Questions tagged [radio-astronomy]

Questions about observations performed in the radio frequency range of the electromagnetic spectrum.

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113 views

What is the reason the Chinese want to measure the <30Mhz radiation behind the moon?

On the Earth it is difficult to detect radiation below 30MHz from space due to our atmosphere. But why do they want to measure this radiation behind the moon? It has something to do with the big bang, ...
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318 views

How did single dish (or single receiver) radio telescopes originally generate images?

That actually sums up my question nicely: How did single dish (or single receiver) radio telescopes originally generate images? - or at least 2D intensity maps or contour plots. Early radio ...
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124 views

Why does the neutral hydrogen velocity have this characteristic behavior in the galactic plane?

The recently released map of galactic neutral hydrogen density and velocity is really beautiful. The work has been relased by the HI4PI collaboration (HI = neutral hydrogen, $4\pi$ = complete ...
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157 views

Do the actual false colours in the M87 black hole picture convey information?

As for the title. The picture could have been plotted in grey scale, B&W, whatever couple of colours, or perhaps using a window of wavelength in order to show shift of the Doppler/relativistic ...
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1answer
96 views

Units in optical and radio spectral data cubes: Flux vs Brightness

I have noticed that the units used in spectral data cubes coming from optical IFU instruments are usually in $erg/s/cm^2/Ang/pixel$. To my understanding this is a measure of Flux. Right? However, in ...
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159 views

How do I download PSRCHIVE and Tempo2 for pulsar timing on Mac Mojave?

I am fairly new to pulsar astronomy, and I need to download PSRCHIVE and then Tempo2. I have followed the instructions online here: PulsarAstronomy.net I'm also pretty new to linux commands/Mac ...
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1answer
336 views

Cosmic microwave background radiation: why did it take so long to get here?

I understand that the universe after the big bang was a super dense cloud of elementary particles, and because of this high density was "not transparent" to light. Then, roughly 400.000 years (380....
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121 views

Has SETI data been used for astrophysics? How, or why not?

SETI collects alot of data from space, mostly radio. I wonder if this data has any astrophysics value other than SETI?
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96 views

How will the Breakthrough Initiatives affect other astronomy observations?

BACKGROUND The Breakthrough Initiatives is in the news because of a $100 million private donation for a SETI project. It doesn't seem to be for building any new observatory (but maybe for buying ...
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81 views

What is frequency range?

Using the NED, you can search via frequency range corresponding to the selected pass band filter. I'm a beginner here and don't really understand. Here's the quote: NOTES: Objects with observations ...
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1answer
148 views

Would it have been possible to send a radio signal towards ʻOumuamua?

As we could not get any radio signals from asteroid ʻOumuamua, couldn't we have sent a powerful radio signal to it and then check if we can get any radio signal in response? This way we can at least ...
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84 views

How is spectroscopy used to deduce what an object is made of?

Spectroscopy is an analysis of light (or other EM wavelengths) that is often used by scientists to examine what an object is made from or contains. Apologies if this is a stupid question, but this ...
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60 views

How to determine arrival time delay given dispersion measure?

In an online textbook, the following formula is given to calculate the arrival time delay between two frequencies, $v_1, v_2$ in a dispersed radio pulse: $$t_1 - t_2 = 4.15 \cdot DM [(v_1/\text{GHz})^{...
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137 views

Is it possible to define a state of zero absolute angular momentum anywhere in the universe?

Conservation of angular momentum doesn't seem correct to me. I think this because radiation is present everywhere, no space is completely void, and no object perfect. Thus all objects will have uneven ...
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524 views

How to calculate the integrated source flux density of a continuous source?

I'm working with data from radio surveys. My images are .fits files with BUNIT Jy/beam. I want to calculate the net flux from a continuous source (not point source). When I simply added all the ...
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199 views

“Mysterious radio signals” - how could a geostationary satellite and Ross-128 line up with Arecibo?

The Phys.org article 'Mystery' signal from space is solved. It's not aliens cites a summary of the conclusion "by Abel Mendez, director of the Planetary Habitability Laboratory at the University ...
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1answer
364 views

Do some ELF (Extremely low frequency) radio waves pass the atmosphere

...reach Earth surface and then are reflected passing the atmosphere again to reach outer space? And once in outer space can they travel indefinetely in it or the interplabetary plasma would stop them?...
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234 views

Are there radio white dwarfs?

We have discovered about 2500 radio pulsars. Part of them show pulsations in other bands like X-ray and gamma ray. The radiation mechanism remains unclear now. I wonder whether there are radio ...
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49 views

How can we install a radar on radio telescopes like FAST or GMRT?

Recently I came across an article mentioning that ever since the failure of Arecibo telescope, we only have one asteroid radar imaging telescope which is Goldstone observatory. The article also ...
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1answer
55 views

Looking for a routine to correct for Local Standard of Rest (LSR)

I've been scanning the Milky Way with a Small Single Dish Radio Telescope, obtaining Spectral data with a Span of ~ 2 MHz, centered at the 21 cm line. With this information I can derive a relative ...
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37 views

The role of 'the interference of waves' in VLBIs'

I've been trying to find out how VLBIs work. It says in this book I've read that many radio telescopes around the world work in tandem to use the interference of waves to get a clearer picture of ...
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1answer
79 views

Has optical interferometry been done at radio frequency using heterodyning with a laser in a nonlinear material?

If one collects narrow band optical emission from a large telescope with frequency $f_1$ and mixes it in a nonlinear crystal with laser light of a nearby frequency $f_2$, it would produce two new ...
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1answer
72 views

Would “layered” radio interferometry work?

tl;dr - Is splitting up the process of interferometry as shown in the diagram possible, and if so, is it more efficient and/or easier than traditional methods? I have been doing some research into ...
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54 views

Is the delay to correlate the signal from one dish to another on a VLA radio telescope longer for red shifted objects?

When observing 2 objects side by side close to the horizon with a very large array, one receding fast & red shifted, is the delay to correlate the signal from the closest dishes to the further ...
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BLC1 and Proxima Centauri's activity

From Wikipedia BLC1: A paper by other astronomers released 10 days before the news report about BLC1 reports the detection of "a bright, long-duration optical flare, accompanied by a series of ...
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28 views

Are radio telescopes finding radio-dark Nebulas

Are there "dark nebula" spots in the sky for radio telescopes? By that I mean, are there portions in the sky where these telescopes do not receive any radio waves? If so, do they match ...
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60 views

Will the first Event Horizon Telescope image of the Milky Way's black hole be just another orange donut?

@HDE226868's answer to Why doesn't the black hole in the center of the Milky Way glow similarly to the famous M87 image? explains that neither black hole is orange and any Event Horizon Telescope ...
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55 views

Radio loud AGN restarting as Radio Quiet AGN?

Is it possible for a Radio-loud object (eg., an FRI galaxy) to evolve into a Radio-quiet (eg., a Seyfert) source? Also, can this happen via AGN restart? That is, have there been instances where the ...
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Observed instances of massive gas inflow and AGN restart due to cluster-cluster merger?

Works such as Acreman et al. (2003) have demonstrated via simulations the possibility of gas being stripped off a galaxy due to interaction with a galaxy cluster. Have there been confirmed instances ...
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23 views

Software for simulating/calculating a known EMW pulse propagating in ISM, including dispersion, scattering, etc

Could you please let me know, if there is any software/code/tool for simulating/calculating the result of a short EMW pulse (waveform is exactly known) propagating in the ISM for long distance, ...
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19 views

How is VLBI delay calculated?

I’m working on a research project wherein we are trying to solve a problem very similar to VLBI delay. We have two radio receivers, and we know their locations. We also know at what time one receiver ...
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45 views

Rescaling a radio image

After a radio image has been cleaned it is advised that the fluxes be rescaled if the source is near the galactic plane. Can someone explain why this is needed?
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64 views

Would radio telescope located anywhere within a 100 light year radius detect our radio emissions? [duplicate]

If there was a radio telescope, as sophisticated as our best radio telescopes within a 100 light year radius from earth. AND if its sole purpose was search for signs of artificial/intelligent radio ...
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48 views

Requirements for an amplifier and filter for a horn antenna-based 21 cm radio telescope?

We are looking into the possibility of building a low budget horn antenna for detecting 21 cm hydrogen line radiation (~1420 MHz) and and possibly measuring its spectrum. What are the types of ...
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1answer
119 views

What is the extent of the “worldwide campaign” to observe near-earth object 2012 TC4?

This nifty answer describes and provides links to the data of the recovery of near earth object 2012 TC4, and the answer also shows the first actual image of the body for this pass. At apparent ...
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98 views

Help With Transit Radio Telescope Data Analysis

My high school teacher and I recently built a 10 ft. mesh dish transit radio telescope. In order to compete this year at Nationals for our science fair, we came up with the idea of using a bluetooth ...
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49 views

Do astronomers measure radio waves absorption to know the shape of a celestial body? [closed]

I do not have much knowledge about radio astronomy. I know that astronomers know an objects' shape by measuring the reflected photons that reach radiotelescopes, but can they measure also the absorbed ...
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101 views

Did comets 266P/Christensen or P/2008 Y2 (Gibbs) cause the Wow! signal?

Continuing my fascination with the Wow! signal, I stumbled upon an article from 2016 titled Famous Wow! signal might have been from comets, not aliens. It describes the hypothesis that the signal ...
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1answer
134 views

What Is The Maximum Distance Our Finest Instruments Could See When They're Perfected?

Radius of the observable universe is 47.5 billion light years,which means we are seeing things which are about 48 billion light years away. At a rough estimate,at what distance would our finest ...
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46 views

Opening VLA Export Format data on Windows

I recently downloaded some data from the NRAO archive. It came as a file in the "VLA export format" with the extension .xp1. From what I gather I can open this using some software called ...
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1answer
66 views

Why is the peak value(s) of the spectral radiance of the CMB different if you calculate with freq. instead of wavelength?

On Wikipedia, the calculated value of the peak frequency of the cosmic microwave background is 160.23 GHz, but it says if you do the calculating with wavelengths, then convert to frequency, you get a ...
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1answer
37 views

Options for observational astronomy [closed]

For getting into a PhD program for observational astronomy, is physics major and data science minor enough?
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1answer
131 views

What is the farthest we can see into the universe?

Is there a limit in which the mass in space obscure the ability to detect anything farther even as technology progresses? Related: Can the range of the observable universe be extended through an ...
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1answer
524 views

Astronomy & machine learning. Where to start? [closed]

I am a Computer Engineering major and would like to learn more about machine learning methods in Astronomy. What books or other resources could I use?
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1answer
253 views

How is the field of view of a radio telescope determined?

It’s my understanding that radio telescopes can only receive signals that hit the dish within a certain range of angles. How is that angular range determined i.e. measured and/or calculated?
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98 views

In the 1950's how were radio-astrometric positions with portable dishes so precise they could be assigned to their dim optical counterparts (Quasars)?

In my question Why are quasars so far away that they couldn't be optically resolved in the 1950's? I included the following short paragraph, but then added strikethrough to the second sentence ...
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1answer
103 views

From whence is the Event Horizon Telescope black hole data available for amateur reconstruction?

Ralf Vandebergh's tweet shows his own reconstruction of an image of the accretion disk around a black hole, generated presumably from Event Horizon Telescope data. I'm assuming that the data came ...
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37 views

Need some sources on radiotelescope sensitivity

Could anyone direct me to papers with info on minimal flux that can be registered with radiotelescopes?
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96 views

What telescope might this be a model of, with Sir Fred Hoyle?

The BBC article Archaeopteryx: The day the fossil feathers flew has nothing to do with Astronomy but it shows a file photo of the famous astronomer Sir Fred Hoyle with a model of what looks like some ...
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92 views

Astronomy online degrees

I have a masters degree in computer science and statistics but would like to advance my knowledge in astronomy, ideally in getting some kind of online degree. Does anybody have experience, ...