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Questions tagged [planet]

Questions on astronomical objects orbiting a star massive enough to be rounded, not massive enough to cause fusion, and which have cleared its orbit of planetesimals.

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67 views

Why is true and average anomaly of planet important?

Why is a true and average anomaly of the planet important? What useful information do they give us?
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1answer
40 views

If a solar system were surrounded by a cloud of debris, is it possible for a planet's orbit to intersect it?

I'm doing research for a story that I'm writing and I'd like some physics advice on whether a hypothetical system of celestial bodies is possible. Suppose the following: A system of planets orbiting ...
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2answers
298 views

How is the size of a distant planet determined?

How is an object's size determined from other solar systems than our own? How are new large bodies being found in our solar system currently?
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25 views

Historic observational data - position of the planets

Is there an online source where historic observational data regarding the position of the planets can be found? I was always intrigued by the fact that Neptune was mathematically predicted before it ...
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1answer
63 views

High quality, detailed images of planets on web

I have been looking for images of the planets and have found pretty decent ones of Earth and Venus from NASA. That detail is opposed to this one of Uranus: And these of Mars, (and this and this) I ...
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0answers
31 views

To show perihelion precession motion of Mercury in Python with matplotlib

I'm trying to make it more general code so I can trace even a parabola or hyperbola for $e=1, E=0$ and $e>1, E>0$ respectively. And after achieving that general code I want to make the same code ...
5
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1answer
283 views

Why isn't Earth tidally locked to the sun?

Given that the moon has long been tidally locked with the Earth, why isn't Earth (or any of our other solar system's planets) tidally locked to the sun?
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2answers
120 views

Why would tidal forces on planets become more intense when a star becomes a white dwarf?

I was puzzled by this press release by the Royal Astronomical Society: "Small, hardy planets most likely to survive death of their stars" - phys.org, May 14, 2019 Astrophysicists from the Warwick ...
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1answer
66 views

Why are cirrus clouds more common on Mars?

Mars water ice clouds are often associated with regional- to-global circulation and saturation conditions, as opposed to local convective overturning, and so typically exhibit cirrus rather than ...
2
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1answer
213 views

Are these real paths of planets as traced from Earth?

Few days a go, I came across these two pictures of paths of planets as observed from Earth. They have a perfect geometric shapes. Actually, to me they look so beautiful and perfect, that they appear ...
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0answers
42 views

A quantitive estimate of the size above which celestial bodies must be near-spherical [duplicate]

Asteroids and smaller celestial objects tend to be odd-shaped, whereas planets are always spherical (or slightly oblate due to their spin). The reason obviously is that for sufficiently large masses/...
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0answers
49 views

What is the most mass that matter likely to form?

If we plot graph between accumulate of forming mass (y-axis) and mass (x-axis), where is the maximum ? There is a story how I get this question. It start when I think about question "Is our sun is ...
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0answers
37 views

Frequency of Earth type cores?

I've read many interesting threads concerning the composition of different planet cores in the solar system while trying to see if this question has already been asked. It appears as if Earth is ...
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2answers
137 views

What is the distance from Venus to Jupiter in km?

I need to know this for a test. Please help. The question states "If a spacecraft was parked on Venus and needed to make a flight to Jupiter, how far would it need to travel? (Assume both planets are ...
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1answer
86 views

Difference of Gas Giant Planet and Ice Giant?

What is the Difference of or the Structure of a GAS PLANET AND AN ICE GIANT Why they called ICE GIANTS like Neptune and Uranus. Do they have a similarity ?
5
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1answer
171 views

Why not us interferometry to take a picture of Pluto?

Interferometry is among the best ways (if not, the best way!) to have an image of a very distant object. Recently a picture of the black hole at the center of M87 was released. It is the result of ...
2
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1answer
55 views

What causes “North-South ambiguity” when doppler radar imaging a planet surface equator on?

I'm having a hard time understanding why there would be this ambiguity. Also, why would this be not the case if the planet was viewed pole on? Edit: "NOrth SOuth ambiguity" is a term used in a paper ...
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1answer
53 views

How to calculate the thickness of the ice crust on a frozen ocean planet/moon?

How do I calculate the thickness of the upper ice layer on cold ocean worlds like Europa, Enceladus, Ganymede, ...? I'm asking this for a programm I'm currently writing. Given/Known is: mass, radius, ...
4
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1answer
206 views

What's the object in the sky?

Days before, I saw this pic. I don't know what it is. Edit: This pic was taken by a Taoist at an ancient ruins in Mongolia on 2012-07-15 04:12 UTC+8 (day break). He said it looked strange. Edit: I ...
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0answers
114 views

Why do planets and satellites in the Solar system look so wildly different if they came from more or less the same matter?

First, the planets. We have Mercury, which is rocky, no atmosphere. But then we have Venus, which is completely different: thick atmosphere, very hot, geologically active. Then Earth - blue, full of ...
3
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1answer
132 views

Why are saturn rings so thin?

I wonder why saturn rings are so thin ? Rings A, B and C are approximately just 10 meters thick which is extremely thin compared to the size of Saturn. What are the explanations for that ? Thanks a ...
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3answers
148 views

How would rainbows appear on other planets?

Are other planets capable of producing rainbows? How would those rainbows appear? Can rain, clouds or ice from elements other than water produce rainbows? Related: https://space.stackexchange.com/...
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1answer
53 views

Is there a reason why the IAU differenciates objects in the SS orbiting the sun into a particular classification but it doesnt for satellites?

The IAU has different classifications for objects in the solar system orbiting the sun, they can be according to their shape and if they clear their neighborhood of other material around its orbits , ...
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1answer
106 views

Can light be curved due to heavy gravitational force?

Lets suppose there is a huge planet having large amount of gravitational pull, then will the light passing through the planet get attracted towards it.
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27 views

Surface Conditions

Planets like Saturn & Jupiter are called "gas giants"--does that mean that there is no surface to walk upon? Though some source of gravity is required to hold the gas in place, isn't it? Venus: we ...
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1answer
178 views

3 years later, how strong is the evidence for planet 9?

I came across post in quora where somebody said that "most astronomers no longer think Planet 9 exists" and being somewhat shocked by that, I did a google search and found a fairly recent article that ...
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1answer
88 views

Is Naboo's core possible in real life?

In Star Wars, the planet Naboo has a plasma core, instead of a molten one. Can a planet really have a plasma core?
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1answer
150 views

How to Calculate Planetary Equilibrium Temperature in Binary systems

I'm working on a program that generates the basics stats of a terrestrial planets in binary star systems. I'm not the best at this kind of math, so I'm having trouble calculating the planetary ...
4
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1answer
94 views

I need help getting mars to look like a circle

I am having a lot of trouble getting a sharp image in my telescope. It is a skywatcher with a focal length of 1200mm and a diameter of 254mm. I have a laser colimater that I got for Christmas, so I ...
3
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1answer
110 views

What color is the Sky on other Planets?

On Earth, the sky is blue. What color would the sky be on other planets in our solar system? What about outside the solar system? Are there planets with purple skies, or green skies? Or are the all ...
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1answer
39 views

Possibility of certain conditions on a planet [closed]

I want to know if there can be any planet that can fulfill the following conditions and if any planet has been observed with such characteristics: The planet must not be tidally locked. The day-night ...
2
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1answer
85 views

Tidally locked, and yet spinning?

Reading about Uranus almost 90° tilt, I was wondering if some rocky planet with mass concentration at one pole could possibly spin around its own axis, while still being locked to its star? Which ...
3
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1answer
99 views

Are other planets' gravity measurable on Earth?

I understand that we can calculate the gravitational force other planets exert on Earth, but can it be measured?
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1answer
102 views

What was earth's mass before the collision with theia?

Assume the "Big Splash" or "Giant Impact" (whichever name you prefer) theory is more or less correct. EDIT: With so many variations of this theory, with so many names and qualifiers on them, such as ...
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0answers
48 views

Expansion of Jupiter's perturbing effects on Kepler's third law treatment of orbits?

Does anyone know any good reference for how this was done? I remember reading once about how Jupiter's gravitation can be treated as a perturbation, but I cannot find it again now. I think they ...
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1answer
72 views

what determines the density of atmospheres

What factors determine the atmospheric density on various planets and moons? Some larger bodies have less dense atmospheres, while some smaller ones have a more dense atmosphere.
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1answer
80 views

Gas Giant temperatures

Sudarsky's gas giant classification predicts the visual appearance of gas giant planets based on their temperatures. But what determines their temperatures in the first place? Is it just the ...
4
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1answer
54 views

Largest non-hot gas giants

Excluding 'fluffy' or 'puffy' gas giants that are 'inflated by heat from their stars, what is the maximum radius of a gas giant planet. I keep reading things like "...Jupiter is 'about' as big as ...
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1answer
232 views

Warm jupiter vs hot jupiter, fluffyness

If Jupiter was orbiting at 1AU, replacing Earth, but everything else in the solar system remained as it is currently, how much would the increased heat from the sun increase Jupiter's radius? In ...
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1answer
74 views

Locate planets and stars for beginners

I am a beginner in astronomy. In fact, I just bought my first refractor telescope with 60 mm aperture and 600 focal lengths with 4mm, 12.5mm and 20 mm eyepiece and 3x barlow. Could I get info on ...
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1answer
76 views

very bright object (visible even after sun risen)

Brevard Co. FL. At first I thought it was a comet it appeared to have a tail. Starts out low in the east and gains elevation as the sun rises. As the sun is just above the horizon it is still visible ...
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0answers
73 views

Celestron NexStar 130 SLT Computerized Telescope GoTo Not Accurate

I am trying to use a Celestron NexStar 130 SLT Computerized Telescope, but I am not able to use the GoTo function. I do the three start alignment, it confirms matches, I make sure the level is ...
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1answer
208 views

Can't see any detail on planets with my new Celestron NexStar 130 SLT Computerized Telescope [duplicate]

Mars looks like a small white blob/circle and the same with all other planets. This is very frustrating. I've looked all over for a solution jumping from site to site and nothing. Please be different ...
3
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1answer
154 views

Is there likely other significant objects we haven’t discovered in the solar system? [duplicate]

In the last few weeks, I read a few news that presented new advances in our understanding of the solar system, which implied we don’t really know our neighboorhood that well. I was wondering, how ...
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4answers
334 views

Moon is a planet by “Clearing the neighborhood” condition?

Whether the Moon (Earth's natural satellite) is a planet is an old debate in planetary science. Though I do not agree that Moon is a planet, I found something difficult to clearly understand. ...
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2answers
104 views

A few questions regarding the transit of planets

Here we will be concerning ourselves with the transit of a planet with it's parent sun. I have a few questions that I am not sure about: 1) Do all planets transit their parent sun? It would seem to ...
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0answers
86 views

Distance between two planets [closed]

Planet A and Planet B orbit a sun-like star. Planet A has a semi-major axis of 1 AU from the star. Planet B has an albedo of .8 and has the same radius as Jupiter. When Planet B is observed from ...
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1answer
326 views

How do astronomers know if a planet is orbiting a star, or it's simply another star in the background?

For example, if astronomers photograph a "planet", which is in close proximity to a given star, then this "planet", could actually just be another "star" in the background, many light years away. It ...
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2answers
96 views

Could a moon be passed from one planet's orbit to another?

Like if you had two planets that had a close orbital path could the moon be pulled away from the first planet?
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3answers
382 views

Why do stars twinkle but planets don't [duplicate]

Many people say that stars twinkle because of Earth's atmosphere. However, the atmosphere is still there when we look at planets and don't see they twinkling. Is there a clear scientific consensual ...