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Questions tagged [planet]

Questions on astronomical objects orbiting a star massive enough to be rounded, not massive enough to cause fusion, and which have cleared its orbit of planetesimals.

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8
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3answers
2k views

Coordinate system for space

I am high school student, I have doubt if I have to locate a planet or any star in space, how do I locate it, because we have no perfect coordinate system, I have read in some books, that time is ...
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2answers
130 views

Can fish and other sea creatures survive in watery planets like Neptune or any other planets that has water?

I'm a bit curious since Neptune does not have a land surface and it is covered with water, I mean water has oxygen right? What will happen if we put some sea creatures in these watery planets? Can ...
12
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2answers
305 views

Characteristics of the first planets in the Universe?

What would have the very first planets looked like, based on their most likely chemical compositions? For example: Were they mostly grey gas giants with atmospheres of hydrogen and helium, ...
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1answer
130 views

What is this object in this photo? [closed]

i took it and i don't know what planet or star is this and also there's our moon
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1answer
102 views

Latest Planet Collision 2019 [closed]

Scientist says that during the course of their billions of years, the planets collied with each other in the past. My question is: is there any latest or recent planetary collision in recent times?
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1answer
80 views

Brightest most colorful star in eastern morning sky not near any constellations; rises about 4 or 5 am?

I have been believing this is Saturn, but perhaps Antares instead? It is so colorful it shines blue, red, green and white. It is largest in sky in the East before dawn rises about 4 or 5 AM, seen ...
4
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1answer
71 views

Clearing the Neighbourhood: Definition of 'Orbital Region'?

I am trying to determine how wide a 'neighbourhood' a planet is expected to clear. However, the Wikipedia article on the matter provides no clarity, simply stating that a planet is expected to clear ...
18
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3answers
4k views

How do you call it when two celestial bodies come as close to each other as they will in their current orbits?

On Earth, we say Mars is in opposition when it is 180º from the Sun, which also marks the times when Mars and Earth come closest to each other. Is there a specific name for such proximity events? For ...
4
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1answer
90 views

Are there any simulations of the Grand tack?

The BBC program with Brian Cox "The Planets" involved some description of the Grand Tack hypothesis to explain the current state of the solar system. This theory has Jupiter wandering through the ...
6
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1answer
77 views

Planets positions (azimuth, altitude) API

I'm looking for a simple API that will allow me to get positions of planets and the moon for a given date, location and time. Does anyone know an API like that? Any suggestions or alternatives would ...
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1answer
51 views

Are red dwarfs (M dwarfs) known to be strong infrared sources?

If so, why? Are they known to be surrounded by large amounts of dust? Do they typically flare?
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6answers
9k views

Does this smartphone photo show Mars just below the Sun?

I live in Essex, England (51.7678° N, 0.0878° E). On 25 July 2019 (hottest day ever in the UK, btw), 06:43 BST, I took this smartphone photo of the Sun. Is that white dot just below and left of the ...
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4answers
117 views

Tilting cycle vs orbital cycle of earth

Common sense tells us a year is conveniently divided exactly into four seasons. I'm wondering whether that means the earth's tilting cycle is equal to its orbital cycle. If so, there must be a reason. ...
16
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2answers
3k views

Kepler space telescope undetected planets

The Kepler space telescope detects planets based on the dip in brightness caused by planets moving past the star. Wouldn’t that mean that there are an unknown amount of planets that have an orbit ...
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1answer
107 views

What keeps the planets of the solar system moving in their fixed orbits?

Models of the solar system show each planet moving around on its own orbit. Is is really because of the Sun that every planets remains in its own fixed orbit?
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1answer
50 views

How does time dilation from a large body fall off? [closed]

A magnetic fields generally fall off as 1 / r^3 rather than 1 / r^2 for gravity. How does time dilation fall off from a large body? Where would the gravity and magnetic field line be in this chart ...
3
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2answers
124 views

Has the effect of other planets on Earth's orbit been ever measured?

Since other planets have their own gravitational pull, I'm wondering if their effect on Earth's orbit has ever been measured? I know that in comparison with the Sun's pull the effect might be rather ...
2
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0answers
29 views

What is the radial dependence of the density of Jupiter or Saturn?

Can anyone point me to the reference where I can find the density of Jupiter or Saturn as a function of the distance from its center?
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1answer
54 views

Undisturbed planetary alignment after galactic collision

How do planets still orbit around the empty space where a black hole was after a black hole absorbs the milky way's black hole and keeps moving through space without disturbing surrounding planets ...
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1answer
89 views

How to calculate the orientation of planets at current epoch

For an application I am working on I am creating a simulation of the solar system. In this simulation, a user needs to be able to 'move' to any position on any planet, and have the sky be accurately ...
2
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1answer
82 views

Why is true and average anomaly of planet important?

Why is a true and average anomaly of the planet important? What useful information do they give us?
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1answer
64 views

If a solar system were surrounded by a cloud of debris, is it possible for a planet's orbit to intersect it?

I'm doing research for a story that I'm writing and I'd like some physics advice on whether a hypothetical system of celestial bodies is possible. Suppose the following: A system of planets orbiting ...
3
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2answers
331 views

How is the size of a distant planet determined?

How is an object's size determined from other solar systems than our own? How are new large bodies being found in our solar system currently?
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0answers
31 views

Historic observational data - position of the planets

Is there an online source where historic observational data regarding the position of the planets can be found? I was always intrigued by the fact that Neptune was mathematically predicted before it ...
2
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1answer
87 views

High quality, detailed images of planets on web

I have been looking for images of the planets and have found pretty decent ones of Earth and Venus from NASA. That detail is opposed to this one of Uranus: And these of Mars, (and this and this) I ...
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0answers
69 views

To show perihelion precession motion of Mercury in Python with matplotlib

I'm trying to make it more general code so I can trace even a parabola or hyperbola for $e=1, E=0$ and $e>1, E>0$ respectively. And after achieving that general code I want to make the same code ...
6
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1answer
543 views

Why isn't Earth tidally locked to the sun?

Given that the moon has long been tidally locked with the Earth, why isn't Earth (or any of our other solar system's planets) tidally locked to the sun?
6
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2answers
131 views

Why would tidal forces on planets become more intense when a star becomes a white dwarf?

I was puzzled by this press release by the Royal Astronomical Society: "Small, hardy planets most likely to survive death of their stars" - phys.org, May 14, 2019 Astrophysicists from the Warwick ...
2
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1answer
84 views

Why are cirrus clouds more common on Mars?

Mars water ice clouds are often associated with regional- to-global circulation and saturation conditions, as opposed to local convective overturning, and so typically exhibit cirrus rather than ...
2
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1answer
745 views

Are these real paths of planets as traced from Earth?

Few days a go, I came across these two pictures of paths of planets as observed from Earth. They have a perfect geometric shapes. Actually, to me they look so beautiful and perfect, that they appear ...
2
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0answers
47 views

A quantitive estimate of the size above which celestial bodies must be near-spherical [duplicate]

Asteroids and smaller celestial objects tend to be odd-shaped, whereas planets are always spherical (or slightly oblate due to their spin). The reason obviously is that for sufficiently large masses/...
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0answers
58 views

What is the most mass that matter likely to form?

If we plot graph between accumulate of forming mass (y-axis) and mass (x-axis), where is the maximum ? There is a story how I get this question. It start when I think about question "Is our sun is ...
2
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0answers
42 views

Frequency of Earth type cores?

I've read many interesting threads concerning the composition of different planet cores in the solar system while trying to see if this question has already been asked. It appears as if Earth is ...
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2answers
157 views

What is the distance from Venus to Jupiter in km?

I need to know this for a test. Please help. The question states "If a spacecraft was parked on Venus and needed to make a flight to Jupiter, how far would it need to travel? (Assume both planets are ...
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1answer
239 views

Difference of Gas Giant Planet and Ice Giant?

What is the Difference of or the Structure of a GAS PLANET AND AN ICE GIANT Why they called ICE GIANTS like Neptune and Uranus. Do they have a similarity ?
5
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1answer
182 views

Why not us interferometry to take a picture of Pluto?

Interferometry is among the best ways (if not, the best way!) to have an image of a very distant object. Recently a picture of the black hole at the center of M87 was released. It is the result of ...
2
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1answer
81 views

What causes “North-South ambiguity” when doppler radar imaging a planet surface equator on?

I'm having a hard time understanding why there would be this ambiguity. Also, why would this be not the case if the planet was viewed pole on? Edit: "NOrth SOuth ambiguity" is a term used in a paper ...
4
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1answer
61 views

How to calculate the thickness of the ice crust on a frozen ocean planet/moon?

How do I calculate the thickness of the upper ice layer on cold ocean worlds like Europa, Enceladus, Ganymede, ...? I'm asking this for a programm I'm currently writing. Given/Known is: mass, radius, ...
4
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1answer
228 views

What's the object in the sky?

Days before, I saw this pic. I don't know what it is. Edit: This pic was taken by a Taoist at an ancient ruins in Mongolia on 2012-07-15 04:12 UTC+8 (day break). He said it looked strange. Edit: I ...
12
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1answer
249 views

Why do planets and satellites in the Solar system look so wildly different if they came from more or less the same matter?

First, the planets. We have Mercury, which is rocky, no atmosphere. But then we have Venus, which is completely different: thick atmosphere, very hot, geologically active. Then Earth - blue, full of ...
3
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1answer
229 views

Why are saturn rings so thin?

I wonder why saturn rings are so thin ? Rings A, B and C are approximately just 10 meters thick which is extremely thin compared to the size of Saturn. What are the explanations for that ? Thanks a ...
10
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3answers
157 views

How would rainbows appear on other planets?

Are other planets capable of producing rainbows? How would those rainbows appear? Can rain, clouds or ice from elements other than water produce rainbows? Related: https://space.stackexchange.com/...
2
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1answer
56 views

Is there a reason why the IAU differenciates objects in the SS orbiting the sun into a particular classification but it doesnt for satellites?

The IAU has different classifications for objects in the solar system orbiting the sun, they can be according to their shape and if they clear their neighborhood of other material around its orbits , ...
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1answer
106 views

Can light be curved due to heavy gravitational force?

Lets suppose there is a huge planet having large amount of gravitational pull, then will the light passing through the planet get attracted towards it.
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0answers
28 views

Surface Conditions

Planets like Saturn & Jupiter are called "gas giants"--does that mean that there is no surface to walk upon? Though some source of gravity is required to hold the gas in place, isn't it? Venus: we ...
7
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1answer
193 views

3 years later, how strong is the evidence for planet 9?

I came across post in quora where somebody said that "most astronomers no longer think Planet 9 exists" and being somewhat shocked by that, I did a google search and found a fairly recent article that ...
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1answer
97 views

Is Naboo's core possible in real life?

In Star Wars, the planet Naboo has a plasma core, instead of a molten one. Can a planet really have a plasma core?
2
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1answer
276 views

How to Calculate Planetary Equilibrium Temperature in Binary systems

I'm working on a program that generates the basics stats of a terrestrial planets in binary star systems. I'm not the best at this kind of math, so I'm having trouble calculating the planetary ...
4
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1answer
97 views

I need help getting mars to look like a circle

I am having a lot of trouble getting a sharp image in my telescope. It is a skywatcher with a focal length of 1200mm and a diameter of 254mm. I have a laser colimater that I got for Christmas, so I ...
3
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1answer
158 views

What color is the Sky on other Planets?

On Earth, the sky is blue. What color would the sky be on other planets in our solar system? What about outside the solar system? Are there planets with purple skies, or green skies? Or are the all ...