Questions tagged [solstice]

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4
votes
1answer
131 views

Confusion when calculating the length of the day

I'm trying to solve this task: Tula and Moscow are located on the same meridian. In which city length of the day is bigger on 22 of June? 22 of December? I was thinking like that: we need to ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

Why is today the shortest day but the solstice is actually tomorrow?

Here in Ashland, Oregon, today (Dec 20, 2020) is the shortest day length of the year at 9:05:45. But the winter solstice isn't until 2:02 AM PST tomorrow (Dec 21, 2020). Tomorrow's day length is a ...
4
votes
2answers
265 views

Will I be able to see both Jupiter and Saturn at the same time in my Astromaster 114?

I have a Celestron Astromaster 114 Newtonian reflector telescope. The specs: aperture: 114mm focal length: 1000mm focal ratio: f/8.77 I also have a t-ring so I can connect a Nikon camera to it. Will ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Are the Jupiter-Saturn conjunctions and winter solstice related?

There is conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn on Dec 21. And there is another celestial event on that day the winter solstice. So I'm just wondering that are these two events are related or not?
6
votes
4answers
362 views

Aligning the equinoxes to the cardinal points on a circular calendar

I want to draw a calendar as a circle, with the equinoxes at the top and bottom, and the solstices at the left and right. I am prepared to accept a little inaccuracy by having exactly 365 or 366 days ...
6
votes
1answer
572 views

When was the last time a great conjunction coincided with a solstice?

This December, a great conjunction will occur nine hours after winter solstice, which means that for much of the world the two events will be on the same day. When was the last time a great ...
19
votes
2answers
2k views

What will the PRECISE time of the Summer Solstice 2020 be?

I'm trying to explain to my daughter that the Summer Solstice is not a day of the year, but an exact instant in time. My search shows that this will be about 21:43 or 21:44 UTC tonight. To make my ...
1
vote
1answer
360 views

Earth's perihelion vs winter solstice [duplicate]

I found that Earth's perihelion occurs roughly two weeks after winter solstice similar thing happens for summer solstice and aphelion. I understand what those terms mean but I don't understand the ...
4
votes
1answer
333 views

Aphelion and the solstice

We have just passed one of the solstices and are approaching aphelion. The two events are close but not simultaneous. There is no very obvious (to me) reason why the two should coincide or be close. ...
3
votes
0answers
157 views

How to calculate planetary positions hundreds or thousands of years ago

Wondering how to calculate the following in a general way: Sunrise/sunset Equinoxes/solstices Moon phases Planetary positions For hundreds to thousands of years ago. Wondering what the calculation ...
1
vote
1answer
211 views

Date of solstices pre-0 AD

I’ve written a script based on Meeus’s Astronomical Algorithms to calculate the position of the sun, moon etc. up to about 4000 BC. Everything looks good, except when I go to 4000 BC the solstice are ...
2
votes
4answers
520 views

Why is the equinoxes only 2 days and not more?

The earth is tilted at 23.5 degrees which means that in the solstices the north/south hemisphere is more radiated by the sun and the tilt to the sun is maximum. In the equinoxes, the tilt is not ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

Solar azimuth for celtic fire festivals

I am pretty new to astronomy, and I have fallen down rabbit hole creating a new Metonic calendar in Javascript. As part of this I would like to calculate when the sun is half way between a solstice ...
10
votes
2answers
577 views

Why is the time between equinoxes different?

The path of the Earth around the sun is described as being an ellipse, with the Sun being at one of the foci of the ellipse. Since an ellipse, by definition, is symmetrical with respect to the foci, I ...