Questions tagged [nebula]

A collection of ionized gases and dust in interstellar space

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25
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4answers
2k views

How else can a star form, other than gravitational collapse?

I read this paragraph on the Sun's page on Wikipedia: [The Sun] formed approximately 4.6 billion years ago from the gravitational collapse of matter within a region of a large molecular cloud. Most ...
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Who gave the Pelican Nebula its name?

IC 5070 is a nebula in Cygnus that is also sometimes called the Pelican Nebula. Who gave it this name?
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2answers
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Could stars be seen from inside a nebula?

Nebulae look dark against the backdrop of stars, but how opaque are they likely to be from inside? In other words, if our Solar System had drifted into the middle of, say, the Horsehead Nebula, would ...
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3answers
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Are Brown and Sub-Brown Dwarfs secretly more common than stars?

I recently heard that Red Dwarfs are the most common type of star, and low-mass Red Dwarfs are the most common type of Red Dwarf. This seems to imply a generic trend that the lower the mass, the more ...
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1answer
133 views

Can violet astronomical objects exist?

According to black-body radiation, violet stars are not possible. Even if there are 1 million Kelvin, they are blue, not violet. But are violet galaxies, nebulae, clusters etc. possible? Google found ...
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1answer
60 views

Why is there a discrepancy with calculated and given age of nebula

In the book "Horizons: exploring the universe-Cengage learning (2018)", page 206, it states that: Simple observations tell astronomers about the nature of planetary nebulae. Their angular ...
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1answer
114 views

How do I design a good telescope to observe nebulae and other deep sky objects [closed]

How can I make a good telescope that is powerful enough show nebulae and other deep sky objects ? (consider low budget build)
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3answers
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Why can space telescopes see through a planetary nebula?

I recently read the book "An Introduction to Planetary Nebulae" by Jason J. Nishiyama. Although I'm not an astronomy student, I could at least understand the written texts and less the ...
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1answer
41 views

What does the Reddening line represents in this U-B vs B-V plot?

The plot is from this paper (pg-8). They have also talked(in the same paper) about how central stars from galactic longitude range $20^\circ-80^\circ$ will have a very unusual Reddening line (pg-9). ...
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1answer
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The physical processes of emission lines in cosmic nebula

I think I understand how absorption lines in cosmic bodies occur. But after reading about the emission lines in quasars I am wondering more and more about the physical processes causing the emission ...
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1answer
54 views

Long-lived supernova remnants?

We cannot see the supernova remnant of the star that triggered the formation of the Sun and the Solar System, as the remnant dispersed and became mixed into the interstellar medium. So I am wondering, ...
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1answer
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Are the bright dots in this image individual stars?

I saw this picture of M51 (Whirlpool galaxy) and noticed many, many bright dots around and in the galaxy. I have freehand-circled a few as examples. Are these individual stars (probably supergiants) ...
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1answer
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The star that died and became the Crab Nebula and Crab Pulsar?

The supernova of this star was witnessed about 1 thousand years ago, and the star's remains are the Crab Nebula and Crab Pulsar. What is this no longer existent star called? How massive was this star? ...
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Is it possible that the Sun and all the nearby stars formed from the same nebula?

I was looking at a map of our local stellar neighborhood, and it occured to me, the stars are really close, if one compares them to the size of some nebulae. So can it be, that the Sun, Alpha Centauri ...
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0answers
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Can the "haze" of a mirror telescope be quantified?

When reading Why was StDr56 discovered only now? and its answers and comments, I realized that refractor telescopes, and in particular the Dragonfly Telephoto Array are a great tool to find nebula and ...
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From what distance could the Sun's planetary nebula be seen entirely with free eye?

When collapsing to a white dwarf, a red giant Sun would emit a planetary nebula. How far from the Sun would that nebula stretch at most? Also: At about what distance could you see the planetary nebula ...
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1answer
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Why was StDr56 discovered only now?

StDr56 is a newly discovered planetary nebula (maybe). link1 link2 It was found by amateur astronomers Marcel Drechsler and Xavier Strottner. According to the above articles, it's pretty big: With an ...
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0answers
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How to algorithmically distinguish between different types of nebulae?

I remember that there are five types of nebulae: Planetary nebulae have not much to do with planets, but are emission nebula consisting of an expanding, glowing shell of ionized gas ejected from red ...
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0answers
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Are radio telescopes finding radio-dark Nebulas

Are there "dark nebula" spots in the sky for radio telescopes? By that I mean, are there portions in the sky where these telescopes do not receive any radio waves? If so, do they match ...
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2answers
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Is there a Vela Nebula?

The Vela pulsar is a neutron star from a supernova that exploded 10,000 years ago. It spins 11 times a second. The Crab Nebula along with the central Crab Pulsar formed 1000 years ago. This pulsar ...
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1answer
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Why do stars rotate slower than they're expected to?

Due to conservation of angular momentum, I thought most stars would be spinning extremely fast because they have a relatively small diameter. However, it turns out that this is not true and most stars ...
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Hydrogen Frost Line? Where, if anywhere, is it cold enough for Oort Cloud objects or rogue planets to have solid hydrogen on their surfaces?

I like the idea of Oort Cloud objects all being crusted with a thin layer of hydrogen snow, though what little information I've managed to find on the topic seems to imply that that is unlikely, ...
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1answer
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Whose name is Fleming 1 nebula bearing?

Fleming 1 is an unusual planetary nebula situated in the Centaurus constellation. Yet it is not clear after who it was named
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1answer
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Whose name is Minkowski 92 bearing?

Minkowski 92 is a protoplanetary nebula. But after which Minkowski is it named? Same question for Minkowski's object (part of NGC 541).
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1answer
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Information on Planetary nebula formed from the death of our star the 'Sun'!

I want to know the expansion rate, composition, mass and density of hydrogen present of a Planetary nebula similar to that which will be formed after the death of our star the sun. Knowing these ...
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Nebula and its Colours [duplicate]

A Nebula boasts of Too Bright Awesome Colors that includes red, blue, green, orange, white, etc? They're result of excitation of electrons. Is there a clear explanation as in which Color is ...
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1answer
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Nebula and its colors

A Nebula has bright awesome colors that include red, blue, green, orange, white, etc? They're result of excitation of electrons. Is there a clear explanation as to which color is attributed to an ...
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1answer
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Will the nebula of Betelgeuse be visible to the naked eye? How bright, how large, how soon, for how long?

When Betelgeuse goes core collapse supernova it will leave a supernova remnant. Will it become visible to the naked eye? If so, in what time frame will it be visible. Will it be star like from the ...
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1answer
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DSO in a 60mm telescope

I am thinking about buying a telescope, but here in Brazil they are very expensive and hard to find where to buy. So, the better telescope I can pay for is a Celestron Powerseeker 60AZ. My main ...
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1answer
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How can an accretion disk form around the central star of a planetary nebula?

I was reading the 2012 paper A tidally destructed massive planet as the progenitor of the two light planets around the sdB star KIC 05807616 about the possible origin of two exoplanets that orbit a ...
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1answer
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What are realistic and unrealistic values for the high energy gamma ray spectral indices of pulsar wind nebulae?

This summer, I was working on a project fitting very high energy gamma ray spectra of the Crab Nebula, a pulsar wind nebula. At energies about $\sim$1 TeV, a simple power law suffices, i.e. $\phi(E)\...
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1answer
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Assuming no light pollution, was "2C. 1406" ever visible to the naked eye?

Joseph Needham, in his Science and Civilisation in China Vol. III, claimed that there was an ancient record of a nova about three thousand years ago. As a result of private correspondences with a "Dr ...
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Does Nickel show up in spectra of Nova?

Does a nova, not a supernova, get hot enough that nickel is produced despite its formation by fusion being an endothermic reaction? If nickel is made, does it make it out of the star into the nebula? ...
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2answers
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How to locate nebulas visible through AstroMaster 114 telescope without device assistance?

I will be going to the desert this month and it's my understanding that the night sky will be very dark there. I've got some practice locating the planets but I'd really like to get a look at a nebula ...
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4answers
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Can we see the color of nebulae?

Someone asked me this question: To see the color of the Great Nebula in Orion, how large the aperture of the telescope should be. I don’t even know whether this is possible. I understand that the ...
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2answers
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Are the viewable nebulae only in our galaxy?

Where are all the nebulae located? Yes, a simple question that should be obvious but apparently is not to me. To be more explicit, how far are all these objects? Are they mostly in our galaxy? I'm ...
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1answer
139 views

How dark would the sun become if we traversed a Bok globule?

Bart Bok gave his name to dust clouds of 2-50 solar masses, which by their darkness may be 100 times more frequent than telescopes can detect. If the solar system traversed a Bok Globule, how dark ...
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1answer
118 views

Eagle Nebula (Pillar of Creation) destroyed?

How do they know that the pillars have been destroyed if the light will reach us in 1000 years time? The "Pillars of Creation" from the Eagle Nebula. Evidence from the Spitzer Telescope suggests ...
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1answer
270 views

What factors makes a star big in size(Physically)?Is the size of the nebula a relevant factor?

(Our sun compared to some of the known stars) I know that the star is born in a nebula.Do only a extremely gigantic nebula give rise to large-radius star or is there any other factors related?
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2answers
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Is this an actual nebula or CGI?

I'm thinking of putting a large wall paper with an astronomical motive on a wall. I found quite a number of wall papers by various vendors, but most of them are obviously computer generated images, ...
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1answer
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Determining line ratios in planetary nebula

I know that the line strength ratio tells us how hot the electron plasma in a nebula is, and also give information about the electron densities in the nebula. But how do you compute the line ratios? ...
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Doubt about star formation [duplicate]

When a star runs out of hydrogen, it either goes through supernova or forms white dwarf and planetary nebula. So there should not be much hydrogen left to form a new star in the nebula. So how new ...
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1answer
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Is this a real photo or an art work?

I've never seen this Hubble picture, is it an artist impression? It's fascinating because there are voids apparently cause by supernovae. From the video 1 Hour of Epic Space Music: COSMOS - Volume 1 ...
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1answer
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How to visually tell the difference between a planetary nebula and a supernova remnant?

If we see a nebula by looking through a powerful telescope, how can we tell whether we are looking at the remnant of a supernova or at a planetary nebula? Thanks
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1answer
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Do novas create a nebula? Could a planet survive if its star exploded in a nova?

Does a nova, caused by runaway fusion in hydrogen accreted onto a white dwarf from a companion star, create a visible nebula? If a planet were in a circumbinary orbit around a binary pair that ...
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1answer
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How big is nebula dust?

Whenever I see the term dust for the particles of a nebula, I ask myself whether this is actually based on some reliable measure of particle size. Of course we can all agree it looks like dust from ...
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2answers
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Is this gas cloud or lens effect?

I was going through the zoomable image of Milky way and after zooming to this particular location, we can see a reddish area on the left side of a probably large star. Here is a screenshot I took ...
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1answer
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Why isn't our local interstellar space colorised?

Looking at answers to this question, people seem pretty convinced that human naked eye should be able to see the colour of ionised gas/dust cloud when they are inside an emission nebula. And we know ...
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1answer
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What state of matter are nebulae in?

After doing research it said that nebulas are made of gas and dust. Are they actually gases and solids, or are they plasma?
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1answer
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Why are O III lines so prominent in the spectra of emission nebulae when the amount of oxygen relative to hydrogen is a million times smaller?

Looking at spectra of emission nebulae like the Lagoon Nebula, the $[\text{O III}]$ lines are prominent in intensity. However, the abundance of oxygen is minuscule compared to hydrogen. How then are ...