Questions tagged [parallax]

Questions about the apparent displacement of a celestial body with respect to its background when observed along two different lines of sight.

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Syncing time for measuring the parallax of Mars

I read somewhere (I can't remember the website) that when Cassini and Jean Richer measured the parallax of Mars, they used Jupiter's (or maybe Saturn's) moons to sync their time. How was this done?
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Tycho Brahe's model

Tycho Brahe made a model of universe where earth is at the centre and motionless whereas all other planet orbited around the sun. I am interested to know how he came to this model? If it is because ...
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How can GAIA's accuracy for position, parallax, and annual proper motion for a given star be the same number?

Per Wikipedia's Gaia (spacecraft); Objectives: Determine the position, parallax, and annual proper motion of 1 billion stars with an accuracy of about 20 microarcseconds (µas) at 15 mag, and 200 ...
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What is the maximum distance measurable with parallax?

What is the furthest star or celestial object whose distance has been calculated with parallax and how does it compare to the theoretical limit using today's telescopes? And how exactly does telescope ...
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Is there an optimum orbit for a hipparcos/GAIA-like parallax observatory

The GAIA spacecraft is currently mapping the stars in the Milky Way by parallax. It orbits in the Earth-Sun L2 lagrange point. The parallax observed from the spacecraft orbiting around the sun allows ...
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Why no Polaris distance in GAIA DR2?

Querying GAIA DR2 for Polaris (for example using https://gea.esac.esa.int/archive/) yields empty parallax columns. Anyone knows why it was not measured/published?
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What is the proper interpretation of a negative parallax?

The Gaia data release 2 dataset has some parallaxes listed as negative. What is the proper interpretation of this? Should they be discarded as bad data? Use their absolute value to calculate the ...
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Open cluster membership determination via parallaxes

I'm working in my final course project and I'm using the recently released GAIA DR2 data. I want to determine open clusters membership and I know this has mainly been done using proper motions and ...
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How does a Solar Transit give more accurate determination of Earth-to-Sun distance?

I understand how Solar Parallax calculation determines the Earth-Sun distance using measurements of (a) the baseline distance between two widely-separated terrestrial telescopes and the (b) two angles ...
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Distance parallax and cosmological distance in universe in expansion

I know that we cannot measure cosmological distances with parallax, but this is more a philosophical question. Am I correct in assuming that if we could measure distances using parallax (like stellar ...
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calculating paralax angle from observations

Say I have 2 records, in horizontal coordinates of the azimuth ($A_z,A_z^{'}$) and altitude ($\alpha,\alpha^{'}$) of the moon at the same time in two different places that are $\theta$ degrees apart (...
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Saturn observation : how to calculate requirements for Parallax method

In September, Saturn is 9.9au away from Earth. If we use the parallax method, what should be the base line between the two people? So I know that $D = B / \theta$, but how do I find out theta? I'm ...
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What's the farthest object as determined only by parallax?

I'm wondering what the farthest object we know of, as measured only by parallax methods, from either earth or satellite based telescopes, and at either visible light or radio wavelengths. Basically, ...
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What was Bradley's observation concerning abevation of light?

As far as I understand, the effect of parallax exhibits itself in the shift of a star relative to the background stars on photographs. As for the aberration of light, how is it reflected? It would ...
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Parallax due to the motion of the sun

Generally, the parallax is contributed to the motion of the earth around the sun. However, at the same time, the sun is moving too. It carries the earth with it. Presumably, the shift of the sun is ...
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If a star orbited another star, how would that affect parallax measurements of the other star from the vantage point of the first?

Example: If hypothetically, the vantage point would move 2AU along an orbit around the star being measured, would that make it seem as if the other star moved twice the distance over the back-drop?
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Stellar parallax

I am doing a project on "how astronomers measure distance" where i came about with stellar parallax. i realized how it works with trigonometry but i am having a slight doubt tan p=distance between ...
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Could we parallax measure stars just based on the Earth's size?

Imagine two major surface observatories, perhaps the "northermost" and "southernmost" such (ideally on a similar longitude). For nearby stars, could they each take a photo at the same time, and ...
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Gaia Parallax data

When the Gaia parallax data (especially for Cepheid stars) become accessible to public? If it is already released for some parts, where can I find it?
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How to calculate a Galactocentric distance of another galaxy

So I have two parameters, I have the distance to a galaxy of 879 kpc and the sky distance in degrees (0.131501). How would I then use these two bits of information to calculate the Galactocentric ...
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A quick (elementary) check on arsecond conversion to sky distance in parsecs

I just wanted to double check I had something correct. If an object, say a nebula, is measured to roughly have a diameter or extent of, say, 250 arcseconds, would its diameter in parsec simply ...
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Measuring star distance by parallax using a small telescope

I was wondering if it's possible to measure star distance using parallax at home with a small telescope (Something like a 3-inch reflector)? Or is this not really practical?
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How would parallax affect an object at 200-1000 AU (for example, the 9th planet)?

We know from this question that an object is hypothesized to be at between 200-1000 AU that is large enough to detect, known now as the 9th planet. It should move about 40 arcseconds per year. It ...
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When is Gamma Draconis closest to the zenith in London on April 4th

I am reading Roobert Hooke's paper An attempt to prove the motion of the earth from observations (1674, faksimile). Hooke writes The principal dayes of doing which will be about the 4 of April, ...
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How does a telescope measure parallax angle?

I know how stars' distances are measured by using parallax, but I want to know how the actual telescope measures the parallax angle. Any helpful links/ explanations are needed.
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How does angular resolution of a telescope translate to its parallax precision?

We can often read in the scientific and also more casual reader literature and articles about the angular resolution of various telescopes and other optical equipment, be it ground based or onboard ...
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How distances are measured in the Solar System, in the Galaxy, and in the Universe?

Distances in our universe can be calculated in several ways: Stellar Parallax Standard Candles Redshift How are these methods linked, and how they are actually used to calculate distances are ...