Questions tagged [solar-eclipse]

Questions about the complete or partial blocking of the sun by the moon.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
53
votes
5answers
5k views
3
votes
1answer
60 views

How accurate should sun\moon ephemeris be for calculating eclipses?

I am writing a program to simulate eclipses for about -2000 to 6000. My question is, how accurate does my ephemeris for the sun and moon have to be to get a decent accuracy for eclipses? I currently ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Can lunar occultation of Venus occur during solar eclipse?

Moon can occult Venus. Venus can transit across the solar disc. Moon can elipse Sun. Can all three celestial events occur at the same time - Moon is at front of Sun (partial eclipse is fine) and Venus ...
17
votes
3answers
3k views

During an eclipse, how big is the shadow of the moon on the earth?

This picture was taken from the ISS during a solar eclipse. You can see the shadow of the Moon on the surface of the Earth. But how big is this shadow? How many kilometers is its diameter?
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Why can't we see a solar eclipse every month?

In every lunar revolution around Earth, the Moon is at a point between the Earth and the Sun. Then why can't we see a solar eclipse once every lunar month? Is it because of a tilted orbit of the Moon ...
1
vote
2answers
92 views

Moon’s orbit shift

Has our moon’s orbit shifted since its formation? Has there been eclipses on the Earth since last ~4 billion years? In other words, was there a time when Moon's orbit was at an inclination to Earth's ...
0
votes
3answers
368 views

How much does cloud cover affect viewing the total eclipse

As I look for a spot for viewing the total eclipse, how much will cloud cover affect the viewing experience? Is there a threshold list like: Under x % won't have a noticeable difference Over x % you ...
18
votes
1answer
2k views

Was the Sun's gravitational lensing observed in other solar eclipses than the one in 1919?

In 1919 the gravitational lensing by the Sun has been observed during a total solar eclipse. Did someone observe the lensing in any other total eclipses? Last year there was a total eclipse in Chile ...
1
vote
2answers
66 views

Do all total solar eclipses have the ring of fire when observed from ground?

I was recording the phenomenon and then I soon realised that the ring of fire don't dissappear, is it because of the apparent size of the moon and sun as well as the relative distance so that every ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

How do we differentiate an eclipse, transit and occultation? [duplicate]

Different online resources seems to be confusing in this respect. What actually differentiate an eclipse from transit and occultation? The involvement of shadows, relative apparent sizes of the ...
11
votes
3answers
413 views

Is it possible to see mercury transit “clearly” by the naked eye?

I don't have a telescope but I'm interested in seeing events like eclipses and transits. I'll use the atmosphere as my big natural lens. So I'll watch the upcoming mercury transit at the sunset time ...
14
votes
3answers
7k views

Is it possible that the shadow of The Moon is a single dot during solar eclipse?

During a solar eclipse The Moon covers The Sun on some places on the Earth. Now the focal point is a bit above the Earth so the shadow area is about 160 miles. In history The Moon was a bit closer to ...
3
votes
2answers
149 views

Why is only a narrow chunk of sky darkened in this amazing Curiosity solar eclipse GIF from Mars?

I found three NASA JPL images in the sequence PIA23133, PIA23134, and PIA23135. They were taken by the Curiosity Rover on Mars and show solar eclipses by Mars' two moons. Details of these images are ...
3
votes
1answer
159 views

Why can't we observe a solar eclipse and the preceding/following lunar eclipse from the same place?

Lunar and solar eclipses go in tandem so the two often happens two weeks apart. However I noticed if there is a solar eclipse in my area then the preceding/following lunar eclipse is not visible from ...
6
votes
1answer
219 views

When did the first annular eclipse happen?

A few hundreds of millions of years ago, the moon was closer to the Earth than it is today and hence was of a bigger apparent size. This made every solar eclipse either total or partial. Over the ...
3
votes
1answer
158 views

Does the sky darken proportionally during a partial solar eclipse?

During a solar eclipse, some of the visible area of the sun is obscured by the moon. The exact percentage varies with time and with the observer's location. My question is, does the sky darken by ...
1
vote
0answers
172 views

evaluate solar eclipse Besselian elements? [closed]

I found this NASA website which says that to predict eclipse, we should solve the Besselian elements ..what does this mean, how can I solve for Besselian elements? Is there a numerical method? I need ...
2
votes
0answers
128 views

Stellarium software with DE431 for eclipse 10000 yrs ago

Hi I am a novice in the field of astronomy. I want to find out the dates for lunar and solar eclipse 9000-11000 yrs ago. I found out that Stellarium is based on VSOP87 which is recommended for 4000 ...
4
votes
3answers
135 views

How to properly observe Solar Total Eclipse in 2019?

I live in South America and I'm willing to travel to Chile in July 2019 to observe (in a curious way, not professional) the Solar Total Eclipse. According to my research, one of the best cities to ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Calculate eclipse days and duration of satellite

If a satellite is revolving in a GEO orbit, then what will be the eclipse duration for it? How to calculate when the satellite will enter the dark side of the Earth? Any formula or online tool would ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Was NASA's 2007 attempt to see helions during a solar eclipse successful? What instruments were used?

This answer about Sun-grazing comets led me eventually to Wikipedia's Helion (meteoroid), which has a one-sentence long article: A Helion meteoroid is a meteoroid that arrives from the approximate ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Last possible total solar elipse in the Earth's history [duplicate]

So the Moon is drifting away from Earth by 3.8 cm a year due to tidal interactions. With the Moon slowly receding from Earth, there will come a time when it no longer has sufficient angular size to ...
5
votes
2answers
130 views

Are there pictures from a solar eclipse of the earth taken from a moon landing unit or orbiter?

Did any moon landing vehicle or orbiter took pictures of a solar eclipse happening on the earth, i.e. the moon's shadow on the earth? (Alternatively from other spacecraft showing the whole globe). A ...
5
votes
3answers
187 views

Could a moon orbit an Earth size planet in such a way as to create a solar eclipse lasting for several weeks from start to finish?

Is it theoretically possible for a moon to orbit a planet (let us say Earth size, mass and solar distance) in such a way as to create a planet-wide solar eclipse lasting several weeks? These are my ...
4
votes
2answers
294 views

Mountains on the moon during solar eclipse?

I ask myself the reason of why the sun in not uniform on the edge of the moon at this moment of the eclipse (cf. picture) is not unifom is because of the mountains of the moon ? Or can it due to ...
6
votes
1answer
242 views

When will the last total solar eclipse occur?

Because the moon distance from earth grows, how long will it take, that it is no longer possible to see a total eclipse but only circular eclipses? And does it make a difference if you are on the ...
4
votes
1answer
198 views

What is the maximum possible separation between sun and moon in the earth sky for an eclipse to occur?

How do we calculate the maximum angular separation between sun and moon during: Solar Eclipse Lunar Eclipse
5
votes
0answers
49 views
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Solar series 142 and 147 started same year - series 147 and 152 will be ending same year. Why? Coincidence?

This question was left over from the last question I had, so I am asking it separately here: I have been looking into two solar eclipses (Saros series 147 and 152) that will both be occurring in 2021....
0
votes
1answer
127 views

What is a “semester series” for eclipse prediction? - Solar saros series 147 and 152

Yet again, I just stumbled across another baffling eclipse question (actually, two now). I was interested in two eclipses (Saros series 147 and 152) that will both be occurring in 2021. Each of these ...
21
votes
2answers
16k views

Why is it okay to watch a sunset but not an eclipse?

People watch sunsets all the time. You don't see people using special "sunset glasses". Yet with an eclipse, warnings are posted everywhere not to view it without special glasses. Why is this?
4
votes
1answer
290 views

Closest path of solar eclipse central line

I'm trying to calculate the closest path of the center line of a given eclipse at a given time by using its besselian elements; However i'm getting an error range up to 30 km (18.6 mile) in the worst ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

Solar and lunar eclipses — how rare

I was fortunate enough to see the solar eclipse in southern Illinois last year. The clouds were not friendly, but we did have one spectacular moment of perfect eclipse. It is an eerie sensation, and I ...
8
votes
2answers
833 views

How does an eclipse differ from an occultation?

A comment in response to this question suggests that an eclipse differs from an occultation in that the former casts a shadow while the latter doesn't. This isn't particularly satisfactory since ...
5
votes
1answer
216 views

Total solar eclipse, supermoon, and spring equinox all happening at the same time: anything special about this?

Today (March 20, 2015) is seeing a rare combination of the spring equinox, a total solar eclipse, and a supermoon. I am wondering if there is anything special astronomically about all three of these ...
3
votes
0answers
142 views

Are Saros series separated by “40” in numbering related in any way?

Can anyone help with this question? My question arose from an eclipse related observation that I made while looking into lunar Saros series 129. It is the Saros series number for the lunar eclipse ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Would an extremely bright star produce same kind of shadow band effect as seen in solar eclipses just before totality?

This answer explains that the shimmering patterns seen on surfaces at the moment before totality of a solar eclipse are called shadow bands, and that the phenomenon is closely related to the twinkling ...
4
votes
1answer
187 views

What is causing this strange shimmering pattern of light during a total solar eclipse?

Below this question was left a comment linking to the Smarter Every Day video Space Station Transiting 2017 ECLIPSE, My Brain Stopped Working - Smarter Every Day 175. At about ...
-1
votes
1answer
50 views

The total number of solar eclipses in a century repeats roughly every 6th century

We know that on a longer time scale (millions of years) the orbits of planes are unstable and it is impossible to make predictions about eclipses millions of years into the future. But on a shorter ...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

Is the diamond ring effect visible in a 40mm hydrogen alpha telescope?

I'm going to Nebraska for the 2017 eclipse, and am weighing my options. I'm considering whether to pack my 40mm Coronado PST or to make a Baader AstroSolar filter for my 66mm William Optics apo. I've ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

What would cause large jumps in brightness during a solar eclipse?

This question on Physics SE about apparent brightness during a solar eclipse has a log-scale graph of light intensity versus time. Parts of it are the shape I'd expect: a nearly-smooth curve going ...
3
votes
1answer
189 views

Spacing (2422 days) between solar eclipses - unrelated saros numbers

I just made an observation that is very puzzling. The observation concerns total solar eclipses and their spacing in time. I know that the saros cycle dictates recurrence of same saros eclipses ...
4
votes
0answers
71 views

How often do partial solar eclipses of 90% of totality occur in same place?

I know that the mean interval between total eclipses in a single place is about 375 years, which is not surprising given the small band of area of the totality. However, the penumbra of the eclipse ...
5
votes
1answer
104 views

Affect of leap seconds on the prediction of an eclipse

There seem to be irregularities in the motion of the earth, so we add "leap seconds" to adjust our time accordingly. Since 1972 there have been 26 leap seconds I think. If we extrapolate that ...
3
votes
2answers
859 views

Eclipses with SkyField

I'm trying to compute solar eclipses for a long period of time, see Back-predicting solar eclipses Initially, I wanted at several points on Earth whether an eclipse was visible at some point in time. ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Can all areas on Earth experience a total solar eclipse?

A solar eclipse only puts part of Earth at a time in shadow, so I'm not talking about a solar eclipse that casts a shadow over all of Earth. What I mean is: are there any areas on Earth where, no ...
2
votes
2answers
187 views

Is it possible that a satellite creates a forever eclipse? [closed]

So, to add a bit of context, I’m doing the NaNoWriMo challenge, which consists of writing a novel of 50k words in one month. My whole idea is based around the following question: What would happen if ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

2017 solar eclipse report

I'm writing a report about the solar eclipse happening over north America and was wondering why looking at a solar eclipse is worse than looking at the sun regularly. In addition what alternate ...
1
vote
1answer
150 views

A real light source, or an artifact?

I was taking shots of the 2017 eclipse using my D7200 camera with a 1000 ND filter. As I was going through the pictures after downloading them to a pc, I noticed that there's what appears to be a tiny ...
3
votes
2answers
791 views

Relative brightness of the sun's corona

In preperation for the upcoming solar eclipse I'd like to practice my photography to be able to take some (hopefully) good photos of the corona during totallity. What is the brightness of the sun's ...