Questions tagged [radio-astronomy]

Questions about observation performed in the radio frequency range of the electromagnetic spectrum (between 10 MHz and 1GHz).

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What Is The Maximum Distance Our Finest Instruments Could See When They're Perfected?

Radius of the observable universe is 47.5 billion light years,which means we are seeing things which are about 48 billion light years away. At a rough estimate,at what distance would our finest ...
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How do they know the X-ray and radio intensity really come from a magnetic field bridge between these two clusters of galaxies?

Gizmodo's Astronomers Spot Mysterious, 10-Million-Light-Year-Long Magnetic Field Connecting Two Galaxy Clusters shows the image below, and Space.com's A Weird 'Radio Bridge' 10 Million-Light Years ...
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Could images of (very) nearby targets be recovered from the EHT data

Reading this question I was struck by the fact that the "pointing" of an interferometer is effectively done in the correlator, at least within the common field of view of all the telescopes, which is ...
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How are pulsars detected from Earth?

This paper on Arxiv indicates that the signal period of known pulsars is 1 ms-15 s (0.07-1,000 Hz since F=1/T). I have an EE background and it's a long story how I ended up here, but suffice it to say ...
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How did Arecibo make radar images of ice on Mercury's poles?

How did Arecibo make radar images of ice on Mercury's poles? How were observations of the poles of Mercury geometrically possible from Earth? How was "high-resolution (1.5-km) imaging" possible from ...
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Is it more than a coincidence that the SEFD of the Arecibo dish is 1 Jansky?

In this answer I chose a system temperature of 50 Kelvin and estimated the System Equivalent Flux Density or SEFD of an Arecibo-size dish to be very close to 1 Janksy, or $1 \times 10^{-26} W/m^2/Hz$....
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Need some sources on radiotelescope sensitivity

Could anyone direct me to papers with info on minimal flux that can be registered with radiotelescopes?
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Which techniques are used to convert radio signals received by antenna to images?

I realized that after answering the question How do astronomers convert radio signals received by their antenna to images? I had missed the point that the OP was only asking about software. I've ...
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Where do local users of ALMA live and work?

These days with high speed internet, observational astronomy can be done from remote locations. Still I believe from time to time an experimenter might travel to work on-site for particularly ...
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Have caged molecules ever been observed in space?

astrosnapper@'s thorough answer to the question What is precipitable water vapor in millimeter-wave radioastronomy and how is it measured? links to the paper Observing Conditions for Submillimeter ...
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Constant interval between pulses from all pulsars

It was found from the observations of the radiopulsars that the intervals between their pulses are changing periodically, besides, for all pulsars this period is the same and equal to one stellar (...
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What is the farthest we can see into the universe?

Is there a limit in which the mass in space obscure the ability to detect anything farther even as technology progresses? Related: Can the range of the observable universe be extended through an ...
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Why does the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) not include telescopes from Africa, Asia or Australia?

The Event Horizon Telescope seems to include these radio telescopes currently: Image by European Southern Observatory (ESO)/O. Furtak; CC-BY 4.0-licensed, see the source on Wikipedia Commons and the ...
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What else could the Event Horizon Telescope Observe?

The Event Horizon Telescope was made possible in order to observe the details of supermassive black holes. This took a huge amount of work installing extra telescopes and developing the hardware and ...
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Why isn't the relativistic jet visible in the image of the M87 black hole?

I'm referring to the infamous relativistic jet, which consists of matter being accelerated to near the speed of light, originating at the poles of the black hole: But in the image of the black hole ...
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Why not capture also Milky Way's black hole image? [duplicate]

The world has now seen the black hole "close-up" of M87. Besides the recognition to how awesome science has become in the 21st century, I have the following question. Didn't they work also to ...
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Event Horizon Telescope Data Cleanup

I was wondering how the researchers were able to minimize or neutralize confirmation bias regarding the data collected? As I understand it, the algorithm pruned much of the data, which would make ...
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Does the “photo of a black hole” taken by EHT actually depict a visible light-based scenario?

I'm still at my bachelor of electronic and communications engineering, so I'm not an expert of radiotelescopes; however, I surely know that, typically, radio communications are characterized by a RX ...
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Do the actual false colours in the M87 black hole picture convey information?

As for the title. The picture could have been plotted in grey scale, B&W, whatever couple of colours, or perhaps using a window of wavelength in order to show shift of the Doppler/relativistic ...
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How can the Event Horizon Telescope image Sgr A* when it's not visible from all sites at one time?

I went to https://eventhorizontelescope.org/array and read about the ten sites listed as part of the EHT, I have a mashed-up screen shot of them below. I made a little script also shown below with ...
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MeerKAT's Epic Image of the Galactic Centre, what are we seeing?

In this answer as well as this one, I've linked to New Jersey Institute of Technology's Dr. Dale Gary's nicely-written Physics 728 Radio Astronomy; Lecture #1 notes where I can see the image below. It ...
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Why would atmospheric absorption increase rather than decrease the antenna temperature in Penzias and Wilson's famous CMB observation?

The classic paper A MEASUREMENT OF EXCESS ANTENNA TEMPERATURE AT 4080 Mc/s begins: Measurements of the effective zenith noise temperature of the 20-foot horn-reflector antenna (Crawford, Hogg, and ...
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Is the delay to correlate the signal from one dish to another on a VLA radio telescope longer for red shifted objects?

When observing 2 objects side by side close to the horizon with a very large array, one receding fast & red shifted, is the delay to correlate the signal from the closest dishes to the further ...
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Examples of radio correlations over times much longer than interferometric baselines?

Very Long Baseline Interferometry or VLBI such as the Event Horizon Telescope or JPL's delta-DOR (see below) uses baselines of the order of the Earth's diameter. Spacecraft position determination ...
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What could be observed with LOFAR in 230 MHz - 10.0 MHz wavelength?

Nuclear astrophysics greatly interests me and i was wondering if there is something that could be observed with the LOFAR project in this wavelength that would benefit the field? Also some general ...
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Have any more “white dwarf pulsars” been discovered or searched for?

Back in 2016, Marsh et al. reported that the binary system AR Scorpii exhibits complex radio signals similar to those observed from traditional pulsars. In particular, pulsed synchrotron emission ...
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Tuning radio telescopes

In this paper, Section 2.1, the authors talk about using the ICRF2 to find a tuning frequency in search of the 21-cm absorption (of HI). Since we already know the frequency of HI (1420.40575177 MHz), ...
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A “strange” unit radio astronomy

I'm reading up on radio astronomy, and I came across this paper from 1964. At the bottom of page 193, the author uses a unit that I've not seen before in discussing radio power emission from stars: ...
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Why does the author believe that the central mass that gas cloud HCN-0.009-0.044 orbits is smaller than our solar system?

Phys.org's Hiding black hole found says: A research team led by Shunya Takekawa at the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan noticed HCN-0.009-0.044, a gas cloud moving strangely near the ...
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How did the authors determine both the spatial size of gas cloud HCN-0.009-0.044 and its central mass at the same time?

Phys.org's Hiding black hole found says: A research team led by Shunya Takekawa at the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan noticed HCN-0.009-0.044, a gas cloud moving strangely near the ...
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Just how fast is a Fast Radio Burst thought to be?

According to Wikipedia;s Fast Radio Bursts; Frequencies and dispersion are recorded they The component frequencies of each burst are delayed by different amounts of time depending on the ...
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What are the challenges for the building and data analysis of the CHIME telescope?

CHIME has discovered the second repeated fast fast burst recently. However, its structure is simple apparently. I wonder why we did not build a telescope before. What is the challenge? I just know its ...
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Can weak gravitational lensing or microlensing-induced wavefront distortion limit resolution of absurdly large aperture telescopes?

This is a theoretical question. This answer to the question If we had the right technology could we see a distant star in detail? (presumably space-based) primarily addresses the scaling of ...
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How open is China in sharing data from the Chang'e 4 mission?

It's really good to see that man (well, machine) has gone back to the moon again. Chang'e 4 is studying potential mantle material from the lunar depths and will be conducting radio astronomy in ...
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Is there any update on the Availability of Event Horizon Telescope Images?

There has been no news on the obvious public channels from the EHT project since last (Northern) summer. Does anyone have more information on when any results from the April 2017 run might be released?...
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How does ALMA produce stable, mutually coherent ~THz local oscillators for all of their dishes?

The ALMA (Atacama Large Millimetre/submillimetre Array) radio telescope's band-10 capabaility is now operational, per this answer. That's confirmed by NRAO's First Science with ALMA’s Highest-...
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How often do they move most/all of ALMA's dishes?

The Phys.org article Unknown treasure trove of planets found hiding in dust reports on recently published radio measurements (~1.3mm) of planetary systems forming around stars in Taurus: Scientists ...
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How does Canada's radiotelescope CHIME manage polarization-dependent apodization of the fast f/0.25 optics?

CHIME, the Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment uses four parabolic cylinder reflectors and a dense linear array of 256 x 2 polarization feeds along each focal line. Each feed is a dual ...
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What telescope might this be a model of, with Sir Fred Hoyle?

The BBC article Archaeopteryx: The day the fossil feathers flew has nothing to do with Astronomy but it shows a file photo of the famous astronomer Sir Fred Hoyle with a model of what looks like some ...
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Estimating upper limits on flux values (Radio)

How to estimate upper limits on flux values for a radio source if it is not seen in NVSS (1.4 GHz survey) but is observed in lower radio frequency maps?
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Does Arecibo's secondary optics compensate aberrations when viewing farther away from vertical?

In the beginning of the short YouTube video Arecibo Uncut: Under the Dish with Phil Perillat it is mentioned that while dish antennas are usually a parabola, the problem is that a static parabola ...
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radio Jove pcb manufacturing file

Hello I want to make the radio Jove receiver whose design is available on NASA website. I don't want to purchase the receiver. I want to make it. but I don't have any knowledge about pcb design for ...
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Why the blank wedges in this very early 21 cm map of the Milky Way? (Oort et al. 1958)

Jan Oort was a pioneer in radio astronomy. Wikipedia says: It has been written that “Oort was probably the first astronomer to realize the importance” of radio astronomy. “In the days before radio ...
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Can I sense a bright star pointing an eight foot antenna towards it?

If I connect an eight foot Yagi or other comparable sized antenna to my oscilloscope and point the antenna at a bright star will I see a voltage on my oscilloscope? I am not interested in turning the ...
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Could the E.H.T. produce an image of the human artifacts on the moon?

Two days ago the New York Times featured the Event Horizon Telescope (E.H.T.), a huge virtual radio telescope emerging from combining data from several dishes scattered around the world. While the E.H....
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Units in optical and radio spectral data cubes: Flux vs Brightness

I have noticed that the units used in spectral data cubes coming from optical IFU instruments are usually in $erg/s/cm^2/Ang/pixel$. To my understanding this is a measure of Flux. Right? However, in ...
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Is it possible to define a state of zero absolute angular momentum anywhere in the universe?

Conservation of angular momentum doesn't seem correct to me. I think this because radiation is present everywhere, no space is completely void, and no object perfect. Thus all objects will have uneven ...
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Converting Jy/beam to Jy?

Maybe its a dumb question, but to convert Jy/beam to Jy, I just have to multiply it by the beam size in sr right? Being $\Omega$ the beam size: $\Omega = \frac{\pi \theta_{maj} ~~ \theta_{min}}{4 \...
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Hydrogen Line observation - Interference from trees

I am setting up a 2.4 metre parabola pointing straight up to observe the 21cm hydrogen line at 1420MHz with meridian drift scans. I'm planning to place the dish on a steel pole embedded in the ...
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Math behind a uv plot in interferometry?

I've seen standard uv plots used discussions of interferometric array designs regularly, and I have a vague idea that each arc may correspond to a pair of elements within the array, and the ...