Questions tagged [space-time]

Questions regarding the 4-dimensional background structure of our universe.

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How to convert factors of time dilation into something relatable? [duplicate]

On this post, Time according to the gravity of Sagittarius A? They found the factor of time on the varying distances from the SMBH, I am curious on how to turn those factors into relatable terms ...
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549 views

Is the universe moving through infinite space time as it expands?

What I mean by this, is imagine a person blowing up a balloon. As the balloon expands, the person blowing it up is also walking. At a much grander scale, apply this concept to the universe. As the ...
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444 views

Black hole darkness a result of gravity or temporal distortion?

Please correct me if I am wrong as I may have made some incorrect assumptions. Okay so we know that at some stage of "nearness to a black hole", light is no longer reflected back at us from the black ...
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437 views

Could the Earth use gravitational lensing / bending of light to see it's own bottom?

Specifically, I have often wondered whether gravitational lensing might be able to (theoretically) be used in order to see light reflecting off the Earth that has zoomed off into space and been bent ...
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119 views

Is the time lapse considered when estimating the age of the universe?

We say that our universe is 13.7 billion years ago. During the big bang, it doubled at least 90 times in trillionth of a second (as given here), and other topological statements. The question is ...
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How do we know that spacetime is fabric? [closed]

I have started learning about astronomy as it amazes and inspires me. I have a question. What led us to believe that spacetime is fabric? What is the evidence shows this, and is it considered proven? ...
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122 views

How does a spinning black hole affect space-time compared to a non-spinning black hole?

I often see questions on this site that only apply to non-spinning black holes and often wonder how the answer would be different for a spinning black hole. As the title says, what are the major ...
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63 views

Does a 4-manifold universe imply zero net energy?

If our universe is a 4-manifold (i.e. with every point in space-time already existing) does this imply that there is zero net energy (as net energy would do work and so change the universe)? If so, ...
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147 views

Why does gravity make time go slower and warp light?

I know that objects with lots of gravity are capable of warping light or slowing time (an example being a black hole). I also know this is because of the theory of relativity, but I need someone to ...
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174 views

Why does Astronomy still use the Anno Domini system for Time Synchronization

Since Time is such a valuable variable in the calculation of Astronomic movement why does the Astronomy Community still rely on the the 6th Century Anno Domini system developed by Dionysius Exiguus to ...
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518 views

Will intergalactic travel be impossible in roughly 15 billion years?

Even if we (or aliens somewhere in the universe living at that time) somehow invent something that can go just short of the speed of light, will intergalactic travel still be impossible in roughly 15 ...
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94 views

Time travel in past and future [closed]

Why it is not even theoretically possible to travel in past but possible to travel in future ?
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255 views

As a black hole passes through spacetime, does it affect it?

Nothing in the universe stands still. It's always on its way from somewhere to somewhere. A black hole follows a trajectory through the universe, moving from one locus in spacetime to another locus. ...
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How far into the future can we go by traveling close to a black hole?

If we sent someone on a path that passed as near as possible to a black hole without getting pulled in, how far into the future would they go due to time dilation? Let's assume the black hole is 5 ...
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First Confirmed Visual Observation of Gravitational Lensing

Is it possible to identify the first direct observation of the gravitational lensing? What object was lensed, and where did the energy detected fall on the electromagnetic spectrum?
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Are we really seeing the asteroids from the past?

Is it actually relevant to study objects that are light years far? Because in theories we are actually seeing the past as the light takes years to reach us. Lets say we are studying a asteroid that ...
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How was all the matter curled up inside a singularity during big bang ?

If the singularity had infinite mass, temperature and density, then it should curve space and time but there was no space-time before big bang. So where did the singularity come to existence without ...
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Light Cone Explanation

Not sure if this question belongs here, or on Physics. Would someone please describe the "anatomy" of a light cone and provide an intuitive example? I have read the Wikipedia article (http://en....
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77 views

Which quantum reality will be seen in a future Earth [closed]

If we orbit near a black hole to travel to future and come back to Earth, which of the quantum realities will be observed in the future Earth? My question is regarding many worlds interpretation of ...
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117 views

What does the coordinate of time really mean?

The meaning of the $t$ which appears in space-time intervals or metrics in general relativity. I concluded that $t$ was just a mathematical thing which allows us to label the "space-time manifold" and ...
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61 views

What would happen if space-time began to contract? [closed]

Assume that the expansion of the universe stops and it starts to contract again. What would happen? Would only distances between objects get smaller, or are there other effects we can expect?
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269 views

Does the Milky Way's movement through space have spacetime implications?

The way I usually see spacetime explained, it says that if you just sit still, you are moving at 0kph and so you are moving at maximum speed through time (ie. time for you is flowing at maximum speed)....
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96 views

Space curvature and its rotation

As I learn, the gravity is caused by the spacetime curvature. Is there any gravitational/magnetic field that really exists around the Earth, or any other planets? Since the planets/stars rotate, does ...
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101 views

How entropy increases over time [closed]

According to 2nd law of thermodynamic, in an isolated system entropy increases over tume. In an open system entropy might seems decreases but combined result of all related events results in overall ...
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73 views

Maximum disturbance to space time of gravitational waves, and will this affect humans? [duplicate]

Do we have a theory that can tell us how much change gravitational waves can make to space time. If it is infinite then I think any time we can see biggest change in space time and how much could it ...
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How would you define "space" in GR (General Relativity) and in QFT (Quantum Field Theory)?

Is there a univocal definition of space that can be accepted in GR and in QFT? In GR space is actually "Spacetime", a 4-dimensional entity that includes time. In this case it's impossible to ...
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Does time flow in a Minkowski spacetime?

In a spacetime where the stress-energy tensor is null (no energy, no matter, no entropy), I wonder whether any motion of the variable time in the phase-space is well defined. The arrow of time, meant ...
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71 views

With the expansion of the universe is time also increasing?

With more space being created would there be more time in that new region formed? Is the over all universe increasing in time? This is my first question so go easy on me. PS. Would that also mean that ...
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Whats the time dilation difference between the earths reference and (near) the milky way galaxy central black hole? [duplicate]

How much difference in time is there between our time of reference and very near the black hole at the center of our galaxy. I was trying to get answer in terms of something like "1 year in here ...
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3answers
267 views

How can we see stars if they are hundred years of light far from the Earth?

So the right question is, is the light years counted from that second when you look up to the sky? If that so, how can we see the stars from the telescope (which I think it starts when you put your ...
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1answer
80 views

How can the universe be expanding? [duplicate]

I assume expansion implies an increase in the volume of the universe. But if the volume of the universe is increasing, does that not imply the area it is expanding into's volume is being reduced?
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367 views

Question about space-time

In the Big Bang model of the Universe, every observable thing is thought to have expanded very abruptly from a point of infinite density and zero volume. However, the problem with this assertion is ...
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311 views

Can we peek into a black hole with magnetic waves? [closed]

Aside from the fact that nothing we know of, excluding pure energy can escape from black holes. They affect both space and time in a manner that nothing else can quite compare to, and usually have ...
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Can we observe the Milky Way on the edge of the universe? [closed]

If you traveled outward and outward in a straight line, indefinitely and pugnaciously, you would never arrive at an outer boundary. Instead, you would come back to where you began. Hence, in the same ...
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Since gravity is like an indent on a piece of paper (the space/time matrix) to a marble, can the black hole eventually suck in the matrix?

Can a black hole suck in time? People claim that if you were to put a bowling ball on a trampoline and rolled much smaller balls through the deppression, some would stay in "orbit", some would roll ...
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49 views

Does the combination of concepts of "cosmic sensorship" and "Gregory-Laflamme instability" correlate with the "string theory"?

Does the combination of concepts of "cosmic sensorship" and "Gregory-Laflamme instability" correlate with the "string theory" since it appears that both require ...
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2answers
147 views

What defines stationary vs spinning in space?

To produce artificial gravity on a space station, we simply spin it around some central point, and the acceleration makes objects "fall" outwards. If our space station is so far in deep space that it ...
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779 views

How does space time differ between galaxies? [duplicate]

Does the gravity wells differ enough between galaxies to have different speeds in space time? How much slower in space time would the biggest galaxy have compared to the Milky Way?
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219 views

What is the time dilation less a magnetic field?

Does time dilation drop off like a gravity or does resemble a magnetic field model? Could a smaller body with a magnetic field have more time dilation then a larger body without and to what degree?

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