Questions tagged [planet]

Questions on astronomical objects orbiting a star massive enough to be rounded, not massive enough to cause fusion, and which have cleared its orbit of planetesimals.

29 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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What are Kepler's laws (as he wrote them)?

There are of course many, many sources that quote Kepler's laws of planetary motion. This is preventing me from finding out what I really want to know: which is - what are Kepler's laws as he wrote ...
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How does the gravitation of Jupiter or other big planets affect Kepler's third law?

Does anyone know any good reference on this? I remember reading once about how Jupiter's gravitation can be treated as a perturbation, but I cannot find it again now. I think they expanded Jupiter's ...
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What are the 4 candidates for Planet Nine reported in 2017?

From Wikipedia Planet Nine#Citizen science: In April 2017, using data from the SkyMapper telescope at Siding Spring Observatory, citizen scientists on the Zooniverse platform reported four ...
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Can mean motion resonances make orbits more unstable rather than more stable?

This paper on closely packed orbit simulation seems to suggest that having the planets in first and second order resonances decreases the time till orbits cross each other. I'd got the impression that ...
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Kepler - Creating the Ellipse (Astronomia Nova)

In Chapter 58 in Astronomia Nova, Kepler made his final step to finally create the ellipse (for the orbit of planets) http://science.larouchepac.com/kepler/newastronomy/part4/58/index.html In the ...
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1answer
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Can tidally locked planets have liquid oceans on their night side, and would such a planet be habitable?

Let's say we have a tidally locked planet orbiting a star. And let's say that the conditions on its surface are just right for water to exist on its surface. Conventional wisdom says that the water on ...
3
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107 views

Help identifying a very slow-moving object during meteor shower photography

I just wonder if anyone could shed any light on this puzzle. Two nights ago whilst I was out photographing the Lyrids meteor shower from the UK something else showed up on my images when I checked ...
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How quickly do planetary rings form?

Just a very general question, but I haven't seen this discussed elsewhere. If a moon gets busted up for some reason, say a collision with another moon, and is at the right orbital distance from its ...
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110 views

Average effect of a planet on a comet

I'm considering a problem involving star S, planet A, and a comet B. The orbits of the planet and comet are eccentric, with eccentricities $e_A$ and $e_B$. I'm trying to calculate the average change ...
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158 views

Intrasolar planetary surface temperature change divergence from Earth

Considering the vast amount of insulating gas emitted by human activity on Earth without a coincident release on all other planets in the solar system as well as the phenomenon that planets in a solar ...
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1answer
115 views

Are the planets Mercury, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune losing mass?

My understanding is that Venus, Earth, Mars, and Jupiter are all losing mass due to their gravity, temperature, and the solar wind. But what about Mercury, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune? Mercury has a ...
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Identify moving object in the sky at night?

So last night I was looking at the sky at about 8PM EST, and I noticed this really tiny object moving pretty fast from left to right, just between the two stars in the photo. It's very difficult to ...
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Calculating the position angle of the moon (the rolling back and forth)

I have been watching the the NASA Moon Phases Video of the year 2020. Pretty much everything makes sense and I know how to calculate it including the moon phases, declination, azimuth, apogee and ...
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What is the radial dependence of the density of Jupiter or Saturn?

Can anyone point me to the reference where I can find the density of Jupiter or Saturn as a function of the distance from its center?
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43 views

Frequency of Earth type cores?

I've read many interesting threads concerning the composition of different planet cores in the solar system while trying to see if this question has already been asked. It appears as if Earth is ...
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Why does the axial tilt & the rotation speed of Saturn & Jupiter vary so much?

I have seen Jupiter and its 4 largest moons in a telescope, several times. The moons are always aligned in a line. This is fine. Very interesting. But.. in case of Saturn, not only that we can see its ...
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578 views

How to calculate the orbits of Neptune and Pluto based on the orbits of Uranus and Neptune respectively?

I get the below from Neptune and Pluto. In 1821, Alexis Bouvard published astronomical tables of the orbit of Neptune's neighbour Uranus.[22] Subsequent observations revealed substantial deviations ...
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168 views

The path of the planets on the celestial sphere

I know that planets have a "wandering" movement on the celestial sphere. I also know that their period around the Sun vary largely as compared with the period of the Earth (one sidereal year), ...
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35 views

When does oscillation of interplanetary plasma occurs?

When does oscillation of interplanetary plasma occur? When and what are the reasons of the excitation of this plasma that makes it oscillate? Does it oscillate when is not excited? Can extremely ...
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68 views

How much heat emanates from the planets after formation?

The 2nd answer to this question by MBR got me thinking about this. Is there some general guideline for residual heat a planet should emit, say 4.5 billion years after formation. I'm defining heat ...
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547 views

How to get the longitude of the perihelion to find the Heliocentric Equatorial coordinates of a planet

I'm writing a program to randomly generate star systems and I have been having a difficult time figuring this out. I've found the equations I need to get the heliocentric equatorial coordinates, but I ...
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37 views

Historic observational data - position of the planets

Is there an online source where historic observational data regarding the position of the planets can be found? I was always intrigued by the fact that Neptune was mathematically predicted before it ...
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159 views

To show perihelion precession motion of Mercury in Python with matplotlib

I'm trying to make it more general code so I can trace even a parabola or hyperbola for $e=1, E=0$ and $e>1, E>0$ respectively. And after achieving that general code I want to make the same code ...
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What is the most mass that matter likely to form?

If we plot graph between accumulate of forming mass (y-axis) and mass (x-axis), where is the maximum ? There is a story how I get this question. It start when I think about question "Is our sun is ...
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Celestron NexStar 130 SLT Computerized Telescope GoTo Not Accurate

I am trying to use a Celestron NexStar 130 SLT Computerized Telescope, but I am not able to use the GoTo function. I do the three start alignment, it confirms matches, I make sure the level is ...
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Could a planet be toss from a galaxy just like it's theorized rogue stars are?

According to this, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intergalactic_star Rogue stars are theorized to be the intergalactic space because of this, The way these stars arise is still a mystery, but the ...
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Stellarium script star of bethlehem

Does anyone out there have a script to replicate the star of Bethlehem. In this case meaning a conjunction of Venus and Jupiter near Regulus.
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Astronomical events and Celebrations

In the past people celebrated important astronomical events and some of those events are still celebrated in some cultures and traditions. For example: March/September equinox, New Moon, Winter/...
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Problem 7- chapter 13 of the Astronomy Principle and practice.-Calculate the radius of Venus

Well, this is one of the exercises from chapter 13 of the Astronomy Principle and Practice, which using Kepler's Laws to solve it. But if there are other ways to solve that would be great. Thank you!