Questions tagged [red-supergiant]

Questions regarding very large, cool evolved stars with high luminosity, size, and mass loss.

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How big could a regular star in supergiant/hypergiant phase theoretically get, not counting quasi-stars?

For clarity, I'm not asking about the super-behemoths that are quasi-stars. I'm interested in knowing how large a regular star could theoretically get once it reached supergiant/hypergiant phase, ...
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Cause of complicated water vapor emission lines in red supergiants?

Why do some water vapor emission lines in red supergiants have a complicated structure with lower peaks to the left and to the right of the peak at the central frequency? It has something to do with ...
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Are any supergiants translucent?

Are any supergiants translucent? Some have volumes thousands of times more than the Sun's while having maybe twenty times the mass of the Sun which makes them sound rather diffuse. If there was a very ...
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How to accurately measure the temperature of red supergiants?

I just (February 28th, 2021) heard the news on progress how to measure the temperature of super giants: Red supergiants are a class of star that end their lives in supernova explosions. Their ...
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Can a Thorne-Żytkow object be the progenitor of a modern quasi-star?

I was reading some Wikipedia articles about astronomy, and came across an interesting line: The neutron star may also accrete sufficient material to collapse into a black hole. Now, here is my ...
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Which star has the highest mass loss rate?

We have known lists of stars with high luminosity, temperature, mass, size, and much more. However, I have not seen a list that compares each star's mass loss rates. So, which star (or stars) have the ...
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107 views

How can red supergiants be cooler than dwarfs of the same spectral type?

The Stellar Classification Wikipedia article has a sentence: Red supergiants are cooler and redder than dwarfs of the same spectral type Which seems to be true, my course has a similar statement. ...
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1answer
76 views

At what distance could a supernova damage the Earth's ozone layer?

As from my latter question it seems Betelgeuse might be much closer than the usually presumed 640 light years. It might be as close as ~440 ly. Suppose it is, would this have any dangerous effects on ...
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Are stars expected to become dimmer before a supernova?

With the recent news about the "fainting" of Betelgeuse and the speculation that this might be a precursor to a supernova, I'm wondering if there is any theoretical/observational basis for this ...
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413 views

What would the effects on or around Earth if Betelgeuse went supernova?

There's been a lot of news lately about Betelgeuse possibly exploding sooner than perhaps was expected. Some examples: Guinan, Edward F.; Wasatonic, Richard J.; Calderwood, Thomas J. (8 December 2019)...
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Does the dimming of Betelgeuse present any observational opportunities?

Recent photometry suggests that Betelgeuse has been dimming over the past three or so months, reaching the faintest V-band magnitude seen in modern observations. The changes are apparently even ...