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Questions tagged [observable-universe]

Questions regarding the region of space containing all the objects that we can detect using any method of observation.

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What exactly is wrong with this plaque in Neil deGrasse Tyson's “back yard”? Has it been fixed?

The Wikipedia subsection Observable Universe; Misconceptions on its size shows this image of a plaque, with the caption: An example of the misconception that the radius of the observable universe ...
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Ideas about the origin of the “black hole - galaxy mass” relation?

It has been extensively shown that the mass of black-holes located at the center of galaxies scales with several galaxy properties, most notably the stellar velocity dispersion of the stellar bulge, ...
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Can the range of the observable universe be extended through an intermediary?

I understand that the so called observable universe has a limit we cannot see through. My question is whether we might get information through an intermediate hypothetical actor located halfway to ...
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Expansion of space - how do we end up with an unobservable region?

I've just been answering a question on this issue,in physics SE,and realised that my answer conceals a point I don't myself understand. I understand that The expansion of metric isn't affected by ...
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How far out would we need to travel to measure the “constant observer”?

One hypothetical tenet of much astrophysics is that the Universe is uniform on large scales. This actually hinges on many deep theoretical results from astrophysics, since what we actually observe is ...
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Terminology for empty space at the edge of the observable universe?

Is there a name for a point at the edge of the observable universe at which there is no visible matter, that appears completely dark? I'm thinking something like "empty space", but that could equally ...
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Where is the North of the Universe

Does it exist North of the Universe? (Which is probably used for determining coordinates of far galaxies.) If so, then where it is? On what is it aligned? (Is it orientated on Earth, Sun, Milky Way, ...
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Necessary steps to calculate photon's path by using null geodesic equation

Can anyone please give me an explanation on how to calculate photon's path by using the null geodesic equation? N.B. I know all of the non-zero values of Christoffel symbols.
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Can two planets in an empty universe meet/be pulled together?

For this question assume that the entire universe is completely empty. The universe is not expanding or contracting, it is completely motionless since time immemorial and has never moved before. Only ...
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If the whole observable Universe is as big as planet Earth, how big would Earth be?

If the whole observable Universe is as big as planet Earth, how big would Earth be?
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What was the process of calculating how much darkmatter/matter/dark energy the observable universe consists of and how did it come at this conclusion

In 2015 the Planck satellite consortium released an analysis of data collected by the Planck satellite that showed this percentage break down of the universe’s mass/energy. Ordinary matter: 4.9% ...
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Is our universe stable or metastable?

I've been reading and thinking about this subject for some time, but I can't seem to find a clear answer. After reading Q14: Aspects of the Higgs boson suggest that our Universe is only “...
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Can Einstein-Rosen bridges - if they exist - link two points of which one lies outside of the observable universe of the other?

So there's stuff very far away that is, due to expansion, accelerating away faster than the speed of light, so fast that its light will never reach us even with infinite time - and we can't reach that ...
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how do we know the universe is STILL expanding?

According to Hubble more distant galaxies are moving away faster but since the light took billions of years to reach us we should say they WERE moving away faster billions of years ago. How do we know ...
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Is the acceleration of the expansion of the universe a direct observation or an interpretation?

Is the acceleration of expansion we observe with supernovae direct or is this an interpretation according $\Lambda$CDM model ? I mean what we observe is luminosity distance versus redshift, so to see ...
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Why there are less massive stars than low mass stars?

What factor determines the selection of star mass? And how we know that the number of massive stars is less than the number of low mass stars?
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How thick is the cosmic microwave background, including the part we cannot see within the observable universe?

What I want to know is how thick the observable universe is from the point of the cosmic microwave background and beyond. It appears the thickness of the cosmic microwave background itself (the part ...
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Light beam (1 photon) in the limited universe?

If our universe is not infinite, what happens with the light beam (or photon) when it will travel through the whole universe? For example, observable universe according to wikipedia has diameter 93 ...
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Yet another Question about the expansion of universe

A galaxy 13 billion light-years distant is 94% of the way to the big bang. The universe was 800 million years old when the light was emitted. That galaxy today is traveling away from us at 94% of the ...
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Does the CMB pattern evolve in a human lifetime?

I was thinking, as CMB is a snapshot of a slice of the Universe during recombination, how much the cmb is changing with time ? I mean as we progress in time we look a CMB a bit more faraway each time, ...
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What is the present day radius of the observable universe?

The radius of the observable universe is generally taken to be ~45 billion light years. However, we see distant galaxies as they were many millions of years in the past, so there are two ways I can ...
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Is the shape of observable universe and shape of space same?

I have read that Euclidean space is considered as flat space and Minkowski space is flat space-time. So when we say our observable universe is flat are we saying that the space is flat or space-time ...
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Bousso bound within particle horizon, discrete Q.field theory

I have 2 questions: Could you please give me arxiv numbers of papers dealing with the Bousso bound for the particle horizon (known Universe), from masters level upwards, with also some papers a bit ...
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Is there a physical limit to how far we can go?

Is there a physical limit to how far we can go? I am thinking there could be based on the following: 1: There are parts of the universe expanding faster than the speed of light that we will never be ...
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If I look beyond (about same region, higher redshift) a galaxy, will I see its progenitors?

Is there a range of redhsift dz, such that if I look at z+dz from a massive object at redshift z, I will see its progenitors? (in a LCDM scenario of halo assembling, with smaller halos evolving ...
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false to stable vacuum transition [closed]

if the universe transitioned from a meta-stable vacuum to a stable vacuum we assume a universal death scenario. However since it cannot propagate faster than the speed of light, from any particular ...
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Can an infinite universe explain the Fermi Paradox?

Explanation of potential problem: We're not completely sure exactly how unlikely an event Abiogenesis was, given both the extreme unlikelihood of nucleotides randomly assembling into anything making ...
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What is beyond the observable universe? [closed]

What is beyond the edge of the observable universe? Scientists say that the Big Bang is the cause of all creation in the known universe, but it would seem the bang must have happened in the center of ...
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How can the universe be expanding faster than speed of light? [duplicate]

So the story goes like this: A long time ago, 13.799±0.021 billion years to be exact, something happened. It was a big bang, loud explosion and universe came to existence. It grew and grew, and now ...
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Maximum distance light can travel? [duplicate]

If we assume that there is nothing except the sun in the universe then how far the light can travel ??
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Find a planet with incomplete information of a star chart [closed]

I am wondering why it was so hard to locate Luke in Star Was Episode 7, if you already have the small part of the map. Suppose we have a sector of our galaxy that roughly equals the one missing in ...
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Is our universe flat?

I heard our universe is flat. Then one question is puzzling in my mind. If our universe is really flat, why we measure distance from any point across in a spherical way. In other words, why we say, ...
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The # of Estimated Galaxies increased 10 fold. Where does that leave our # of stars estimate?

I have found oddly different answers through my multiple google searches. I found one article that mentioned this did not alter the estimated number of stars in the universe. Link: http://www....
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Are any galaxies partially in the observable universe?

Are there any galaxies that are partially with the visible universe? It seems unlikely as most of the universe is empty space however our circumference makes it seem likely as well. It would be a ...
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How can the observable universe shrink in a Big Rip?

As far as I know, the Big Rip occurs when the scale factor reaches infinity in a finite time. This will only happen in a universe dominated by phantom energy (i.e. a universe with an equation of state ...
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What fraction of galaxies in the observable universe have we actually observed?

There are a finite number of currently observable galaxies due to the finite age of the universe and the speed of light. What fraction of these galaxies have we actually observed (by eye, telescope, ...
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Are they talking about the observable universe or the unobservable universe? [closed]

When people say that 95% of the universe is dark matter and dark energy, are they talking about it being in the observable universe or the unobservable universe? Because surely all matter in the ...
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How do you measure something that has already left the observable universe?

They say that the observable universe is only 5% of the entire equation. The rest of it consists of dark matter and energy. I believe that they are trying to find a way to see something that cannot be ...
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Does the recent news of “ten times more galaxies” imply that there is correspondingly less dark matter?

Nature: Universe has ten times more galaxies than researchers thought NASA feature: Hubble Reveals Observable Universe Contains 10 Times More Galaxies Than Previously Thought Headlines sometimes ...
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Does the age of the universe take into account General Relativity / Special Relativity?

It is generally accepted that the age of the universe is approximately 12-15 billion years old based on the speed of the expansion of the universe. Since everything is moving very fast away from us, ...
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Can information leave the observable Universe?

From what I gather, the observable universe is expanding at the speed of light. In addition, information cannot travel faster than the speed of light. It seems as though these two facts would imply ...
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How fast would we have to go for the red(/blue)shifts of galaxies ahead of us to differ from those behind us with statistical significance?

Here, we are looking for a statistically significant difference between the mean redshifts of galaxies ahead and those behind, with reference to a prior-specified direction. For example, suppose that ...
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Can one calculate the size (i.e. the radius) of our universe? [closed]

If one can estimate the mass of our universe, might one also calculate its ultimate size, (after it fully expands), based on the Schwarzschild formula for the radius of a black hole? Please note that ...
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Intuitive explanation for why the universe is flat

I went through Prof. Hitoshi Murayama's online lecture where he describes why the universe is flat. One of the evidences for a flat universe is the evenness of CMB radiation on all directions. My ...
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How long would it take to reach the edge of the reachable universe?

How long would it take to reach the current edge of the reachable portion of the universe, with the following bounds in mind: We figure out a way build a space ship to provide a constant 1 G ...
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Are there any galaxies which fell out of sight horizon due to cosmic expansion?

If farthest galaxies run away from us with acceleration making them exceed speed of light, we should expect them to disappear from sky among time with increasing quantity. Did we observe this? Can we ...
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Since the Universe is expanding, is it accurate to say that a galaxy is 5 billion light years away?

Isn't it better to say that the light from the galaxy took 5 billion light years to reach us and it is a very old picture of it? However, if light travelled back to the galaxy at the constant speed ...
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Why can we observe the Cosmic Microwave Background no matter the direction we look?

I often read that the CMB was released from everywhere in the Universe, in every direction. If that statement is true, can someone elaborate what "everywhere in the universe, in every direction" ...
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Star Formation in the future [duplicate]

From what I understand stars form in dense clouds of hydrogen and helium molecules. Only so much hydrogen and helium were "created" from the Big Bang or rather formed if you may. Is it conceivably ...
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Has the most luminous object in the universe been found?

It's hard to search through the entire (observable) universe, but the most luminous thing there is must on the other hand be easy to find. Can we now say that the most luminous quasar we know, is the (...