Questions tagged [radio-astronomy]

Questions about observations performed in the radio frequency range of the electromagnetic spectrum.

47 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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9
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87 views

How can maser emission be unpolarized?

I was reading that: However, unlike Galactic sources such as W3(OH), the emission is unpolarized and the 1667 MHz line is stronger than the 1665 MHz line. but how is this possible? Does not the ...
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113 views

How do radio astronomers avoid having their receivers burned out by ground-imaging radar from satellites?

After about 34:00 in the 9th press conference of AAS 235, radio astronomer and NRAO's spectrum manager Harvey Liszt talks about Radio Astronomy in a New Era of ...
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Is there work underway to push the long baseline capabilities of the Event Horizon Telescope to sub-millimeter wavelengths?

The Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy's press release Something is Lurking in the Heart of Quasar 3C 279; First Event Horizon Telescope Images of a Black-Hole Powered Jet shows a stunning ...
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79 views

Recommend a radio calibration target for amateur radio telescope

I have a small antenna and radio system that can receive frequencies between 1MHz and 1GHz. The system has a discone antenna. I plan to do some aperture synthesis based on the daily rotation of the ...
5
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89 views

Is there any astronomical phenomena that could emit strong radio waves with multiples of a discrete frequency?

In the New Scientist article Is this ET? Mystery of strange radio bursts from space, it is reported that several times since 2001, astronomers have detected fast radio bursts that seem to have a ...
4
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55 views

How significant is the effect of galactic rotation on line broadening of carbon monoxide?

In class the other day, we were discussing observations of rotational transitions of carbon monoxide, namely, the $J=1\to0$ and $J=2\to1$ lines. We originally had assumed that both lines would have ...
4
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155 views

How to apply Fast Folding algorithm?

I have High Time Resolution Universe dataset. I have applied de-dispersion on this HTRU dataset, and thereafter I applied the folding function to fold the dataset. How I can find that the periodicity ...
4
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121 views

Assuming no light pollution, was “2C. 1406” ever visible to the naked eye?

Joseph Needham, in his Science and Civilisation in China Vol. III, claimed that there was an ancient record of a nova about three thousand years ago. As a result of private correspondences with a "Dr ...
4
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139 views

How far have stars been seen beyond the center of the Milky Way?

What lies near the center of the galaxy is of great interest and in recent times the motion of dozen(s) of stars at the center of our galaxy orbiting around Sgr A* have been measured in great detail. ...
4
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137 views

Why isn't the relativistic jet visible in the image of the M87 black hole?

I'm referring to the infamous relativistic jet, which consists of matter being accelerated to near the speed of light, originating at the poles of the black hole: But in the image of the black hole ...
4
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259 views

What is a radio “homology telescope” and is the 500m dish in China one?

This question is about design aspects of large radio telescope dishes which allow them to flex under the influence of gravity as they change elevation angle, and still maintain good optical ...
3
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102 views

How did Arecibo make radar images of ice on Mercury's poles?

update: I still haven't been able to get my hands on the Icarus paper linked below (I'll try other libraries) but these are newer and quite interesting!: Constraining the thickness of polar ice ...
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60 views

Did Arecibo's secondary optics compensate aberrations when viewing farther away from vertical?

In the beginning of the short YouTube video Arecibo Uncut: Under the Dish with Phil Perillat it is mentioned that while dish antennas are usually a parabola, the problem is that a static parabola ...
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519 views

Radiometer Equation for Flux Density

In Duncan and Lorimer's Handbook of Pulsar Astronomy, the equation for the flux density using a radio telescope is given as (for a top-hat function): $$S=\frac{\beta\,\mathrm{SNR}\, T_{sys}}{G\sqrt{...
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58 views

BLC1 and Proxima Centauri's activity

From Wikipedia BLC1: A paper by other astronomers released 10 days before the news report about BLC1 reports the detection of "a bright, long-duration optical flare, accompanied by a series of ...
2
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0answers
24 views

Are radio telescopes finding radio-dark Nebulas

Are there "dark nebula" spots in the sky for radio telescopes? By that I mean, are there portions in the sky where these telescopes do not receive any radio waves? If so, do they match ...
2
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60 views

Will the first Event Horizon Telescope image of the Milky Way's black hole be just another orange donut?

@HDE226868's answer to Why doesn't the black hole in the center of the Milky Way glow similarly to the famous M87 image? explains that neither black hole is orange and any Event Horizon Telescope ...
2
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53 views

Radio loud AGN restarting as Radio Quiet AGN?

Is it possible for a Radio-loud object (eg., an FRI galaxy) to evolve into a Radio-quiet (eg., a Seyfert) source? Also, can this happen via AGN restart? That is, have there been instances where the ...
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24 views

Observed instances of massive gas inflow and AGN restart due to cluster-cluster merger?

Works such as Acreman et al. (2003) have demonstrated via simulations the possibility of gas being stripped off a galaxy due to interaction with a galaxy cluster. Have there been confirmed instances ...
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22 views

Software for simulating/calculating a known EMW pulse propagating in ISM, including dispersion, scattering, etc

Could you please let me know, if there is any software/code/tool for simulating/calculating the result of a short EMW pulse (waveform is exactly known) propagating in the ISM for long distance, ...
2
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19 views

How is VLBI delay calculated?

I’m working on a research project wherein we are trying to solve a problem very similar to VLBI delay. We have two radio receivers, and we know their locations. We also know at what time one receiver ...
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44 views

Rescaling a radio image

After a radio image has been cleaned it is advised that the fluxes be rescaled if the source is near the galactic plane. Can someone explain why this is needed?
2
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48 views

Requirements for an amplifier and filter for a horn antenna-based 21 cm radio telescope?

We are looking into the possibility of building a low budget horn antenna for detecting 21 cm hydrogen line radiation (~1420 MHz) and and possibly measuring its spectrum. What are the types of ...
2
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98 views

Help With Transit Radio Telescope Data Analysis

My high school teacher and I recently built a 10 ft. mesh dish transit radio telescope. In order to compete this year at Nationals for our science fair, we came up with the idea of using a bluetooth ...
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24 views

Is GAIA the only game in town for looking at quadrupole gravitational deflection of light?

From Gerry Gilmore (2018) Gaia: 3-dimensional census of the Milky Way Galaxy 4.4 Fundamental physics Relativistic effects are highly significant for Gaia measurement accuracy, with tests of General ...
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39 views

About coordinate systems and angle differences

If I want to measure the beam-width of a radio telescope sweeping through a ~ puntual object (the Sun) with a ~ constant flux output when measured: The value measured sweeping in one frame of ...
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33 views

Are there any ALMA or JCMT detections of extraterrestrial phosphine that have been confirmed by direct sampling?

Please note that I am not a professional astronomer but an interested layman. I've informed myself on the matters below by perusing arXiv--there are likely other publicly-accessible primary sources I ...
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30 views

How often are radio telescopes used to measure parallax? When was this first done?

The abstract of A magnetar parallax (also in MNRAS) says: TE J1810-197 (J1810) was the first magnetar identified to emit radio pulses, and has been extensively studied during a radio-bright phase in ...
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32 views

What is the O[III]/H$\alpha$ line ratio for Active Galactic Nuclei?

I have the H$\alpha$ line flux of an AGN and I am trying to calculate the Bolometric luminosity using it. Bolometric luminosity can be calculated from O[III] fluxes by $L_{\rm Bol} = 3500 L_{\rm O[III]...
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55 views

What does the Sun “look like” below 100 MHz?

Radio2space.com's The Radio Sun says: At very low frequencies (below 0.1 GHz) and therefore at very long wavelengths (> 3m) the solar disk appears much bigger and brighter in the center, and its ...
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1answer
80 views

How to read light curve from .fits?

I have a .fits file (this one, in fact) containing the data of a fast radio burst, FRB110523. Is it possible to, from that, make a simpler file containing the intensity (integrated over all bands) as ...
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20 views

Have non-periodic radio signals been analyzed for shannon entropy or put on a Zipf plot?

If aliens did exist, they would probably compress their communications. And they might use a fault tolerant infrastructure like TCP/IP. In either scenario, real communications would not be periodic ...
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62 views

Has optical interferometry been done at radio frequency using heterodyning with a laser in a nonlinear material?

If one collects narrow band optical emission from a large telescope with frequency $f_1$ and mixes it in a nonlinear crystal with laser light of a nearby frequency $f_2$, it would produce two new ...
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0answers
38 views

Slope of log plot of luminosity-velocity in Tulley Fisher relation

My partner and I did some computation on the Tully Fisher relation at uni. In that, the slope of the logarithm plot between the luminosity and rotational velocity, was 2.6. Now, that slope ...
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56 views

What can be learned from low frequency radio astronomy available outside of Earth's ionosphere?

As discussions and answers to How large does refraction become in radioastronomy? point out, it is difficult to do radio astronomy much below 30 MHz (or 10 MHz depending on how aggressive you are in ...
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72 views

Open dataset from antenna array

I am looking for a raw radio-astronomic antenna array dataset of relatively modest size (on the order a few MB, or even less), to evaluate a data processing algorithm. The dataset ideally should be ...
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0answers
62 views

Examples of radio correlations over times much longer than interferometric baselines?

Very Long Baseline Interferometry or VLBI such as the Event Horizon Telescope or JPL's delta-DOR (see below) uses baselines of the order of the Earth's diameter. Spacecraft position determination ...
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40 views

What could be observed with LOFAR in 230 MHz - 10.0 MHz wavelength?

Nuclear astrophysics greatly interests me and i was wondering if there is something that could be observed with the LOFAR project in this wavelength that would benefit the field? Also some general ...
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115 views

How does Canada's radiotelescope CHIME manage polarization-dependent apodization of the fast f/0.25 optics?

CHIME, the Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment uses four parabolic cylinder reflectors and a dense linear array of 256 x 2 polarization feeds along each focal line. Each feed is a dual ...
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35 views

Estimating upper limits on flux values (Radio)

How to estimate upper limits on flux values for a radio source if it is not seen in NVSS (1.4 GHz survey) but is observed in lower radio frequency maps?
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58 views

radio Jove pcb manufacturing file

Hello I want to make the radio Jove receiver whose design is available on NASA website. I don't want to purchase the receiver. I want to make it. but I don't have any knowledge about pcb design for ...
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0answers
72 views

Can all astronomical signals be considered Gaussian noise?

While studying the techniques astronomers use to mitigate radio frequency interference (RFI) I found it's often assumed that astronomical signals are (band-limited) Gaussian noise. Is this a ...
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58 views

What information will SETI have access to from the SKA (Square kilometer array)

I read on on the website of the SKA (https://www.skatelescope.org/) that SETI will sort of have "passive" access to the data that they capture on the array, sort of like a "pigyback" concept and ...
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22 views

How to calculate the luminosity of a quasar?

Is there a relation between the distance ($d$) and the apparent bolometric magnitude ($m_{bol}$) of a quasar and its luminosity ($L$) in watt? If so, what is that relation? Thanks in advance!
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7 views

extracting visibility information from CASA measurement set

I am trying to export the UV wavelengths, visibilities and weights from a measurement set in CASA, but I haven't been able to find the right commands to do this. 'exportuvfits' might be what I am ...
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22 views

How to use the APARM, BPARM and CPARM of REGRD task in AIPS?

I plan to regrid a 500 by 500 image in B1950 to 500 by 500 in J2000 using the AIPS task REGRD. How to proceed?
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34 views

Could we detect an extraterrestrial signal with the SKA radio telescope?

As I have not seen this question answered and, following the rules: https://stackoverflow.blog/2011/07/01/its-ok-to-ask-and-answer-your-own-questions/ , I would like to answer this important question. ...