Questions tagged [solar-eclipse]

Questions about the complete or partial blocking of the sun by the moon.

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1answer
42 views

How much of the Sun's disk must be covered for a visible shadow to be cast?

At first it seems like the answer is obvious, $100$% or more, that's what a total solar eclipse is after all. But after seeing satellite images of the June 21st 2020 annular eclipse, the shadow cast ...
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How did DSCOVR capture the Moon's shadow on Earth during the August 21 2017 solar eclipse without the Moon itself also being visible?

In this gif you can clearly see the Moon's shadow moving from the West Coast of the U.S. towards the East Coast during the August 21 2017 eclipse. DSCOVR (the satellite that imaged this) is located at ...
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Calculating Solar eclipse magnitude with the besselian elements

Calculating Solar eclipse magnitude with the besselian elements What is the mathematic formula for calculating the magnitude of a solar eclipse using Besselian elements?
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Will just a glimpse (less than a second) of sun during partial solar eclipse damage eyes?

This doubt arised when I thought that on normal days, at least I have observed bright sun while going outside, going to office, in park etc. for less than a second. It happens almost daily. Not ...
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Apparently two objects in Solar Eclipse image

These images are taken from a mobile camera of 21 June 2020 solar eclipse. So the thing surprising me is there are two objects. I have shown these images to some people. Some says it's just reflection ...
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What are the Kinematics / Dynamics behind the motion?

https://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/in/@8133395?iso=20200621 The link I have attached is a predicted model for the eclipse in my area! I am very much confused about the movement of the moon analogous ...
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How to calculate eclipses the heliocentric way?

It is my understanding that modern methods for calculating the time and location of solar and lunar eclipses (e.g. NASA website https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse.html) are integrating equations of ...
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1answer
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Can a single location on earth witness solar eclipse totality 2 times during a single eclipse event?

The question came to my mind when I saw a visualisation of the path of the moon (relative to the sun - the sun is kept centered in the graphic, and only the moon moves) as its seen from a particular ...
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Why doesn't the moon always follow the same path? Or why aren't the moon's apoapsis and periapsis fixed?

I have seen many times that the moon doesn't follow the same path. Sometimes the moon gets very close to earth which is shown in the news. If the periapsis of the moon is soo close then why doesn't a ...
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Why does Io cast a hard shadow on Jupiter, but the Moon casts a soft shadow on Earth?

Io (source): The Moon (source):
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Can lunar occultation of Venus occur during solar eclipse?

Moon can occult Venus. Venus can transit across the solar disc. Moon can elipse Sun. Can all three celestial events occur at the same time - Moon is at front of Sun (partial eclipse is fine) and Venus ...
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Moon’s orbit shift

Has our moon’s orbit shifted since its formation? Has there been eclipses on the Earth since last ~4 billion years? In other words, was there a time when Moon's orbit was at an inclination to Earth's ...
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Why can't we see a solar eclipse every month?

In every lunar revolution around Earth, the Moon is at a point between the Earth and the Sun. Then why can't we see a solar eclipse once every lunar month? Is it because of a tilted orbit of the Moon ...
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How accurate should sun\moon ephemeris be for calculating eclipses?

I am writing a program to simulate eclipses for about -2000 to 6000. My question is, how accurate does my ephemeris for the sun and moon have to be to get a decent accuracy for eclipses? I currently ...
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During an eclipse, how big is the shadow of the moon on the earth?

This picture was taken from the ISS during a solar eclipse. You can see the shadow of the Moon on the surface of the Earth. But how big is this shadow? How many kilometers is its diameter?
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Was the Sun's gravitational lensing observed in other solar eclipses than the one in 1919?

In 1919 the gravitational lensing by the Sun has been observed during a total solar eclipse. Did someone observe the lensing in any other total eclipses? Last year there was a total eclipse in Chile ...
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Do all total solar eclipses have the ring of fire when observed from ground?

I was recording the phenomenon and then I soon realised that the ring of fire don't dissappear, is it because of the apparent size of the moon and sun as well as the relative distance so that every ...
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How do we differentiate an eclipse, transit and occultation? [duplicate]

Different online resources seems to be confusing in this respect. What actually differentiate an eclipse from transit and occultation? The involvement of shadows, relative apparent sizes of the ...
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Is it possible to see mercury transit “clearly” by the naked eye?

I don't have a telescope but I'm interested in seeing events like eclipses and transits. I'll use the atmosphere as my big natural lens. So I'll watch the upcoming mercury transit at the sunset time ...
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Is it possible that the shadow of The Moon is a single dot during solar eclipse?

During a solar eclipse The Moon covers The Sun on some places on the Earth. Now the focal point is a bit above the Earth so the shadow area is about 160 miles. In history The Moon was a bit closer to ...
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When did the first annular eclipse happen?

A few hundreds of millions of years ago, the moon was closer to the Earth than it is today and hence was of a bigger apparent size. This made every solar eclipse either total or partial. Over the ...
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1answer
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Why can't we observe a solar eclipse and the preceding/following lunar eclipse from the same place?

Lunar and solar eclipses go in tandem so the two often happens two weeks apart. However I noticed if there is a solar eclipse in my area then the preceding/following lunar eclipse is not visible from ...
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evaluate solar eclipse Besselian elements? [closed]

I found this NASA website which says that to predict eclipse, we should solve the Besselian elements ..what does this mean, how can I solve for Besselian elements? Is there a numerical method? I need ...
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Stellarium software with DE431 for eclipse 10000 yrs ago

Hi I am a novice in the field of astronomy. I want to find out the dates for lunar and solar eclipse 9000-11000 yrs ago. I found out that Stellarium is based on VSOP87 which is recommended for 4000 ...
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How to properly observe Solar Total Eclipse in 2019?

I live in South America and I'm willing to travel to Chile in July 2019 to observe (in a curious way, not professional) the Solar Total Eclipse. According to my research, one of the best cities to ...
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Why is only a narrow chunk of sky darkened in this amazing Curiosity solar eclipse GIF from Mars?

I found three NASA JPL images in the sequence PIA23133, PIA23134, and PIA23135. They were taken by the Curiosity Rover on Mars and show solar eclipses by Mars' two moons. Details of these images are ...
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Was NASA's 2007 attempt to see helions during a solar eclipse successful? What instruments were used?

This answer about Sun-grazing comets led me eventually to Wikipedia's Helion (meteoroid), which has a one-sentence long article: A Helion meteoroid is a meteoroid that arrives from the approximate ...
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Last possible total solar elipse in the Earth's history [duplicate]

So the Moon is drifting away from Earth by 3.8 cm a year due to tidal interactions. With the Moon slowly receding from Earth, there will come a time when it no longer has sufficient angular size to ...
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Are there pictures from a solar eclipse of the earth taken from a moon landing unit or orbiter?

Did any moon landing vehicle or orbiter took pictures of a solar eclipse happening on the earth, i.e. the moon's shadow on the earth? (Alternatively from other spacecraft showing the whole globe). A ...
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Could a moon orbit an Earth size planet in such a way as to create a solar eclipse lasting for several weeks from start to finish?

Is it theoretically possible for a moon to orbit a planet (let us say Earth size, mass and solar distance) in such a way as to create a planet-wide solar eclipse lasting several weeks? These are my ...
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1answer
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When will the last total solar eclipse occur?

Because the moon distance from earth grows, how long will it take, that it is no longer possible to see a total eclipse but only circular eclipses? And does it make a difference if you are on the ...
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217 views

What is the maximum possible separation between sun and moon in the earth sky for an eclipse to occur?

How do we calculate the maximum angular separation between sun and moon during: Solar Eclipse Lunar Eclipse
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What is the relation between the saros (18 years, 11 days, 8 hours) and the period of lunar nodal precession (18.6 years)?

I am wondering. I am sure that they are related. How can we derive one from the other?
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Solar series 142 and 147 started same year - series 147 and 152 will be ending same year. Why? Coincidence?

This question was left over from the last question I had, so I am asking it separately here: I have been looking into two solar eclipses (Saros series 147 and 152) that will both be occurring in 2021....
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What is a “semester series” for eclipse prediction? - Solar saros series 147 and 152

Yet again, I just stumbled across another baffling eclipse question (actually, two now). I was interested in two eclipses (Saros series 147 and 152) that will both be occurring in 2021. Each of these ...
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1answer
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Solar and lunar eclipses — how rare

I was fortunate enough to see the solar eclipse in southern Illinois last year. The clouds were not friendly, but we did have one spectacular moment of perfect eclipse. It is an eerie sensation, and I ...
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How does an eclipse differ from an occultation?

A comment in response to this question suggests that an eclipse differs from an occultation in that the former casts a shadow while the latter doesn't. This isn't particularly satisfactory since ...
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1answer
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Would an extremely bright star produce same kind of shadow band effect as seen in solar eclipses just before totality?

This answer explains that the shimmering patterns seen on surfaces at the moment before totality of a solar eclipse are called shadow bands, and that the phenomenon is closely related to the twinkling ...
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What is causing this strange shimmering pattern of light during a total solar eclipse?

Below this question was left a comment linking to the Smarter Every Day video Space Station Transiting 2017 ECLIPSE, My Brain Stopped Working - Smarter Every Day 175. At about ...
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Calculate eclipse days and duration of satellite

If a satellite is revolving in a GEO orbit, then what will be the eclipse duration for it? How to calculate when the satellite will enter the dark side of the Earth? Any formula or online tool would ...
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Are Saros series separated by “40” in numbering related in any way?

Can anyone help with this question? My question arose from an eclipse related observation that I made while looking into lunar Saros series 129. It is the Saros series number for the lunar eclipse ...
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1answer
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The total number of solar eclipses in a century repeats roughly every 6th century

We know that on a longer time scale (millions of years) the orbits of planes are unstable and it is impossible to make predictions about eclipses millions of years into the future. But on a shorter ...
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1answer
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What would cause large jumps in brightness during a solar eclipse?

This question on Physics SE about apparent brightness during a solar eclipse has a log-scale graph of light intensity versus time. Parts of it are the shape I'd expect: a nearly-smooth curve going ...
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1answer
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Spacing (2422 days) between solar eclipses - unrelated saros numbers

I just made an observation that is very puzzling. The observation concerns total solar eclipses and their spacing in time. I know that the saros cycle dictates recurrence of same saros eclipses ...
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How often do partial solar eclipses of 90% of totality occur in same place?

I know that the mean interval between total eclipses in a single place is about 375 years, which is not surprising given the small band of area of the totality. However, the penumbra of the eclipse ...
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Is it possible that a satellite creates a forever eclipse? [closed]

So, to add a bit of context, I’m doing the NaNoWriMo challenge, which consists of writing a novel of 50k words in one month. My whole idea is based around the following question: What would happen if ...
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Eclipses with SkyField

I'm trying to compute solar eclipses for a long period of time, see Back-predicting solar eclipses Initially, I wanted at several points on Earth whether an eclipse was visible at some point in time. ...
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2answers
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Mountains on the moon during solar eclipse?

I ask myself the reason of why the sun in not uniform on the edge of the moon at this moment of the eclipse (cf. picture) is not unifom is because of the mountains of the moon ? Or can it due to ...
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1answer
151 views

A real light source, or an artifact?

I was taking shots of the 2017 eclipse using my D7200 camera with a 1000 ND filter. As I was going through the pictures after downloading them to a pc, I noticed that there's what appears to be a tiny ...
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Dark enough to see stars during total solar eclipse?

I was fortunate enough to see totality during the eclipse of 2017 August 21. It did leave me wondering about the 1919 Eddington experiment, though. During totality, it only got dark enough to see a ...