Questions tagged [solar-system]

Questions regarding the Sun and objects orbiting it.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
21
votes
2answers
3k views

How can Io be tidally heated while it is in tidal lock?

According to its Wikipedia page: Rotation period: synchronous Eccentricity: 0.0041 But also ...extreme geologic activity is the result of tidal heating... How is it possible? It should not be ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

Does one need to consider relativistic effects when simulating the (or any) Solar system?

There was a question over at Physics asking how to improve a home-brew numerical simulation of the Solar system. Even though in that case the defects were likely numerical, I started to wonder whether ...
8
votes
2answers
212 views

How was the speed of the Sun (around the Milky Way Galaxy) calculated?

The Sun travels around the Milky Way Galaxy with a speed of 220 km/s. The question is: where did this value come from? Is there any article about the calculation? Reformulated question: What are the ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

List of J₂ values for solar system bodies beyond the planets; are there any prolates?

J₂ values for the planets can be found in several sources including each planet's planetary fact sheet. Without looking I'm going to assume they are all positive (oblate) because each planet rotates ...
30
votes
2answers
6k views

Which planet, viewed from which other planet would appear the largest?

Inspired by this question, I'm curious: Which planet in our solar system, when viewed from which other planet, would appear the largest/brightest? You probably can't really see much of Uranus from ...
3
votes
2answers
140 views

2 points on Earth’s surface, 1 second apart in time

I’m hoping to find a method (probably some modeling software?) that would allow me to find pairs of locations on the Earth’s surface that occupy the same point in space relative to the sun, one second ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Is it completely false that the Sun does not revolve round the earth? In what sense? [duplicate]

This is a very naive question but I never fully understood this. For a system of two binary stars moving under the influence of their mutual gravitational forces revolve around their common center of ...
3
votes
0answers
62 views

Has SETI searched the solar system for life?

I know SETI is searching the stars for radio signals emitted by advanced alien civilizations, but has SETI searched inside our solar system - particularly moons, planets, and Lagrange points? I would ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

How will be changed Hill's radius and Kepler's formulas in case of 2D space instead of 3D?

Imagine that Flatland habitats go into space. All stars and planets are the circles instead of spheres and gravity law is $F=Gm_1m_2/R$ instead of $F=Gm_1m_2/R^2$. How the other formulas will be ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

How to predict future position of body in solar system (without Kepler's equations, N-body problem)?

I have a solar system where each body interacts with each other by force $F = \frac{Gm_1m_2}{R^2}$ Is it possible to predict future position of some random body after t seconds since bodies velocity ...
-4
votes
1answer
88 views

Nature of faculae on Ceres? Do they glow in the dark?

It looks like the faculae on Ceres glow in the dark, although the scientific community has decided it's brine. [What an imbecile idea, BTW!] Would it be possible to photograph the dwarf planet and the ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

What were the likely initial conditions at the time of the solar system's formation?

I know we will never know for sure how many planets there were and what their respective masses and orbital elements were when the solar system formed, but I'm very interested in what the approximate ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

If all objects move, where do we go?

Yes I know that the sun and planets in the solar system travel fast with an average speed of 448,000 mph. Are we going to the center of the galaxy? If so, does that mean our galaxy is getting smaller ...
2
votes
2answers
123 views

Are the major-axis of Mars and Earth orbits on the same plane?

Which means that I can draw an imaginary plane that contains the major-axis of both Earth and Mars.
2
votes
2answers
102 views

Do all the orbits of planets in the Solar system fit in a (imaginary) cone?

So that all the elliptic orbits can be seen as slices from the cone while the sun is a shared focus.
2
votes
0answers
39 views

Precision of orbital period of exoplanets vs solar system planets (Extrasolar Planets Encyclopedia)

I noticed that the Extrasolar Planets Encyclopedia lists the orbital period of L 98-59 b in days to 7 decimal places. Can astronomers really measure orbital period of exoplanets to greater precision ...
3
votes
2answers
182 views

...but where did Mars' atmosphere actually GO?

In this answer to How is space a vacuum when there are planets, gases, etc? I mention that most of Mars' original atmosphere was swept away by the solar wind after the planet lost its magnetic field ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Is there a formula for a planet's orbit in a 3D space?

I'm trying to model the orbits of Earth and Mars and their positions at a given point in time. But I can only find 2D equations of elliptic orbits, which only contain the x and y variables. I have to ...
5
votes
2answers
143 views

How do scientists know that Earth used to spin much more rapidly?

News has just been released all over my news feeds about how paleontologists now believe that early photosynthetic organisms became much more efficient at producing oxygen after the Earth started to ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

On what basis is the information about the distance and velocity of the Voyager probes determined?

Voyager 1 was the first-ever object to reach interstellar space on August 25, 2012 when it passed beyond the sun’s realm of plasma influence (the heliosphere)[...] (source) Although some of their ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

What is the distance between solar system and a distant galaxy

When we say a galaxy is 300 million light-years away, is that its distance now or 300 million years ago?
9
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the probability of life having developed or going to develop in our solar system another time?

I'm sorry I am not quite sure this question satisfies this point: Questions that are purely hypothetical, for example a question such as 'Could a black hole destroy the universe' or 'What if our ...
8
votes
3answers
324 views

Is the barycenter of the solar system usually outside of the sun?

I came across this picture on wikipedia: Note: From a quick search I gathered that although there are slight differences between the limb of the sun and the accepted radius of the sun, these ...
5
votes
1answer
135 views

From Proxima b, could any planets around Sol be imaged directly by a strong telescope? If so, which ones would be easiest to spot?

How strong would a telescope (and what kind of telescope) on Proxima Centauri b have to magnify to discern any planets around Sol, and which planets would be easiest to spot? One might think the ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Are we able to accurately predict planetary orbits over a longer period of time?

I was wondering whether planetary orbits can be predicted with our classical theories, or whether quantum randomness comes into play making the unpredictable in the long run?
0
votes
3answers
102 views

How big can a planet get, with respect to its star for it to sustain life? [closed]

Earth is 108 times smaller than the sun in terms of its diameter while Jupiter is 10 times. Assuming Jupiter was located such that it could sustain life, theoretically how big a planet can get with ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Couldn't the orbits of ETNOs have been altered by a flying-by rogue planet as well?

Regarding the Extreme trans-Neptunian objects or ETNOs, whose orbits some believe are elongated by a far away planet, could their orbits have been elongated by a rogue planet as well? Is it possible ...
-1
votes
1answer
47 views

Can the pebbles growth model be applied to the rotations of planetary systems? [duplicate]

I've just read the University of Amsterdam 2019 News item Pebbles determine the direction in which planets rotate (which links to R.G.Visser et al (2020) Spinning up planetary bodies by pebble ...
5
votes
2answers
163 views

Moons with synchronous rotation in our solar system

Are all moons in our solar system rotating synchronously around their planet? If not, what are the criteria that some do and some don't? Many thanks for any insights!
1
vote
2answers
193 views

If I was in a coma and woke up at night in the desert, what knowledge would I know instantly and after 30 days?

If I was in a coma and woke up at night in the desert, what knowledge would I know instantly and after 30 days of observation? Can I figure out the general directions, i.e. where North, South, East, ...
7
votes
1answer
305 views

Degrees of freedom in restricted circular coplanar three body problem

How many degrees of freedom does a mechanical system consisting of three bodies, the Sun, Jupiter and an asteroid, have in the restricted circular coplanar problem of the three bodies? I know that if ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Details about the next big comet 2014 UN271?

The announcent of the massive trans-Neptunian object 2014 UN271 to be a comet is rather new (June 22nd, 2021) and really exciting. That comet is rather huge (~100km diameter) and "falling toward ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Undiscovered dwarf planets

Scientists think there may be dozens of undiscovered dwarf planets in the Solar system. What I find intriguing is that, we have been able to detect distant galaxies and clusters, locate supermassive ...
5
votes
1answer
545 views

How do astronomers calculate the period about the wave motion of the solar system in the Milky Way?

According to research, excluding the motion of the entire galaxy, astronomers found the motion of the solar system in the Milky Way. The solar system revolve around the galactic bulge of the Milky ...
2
votes
2answers
111 views

Does Soter take into account Pluto's and Orcus' masses when determining Neptune's planetary discriminant µ?

Does Steven Soter's planetary discriminant µ1 for Neptune take into account the masses of Pluto, Orcus and other Kuiper belt objects crossing or coming very close to Neptune's orbit? If so, Neptune ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Why is the globe/compass symbol used more often than the globus cruciger for Earth? [closed]

Why is that symbol 🜨 used more often (or almost always) when portraying e.g. Earth mass or Earth radii than the globus cruciger ♁ ? From my point of view the globus cruciger fits much better as ...
8
votes
2answers
150 views

If the hypothesized planet behind the Kuiper belt existed, would it have a barycenter outside the Sun?

In 2016, an additional object rotating our Sun has been suggested. Assuming it has 5 Earth masses, would the planet or black hole proposed by Brown and Batigyn have a barycenter within the Sun or ...
0
votes
2answers
105 views

Conversion of Moon's Celestial Position (RA and dec) to Horizontal Coordinates [closed]

I'm currently attempting to calculate the equatorial sky position of the Moon for any given Geostatic position (longitude / latitude) for any given datetime. I have tested my altitude and azimuth ...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

Longest and Shortest day of the year in all planets

Can we trace the longest and shortest day of the year in other planets of Solar system similar to earth planet i.e. Mars, Saturn, Venus, Jupiter, Mercury, Neptune, Uranus?
3
votes
1answer
150 views

Is this how stars’ right ascensions correlate to planets’ longitudes on a 2d map?

This is my first ever online question, so please bear with me: I’m working on an A1-sized map of at least 100 of the largest solar system bodies (henceforth just called ‘planets’, ignorning the IAU ...
2
votes
2answers
63 views

Could Enceladus be too salty to support life?

The process of osmosis makes it possible for water to be sucked through a semi-permeable membrane in order to balance the concentrations of two solutions. Thus, a sufficiently salty ocean might drain ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Orbital parameters of the Sun [duplicate]

What are the orbital parameters of the Sun such as orbit velocity etc in it's orbit around the Solar System's center of mass? Consider the Sun pointlike or alternatively when talkin about the Sun's ...
-1
votes
2answers
154 views

How can Voyager have left the solar system while at the same time there are solar system objects much farther? [duplicate]

I'm aware of Where does the Solar System end? but this question is different because I'd like to focus on the specific announcement by NASA about the Voyager spacecraft "leaving the solar system&...
4
votes
1answer
113 views

Tidally locked Venus, is it possible and consequences?

Suppose, Venus becomes tidally locked. Will its dark side cool enough so that the CO2 from the atmosphere to precipitate in liquid form to make an ocean? Also, I wonder, how close Venus is to becoming ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Is our Solar System moving independently through our galaxy?

I would like know if our Solar System is moving independently through our galaxy or is stuck on the Orion Arm which is revolving around our galaxy? Is our solar system an onboard passenger of the ...
0
votes
3answers
113 views

What's the minimal argument I can give to reject The Geocentric Universe?

I'm new to Astrophysics, So pardon me if you find it silly to ask. I was just started reading about the basics of astrophysics. I read about the Greek Tradition, the concept of a geocentric universe. ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

What is the Milne-Eddington Approximation?

In this paper: Planet temperatures with surface cooling parameterized it states in the "radiation model" the following: The Eddington–Milne approximation relates $T_0$ and $T_e$ through the ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

Are interstellar meteorites more common on the moon's polar regions?

Given that the rocks of the solar system mostly travel on the disc, is there any considerable probability that impacts on the moon coming straight up and down can be interstellar rocks? If axis-...
4
votes
2answers
802 views

Observing the motion of the solar system and galaxy through space?

This is very perplexing. Conditions: planets are moving around the sun (solar system) solar system is moving as part of the galaxy the galaxy is moving through space on some axis galaxy is part of a ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Why do the asteroids orbit the Sun in roughly the same plane as the planets?

The asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter is an extremely active environment (on an astronomical time scale) where collisions between 10km radius bodies occur every $10^7$ years, according to ...

1
2 3 4 5
12