Questions tagged [radio-astronomy]

Questions about observation performed in the radio frequency range of the electromagnetic spectrum (between 10 MHz and 100 GHz).

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Open dataset from antenna array

I am looking for a raw radio-astronomic antenna array dataset of relatively modest size (on the order a few MB, or even less), to evaluate a data processing algorithm. The dataset ideally should be ...
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How to apply Fast Folding algorithm?

I have High Time Resolution Universe dataset. I have applied de-dispersion on this HTRU dataset, and thereafter I applied the folding function to fold the dataset. How I can find that the periodicity ...
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Assuming no light pollution, was “2C. 1406” ever visible to the naked eye?

Joseph Needham, in his Science and Civilisation in China Vol. III, claimed that there was an ancient record of a nova about three thousand years ago. As a result of private correspondences with a "Dr ...
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How did Arecibo detect methane lakes on Titan, and image Saturn's rings?

This answer to Farthest distance to a solar system object that's been measured by radar? mentions that Saturn's rings, and the Uncover Travel post Arecibo Observatory, Puerto Rico – The World’s ...
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How to listen to our world from 10,000 light years away?

If you were 10,000 light years away from all radio stations and digital broadcasts from our world, what equipment would be necessary to detect and capture some information like a voice or a photo? If ...
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How far have stars been seen beyond the center of the Milky Way?

What lies near the center of the galaxy is of great interest and in recent times the motion of dozen(s) of stars at the center of our galaxy orbiting around Sgr A* have been measured in great detail. ...
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How do I download PSRCHIVE and Tempo2 for pulsar timing on Mac Mojave?

I am fairly new to pulsar astronomy, and I need to download PSRCHIVE and then Tempo2. I have followed the instructions online here: PulsarAstronomy.net I'm also pretty new to linux commands/Mac ...
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Would radio telescope located anywhere within a 100 light year radius detect our radio emissions? [duplicate]

If there was a radio telescope, as sophisticated as our best radio telescopes within a 100 light year radius from earth. AND if its sole purpose was search for signs of artificial/intelligent radio ...
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Requirements for an amplifier and filter for a horn antenna-based 21 cm radio telescope?

We are looking into the possibility of building a low budget horn antenna for detecting 21 cm hydrogen line radiation (~1420 MHz) and and possibly measuring its spectrum. What are the types of ...
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How far have individual stars been seen by radio telescopes?

Writing this answer got me thinking. As far as I understand it, stars themselves radiate most of their energy at optical wavelengths (near-IR through near-UV). Various types of stellar objects may ...
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From whence is the Event Horizon Telescope black hole data available for amateur reconstruction?

Ralf Vandebergh's tweet shows his own reconstruction of an image of the accretion disk around a black hole, generated presumably from Event Horizon Telescope data. I'm assuming that the data came ...
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What Is The Maximum Distance Our Finest Instruments Could See When They're Perfected?

Radius of the observable universe is 47.5 billion light years,which means we are seeing things which are about 48 billion light years away. At a rough estimate,at what distance would our finest ...
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How is it determined that the X-ray and radio intensity come from a magnetic field bridge between two clusters of galaxies?

Gizmodo's Astronomers Spot Mysterious, 10-Million-Light-Year-Long Magnetic Field Connecting Two Galaxy Clusters shows the image below, and Space.com's A Weird 'Radio Bridge' 10 Million-Light Years ...
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Could images of (very) nearby targets be recovered from the EHT data

Reading this question I was struck by the fact that the "pointing" of an interferometer is effectively done in the correlator, at least within the common field of view of all the telescopes, which is ...
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How are pulsars detected from Earth?

This paper on Arxiv indicates that the signal period of known pulsars is 1 ms-15 s (0.07-1,000 Hz since F=1/T). I have an EE background and it's a long story how I ended up here, but suffice it to say ...
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How did Arecibo make radar images of ice on Mercury's poles?

How did Arecibo make radar images of ice on Mercury's poles? How were observations of the poles of Mercury geometrically possible from Earth? How was "high-resolution (1.5-km) imaging" possible from ...
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Is it more than a coincidence that the SEFD of the Arecibo dish is 1 Jansky?

In this answer I chose a system temperature of 50 Kelvin and estimated the System Equivalent Flux Density or SEFD of an Arecibo-size dish to be very close to 1 Janksy, or $1 \times 10^{-26} W/m^2/Hz$....
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Need some sources on radiotelescope sensitivity

Could anyone direct me to papers with info on minimal flux that can be registered with radiotelescopes?
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Which techniques are used to convert radio signals received by antenna to images?

I realized that after answering the question How do astronomers convert radio signals received by their antenna to images? I had missed the point that the OP was only asking about software. I've ...
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Where do local users of ALMA live and work?

These days with high speed internet, observational astronomy can be done from remote locations. Still I believe from time to time an experimenter might travel to work on-site for particularly ...
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How do astronomers convert radio signals received by their antenna to images?

I'm very new to radio astronomy and I am curious how an the signals received by a radio antenna are converted to data on a computer and then images? Is there a popular software to use for this, or do ...
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Have caged molecules ever been observed in space?

astrosnapper@'s thorough answer to the question What is precipitable water vapor in millimeter-wave radioastronomy and how is it measured? links to the paper Observing Conditions for Submillimeter ...
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Constant interval between pulses from all pulsars

It was found from the observations of the radiopulsars that the intervals between their pulses are changing periodically, besides, for all pulsars this period is the same and equal to one stellar (...
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What is the farthest we can see into the universe?

Is there a limit in which the mass in space obscure the ability to detect anything farther even as technology progresses? Related: Can the range of the observable universe be extended through an ...
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Why does the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) not include telescopes from Africa, Asia or Australia?

The Event Horizon Telescope seems to include these radio telescopes currently: Image by European Southern Observatory (ESO)/O. Furtak; CC-BY 4.0-licensed, see the source on Wikipedia Commons and the ...
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What else could the Event Horizon Telescope Observe?

The Event Horizon Telescope was made possible in order to observe the details of supermassive black holes. This took a huge amount of work installing extra telescopes and developing the hardware and ...
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Why isn't the relativistic jet visible in the image of the M87 black hole?

I'm referring to the infamous relativistic jet, which consists of matter being accelerated to near the speed of light, originating at the poles of the black hole: But in the image of the black hole ...
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Why not capture also Milky Way's black hole image? [duplicate]

The world has now seen the black hole "close-up" of M87. Besides the recognition to how awesome science has become in the 21st century, I have the following question. Didn't they work also to ...
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Event Horizon Telescope Data Cleanup

I was wondering how the researchers were able to minimize or neutralize confirmation bias regarding the data collected? As I understand it, the algorithm pruned much of the data, which would make ...
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158 views

Does the “photo of a black hole” taken by EHT actually depict a visible light-based scenario?

I'm still at my bachelor of electronic and communications engineering, so I'm not an expert of radiotelescopes; however, I surely know that, typically, radio communications are characterized by a RX ...
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Do the actual false colours in the M87 black hole picture convey information?

As for the title. The picture could have been plotted in grey scale, B&W, whatever couple of colours, or perhaps using a window of wavelength in order to show shift of the Doppler/relativistic ...
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How can the Event Horizon Telescope image Sgr A* when it's not visible from all sites at one time?

I went to https://eventhorizontelescope.org/array and read about the ten sites listed as part of the EHT, I have a mashed-up screen shot of them below. I made a little script also shown below with ...
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MeerKAT's Epic Image of the Galactic Centre, what are we seeing?

In this answer as well as this one, I've linked to New Jersey Institute of Technology's Dr. Dale Gary's nicely-written Physics 728 Radio Astronomy; Lecture #1 notes where I can see the image below. It ...
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Why would atmospheric absorption increase rather than decrease the antenna temperature in Penzias and Wilson's famous CMB observation?

The classic paper A MEASUREMENT OF EXCESS ANTENNA TEMPERATURE AT 4080 Mc/s begins: Measurements of the effective zenith noise temperature of the 20-foot horn-reflector antenna (Crawford, Hogg, and ...
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Is the delay to correlate the signal from one dish to another on a VLA radio telescope longer for red shifted objects?

When observing 2 objects side by side close to the horizon with a very large array, one receding fast & red shifted, is the delay to correlate the signal from the closest dishes to the further ...
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Examples of radio correlations over times much longer than interferometric baselines?

Very Long Baseline Interferometry or VLBI such as the Event Horizon Telescope or JPL's delta-DOR (see below) uses baselines of the order of the Earth's diameter. Spacecraft position determination ...
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What could be observed with LOFAR in 230 MHz - 10.0 MHz wavelength?

Nuclear astrophysics greatly interests me and i was wondering if there is something that could be observed with the LOFAR project in this wavelength that would benefit the field? Also some general ...
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Have any more “white dwarf pulsars” been discovered or searched for?

Back in 2016, Marsh et al. reported that the binary system AR Scorpii exhibits complex radio signals similar to those observed from traditional pulsars. In particular, pulsed synchrotron emission ...
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Tuning radio telescopes

In this paper, Section 2.1, the authors talk about using the ICRF2 to find a tuning frequency in search of the 21-cm absorption (of HI). Since we already know the frequency of HI (1420.40575177 MHz), ...
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A “strange” unit radio astronomy

I'm reading up on radio astronomy, and I came across this paper from 1964. At the bottom of page 193, the author uses a unit that I've not seen before in discussing radio power emission from stars: ...
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Why does the author believe that the central mass that gas cloud HCN-0.009-0.044 orbits is smaller than our solar system?

Phys.org's Hiding black hole found says: A research team led by Shunya Takekawa at the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan noticed HCN-0.009-0.044, a gas cloud moving strangely near the ...
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How did the authors determine both the spatial size of gas cloud HCN-0.009-0.044 and its central mass at the same time?

Phys.org's Hiding black hole found says: A research team led by Shunya Takekawa at the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan noticed HCN-0.009-0.044, a gas cloud moving strangely near the ...
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Just how fast is a Fast Radio Burst thought to be?

According to Wikipedia;s Fast Radio Bursts; Frequencies and dispersion are recorded they The component frequencies of each burst are delayed by different amounts of time depending on the ...
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What are the challenges for the building and data analysis of the CHIME telescope?

CHIME has discovered the second repeated fast fast burst recently. However, its structure is simple apparently. I wonder why we did not build a telescope before. What is the challenge? I just know its ...
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Can weak gravitational lensing or microlensing-induced wavefront distortion limit resolution of absurdly large aperture telescopes?

This is a theoretical question. This answer to the question If we had the right technology could we see a distant star in detail? (presumably space-based) primarily addresses the scaling of ...
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How open is China in sharing data from the Chang'e 4 mission?

It's really good to see that man (well, machine) has gone back to the moon again. Chang'e 4 is studying potential mantle material from the lunar depths and will be conducting radio astronomy in ...
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Is there any update on the Availability of Event Horizon Telescope Images?

There has been no news on the obvious public channels from the EHT project since last (Northern) summer. Does anyone have more information on when any results from the April 2017 run might be released?...
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How does ALMA produce stable, mutually coherent ~THz local oscillators for all of their dishes?

The ALMA (Atacama Large Millimetre/submillimetre Array) radio telescope's band-10 capabaility is now operational, per this answer. That's confirmed by NRAO's First Science with ALMA’s Highest-...
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How often do they move most/all of ALMA's dishes?

The Phys.org article Unknown treasure trove of planets found hiding in dust reports on recently published radio measurements (~1.3mm) of planetary systems forming around stars in Taurus: Scientists ...
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How does Canada's radiotelescope CHIME manage polarization-dependent apodization of the fast f/0.25 optics?

CHIME, the Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment uses four parabolic cylinder reflectors and a dense linear array of 256 x 2 polarization feeds along each focal line. Each feed is a dual ...