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Questions tagged [metallicity]

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3
votes
2answers
141 views

Why is the metallicity of elliptical galaxies low?

As far as I understand, metallicities of old stars are usually low and those of new stars are usually high. If elliptical galaxies form after merger of galaxies, then surely that means the elliptical ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Why the forbidden lines of [OIII],[NII] and [SII],[OII] are sensitive to electron temperature and electron density, respectively?

I am trying to understand the topic of "Metallicity estimates", either HII regions or planetary nebula. For this latter, the electron temperature (and density) must be known. I am studying the ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

What was the “optical illusion” that led to erroneous metal concentrations in stellar atmospheres in the galactic center?

Articles summarizing a recent result about certain heavy element concentrations in stars near the galactic center all say that earlier reports about high levels in stellar atmospheres were the product ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

What's the profound reason(s) why the star formation rate drives the scatter of the mass-metallicity relation in galaxies?

Since decades it's well known that a correlation between stellar mass and metallicity (Z; both stellar and gas-phase Z, but here I focus on the gas-phase Z) exists (e.g., Tremonti+04; analysis of >...
2
votes
0answers
421 views

Correct relation between metallicity (z) and iron content ([Fe/H])

The Wikipedia entry on Metallicity states that: $\log_{10}\left(\frac{Z/X}{Z_\mathrm{sun}/X_\mathrm{sun}}\right) = [\mathrm{M}/\mathrm{H}]$ where $[M/H]$ is the star's total metal abundance (i....
7
votes
0answers
179 views

What is the limiting abundances of elements at the end of the stelliferous era?

Is there any reputable published source on expected elemental abundances at the end of the era of stellar fusion? I am here interested in the contents of galaxies; much of intergalactic gas will be ...
6
votes
0answers
77 views

Need help understanding stellar spectroscopy data from ESO

The European Southern Observatory webpage has a web page that has tabular spectrogram data from A. J. Pickles, University of Hawaii. There are over 130 .dat files there. Each one represents a ...
5
votes
1answer
89 views

Metals and dust locked into planets

I wonder what is the contribution of metals and dust locked into planets, with respect to the amount in the interstellar medium (ISM). In other words, when we measure the metallicity and the dust mass ...
8
votes
1answer
405 views

Why do type Ia supernovas produce more iron than type II

My course book on astronomy states the following. Older stars seem have higher oxygen abundances than iron. Explanation is that back in the days when these older stars were being formed type II ...
2
votes
1answer
752 views

Relationship between metallicity and color? Should Pop. I stars be blue?

I have found in numerous places such as this website: http://burro.astr.cwru.edu/Academics/Astr222/Galaxy/Structure/metals.html or in "Introduction to Stellar Astrophysics" by B. Carroll, that state: ...
1
vote
1answer
169 views

How could lithium burning take place in a quasi-star?

According to Begelman et al. (2008), one of the most distinguishing features of the hypothetical quasi-star is that it's supported by radiation pressure from the accretion disk of the black hole in ...
8
votes
3answers
588 views

Why does Gaia use only calcium NIR lines for stellar radial velocity measurements?

I was reading this overview article about the Gaia spacecraft and I saw the following statement: These spectra provide radial velocity information that are used to study the kinematic and dynamic ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

Metalicity and age of bulge stars vs halo [duplicate]

From what I understand of current models, the bulge of the galaxy formed first, and thus, would contain older population II like stars. Currently, however, the halo has a higher population of stars ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

How can ionized emission line flux decrease as a function of increasing metallicity or abundance?

The chemical evolution of galaxies is an important way to learn about their formation and stellar/gaseous constituents. Many galaxies show narrow emission lines at optical wavelengths (3500-9000 ...
5
votes
2answers
779 views

Why do certain massive stars leave no remnants?

Mass and metallicity are the two main determinants for a star's fate. This is simple enough. What's more complicated is how exactly these determine the star's fate. For example, you can see in this ...