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Questions tagged [rotation]

Questions regarding the action of or an object rotating along an axis.

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What causes random irregularities in the earth's rotation accounted for by dynamical time

I read in a book that the earth's rotation sometimes shows unpredictable irregularities(not caused by precession, nutation, tidal forces) which are accounted for using dynamical time. What would be ...
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Rendering asteroid orientation as seen from Earth

I am writing a program to render an asteroid as seen from various parts of the solar system. My goal is to roughly reproduce the image of Cacus according to information on its DAMIT detail page. ...
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Field rotation / Parallactic angle question

edit: I am assisting a heliostat practical where students take spectra of a solar projection and calculate the rotational velocity of the Sun and the angle under which it is rotating. One of the ...
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How do we know that an exoplanet is tidally locked to the parent star?

Often in discussing exoplanets we hear that they are close to the parent star (usually a red dwarf) but then there's a caveat that the planet is tidally locked to that star and that that fact severely ...
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Is it possible for stars not to rotate?

I'm just curious about that the existence of non-rotating stars. Is it physically possible for a star not to rotate at all? Does magnetic braking eventually stop the stellar rotation?
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Will Earth at some point stop rotating anti-clockwise, stay still, and then rotate clockwise? [duplicate]

Will Earth at some point stop rotating anti-clockwise, stay still, and then rotate clockwise?
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If Earth suddenly stops rotating, will be thrown at 465 m/s? [duplicate]

If Earth suddenly stops rotating, will be thrown at 465 m/s ?
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How a star's rotation affects a star in the main sequence?

I searched and have found that the questions mainly focus on neutron stars, white dwarves and black holes. This was not what I looked for. Basically, the bigger the star's mass is, the more intense ...
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What is meant by sun's path through zodiac

I read somewhere that sun's daily course and complete cycle is visible in the ecliptic belt by zodiac constellations. I didn't understand what that means closest I could find online is: https://www....
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Why is the shape of the Moon spherical? [duplicate]

The Moon does not rotate on its own axis. If I am right, for something to gain a spherical shape it has to rotate on its own axis. We know that the Moon does not rotate on its own axis. How can this ...
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Why don’t we feel the Earth rotating beneath us?

I’m not sure all of the details in the experiment but basically it went as follows. Someone marked their location of take off in a hot air balloon and went straight up in the air. They stayed ...
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Cycles that are longer than the year, but less than 1000 years

Wondering what primary astronomical cycles there are that are greater than a year (which is a cycle around the sun), but less than 1000 years-ish (on that scale). There is the cycle of the moon phases ...
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If a giant object would approach the Earth, would Earth start to turn faster or slower while the object starts to become nearer and nearer?

I am asking myself this question: if a giant celestial object would approach the Earth, would Earth start to turn faster (then day duration would be diminished) or slower (day duration increased) ...
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Does the rotation of galaxies precess?

Does the axis of a galaxy as a whole "wobble" the same way that the Earth does? If so do we have any idea how much or how fast the Milky Way is doing so?
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Can one detect from earth that angular momenta of its axial rotation and its orbital rotation are “almost parallel”?

I mean that the angle between these angular momenta is acute as opposed to obtuse (23.5 and not 180-23.5), so that the rotations are "roughly in the same direction". Related but distinct question -- ...
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Can a planet's changing tilt be aligned with the rotation around its star? [duplicate]

What I'm asking is if the tilt of a planet can "follow" the rotation around its star so that, for example, its north pole would always lean towards the star, and thus always be under daylight. The ...
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1answer
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Identify Greek letters used in formulas [closed]

Could anyone tell me what the names of the Greek letters in the screenshot are? Is the first one alpha? They are used in calculating ICRF rotations. Wikipedia uses a different font for their list of ...
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Modeling planet rotations (time of day, obliqueness, etc.)

I created this solar system model using POV-Ray: by following these instructions: https://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/txt/aprx_pos_planets.pdf The next thing I want to do is orient/rotate each globe correctly ...
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What is the difference between the Yarkovsky effect and YORP effect?

As far as I understand, both the Yarkovsky effect and the Yarkovsky–O'Keefe–Radzievskii–Paddack (YORP) effect exert forces upon bodies as a result of thermal photon radiation. How do both effects ...
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Is it possible to define a state of zero absolute angular momentum anywhere in the universe?

Conservation of angular momentum doesn't seem correct to me. I think this because radiation is present everywhere, no space is completely void, and no object perfect. Thus all objects will have uneven ...
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Relationship between galactic rotation and stellar lifetime

I have read that the lifetime of stars is much less than the period of rotation for a spiral galaxy. For example https://www.coursera.org/learn/evolvinguniverse/lecture/wlYhz/the-origin-of-spiral-arms ...
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Are harmonic relationships among the rotation periods of the planets well known? Are they factors in other planetary phenomena? [closed]

Every 39.88 minutes 10 degrees ($\frac{360^\circ}{36}$) of arc passes over the zenith. It can also be stated that the 36th harmonic of the rotation period of the earth (1435.8 min) is equal to 39.88 ...
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Which direction do the constellation revolve in?

If I am standing looking towards the East from the Northern Hemisphere, do the constellations appear to rotate towards the West via the North or the West via the South or am I completely off target ...
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How can a rotation period of a planet's satellite/moon be “chaotic” (like Hyperion around Saturn)?

According to wikipedia (see info below image) Hyperion's rotation period around Saturn is "chaotic". What does that mean? The period (in days/hours) is different every rotation without any law ...
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Why isn't the Sun hollow? [closed]

[Edited to remove incorrect geological assumptions] The sun is self-rotating, i.e. it spins on its axis. When something spins, there's an apparent force away from the centre, and matter gets flung ...
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angle to the equator of the Sun on sky at a given time

Is there an easy way to tell at what angle the solar equator is wrt the horizon at any given time of the day? I would think that it rotates 180 degrees from sunrise to sunset, but not in a linear ...
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Does Polaris have a trail in the sky timelapse?

I came across few sources that claim Polaris movement cannot be observed with the naked eye. But then, I saw images of the star trails (timelapse), and they clearly show Polaris not quite at the true ...
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1answer
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Do the number of moons a planet has affect the speed of the planet's rotation?

Would the tidal forces of multiple moons interacting upon a planet speed up or slow down the day length of the planet? I was thinking that maybe the planet's day length would be slowed down due to all ...
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How can I calculate how far through the day the prime meridian is of different planets

I'm trying to create a widget that shows the 'time' on different planets. It will show how far through the day/night cycle (as a percentage) a point on the planet is. It has been easy to scale down ...
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468 views

If the Earth is rotating counter clockwise, how does the sun rise from east?

I was very confused when I watched this video from 2:18 till 2:45. And it seems very clear that if the Earth is really rotating from west to east, shouldn't be the Sun rising from west and setting in ...
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1answer
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IAU rotation model

I'm looking at this IAU WGCCRE Report: http://aa.usno.navy.mil/publications/reports/Archinaletal2011a.pdf It gives expressions for Earth orientation relative to the International Celestial Reference ...
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Why most planets don't spin retrograde? [duplicate]

Edit: just found duplicate Since orbital velocity is greater on small orbits, and smaller on large orbits, why don't planets spin retrograde around their own axis? One portion of planet's mass is ...
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Any method to apply inverse TPoint model?

I have an automated telescope that I have written some software for. I am currently using TPoint to compensate for some of the irregularities of my system. However with TPoint you apply an offset (...
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2answers
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Circular velocity in axisymmetrici potential [duplicate]

If a matter distribution is spherically symmetric, the circular velocity is straightforwardly related to the mass via: $v_{circ} = \sqrt{GM/r}$ In an axisymmetric potential, on the other hand hand, ...
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What contributes the most to the seasonal temperature variation?

The seasonal temperature is ultimately due to the precession of the Earth around the axis. But what I'm curious about is... is it due more to the side experiencing winter being farther from the sun ...
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What are evidences of stationarity of rotation of galaxies

Recently I have found the article Does There Really Exist the Problem of the Dark Matter in Spiral Galaxies? which states that dark matter does not exist because astronomers are wrong assuming ...
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Earth shape and rotation

Imagine a helicopter that took off from point A and goes vertically in the air to a certain fixed point B in the atmospheric area at a certain fixed altitude with enough fuel to stay there (at point ...
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Why do certain moons have their rotational period equal to their orbital period?

Our moon and Saturn's moon, Titan, have this feature. Because of this we only observe one side (hemispere) of our moon. Why is this? What is the Newtonian or astrophysics that would explain this? ...
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Is the Sun prograde or retrograde with respect to the rotation of the Milky Way?

I recently learned about the terms prograde and retrograde. I've seen these terms used to describe the rotations and orbits of moons with respect to their planet, and planets with respect to their ...
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Does the Abell 1689 supercluster have angular momentum?

The Abell 1689 is a large group of galaxies, containing a lot of elliptical galaxies : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abell_1689 Usually, an elliptical galaxy don't have large angular momentum around ...
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Shape of neutron stars

I've heard that the more an object spins, the less of a true sphere it is. Using this logic most of neutron stars would be far from spherical,in general what shape are most neutron stars?
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rotation curve in the innermost part of galaxies

I read in Sofue's articles (1999) that he used a method to investigate the bulge of galaxies to obtain rotation curve of this part of galaxies. So my question is how could Vera Rubin et al. obtained ...
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Are exoplanets at dwarf stars less likely to have super-rotating atmospheres or asynchronous tidal locking?

Dwarf stars have terrestrial sized planets orbiting in habitable zones very close to them. These exoplanets are often said to be tidally locked to their star, like the Moon is to Earth, and that they ...
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Calculating length of summer solstice day using tilt and latitude

I want to be able to predict how long the summer solstice lasts at any part of world given the maximum tilt angle $φ = 0.4101524 \; \mathrm{rad}$ and the latitude $θ \; \mathrm{rad}$. I specifically ...
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1answer
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Assuming 2007 OR10 is in tidal lock with its satellite, what is its mass?

Its rotation period is 45 hours. Its satellite is at the distance of 15000 km. Given this data, and assuming the satellite's orbital period the same as the main body's rotation period, 45 hours, what ...
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1answer
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Day/Night Cycles and Seasons if the Earth's Rotational Axis and Orbit Changed

I just enrolled in an introductory Astronomy course, and today in lecture the professor asked this question: Give 4 ways in which the day/night cycle and the seasons would behave on Earth if our ...
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Why do Uranus' and Pluto's moons orbit the equator? What makes a moons' inclination tilt with the rotational axis of their planet?

Uranus and Pluto have their axes of rotation almost 90 degrees towards the ecliptic. But why do their moons tilt the same way? Does it mean that their tilts were caused by passing near some external ...
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Which celestial object in the solar system has the fastest tangential velocity at its surface?

Consider all of the naturally-occurring objects in the solar system : in the reference frame of the object's center (ie, ignoring the orbital velocity around the sun or, in the case of satellites, ...
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Is it true dark matter was discovered whilst looking at the rotational speed of galaxies?

Just a little something whilst a dark matter pioneer moves onto a better place. This commentator writes: My understanding is that dark matter was "discovered" when trying to find out why stars in ...
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How does the dense atmosphere of Venus affect the planet's rotation?

Reading through questions about my favourite planet, Venus, I came across this answer to the question What is the current accepted theory as to why Venus has a slow retrograde rotation?, specifically ...