?

I'm a student studying in 9th grade, I am making this fictional habitable planet named "Darwin B" for a planet making competition. It orbits a sun-like star at a distance of 1.15 AU or 172 ...
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How do OGLE-III and GAIA measure the mass of free microlensing black holes?

What is the "hypothesized lower mass gap" between 2.5 and 5 solar masses? eventually links to Constraining the masses of microlensing black holes and the mass gap with Gaia DR2. The angle of ...
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How does the Eddington limit make the gravitational field of stars asymmetric?

This answer to Is the gravitational field of the sun uniform? says: Very large stars are asymmetric due to being close to the Eddington limit. The Sun is too small of a star to have the kind of ...
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Why isn't Eris considered a planet despite being the body of dominant mass?

The 2006 definition of a planet states that a planet is a celestial body that (a) is in orbit around the Sun (b) has sufficient mass for its self-gravity to overcome rigid body forces so that it ...
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statistical techniques for estimating distribution of mass

I occasionally hear claims along the line of ' the mass of the universe is not uniformly distributed but actually is concentrated along a ' line, or some other lower dimensional manifold & I ...
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Size and mass of comet ATLAS (C/2019 Y4)

I read some news about this new comet and some unreliable sources said it is twice as big as Jupiter. I tried to find a reliable estimation of its size or mass, but I couldn't find anything. Would you ...